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Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist

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    http://www.therealpresence.org/eucharst/images/ani_chal.gif

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    T he holy Eucharist completes Christian initiation.T hose who have been raised to the dignity of theroyal priesthood by Baptism and configured moredeeply to Christ by Confirmation participate withthe whole community in the Lord's own sacrificeby means of the Eucharist.It is administered by the Bishops or Priests

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    ` T he Eucharist is "the sourceand summit of the Christianlife.

    ` T he blessed Eucharist iscontained the whole spiritualgood of the Church, namelyChrist himself, our Pasch."

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    ` by the Eucharistic celebration wealready unite ourselves with theheavenly liturgy and anticipate eternallife, when God will be all in all.

    ` the Eucharist is the sum and summaryof our faith: "Our way of thinking isattuned to the Eucharist, and theEucharist in turn confirms our way of thinking."

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    EUCHARIST, because it is anaction of thanksgiving to God. T he

    Greek words eucharistein andeulogein recall the Jewishblessings that proclaim -especially during a meal - God'sworks: creation, redemption, andsanctification.

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    ` The Lord's Supper, because of its connection with the supper which the Lord took with hisdisciples on the eve of hisPassion and because it

    anticipates the wedding feast of the Lamb in the heavenlyJerusalem.

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    The Breaking of Bread , because Jesus used thisrite, part of a Jewish meal, when as master of thetable he blessed and distributed the bread, aboveall at the Last Supper.It is by this action that his disciples will recognizehim after his Resurrection,It is this expression that the first Christians will useto designate their Eucharistic assemblies; 1 bydoing so they signified that all who eat the onebroken bread, Christ, enter into communion withhim and form but one body in him.

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    ` The Eucharistic assembly( synaxis) , because the Eucharistis celebrated amid the assembly

    of the faithful, the visibleexpression of the Church.` The memorial of the Lord's

    Passion and Resurrection.

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    ` The Holy Sacrifice , because it

    makes present the one sacrifice of Christ the Savior and includes theChurch's offering.

    ` T he terms holy sacrifice of theMass , " sacrifice of praise ," spiritual sacrifice, pure and holy sacrifice

    are also used, since it completes andsurpasses all the sacrifices of the OldCovenant.

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    ` The Holy and Divine Liturgy ,

    because the Church's wholeliturgy finds its center and mostintense expression in thecelebration of this sacrament; inthe same sense we also call its

    celebration theS

    acred Mysteries .

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    ` Holy Communion , because by thissacrament we unite ourselves to Christ,who makes us sharers in his Body andBlood to form a single body. We also call

    it: the holy things (ta hagia; sancta) -the first meaning of the phrase"communion of saints" in the Apostles'

    Creed - the bread of angels , b read from heaven , medicine of immortality ,153

    viaticum . . . .

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    ` Holy Mass (Missa), because theliturgy in which the mystery of

    salvation is accomplishedconcludes with the sending forth(missio ) of the faithful, so thatthey may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.

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    22 . While they were eating, he took a loaf of bread, and after blessing it he broke it, gave it tothem, and said, " Take; this is my body.23 . T hen he took a cup, and after giving thanks

    he gave it to them, and all of them drank from it.24 . He said to them, " T his is my blood of thecovenant, which is poured out for many.25 . T ruly I tell you, I will never again drink of thefruit of the vine until that day when I drink it newin the kingdom of God."

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    26 While they were eating, Jesus took a loaf of bread,and after blessing it he broke it, gave it to thedisciples, and said, " Take, eat; this is my body."27 T hen he took a cup, and after giving thanks hegave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you;

    28 for this is my blood of the covenant, which ispoured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.29 I tell you, I will never again drink of this fruit of thevine until that day when I drink it new with you in myFather's kingdom."30 When they had sung the hymn, they went out tothe Mount of Olives.

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    ` 14 When the hour came, he took his place atthe table, and the apostles with him.

