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62 only be secured under various restrictions under the special Acts of that company and, of course, at very considerable cost. Under the yoke of these disadvantages several attempts were made to place the Newcastle company under statutory obligations to supply the Tynemouth borough, but the Newcastle company was joined by the corporations of Newcastle and Gateshead in active resistance to any such scheme. Thus the Tynemouth borough had no alternative but to secure an independent supply. Accordingly in 1897 the corporation acquired the old company’s works and in the following year procured from Parliament power to proceed with the scheme which is now being actively pushed forward. The Font is a mountain stream of pure water which flows down from the hills to join the river Coquet a few miles below the town of Rothbury. This stream is being dammed to form an artificial lake, the water from which has to travel a distance of 25 miles to the distributing reservoir at Moor House, near North Shields. The works at the Font include filter-beds and the long line of pipe-track necessary. The contract time for the completion of the works is July, 1907, but it is confidently expected that they will be in working order before that date. Already the borough is receiving overflow water to the extent of half of its daily supply and in wet weather the excess is enough to effect a saving of something like £100 a week in the lessened quantity required from the Newcastle Company. Financially the scheme is a costly one, having already involved expenditure amounting to £415,900, and the total is expected to reach £500,000 before completion of the work, this representing the cost for a rateable area of 63,000 inhabitants. To make the scheme a monetary success it i will be necessary to sell the surplus water to the many small towns and villages within the possible supply area, including Ashington, Morpeth rural, Newbiggin and Tynemouth rural districts, and to this end terms are now being discussed. It is calculated that if all the surplus water be sold it will amount to an available profit of £4000 per annum, which would mean a reduction of 5½d. from an otherwise necessary 8d. water-rate. Lecture on Aphasia and Cerebral Speech Mechanism. On Dec. 7th Dr. Byrom Bramwell visited Newcastle-upon- I Tyne as the guest of the Clinical Society and delivered in the College of Medicine a very well-attended lecture on Aphasia and Cerebral Speech Mechanism. The lecturer did not belie his reputation and delighted his large audience with a clear and highly interesting dissertation on this difficult subject, deriving much aid in making points clear by refer- -ence to a series of ingenious diagrams which he had brought with him. In moving a vote of thanks Professor George R. Murray said he had been privileged to hear many notable authorities lecture on aphasia, both in this country and abroad, but he had never listened to a more lucid disquisition. He also claimed some of the credit for the Newcastle School on the ground that Dr. Bramwell’s study of the stlbject had been begun when he acted as physician to the Royal Infirmary in Newcastle. In seconding the motion Dr. Thomas Beattie remarked on the stimulating effect of such an address on those privileged to hear it. In reply, it was with no little feeling that Dr. Bramwell referred to his early connexion with New- castle, and he went so far as to confess that he had often doubted the wisdom of the step he took when he left it. In the evening the guest was entertained at dinner at the County Hotel, there being a very large attendance. Jan. 2nd. WALES AND WESTERN COUNTIES NOTES. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENTS.) Death of Mr. M. H. Greener, M.B., C.M. Glasg. THE death of Dr. Michael Hindmarsh Greener on Dec. 26th, 1905, came as a great shock to the medical pro- fession in Cardiff. He succumbed to an attack of broncho- pneumonia after an illness of less than a week’s duration. Born in Alnwick in 1858 he graduated as M.B. and C.M. at the University of Glasgow in 1884 and almost at once began to practise in Cardiff. He was on the staff of the Cardiff Provident Dispensary and was honorary medical officer of the convalescent home at Dulwich House. He was buried at Dinas Cross in Pembrokeshire, where he had built a house and usually spent his holidays. He leaves a widow, a son, and a daughter to mourn their loss. Legacies to Bristol Ilospitccls. Miss Matilda Mercer’of Clifton has left sums of R1000 to the Royal Infirmary and General Hospital, Bristol, and .f.200 to the Bristol Royal Hospital for Sick Children and Women and to the Clifton Dispensary. Subject to the life interest of her sister the Royal Infirmary and the General Hospital will each benefit to the extent of £4000; the Women and Children’s Hospital will receive R1500 ; the Queen Victoria Jubilee Convalescent Home .f.3000; the Westonsuper-Mare Sanatorium, the Bristol Orthopmdic Hospital, and the Bristol Eye Hospital R1000 each ; and the Clifton Dispensary £500. Poor-la7v Relief in Bristol. Reference has already been made 1 to the increasing amount of pauperism in the city of Bristol. The recom- mendations of a special committee appointed by the board of guardians to consider the question were discussed at a meeting of the board held on Dec. 29th. It was decided to establish a new relief depot and to increase the number of the relief committees with a view to make closer inquiries into the circumstances of applicants for relief. The proposal to appoint a superintendent relieving officer at a salary of .6175 per annum was, however, negatived by 36 votes to 17 in spite of its advocacy by the Local Government Board inspector (Mr. E. B. Wethered) who was present at the meeting and who compared the cost of pauperism in the Bristol and Aston unions. The population of the former is 339,000 and of the latter 312,000. During the six months ending March 25th last the in-maintenance in Bristol cost £16,047 and in Aston .f.l0,877, while during the same period the Bristol out-relief cost .f.20,759 and that at Aston only £4303. Poor-law Guardians on the Vaccination Acts. The subject of vaccination is frequently discussed at meetings of the Poor-law guardians in the West of England and at the meeting of the Devonport board held on Dec. 29th it was decided by a large majority to support the reso- lution which the Runcorn union is sending to the Local Government Board urging that the principle of vaccination and revaccination in force before the Vaccination Act, 1898, came into operation should be reverted to." Jan. 2nd. SCOTLAND. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENTS.) Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. AT the last ordinary meeting of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh Dr. John Playfair was re-elected President of the College, Dr. Thomas S. Clouston, Vice- President, and Sir Thomas R. Fraser, Sir John Batty Tuke, Dr. Charles E. Underhill, Dr. James Ritchie, and Dr. R. W. Philip were elected to the Council with the President and Vice-President. The Council subsequently made the following appointments for the ensuing year: Dr. Peter A. Young, treasurer; Dr. Harry Rainy, secretary; Dr. D. Berry Hart, librarian ; and Sir John Batty Tuke, curator of the research laboratory.-At an extraordinary meeting of the College held on Dec. 19th, the College unanimously appointed Dr. James 0. Affleck and Dr. Charles E. Underbill to be representatives of the College on the board of manage- ment of the Royal Infirmary. Two Glasgow Medical Practitioners Suedfor £20,000. It is with considerable interest that the medical profession in the West of Scotland has watched the progress in the Court of Session of an action brought against two Glasgow medical practitioners, and the verdict has been hailed with a certain amount of relief, although it is difficult to see how it could have been otherwise. The action was raised at the instance of a Clyde pilot who sued Dr. Marion Gilchrist, a practitioner in the West-end of Glasgow, and Mr. John Cars- well, an expert in lunacv of the same city, for £10,000 each for alleged unprofessional conduct in granting certificates to the effect that the pursuer was of unsound mind and thereby causing his incarceration in Gartnavel Lunatic Asylum from September, 1903, to January, 1904. The pursuer’s case was that the defenders acted negligently and unprofessionally and made no independent or adequate inquiry into the pursuer’s statements or ascertained definitely the pursuer’s mental condition and that they did not consult his own 1 THE LANCET, Dec. 23rd, 1905, p. 1868.