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Separating Mixtures Unit 1: Measurement & Matter.

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Separating Mixtures Unit 1: Measurement & Matter
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Separating MixturesUnit 1: Measurement & Matter

Review: Mixtures Two or more ________________ or

_________________ NOT chemically combined. No reaction between substances. Mixtures can be uniform (called

________________________) and are known as solutions.

Mixtures can also be non-uniform (called ________________________).

• Mixtures can be separated into their components by ________________ means.

• The properties of a mixture are similar to the properties of its ________________ .

elementscompound

s

homogeneous

heterogeneous

physical

components

Key Question How can mixtures be separated?

Differences in physical properties can be used to separate mixtures.

According to your book, what are some methods are used to separate mixtures? Filtration Distillation

Filtration Describe how this works

Solid particles are separated from a liquid in a heterogeneous mixture

What physical property is used to separate the mixture? Size of particles

Distillation Describe how this

works

In a homogeneous mixture, a liquid substance (usually water) is separated from substances dissolved in it through boiling

What physical property is used to separate the mixture? Boiling point

What’s the Difference? When would you use filtration versus

distillation to separate a mixture?

Filtration - heterogeneous mixture of solid in liquid

Distillation - homogeneous mixture of substance(s) dissolved in liquid

Watch Glass Evaporation Describe how this works

Particles are separated from a liquid in a mixture

What physical property is used to separate the mixture? Boiling point // evaporation

Crucible Evaporation Describe how this works

Particles are separated from a liquid in a mixture

What physical property is used to separate the mixture? Boiling point // evaporation

Chromatography Describe how this works

Particles in a mixture are separated as they are carried up the chromatography paper by the solvent

What physical property is used to separate the mixture? Particle size Solubility

Chromatography

What Would You Do? How could you separate a mixture of

sand and table salt?

Add water to the mixture to dissolve the table salt.

Filter the mixture to remove the sand. Evaporate the mixture to remove the

water.

Homework

HW 1.12 - Read p. 49-50 by Tues. 9/23/14

Elements Quiz on Wed. 9/24!


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