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Space weather events analysis according to the observations of northeastern Russia S.E. Smirnov 1* , V.V. Bychkov 1 , O.V. Mandrikova 1 , I.S. Solovev 1 , Yu. A. Polozov 1 , T.L. Zalyaev 1 , S.Y. Homutov 1 , D.G. Baishev 2 , I.N. Poddelsky 1 , Z.F. Dumbrava 1 1. Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation of the Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Science 2. Yu.G. Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aeronomy of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
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Page 1: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Space weather events analysis according to the observations of northeastern Russia

S.E. Smirnov1*, V.V. Bychkov1, O.V. Mandrikova1, I.S. Solovev1, Yu. A. Polozov1, T.L. Zalyaev1, S.Y. Homutov1, D.G. Baishev2, I.N. Poddelsky1, Z.F. Dumbrava1

1. Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation of the Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Science

2. Yu.G. Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aeronomy of the

Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Page 2: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Magnetic observatories of IKIR FEB RAS

Observatory start IAGA IMO Geogr. Geomag. “Cape Schmidt" 1967 CPS - 68.9 180.6 64.0 231.5 “Magadan" 1965 MGD 2009 60.1 150.7 52.0 213.1 “Paratunka" 1968 PET 2013 53.0 158.3 45.8 221.5 “Khabarovsk" 1968 KHB 2013 47.7 134.7 38.4 202.5

MGD

CPS

KHB PET

Page 3: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

periods of increased geomagnetic activity

Analysis of geomagnetic storm registered 27 august 2014 (st. «Paratunka»)

assessment of geomagnetic disturbance intensity

19.08 20.08 21.08 22.08 23.08 24.08 25.08 26.08 27.08 28.08 29.08 30.08 31.08 01.09 (data)

H,n

T sc

ales

H-component of the magnetic field of the Earth

solar wind speed

intensity of the ionospheric anomalies

anomalous periods in the ionosphere

foF2 sc

ales

M

Hz

Page 4: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Atmospheric electrical field

Sensor of vertical gradient of electric field potential “Pole-2” at GFO “Paratunka” (spring, early winter, late winter)

Page 5: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

06.04.2015 5

Earth's atmospheric electricity 'Pole-2'

Page 6: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

06.04.2015 6

Earth's atmospheric electricity

Page 7: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Lidar measurement and ionosphere

Page 8: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

30.08.2014

Increase in night foF2 values in the ranges 11:15 - 13:15 UT and 13:45 - 14:15 UT. Increase in the total value of the lidar signal from regions 150-200 and 200-300 km in the same period of time. Es corpuscular type in 12:30 UT. (Vasily V Bychkov, Yuri A Nepomnyashchiy, Andrey S Perezhogin and Boris M Shevtsov Lidar returns from the upper atmosphere of Kamchatka for 2008 to 2014 observations // Earth, Planets and Space.2014, 66: 150 DOI: 10.1186 / s40623-014- 0150-6)

Page 9: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Analysis of geomagnetic storm registered 12 september 2014(st. «Paratunka», «Magadan»)

09.09 10.09 11.09 12.09 13. 09 14.09 15.09 16.09 17.09 18.09 19.09 20.09 21.09 22.09 (data)

scal

es

allocation of the periods of weak and strong geomagnetic disturbances

H-component of the magnetic field of the Earth

allocation of the periods of strong geomagnetic disturbances

assessment of geomagnetic disturbance intensity 09.09 10.09 11.09 12.09 13. 09 14.09 15.09 16.09 17.09 18.09 19.09 20.09 21.09 22.09 (data)

09.09 10.09 11.09 12.09 13. 09 14.09 15.09 16.09 17.09 18.09 19.09 20.09 21.09 22.09 (data)

09.09 10.09 11.09 12.09 13. 09 14.09 15.09 16.09 17.09 18.09 19.09 20.09 21.09 22.09 (data)

Paratunka Magadan

Paratunka Magadan

Paratunka Magadan

Paratunka Magadan

solar wind speed 800

600

300

H,n

T

Page 10: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Analysis of geomagnetic storm registered 12 september 2014( (st. “Paratunka”, «Cape Shmidt», «Magadan»)

4 графика КЛ (исходные сигналы и ошибки НС 2-х станций);

09.09 10.09 11.09 12.09 13. 09 14.09 15.09 16.09 17.09 18.09 19.09 20.09 21.09 22.09 (data)

scal

es

assessment of geomagnetic disturbance intensity

solar wind speed

periods of increased geomagnetic activity

H-component of the magnetic field of the Earth

800

600

300

H,n

T cp

m

cpm

cp

m

cpm

neutron monitor signal, Cape Shmidt

neuron network error

neutron monitor signal, Magadan

neuron network error

Page 11: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Analysis of geomagnetic storm registered 12 september 2014(st. «Paratunka», «Magadan»)

