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Simple Future

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Simple FutureSimple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. These different meanings might seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear. Both "will" and "be going to" refer to a specific time in the future.

FORM Will[will + verb] Examples:

You will help him later. Will you help him later? You will not help him later.

FORM Be Going To[am/is/are + going to + verb] Examples:

You are going to meet Jane tonight. Are you going to meet Jane tonight? You are not going to meet Jane tonight.

Complete List of Simple Future Forms

USE 1 "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action"Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else. Often, we use "will" to respond to someone else's complaint or request for help. We also use "will" when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use "will not" or "won't" when we refuse to voluntarily do something. Examples:

I will send you the information when I get it. I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it.

Will you help me move this heavy table? Will you make dinner? I will not do your homework for you. I won't do all the housework myself! A: I'm really hungry. B: I'll make some sandwiches. A: I'm so tired. I'm about to fall asleep. B: I'll get you some coffee. A: The phone is ringing. B: I'll get it.

USE 2 "Will" to Express a Promise"Will" is usually used in promises. Examples: I will call you when I arrive. If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance. I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party. Don't worry, I'll be careful. I won't tell anyone your secret.

USE 3 "Be going to" to Express a Plan"Be going to" expresses that something is a plan. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It does not matter whether the plan is realistic or not. Examples: He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii. She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii. A: When are we going to meet each other tonight? B: We are going to meet at 6 PM. I'm going to be an actor when I grow up. Michelle is going to begin medical school next year. They are going to drive all the way to Alaska. Who are you going to invite to the party? A: Who is going to make John's birthday cake? B: Sue is going to make John's birthday cake.

USE 4 "Will" or "Be Going to" to Express a Prediction

Both "will" and "be going to" can express the idea of a general prediction about the future. Predictions are guesses about what might happen in the future. In "prediction" sentences, the subject usually has little control over the future and therefore USES 1-3 do not apply. In the following examples, there is no difference in meaning. Examples:

The year 2222 will be a very interesting year. The year 2222 is going to be a very interesting year. John Smith will be the next President. John Smith is going to be the next President. The movie "Zenith" will win several Academy Awards. The movie "Zenith" is going to win several Academy Awards.

IMPORTANTIn the Simple Future, it is not always clear which USE the speaker has in mind. Often, there is more than one way to interpret a sentence's meaning.

No Future in Time ClausesLike all future forms, the Simple Future cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc. Instead of Simple Future, Simple Present is used. Examples: When you will arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. Not Correct When you arrive tonight, we will goout for dinner. Correct

Verb Tense Exercise 18Will / Be Going To1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write) am going to write a letter to my friends back home in Texas.

2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up!

B: I (get) will get you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up.

3. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn) will turn it up so you can hear it.

4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) are going to

visit Paris, Nice and Grenoble.

5. Sarah (come) will come to the party. Oliver (be) will be there as well.

6. Ted: It is so hot in here! Sarah: I (turn) will turn the air-conditioning on.

7. I think he (be) is going to be the next President of the United States.

8. After I graduate, I (attend) am going to attend medical school and become a doctor. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life.

9. A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. I am afraid it is simply too small for four people. B: That man at the service counter (help) will help you.

10. As soon as the weather clears up, we (walk) are going to walk down to the beach and go swimming. 1. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper?

B: I (write)

a letter to my friends back home in Texas.

2. A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up!

B: I (get)

you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up.

3. A: I can't hear the television!

B: I (turn)

it up so you can hear it.

4. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We (visit) Paris, Nice and Grenoble.

5. Sarah (come)

to the party. Oliver (be)

there as well.

6. Ted: It is so hot in here!

Sarah: I (turn)

the air-conditioning on.

7. I think he (be)

the next President of the United States.

8. After I graduate, I (attend)

medical school and become a doctor. I

have wanted to be a doctor all my life.

9. A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. I am afraid it is simply too small for four people.

B: That man at the service counter (help)

you.

10. As soon as the weather clears up, we (walk) and go swimming.

down to the beach

Verb Tense Exercise 19Will / Be Going To1. Mark: What are you doing with those scissors? Beth: I (cut) am going to cut that picture of the ocean out of the travel magazine. Mark: What (you, do) are you going to do with it? Beth: I (paint) am going to paint a watercolor of the ocean for my art class, and I thought I could use this photograph as a model.

2. Mark: (you, do) will you do me a favor, Sam? Sam: Sure, what do you want me to do? Mark: I (change) am going to change the broken light bulb in the lamp above the dining room table. I need someone to hold the ladder for me while I am up there. Sam: No problem, I (hold) will hold it for you.

