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[Slideshare] fardh'ain(2012)-lesson#3-criteria-al qur'an(23-march-2012)-part1

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  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH,MOST COMPASSIONATE,A BEGINNERS COURSE ON MOST MERCIFUL ISLAMEED-Lessons on Fardhu Ain in English for AdultsH TAU ALAH conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj IsmailA aRIS N # 3LE SSO t 1)r(paEvery Friday night IT CAN ALSO BE [email protected] 8pm 10pmREFRESHER COURSEWisma Indah, 450 FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, CRITERIA Changi Road,EDUCATORS, IN#02-00 next to CONTEMPORARYAl-Quran: Proof of Masjid Kassim SINGAPORE. Muhammads Prophethood.OPEN TO ALLUsing textbook & curriculum he has developed especially forMuslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims.To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female) UPDATED MARCH 2012All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)1

2. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, FARDHUAIN: CONDUCTED BY MOSTCOMPASSIONATE,USTAZ ZHULKEFLEE HJ ISMAILMOST MERCIFUL LESSONS FROM TEXTBOOKBeginners Manual on IslamLesson #32All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 3. Allah : Arabic proper noun; name for God, it refersto the One and Only, the Unique Creator, LordSustainer of the Universe, Who Alone is God thereis none besides Allah. No equivalent translation in non-Semitic language.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 4. Muhammad s.a.a.w. : Arabic name meaning thePraised One; he is the Chosen, Unlettered Prophet,the servant and Messenger of Allah, the AwaitedSeal of Prophethood after whom there will be nomore prophet sent.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 5. There are many miracles of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.to be offered as the evidence, and the greatest and mostoutstanding of them is still available to be considered byanyone (even today, until the Day of Judgement ) is withoutdoubt, the Quran .... 5All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 6. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOSTCOMPASSIONATE,The CriteriaMOST MERCIFUL for a Holy Book - a case for the Quranby :Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail Singapore.TO VIEW ON BLOG http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/6All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 7. INTRODUCTION AND A BRIEF BACKGROUNDAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 8. Avoiding the Fallacy termed as circular reasoning:Q: How do you know that your doctrine is true?A: Because it is written in this Book!Q: What makes you believe that that Book is truly from God?A: Because I have faith in it!Q: How do you get that faith?A: Because I read that (same) Book!Q: But how do you know that that Book is truly from God!?A: Because I have faith!Q: But how do you get that faith?A: I read the Book!!?All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 9. Any inter-faith discussion has to firstly contend with the issue ofproving, with evidence and reasoning, the basis for acceptance of aBook said to be from God, before assigning it as the authority forreference regarding doctrines. To regard that a Book is from God requires that we have toprovide for certain reasoning or rationale (criteria) for acceptingthat conclusion. The objective question to consider firstly is, How can we agreethat a particular book can be relied upon as authoritative? What would you insist that such a Book must have, to convinceyou that it is indeed of Divine authorship?All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 10. #1 THE CRITERIA CLAIM ITSELF TOBE FROM GOD The Book itself must make the claim, and not what people attribute to it based on whatever reasons. 10All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 11. And this, too, is a divine writ which We (God) have bestowed from on high blessed, confirming the truth of whatever there still remains [of earlier revelations] and [this] in order that thou (O Muhammad) mayest warn the foremost of all cities and all who dwell around it.(Quran: Al-Anam: 6: 92)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 12. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 13. We (God) sent down the Quran in Truth, and inTruth has it descended : and We sent you but to giveglad tidings and to warn (sinners). It is a Quran whichWe have divided (into parts from time to time) inorder that you (O Muhammad) might recite it to menat intervals : We have revealed it by stages (Quran : Bani Israil : 17: 105)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 14. #2 THE CRITERIA UNIQUE AND INIMITABLE A Book from God must be unique so that it is distinct from other books. Thus, inimitability (not possible for any to produce another like it) is an important quality.14All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 15. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 16. And if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed fromtime to time to our servant, then produce a Surah likethereunto ; and call your witness or helpers (if there are any)besides God, if your (doubts) are true (Surah al-Baqarah : 2: 23)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 17. