Road to Prohibition
Womens Christian Temperance Union (1874)Stood for womens rights, child labor laws, workers rights, prohibition, etc.1911= 250,000 members (largest womens group in nations history)
Carry NationMost successful and well known WCTU reformer was Carry Nation.
She would march into a bar and sing and pray, while smashing bar fixtures and stock with a hatchet.
Carry NationBetween 1900 and 1910 she was arrested some 30 times, and paid her jail fines from lecture-tour fees and sales of souvenir hatchets.
Changed her name to Carry A. Nation and referred to herself as A Home Defender.
Founded in 1895Instead of focusing on individuals, the Anti-Saloon League took a legal stance against alcohol1900-1917= half of states were dryDry- illegal to sell, produce, or use alcohol18th Amendment
Went into effect in January of 1920Prohibition= illegalized sale, production and transportation of liquoruse?Initially, crime and drunkenness decreasedVolstead Act- Created a gov. bureau to monitor and patrol alcohol but was under funded and ineffectiveAl Capone
Ran largest crime racket during Prohibition era
St. Valentines Day Massacre- (1929) Bloody shootout between North and South Siders
Arrested for tax evasion and died of Syphillis
Results of ProhibitionSpeakeasies- hidden saloons/ nightclubs used to consume alcohol inEx) offices, tenements, stores, tea rooms, etc.Bootleggers- Smugglers of alcoholEx) Canada, Cuba, West Indies, Mexico, etc.
Enacted in 1933Repealed ProhibitionBy late 1920s only 19% of Americans supported Prohibition
Click here to load reader