3. Gina: Where are you going? Ted: I (go) am going to go to the store to pick up some groceries. Gina: What (you, get) are you going to get? Ted: I (buy) am going to buy some milk, some bread, and some coffee.

4. John: Wow, it's freezing out there. Jane: I (make) will make some coffee to warm us up. Do you want a piece of pie as well? John: Coffee sounds great! But I (have) am going to have dinner with some friends later, so I'd better skip the pie. Jane: I (go) am going to go to dinner tonight too, but I'm having a piece of pie anyway.

5. Frank: I heard you're taking a Spanish class at the community college. Tom: Yeah, I (go) am going to go to Guatemala next spring and I thought knowing a little Spanish would make the trip easier. Frank: I (visit) am going to visit my brother in Marseilles next year. Maybe I should take a French class. Tom: I have a course catalog in the other room. I (go) will go get it, and we can see whether or not they're offering a French course next semester.

Verb Tense Exercise 19Will / Be Going ToUsing the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. 1. Mark: What are you doing with those scissors?

Beth: I (cut)

that picture of the ocean out of the travel magazine.

Mark: What (you, do)

with it?

Beth: I (paint)

a watercolor of the ocean for my art class, and I

thought I could use this photograph as a model.

2.

Mark: (you, do)

me a favor, Sam?

Sam: Sure, what do you want me to do?

Mark: I (change)

the broken light bulb in the lamp above the dining

room table. I need someone to hold the ladder for me while I am up there.

Sam: No problem, I (hold)

it for you.

3. Gina: Where are you going?

Ted: I (go)

to the store to pick up some groceries.

Gina: What (you, get)

?

Ted: I (buy)

some milk, some bread, and some coffee.

4. John: Wow, it's freezing out there.

Jane: I (make) as well?

some coffee to warm us up. Do you want a piece of pie

John: Coffee sounds great! But I (have) later, so I'd better skip the pie.

dinner with some friends

Jane: I (go)

to dinner tonight too, but I'm having a piece of pie anyway.

5. Frank: I heard you're taking a Spanish class at the community college.

Tom: Yeah, I (go)

to Guatemala next spring and I thought knowing a

little Spanish would make the trip easier.

Frank: I (visit)

my brother in Marseilles next year. Maybe I should

take a French class.

Tom: I have a course catalog in the other room. I (go)

get it, and we

can see whether or not they're offering a French course next semester.

Verb Tense Exercise 20Will / Be Going To1. Michael: Do you think the Republicans or the Democrats (win) are going to win the next election? Jane: I think the Republicans (win) will win the next election. John: No way! The Democrats (win) are going to win.

2. Susan: We (go) are going to go camping this weekend. Would you like to come along? Sam: That sounds great, but I don't have a sleeping bag. Susan: No problem. I (lend) will lend you one. My family has tons of camping gear.

3. Barbara: I (buy) am going to buy a new car this weekend, but I'm a little worried because I don't really know much about cars. I'm afraid the salesman (try) will try to take advantage of me when he sees how little I know. Dave: I used to work for a mechanic in high school and I know a lot about cars. I (go)

will go with you to make sure you are not cheated.

4. Gina: Fred and I (visit) are going to visit Santa Fe next summer. Have you ever been there? Margaret: My family lives in Santa Fe! I (give) will give you my parents' phone number. When you get to Santa Fe, just call them and they (give) will give you a little tour of the town. They can show you some of the sights that most tourists never see.

5. Pam: Can you see my future in the crystal ball? What (happen) is going to

happen next year?Fortune Teller: You (meet) will meet a man from the East Coast, perhaps New York or maybe Boston. You (marry) will marry that mystery man. Pam: Forget the man! I want to know if I (get) will get a new job.

Verb Tense Exercise 20Will / Be Going ToUsing the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers.

1.

Michael: Do you think the Republicans or the Democrats (win) election?

the next

Jane: I think the Republicans (win)

the next election.

John: No way! The Democrats (win)

.

2.

Susan: We (go)

camping this weekend. Would you like to come along?

Sam: That sounds great, but I don't have a sleeping bag.

Susan: No problem. I (lend) gear.

you one. My family has tons of camping

3.

Barbara: I (buy)

a new car this weekend, but I'm a little worried

because I don't really know much about cars. I'm afraid the salesman (try)

to take advantage of me when he sees how little I know.

Dave: I used to work for a mechanic in high school and I know a lot about cars. I (go)

with you to make sure you are not cheated.

4.

Gina: Fred and I (visit)

Santa Fe next summer. Have you ever been

there?