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 18. This Quran is not such as can be produced by other than God.On the contrary it is a confirmation of revelations that wentbefore it, and a fuller explanation of the Book wherein thereis no doubt - from the Lord of the Universe(Surah Yunos : 10: 37)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 19. To the Arabs at the time of Muhammad s.a.w. then, itwas their language (Arabic), linguistic and literary skillsin composing odes and poetry which were held inhighest regard. This was their greatest accomplishment, which theyhave honed and it marked them out as Arabs. And it is to this that the miracle nature of the Quranwas highlighted to them to be especially tested.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 20. Many of these celebrated poets of the Quraysh, like:Musaylama al-Kadz-dzab,Thulaihah ibn Khuwailid al-Asady,An-Nadhor ibn Harith,Mutanabby, Ibn al-Muqoffa etc.,attempted but could not succeed but their attempts wereeven denounced by their own peers, when compared tothe style, eloquence, exquisite beauty and profoundnessof the Quran.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 21. And standard of Arabic language used by people haddeclined since that golden era. Thus it would become nearimpossible for any to respond to this challenge ever again. One well known poet at the time, Walid ibn Mughirah(himself a respected leader of the Quraysh), even admittedto his peers, after hearing Muhammads recitation of aportion of the Quran saying, that these could not be thework of mortals - whether it be of man or spirits echoingprecisely a verse in the Quran:All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 22. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 23. Now this Quran could not possibly have been devised by anyone save Allah (God): nay indeed, it confirms the truth of whatever there still remains [of earlier revelations] and clearly spells out the revelation [which comes] let there be no doubt about it from the Sustainer of all the worlds. (Quran: Yunus: 10: 37)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 24. Say, "If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Quran, they could not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants. (Quran: Isea: 17: 88)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 25. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 26. RS IDEN T CO SFIR The Striking Calamity - What is the Striking Calamity? And what can make you know what is the Striking Calamity? It is the Day when people will be like moths, dispersed, And the mountains will be like wool, fluffed up. (Quran: al-Qari-ah: 101: 1-5)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 27. RS IDEN T CO SFIRAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 28. RS IDEN T CO SFIR The Inevitable Reality - What is the Inevitable Reality? And what can make you know what is the Inevitable Reality? Thamud and Aad denied the Striking Calamity. So as for Thamud, they were destroyed by the overpowering [blast]. And as for Aad, they were destroyed by a screaming, violent wind . (Quran: al-Haqqa: 69: 1-4)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 29. RS IDEN T CO SFIRWhich Allah imposed upon them for seven nights and eightdays in succession, so you would see the people therein fallenas if they were hollow trunks of palm trees. Then do you seeof them any remains? (Quran: al-Haqqa: 69: 5-8)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 30. E P AR OM THIS ,CEN WITH TH M ETH"The elephant. What is the elephant?And what can make you know whatis the elephant? He has a ropy tail and a long trunk."All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 31. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 32. And no question do they bring to thee but Wereveal to thee the Truth and the explanation thereof (Quran: al-Furqan : 25: 33)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 33. If they say: Muhammad wrote it !All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 34. If they say: Muhammad wrote it ! [O Muhammad] thou hast never been able to recite any divine writ ere this one [was revealed], nor didst thou ever transcribe one with thine own hand or else, they who try to disprove the truth [of thy revelation] might indeed have had cause to doubt [it]. Nay, but this [divine writ] consists of messages clear to the hearts of all who are gifted with [innate] knowledge and none could knowingly reject Our messages unless it be such as would do wrong [to themselves]. (Quran: al-Ankabut: 29: 48-49)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 35. If they say: Why has not the Quran been revealed to him all at once?All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 36. If they say: Why has not the Quran been revealed to him all at once?Those who reject Faith say: Why is not the Quran revealedto him all at once? Thus is it revealed that We maystrengthen thy heart thereby, and We rehearsed it to thee inslow well-arranged