09.09 10.09 11.09 12.09 13. 09 14.09 15.09 16.09 17.09 18.09 19.09 20.09 21.09 22.09 (data)

scal

es

assessment of geomagnetic disturbance intensity

solar wind speed

periods of increased geomagnetic activity

H-component of the magnetic field of the Earth

800

600

300

H,n

T

intensity of the ionospheric anomalies

anomalous periods in the ionosphere

foF2

scal

es

MH

z

neuron network error

neutron monitor signal cp

m

cpm

Page 12: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

CPS CHD TIX YAK MGD PET KHB

Variations of horizontal component of magnetic field of the Earth, 12 september, from 12:00 to 19:00 UT)

Page 13: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

CPS CHD TIX YAK MGD PET KHB

Assesment of intensity of geomagnetic disturbances in a range of Pc3 pulsations (ocillations with periods 10-45 s.) for 12 september 2014, from 12:00 to 19:00 UT

Page 14: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

CPS CHD TIX YAK MGD PET KHB

Wavelet-portrait of magnetic storm registered on 12 september 2014 according to the data from station of north-eastern region of the Russia)

Page 15: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

06.04.2015 15

Earth's atmospheric electricity

Page 16: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

periods of increased geomagnetic activity

H-component of the magnetic field of the Earth

assessment of geomagnetic disturbance intensity

28.10 29.10 30.10 31.10 01.11 02.11 03.11 04.11 05.11 06.11 07.11 08.11 09.11 10.11 (data)

H,n

T sc

ales

intensity of the ionospheric anomalies

scal

es anomalous periods in the ionosphere

foF2

MH

z cp

m

cpm

neuron network error

neutron monitor signal, Magadan Analysis of geomagnetic storm registered 4 – 5 november 2014 (st. «Paratunka», «Magadan»)

Page 17: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

06.04.2015 17

Earth's atmospheric electricity

Page 18: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

06.04.2015 18

Magnetic storm 26 Sep 2014 observatory Paratunka

Page 19: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

06.04.2015 19

Magnetic storm 23 Dec 2014 observatory Tiksi

Page 20: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

06.04.2015 20

Magnetic storm 23 Dec 2014 observatory Paratunka

Page 21: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

06.04.2015 21

Magnetic storm 23 Dec 2014 observatory Paratunka

Page 22: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Conclusions

• Small-scale ionospheric anomalies, mostly positive and having different intensities, were isolated In moments of solar flares and particle emissions.

• Geomagnetic disturbances with greatest intensity occurred during periods of significant increase in the solar wind speed

• Electron density was significantly reduced and large-scale negative ionospheric anomalies were formed during the main phase of geomagnetic storms

• Large-scale positive ionospheric anomalies, arising before the start of geomagnetic storms and having duration of a day or more, were highlighted.

• Local fluctuations in cosmic ray variations (both short and longer Forbush effects), which reached its greatest intensity during periods of significant increase in geomagnetic activity and emergence of large-scale negative ionospheric anomalies, were recorded.

• Sudden onset of magnetic storm leads to oscillatory processes in atmospheric electricity

Page 23: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Conclusions List of main publications by authors:

1. Mandrikova O.V., Solovev I.S, Zalyaev T.L. (2014) Methods of analysis of geomagnetic field variations and cosmic ray data. Earth Planet Space. 2014 Vol. 66, I. 1 doi:10.1186/s40623-014-0148-0

2. Mandrikova O, Glushkova N, Zhivet’ev I (2014) Modeling and analysis of ionospheric parameters by a combination of wavelet transform and autoregressive models. Geomagnetism and Aeronomy 54(5):593-600. doi:10.1134/S0016793214050107.

3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha A-KR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis of the Earth’s magnetic field variations on the basis of a wavelet-based approach. Digit Signal Process 23:329–339

4. O.V. Mandrikova, V.V. Bogdanov, I.S. Solov’ev, (2013) Wavelet analysis of geomagnetic field data // Geomagnetism and Aeronomy. Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 268-273

5. O.V. Mandrikova, Yu.A. Polozov, V.V. Bogdanov, E.A. Zhizhikina (2012) Method of detection of abnormal features in ionosphere critical frequency data on the basis of wavelet transformation and neural networks combination / A Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, Vol. 5, No. 12B, pp. 181-187 doi:10.4236/jsea.2012.512b035. Published Online December 2012.

6. Smirnov S. Reaction of electric and meteorological states of the near-ground atmosphere during a geomagnetic storm on 5 April 2010. Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:154

7. G.A. Mikhailova, O.V. Kapustina, S.E. Smirnov Effects of solar and geomagnetic activities in variations of power spectra of electrical and meteorological parameters in the near-Earth atmosphere in Kamchatka during October 2003 solar events // Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 2014, Vol. 54, No. 5, pp. 645-654

8. Vasily V Bychkov, Yuri А Nepomnyashchiy, Andrey S Perezhogin and Boris M Shevtsov Lidar returns from the upper atmosphere of Kamchatka for 2008 to 2014 observations // Earth, Planets and Space.2014, 66:150

Page 24: Space weather events analysis according to the …aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E2/05.pdf3. Mandrikova OV, Solovjev I, Geppenerc V, Taha AKR, Klionskiy D (2013) Analysis

Thank you for your attention!


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