Margaret: My family lives in Santa Fe! I (give)

you my parents' phone

number. When you get to Santa Fe, just call them and they (give)

you a

little tour of the town. They can show you some of the sights that most tourists never see.

5.

Pam: Can you see my future in the crystal ball? What (happen) year?

next

Fortune Teller: You (meet)

a man from the East Coast, perhaps New

York or maybe Boston. You (marry)

that mystery man.

Pam: Forget the man! I want to know if I (get)

a new job.

Simple Present / Simple Future1. Today after I (get) get out of class, I (go) am going to go to a movie with some friends.

2. When you (arrive) arrive in Stockholm, call my friend Gustav. He (show) will show you around the city and help you get situated.

3. A: Do you know what you want to do after you (graduate) graduate? B: After I (receive) receive my Master's from Georgetown University, I (go) am going to go to graduate school at UCSD in San Diego. I (plan) plan to

complete a Ph.D. in cognitive science.

4. If it (snow) snows this weekend, we (go) are going to go skiing near Lake Tahoe.

5. Your father (plan) plans to pick you up after school today at 3:00 o'clock. He (meet) is going to meet you across the street near the ice cream shop. If something happens and he cannot be there, I (pick) will pick you up instead.

6. If the people of the world (stop, not) don't stop cutting down huge stretches of rain forest, we (experience) will experience huge changes in the environment during the twenty-first century.

7. If Vera (keep) keeps drinking, she (lose, eventually) will eventually lose her job.

8. I promise you that I (tell, not) will not tell your secret to anybody. Even if somebody (ask) asks me about what happened that day, I (reveal, not) will not reveal the truth to a single person.

9. She (make) is going to make some major changes in her life. She (quit) is going to quit her job and go back to school. After she (finish) finishes studying, she (get) is going to get a better-paying job and buy a house. She is going to improve her life!

10. Tom (call) is going to call when he (arrive) arrives in Madrid. He (stay) is going to stay with you for two or three days until his new apartment (be) is available.

Verb Tense Exercise 21Simple Present / Simple FutureUsing the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. 1. Today after I (get) some friends.

out of class, I (go)

to a movie with

2. When you (arrive)

in Stockholm, call my friend Gustav. He (show)

you around the city and help you get situated.

3. A: Do you know what you want to do after you (graduate)

?

B: After I (receive)

my Master's from Georgetown University, I (go)

to graduate school at UCSD in San Diego. I (plan)

to

complete a Ph.D. in cognitive science.

4. If it (snow) Tahoe.

this weekend, we (go)

skiing near Lake

5. Your father (plan)

to pick you up after school today at 3:00 o'clock.

He (meet)

you across the street near the ice cream shop. If something

happens and he cannot be there, I (pick)

you up instead.

6. If the people of the world (stop, not)

cutting down huge stretches of

rain forest, we (experience)

huge changes in the environment

during the twenty-first century.

7. If Vera (keep) her job.

drinking, she (lose, eventually)

8. I promise you that I (tell, not)

your secret to anybody. Even if

somebody (ask)

me about what happened that day, I (reveal, not)

the truth to a single person.

9. She (make)

some major changes in her life. She (quit)

her job and go back to school. After she (finish)

studying, she (get) to improve her life!

a better-paying job and buy a house. She is going

10. Tom (call)

when he (arrive)

in Madrid. He (stay)

with you for two or three days until his new apartment (be)

available.

Verb Tense Practice TestCumulative Verb Tense ReviewUsing the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. 1. You look really great! (you, work) recently?

out at the fitness center

2. A: What (you, do)

when the accident occurred?

B: I (try)

to change a light bulb that had burnt out.

3. I (have)

the same car for more than ten years. I'm thinking about

buying a new one.

4. If it (snow) Tahoe.

this weekend, we (go)

skiing near Lake

5. A: What do you call people who work in libraries?

B: They (call)

librarians.

6. I came to England six months ago. I started my economics course three months

ago. When I return to Australia, I (study)

for nine months and I

(be)

in England for exactly one year.

7. Sam (arrive)

in San Diego a week ago.

8. Samantha (live)

in Berlin for more than two years. In fact, she (live)

there when the Berlin wall came down.

9. If Vera (keep) job.

drinking, she (lose, eventually)

her

10. The Maya established a very advanced civilization in the jungles of the Yucatan;

however, their culture (disappear, virtually)

by the time

Europeans first (arrive)

in the New World.

11. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep)

.

12. It (rain)

all week. I hope it stops by Saturday because I want to go

to the beach.

13. Listen Donna, I don't care if you (miss)

the bus this morning. You

(be)

late to work too many times. You are fired!