stages, gradually (Quran: al-Furqan: 25: 32)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 37. If they say: Why an Arabic Quran?All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 38. If they say: Why an Arabic Quran?Now had We willed this [divine writ] to be a discourse in anon-Arabic tongue, they would surely have said, Why are notits verses explained in detail? What! (a book) not in Arabicand (a messenger) an Arab? Say: It is a Guide and a Healingto those who believe (Quran: Fussilat: 41: 44)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 39. If they say: Muhammad may have received it from the Devil !No evil ones have brought down this (revelation). It wouldneither suit them nor would they be able to produce it! (Quran: ash-Shuara: 26: 210-211)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 40. If they say: He was taught by a Jew or a Christian!We know indeed that they say It is a man that teaches him(but) the tongue of him they wickedly pointed to is notablyforeign, while it (Al-Quran) is Arabic, pure and clear (Quran: an-Nahl: 16: 103)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 41. If they say: It is a fraud!Say: Truth has arrived, and falsehood neither createsanything new, nor restores anything (Quran: Saba: 34: 49)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 42. #3 THE CRITERIA CONTAINS ABSOLUTEPRINCIPLES All principles which the book contains must be absolute (not affected by time) and remain as true today as they will remain true in the future and as they had proven true in the past. 42All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 43. If one is truly objective (in the sense of seeking justice) and is sincere in analysing the history of the Arabs and in comparing their condition before with that after the revelation of the Quran, it would become obvious that their society underwent a drastic change one that was quite revolutionary. Their customs, trends, worldview and accepted norms were in fact overturned and replaced with fundamental principles quite unknown to them before this, and since then it has continued to be adhered to even till today.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 44. Moreover, these principles can justifiably be said to be too advanced for that time, so that they cannot be explained away as having their origin in human and societal influences current at that time. ONE OF THE EXAMPLE BANNING INTOXICANTS :All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 45. Moreover, these principles can justifiably be said to be too advanced for that time, so that they cannot be explained away as having their origin in human and societal influences current at that time. ONE OF THE EXAMPLE BANNING INTOXICANTS :O You who have attained to faith! Intoxicants, and games of chance,idolatrous practices, and the divining of the future are but a loathsomeevil of Satans doing: Shun them so that you may be successful (Quran: Maidah: 5: 90)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 46. And today, the dangers of alcoholism, substance abuse and drug addiction are well acknowledged scourge, whereas the Quran has, not only explicitly warns mankind against it since 1400 years ago, it has since then started a movement towards eradicating this menace and has been successful in producing the biggest society of teetotallers with an uncompromising stance towards it shun them totally, not even imbibing of even a drop of it.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 47. Today, over 1.5 billion Muslims as the rule, abstain from every alcoholic drink and intoxicant on religious grounds, because it has been forbidden by God (as Haram), explicitly recorded and preserved in the original religious text or scripture. Although there may be few exceptions of disobedientMuslims, yet no other religion has been as successful as Islam in advocating sobriety as a religious obligation.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 48. #4 THE CRITERIACONTAINS NEITHERDISCREPANCY NORINACCURACY God is perfect in His Wisdom and cannot be the author of discrepancies and/or inaccuracies.48All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 49. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 50. Do they not consider the Quran with care ? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy (Surah An- Nisa : 4: 82)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 51. #5 THE CRITERIACONTRIBUTES TO THEWELL-BEING OF PEOPLEOF ALL LEVEL Unlike other books which appeal to or benefit only certain classes of people according to their intellectual levels, the Book of God is meant for all classes of people. Only Gods Wisdom is capable of producing such a Book. 51All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 52. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 53. All praise is due to God (Allah), who has bestowed this divine writ from on high upon His Servant (Muhammad), and has not allowed any deviousness to obscure its meanings: [a divine writ] unerringly straight, meant to warn [the godless] of a severe punishment from Him, and to give unto the believers who do good works the glad tiding that theirs shall be a goodly reward [a state of bliss] in which they shall dwell beyond the count of time. (Quran: al-Kahf: 18: 1-3)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 54. Applying to the Quran the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because: Simple devotees refer to it, yet it is not merely a book on devotions; legists formulate legal rulings from it, and yet it is not merely a book of laws; educationist derived wisdom from it and yet it does not only speak about education;All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 55. Applying to the Quran the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because : theologians are guided by its principles, and yet it is not merely a book on theology; it mentions past history and indicate to contemporary men the remnants of past civilization to be discovered, visited and studied, yet it is not a book on history or archaeology;All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 56. Applying to the Quran the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because : it points to the signs in the universe and provide principles for contemplation and reflection for thinkers and philosophers, yet it is not a book on philosophy; it highlights laws of natural phenomenon long before man develops serious study of natural sciences, from which it only confirms observations made by the book, yet it is not a book on science;All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 57. Applying to the Quran the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because : those who have the aesthetic appreciation for beauty in language and expression are enthralled by its recitation, yet it is not a book on poetry; Arabic linguists and grammarians use its standard for correctness and eloquence, yet it is not a book on grammar;All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 58. Applying to the Quran the usual categorizations for Books would be impossible for this is no ordinary book, because : those seeking solace and spirituality finds in it companionship and guidance towards their spiritual upliftment, yet it is not merely a book on spirituality; it has inspired and transformed a whole civilization through all classes of people who then manifested the effect it has on them in almost every field of human endeavour.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 59. Perhaps the closest categorization would be an encyclopaedia, yet it even transcend this when we realise that this book contains only just over 6,000 verses and has never needed any re-edition.Only one category is possible, and that is, it is a book of God for the guidance of mankind. Only Gods Wisdom is capable for its authorship.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 60. #6 THE CRITERIASOME PROPHECIESPROVEN TO BE TRUE Proof of Gods knowledge is in the truth of His prophecies. Although there are many which have not yet come to pass, still there must be some prophecies which can validate this unique attribute of God in the Book.60All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 61. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 62. Truly did God (Allah) fulfil the vision for His Messenger: Ye shall enter the Sacred Mosque, if God (Allah) wills, with minds secure, heads, shaved, hair cut short, and without fear. For He knew what ye knew not and He granted besides this a speedy victory. It is He who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the Religion of Truth, to proclaim it over all religion: and enough is God (Allah) for a Witness.(Quran: Surah Fath: 48: 27-28)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 63. NOTE:NOTE This verses were revealed when Muslims were a disregarded group, oppressed and weak, living in Madinah after being forced to migrate there, and then had to face several invasions by the Quraish. Yet the prophecy came of the Prophets imminent entrance into Makkah, as well as the conquest and triumph of Islam over the Makkans.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 64. CONTINUE SLIDES IN PART 2

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A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” ISLAM” Lessons on Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail TAU TAU H H EED - RISAALAH EED - RISAALAH LESSON # 3 a (part 1) LESSON # 3 a (part 1) Using textbook & curriculum he has developed Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. Muslims. To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” & female)” IT CAN ALSO BE A IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL OPEN TO ALL 1 UPDATED MARCH 2012 UPDATED MARCH 2012 Every Friday Every Friday night @ 8pm – night @ 8pm – 10pm 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim Kassim All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) CRITERIA” CRITERIA” Al-Qur’an: Proof of Al-Qur’an: Proof of Muhammad’s Prophethood. Muhammad’s Prophethood. IN THE NAME OF IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, ALLAH, MOST MOST COMPASSIONATE, COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL MOST MERCIFUL
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