    ` 15 He said to them, "I have eagerly desired toeat this Passover with you before I suffer;

    ` 16 for I tell you, I will not eat it until it isfulfilled in the kingdom of God."

    ` 17 Then he took a cup, and after givingthanks he said, "Take this and divide itamong yourselves;

    ` 18 for I tell you that from now on I will notdrink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdomof God comes."

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    19 Then he took a loaf of bread, and when he hadgiven thanks, he broke it and gave it to them,

    saying, "This is my body, which is given for you. Dothis in remembrance of me."20 And he did the same with the cup after supper,saying, "This cup that is poured out for you is thenew covenant in my blood.21 But see, the one who betrays me is with me, andhis hand is on the table.22 For the Son of Man is going as it has beendetermined, but woe to that one by whom he isbetrayed!"23 Then they began to ask one another which oneof them it could be who would do this.

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    23 For I received from the Lord what I also handedon to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night whenhe was betrayed took a loaf of bread,24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it andsaid, " T his is my body that is for you. Do this inremembrance of me."25 In the same way he took the cup also, after supper, saying, " T his cup is the new covenant in

    my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, inremembrance of me."

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    ` 48 I

    am the bread of life.49

    Your ancestors ate themanna in the wilderness, and they died. 50 T his is thebread that comes down from heaven, so that one mayeat of it and not die. 5 1 I am the living bread that camedown from heaven. Whoever eats of this bread will liveforever; and the bread that I will give for the life of theworld is my flesh." 52 T he Jews then disputed amongthemselves, saying, "How can this man give us his fleshto eat?" 53 So Jesus said to them, "Very truly, I tell you,unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink hisblood, you have no life in you

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    .54

    T

    hose who eat my flesh and drink my bloodhave eternal life, and I will raise them up on thelast day; 55 for my flesh is true food and myblood is true drink. 56 T hose who eat my flesh

    and drink my blood abide in me, and I in them.57 Just as the living Father sent me, and I livebecause of the Father, so whoever eats me willlive because of me. 58 T his is the bread that

    came down from heaven, not like that which your ancestors ate, and they died. But the one whoeats this bread will live forever."

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    ` 35 T hen the two told what hadhappened on the way, andhow Jesus was recognized bythem when he broke the

    bread.

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    ` 42 T hey devoted themselves tothe apostles' teaching and tothe fellowship, to the breakingof bread and to prayer.

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    ` "T his is my body...T his is my blood..."(the " W ords of I nstitution " from theLast Supper)

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    ` T he bread and wine areblessed/consecrated bythe minister andreceived/shared by the

    communicants

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    Holy Communion preserves the supernatural lifeof the soul by giving the communicantsupernatural strength to resist temptation, and byweakening the power of concupiscence. Itreinforces the ability of our free will to withstandthe assaults of the devil. In a formal definition,the Church calls Holy Communion "an antidote

    by which we are preserved from grievous sins"(Council of T rent, October 11, 1 55 1).

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    ` Holy Communion increases the life of

    grace already present by vitalizing our supernatural life and strengthening thevirtues and gifts of the Holy Spirit wepossess. To be emphasized, however,is that the main effect of Communion isnot to remit sin. In fact, a person inconscious mortal sin commits asacrilege by going to Communion.

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    Holy Communion cures the spiritual diseases of the soul by cleansing it of venial sins and the

    temporal punishment due to sin. No less thanserving as an antidote to protect the soul frommortal sins, Communion is "an antidote by whichwe are freed from our daily venial sins" (Council of T rent, October 11, 1 55 1). T he remission of venialsins and of the temporal sufferings due to sintakes place immediately by reason of the acts of perfect love of God, which are awakened by thereception of the Eucharist. T he extent of this

    remission depends on the intensity of our charitywhen receiving Communion.

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    ` Holy Communion gives us aspiritual joy in the service of Christ, in defending His cause, in

    performing the duties of our stateof life, and in making thesacrifices required of us inimitating the life of our Savior.

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    ` http://www.scborromeo.org/ccc/p 2 s 2 c1a 3 .htm

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