14. I am sick of rain and bad weather! Hopefully, when we (wake)

up

tomorrow morning, the sun (shine)

.

15. I have not traveled much yet; however, I (visit)

the Grand Canyon

and San Francisco by the time I leave the United States.

16. I (see)

many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt.

Pictures of the monuments are very misleading. The pyramids are actually quite small.

17. In the last hundred years, traveling (become)

much easier and very

comfortable. In the 19th century, it (take)

two or three months to cross

North America by covered wagon. The trip (be)

very rough and often

dangerous. Things (change)

a great deal in the last hundred and fifty

years. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours.

18. Joseph's English (improve, really)

, isn't it? He (watch)

American television programs and (study)

his grammar

every day since he first arrived in San Diego. Soon he will be totally fluent.

19. When I (arrive)

home last night, I discovered that Jane (prepare)

a beautiful candlelight dinner.

20. If you (need)

to contact me sometime next week, I (stay)

at the Sheraton in San Francisco.

Verb Tense Practice TestCumulative Verb Tense Review1. You look really great! (you, work) have you been working out at the fitness center recently?

2. A: What (you, do) were you doing when the accident occurred? B: I (try) was trying to change a light bulb that had burnt out.

3. I (have) have had the same car for more than ten years. I'm thinking about buying a new one.

4. If it (snow) snows this weekend, we (go) will go skiing near Lake Tahoe.

5. A: What do you call people who work in libraries? B: They (call) are called librarians.

6. I came to England six months ago. I started my economics course three months

ago. When I return to Australia, I (study) will have been studying for nine months and I (be) will have been in England for exactly one year.

7. Sam (arrive) arrived in San Diego a week ago.

8. Samantha (live) lived in Berlin for more than two years. In fact, she (live) was

living there when the Berlin wall came down.

9. If Vera (keep) keeps drinking, she (lose, eventually) will eventually lose her job.

10. The Maya established a very advanced civilization in the jungles of the Yucatan; however, their culture (disappear, virtually) had virtually disappeared by the time Europeans first (arrive) arrived in the New World.

11. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep) is sleeping.

12. It (rain) has been raining all week. I hope it stops by Saturday because I want to go to the beach.

13. Listen Donna, I don't care if you (miss) missed the bus this morning. You (be)

have been late to work too many times. You are fired!

14. I am sick of rain and bad weather! Hopefully, when we (wake) wake up tomorrow morning, the sun (shine) will be shining.

15. I have not traveled much yet; however, I (visit) will have visited the Grand Canyon and San Francisco by the time I leave the United States.

16. I (see) had seen many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt. Pictures of the monuments are very misleading. The pyramids are actually quite small.

17. In the last hundred years, traveling (become) has become much easier and very comfortable. In the 19th century, it (take) took two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. The trip (be) was very rough and often dangerous. Things (change) have changed a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours.

18. Joseph's English (improve, really) is really improving, isn't it? He (watch) has

been watching American television programs and (study) studying his grammarevery day since he first arrived in San Diego. Soon he will be totally fluent.

19. When I (arrive) arrived home last night, I discovered that Jane (prepare) had

prepared a beautiful candlelight dinner.

20. If you (need) need to contact me sometime next week, I (stay) am going to be

staying at the Sheraton in San Francisco

Verb Tense Final TestCumulative Verb Tense ReviewCorrect! Well done. Your score is 59%.

1. When Carol (call) called last night, I (watch) was watching my favorite show on television.

2. I (work) have been working for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire!

3. Sharon (love) loves to travel. She (go) goes abroad almost every summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru.

4. Thomas is an author. He (write) writes mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (write) has been writing since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (write) has

written seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry.

5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (get) got to the train station, Susan (wait) had been waiting for us for more than two hours.

6. Sam (try) was trying to change a light bulb when he (slip) slipped and (fell) fell.

7. Everyday I (wake) wake up at 6 o'clock, (eat) eat breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) leave for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (get) got up at 6:30, (skip) skipped breakfast and (leave) left for work late because I (forget) had

forgotten to set my alarm.

8. Right now, Jim (read) is reading the newspaper and Kathy (make) is making dinner. Last night at this time, they (do) were doing the same thing. She (cook)

was cooking and he (read) was reading the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time,they (do, also) will also be doing the same thing. She (prepare) will be

preparing dinner and he (read) will be reading. They are very predictable people!

9. By this time next summer, you (complete) will have completed your studies and (find) will have found a job. I, on the other hand, (accomplish, not) will not have

accomplished anything. I (study, still) will still be studying and you (work) will be working in some new high paying job.

