Southern ResentmentOverall, the war and Reconstruction resulted in Southern Resentment and white Southern control of economic, political, and social conditions in the South.
Robert E Lee urged the South to reunite with the nation.
Act with malice towards none, with charity for all to bind the nations wounds.
After the Civil War ended, Lincoln said the Union and its leaders should Act with malice toward. Bind the nations wounds. What is significant about this quote? Why would Lincoln want to be kind, charitable, and bind the nations wounds?3The Impact of Lincolns BeliefsSecession is illegal; therefore Confederate governments in the South were illegitimate; therefore Southern states never actually left the Union.Reconstruction should quickly and fairly restore Southern governments, loyal to the Union.
-Why do you think Lincoln wanted to quickly and fairly restore Southern states to the Union? What might happen if the process gets dragged out?4Radical ReconstructionLincoln was assassinated soon after Lee surrendered.
Radical Republicans took control of Reconstruction and enacted harsh consequences for Southern states and began military
occupation in the South.
John Wilkes Booth
Explain this picture: African Americans which were elected to Congressional offices from Southern states!5The Civil War AmendmentsRadical Republicans worked to guarantee voting and citizenship rights for African Americans.
13th Amendment: Slavery was abolished.14th Amendment: States cannot deny citizens equal rights under the law.15th Amendment: Voting rights are guaranteed regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Lets review what we talked about! Did our hypotheses of the goals of these amendments match this? Were they successful?**race, color, or previous condition of servitude opens the door for poll taxes and literacy tests
Amendment slides should be separated into 3 slides for inclusion class.6Reconstruction is CompleteIn 1876, Rutherford B. Hayes became president after a controversial election.
Republicans agreed to end military occupation of the South, if Southern Democrats supported HayesThis is called The Compromise of 1877.
Whats controversial about the election: Hayes does not win the popular voted, and is granted the win by an Electoral Commission in the Electoral College. Hayes was a Republican, and Southern Democrats were insistent that their candidate (Tilden) had been cheated. In order to gain support for Hayes election, Republicans agreed to end military occupation in the South. They also made promises to help the South develop industrially and in terms of railroad transportation while these two promises would never come to pass, troops were removed from the South shortly into Hayes first term. When troops left, many Republican political and social leaders left the South as well, which opened the door for Southern Democrats to resume control and redeem the South. This is the beginning of Jim Crow.7