Rutger Hoekstra & Jan Pieter SmitsStatistics NetherlandsChairs UNECE/Eurostat/OECD Task force for Measuring Sustainable DevelopmentA statistical framework for measuring sustainable development - Relevance for SDGs and post-2015 design?
IntroductionA statistical framework for measuring sustainable development..relevance for the SDGs/post-2015 design?
TFSD/CES RecommendationsJoint UNECE/Eurostat/OECD work2005-2009 - Working Group for Statistics for Sustainable Development (WGSSD)2009-2013 - Task Force for Measuring Sustainable Development (TFSD)
TFSD membershipUNECE, Eurostat, OECD, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, World Bank and European CommissionTwo consultations of countries/institutesEndorsement Conference of European Statisticians (June 2013)62 countries (56 UNECE countries and 6 OECD)CES recommendations on measuring sustainable development*
TFSD/CES Recommendations ImplementationPublished in Spring 2014Countries using the framework/pilot testingAustralia, Italy, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Netherlands, Russia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine Institutes using the frameworkOECD (Hows Life? publication - Chapter on sustainability)Friends of the Chair (FOC) on broader measures
TFSD/CES Recommendations Main outcomesStatistical framework (Here and now vs. Later vs. Elsewhere) Basis: Brundtland and Stiglitz-Sen-Fittoussi reportIncludes insights from initiatives of United Nations, Eurostat /European Commission, OECD, World bank, National measurement systems and latest academic workPolicy relevant20 SD themes (Subjective well-being, Consumption and income, Nutrition, Health, Labour, Education, Housing, Leisure, Physical safety, Land and ecosystems, Water, Air quality, Climate, Energy resources, Mineral resources, Trust, Institutions, Physical capital, Knowledge capital, Financial capital)FlexibilityThree indicator sets (90, 60 and 24 indicators) to cater to various perspectivesCountry differences in indicatorsLinkable to company level frameworks -Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
1. Measurement vs. target setting*
TFSD/CES themesHigh Level Panel ReportTH1. Subjective well-beingTH2. Consumption and incomeTH3. NutritionTH4. HealthTH5. LabourTH6. EducationTH7. HousingTH8. LeisureTH9. Physical safetyTH10. Land and ecosystemsTH11. WaterTH12. Air qualityTH13. ClimateTH14. Energy resourcesTH15. Mineral resourcesTH16. TrustTH17. InstitutionsTH18. Physical capitalTH19. Knowledge capitalTH20. Financial capital
2. Data revolutionData availability for TFSD/CES recommendationEU/OECDMajority of indicators are availableWorldwide (small set)Data for >100 countries for 17 out of 24 indicatorsMeasurability of targetsAll HLP targets can be linked to TFSD/CES recommendationsIn many cases there are still issues of measurability Examples from HLP Stem the external stressors that lead to conflictSupport an open, fair and development-friendly trading system.reforms to ensure stability of the global financial systemSafeguard ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
3. Difference between countries*Based on analysis of indicator sets of 38 countries: Luxembourg, Norway, Switzerland, Australia, Austria, Netherlands, Ireland, Sweden, Germany, Belgium, Denmark, United Kingdom, Finland, France, South Korea, Israel, Spain, Italy, New Zealand, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Malta, Portugal, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Argentina, Mexico, Turkey, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Romania, Brazil, Montenegro, South Africa, Serbia, Vietnam and Morocco
Rank19 higher income countries19 lower income countries1GHG emissionsGross Domestic Product2Life expectancy at birthUnemployment rate3Government debtProtected areas 4Gross Domestic ProductGHG emissions5Official Development AssistanceEnergy intensity6Educational attainmentRenewable energy7Water quality Population structure and changes8IncomeIncome inequality 9General Employment rateLife expectancy at birth10Unemployment rateEnergy consumption11Energy consumptionGeneral Employment rate12Energy intensityGeneration of waste13Renewable energyR&D expenditures14R&D expendituresGovernment debt15Income inequality Acidifying emissions16Generation of wasteMortality17PovertyGross fixed capital formation18Obesity prevalenceProductivity19Protected areas Water abstraction20Gross fixed capital formationDrinking water
ConclusionTFSD/CES RecommendationsConvergence towards a common way of measuring SDA flexible measurement framework that includes policy driversTFSD /CES work can assist to answer questions of the OWGMeasurement vs. Target setting Data revolutionDifferences between countries*
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