10. The students (be, usually) are usually taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they (be) are being taught by Mr. Tanzer.

************

11. Jane talks on the phone. Bob has been talking on the phone for an hour. Mary is talking on the phone.

Who is not necessarily on the phone now? Jane

12. I'm going to make dinner for Frank. I'm making dinner for Judy. I'll make dinner for Mary. I make dinner for Ted.

I will be making dinner for Tony.

Who are you offering to make dinner for? Mary

13. Jane left when Tim arrived. Bob left when Tim had arrived. Tim arrived when Mary was leaving. John had left when Tim arrived. After Tim arrived, Frank left.

Who did not run into Tim? John

14. Jane is talking in class. Bob always talks in class. Mary is always talking in class.

Whose action bothers you? Mary

15. Jane never left Jamestown. Bob has never left Jamestown.

Who is still alive? Bob

Verb Tense Final TestCumulative Verb Tense ReviewComplete questions 1-10 below with the appropriate tenses, answer questions 11-15, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. 1. When Carol (call) on television.

last night, I (watch)

my favorite show

2. I (work)

for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to

stay here until I retire!

3. Sharon (love)

to travel. She (go)

abroad almost every

summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru.

4. Thomas is an author. He (write)

mystery novels and travel memoirs.

He (write)

since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (write)

seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry.

5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (get)

to the train station, Susan (wait)

for us for more than two

hours.

6. Sam (try)

to change a light bulb when he (slip)

and

(fell)

.

7. Everyday I (wake)

up at 6 o'clock, (eat)

breakfast at 7

o'clock and (leave)

for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (get)

up at 6:30, (skip)

breakfast and (leave)

for

work late because I (forget)

to set my alarm.

8. Right now, Jim (read)

the newspaper and Kathy (make)

dinner. Last night at this time, they (do)

the same thing.

She (cook)

and he (read)

the newspaper. Tomorrow at

this time, they (do, also)

the same thing. She (prepare)

dinner and he (read)

. They are very predictable

people!

9. By this time next summer, you (complete)

your studies and (find)

a job. I, on the other hand, (accomplish, not)

anything. I (study, still) high paying job.

and you (work)

in some new

10. The students (be, usually)

taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this

week they (be)

taught by Mr. Tanzer.

************

11. Jane talks on the phone. Bob has been talking on the phone for an hour. Mary is talking on the phone.

Who is not necessarily on the phone now?

12. I'm going to make dinner for Frank. I'm making dinner for Judy. I'll make dinner for Mary. I make dinner for Ted. I will be making dinner for Tony.

Who are you offering to make dinner for?

13. Jane left when Tim arrived. Bob left when Tim had arrived. Tim arrived when Mary was leaving.

John had left when Tim arrived. After Tim arrived, Frank left.

Who did not run into Tim?

14. Jane is talking in class. Bob always talks in class. Mary is always talking in class.

Whose action bothers you?

15. Jane never left Jamestown. Bob has never left Jamestown.

Who is still alive?

Special Instructions: After choosing the most logical verb tenses for *all* the sentences below, press the 'submit' button, and your answers will be automatically checked in seconds. Have fun while you learn! 1. Next August, Bob and Sue _______ for 10 years. are married have been married will have been married will marry 2. Listen! _______ Does the phone ring?

Is the phone ringing? Has the phone been ringing? Was the phone ringing? 3. No, I _______ that movie yet. don't see hadn't seen am not seeing haven't seen 4. He _______ to Chicago just a few months ago. has moved had moved would move moved 5. Thanks a lot, but you _______ me a birthday present! didn't have to give hadn't given must not have given couldn't give 6. I wish I could help you, but I _______ his phone number. didn't know haven't known couldn't know don't know 7. When your plane _______ , please call me. will arrive arrives arrived will have arrived 8. _______ in the hospital since last Thursday. He was He's been

He's He'd been 9. No, _______ a good time at this party. Let's leave! I'm not having I don't have I won't be having I didn't have 10. What's wrong with Tony? _______ very stressed and nervous lately. He's being He'll have been He must've been He's beenSubmit for evaluation

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Simple Future Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. These different meanings might seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear. Both "will" and "be going to" refer to a specific time in the future. FORM Will [will + verb] Examples: You will help him later. Will you help him later? You will not help him later. FORM Be Going To [am/is/are + going to + verb] Examples: You are going to meet Jane tonight. Are you going to meet Jane tonight? You are not going to meet Jane tonight. Complete List of Simple Future Forms USE 1 "Will" to Express a Voluntary Action "Will" often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else. Often, we use "will" to respond to someone else's complaint or request for help. We also
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