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Spaces of Charisma and the Charisma of Spaces

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  • Spaces of Charisma and the Charisma of Spaces

    Kees Terlouw

    Representation of space and place programme Urban and Regional research centre Department of Human Geography and Planning Utrecht University The Netherlands [email protected]

    1

  • Outline Charisma and space?

    Weber: charisma and regimes

    Space and emergence & transformation of charisma

    Typology of 5 relations between space and charisma

    Heritage sites (traditional regimes)

    Futuristic places (rational / bureaucratic regimes)

    Nation-states & ideal types of charismatic places

    Zeche Zollverein is both (hybrid)

    Changed from futuristic to heritage

    Now combination of both

    2

  • Charisma and space

    Charismatic leadership in (national) context

    Non-human charisma as social construction Charismatic organizations

    Animals

    Comets

    The frontier

    Local business elite

    Prosperous regions, Silicon Valley

    Cities

    Charisma has been linked to space, but not studied systematically

    3

  • Die drei reinen Typen legitimer Herrschaft

    Three types of regime Traditional

    Morality (wertrational)

    Past success

    Rational (Bureaucratic) Efficiency (zweckrational)

    Future results

    Charismatic Sudden revolutionary event

    Extraordinary charismatic leader

    4

  • The desert has produced many charismatic prophets

    5

  • Emergence and transformation of charisma and space

    Charismatic leader revolutionizes established order from the outside

    Successful charismatic leader spreads control over territory

    Institutionalisation of charisma

    Transformation into other regime type

    Rational bureaucratic (organisation of movement)

    Traditional (legitimation by charismatic past)

    6

  • Table 1 Different types of charisma in time and space

    7

    Past Present Future

    Here Monument and heritage site

    Uncharismatic space of the everyday life in the here and now of established regimes

    Futuristic place

    Away Place of pilgrimage

    Health spa Site of special education

    Promised land

  • Table 1 Different types of charisma in time and space

    8

    Past Present Future

    Here Monument and heritage site

    Uncharismatic space of the everyday life in the here and now of established regimes

    Futuristic place

    Away Place of pilgrimage

    Health spa Site of special education

    Promised land

  • Monuments and Heritage sites

    Sites linked to charismatic past

    Legitimation of

    traditional regime

    Morality

    Past

    Constructions by present regime

    9

  • Table 1 Different types of charisma in time and space

    10

    Past Present Future

    Here Monument and heritage site

    Uncharismatic space of the everyday life in the here and now of established regimes

    Futuristic place

    Away Place of pilgrimage

    Health spa Site of special education

    Promised land

  • National pilgrimage Meteora

    Travel in space & time

    Original charisma

    11

  • Table 1 Different types of charisma in time and space

    12

    Past Present Future

    Here Monument and heritage site

    Uncharismatic space of the everyday life in the here and now of established regimes

    Futuristic place

    Away Place of pilgrimage

    Health spa Site of special education

    Promised land

  • Present charisma in away places: Health spas: Pamukkale

    13

  • Table 1 Different types of charisma in time and space

    14

    Past Present Future

    Here Monument and heritage site

    Uncharismatic space of the everyday life in the here and now of established regimes

    Futuristic place

    Away Place of pilgrimage

    Health spa Site of special education

    Promised land

  • The charisma of the Promised Land

    Promise of better land to be entered in future

    Contrast bad

    daily life

    15

  • Table 1 Different types of charisma in time and space

    16

    Past Present Future

    Here Monument and heritage site

    Uncharismatic space of the everyday life in the here and now of established regimes

    Futuristic place

    Away Place of pilgrimage

    Health spa Site of special education

    Promised land

  • Futuristic places: Seattle:

    space needle

    17

  • Futuristic places

    Special symbolic sites

    Constructed with political goal

    The better future is already visible and visitable today

    Legitimises bureacratic regimes

    Efficiency

    Improve daily life in future

    18

  • Futuristic places: Futuroscope

    19

  • Table 1 Different types of charisma in time and space

    20

    Past Present Future

    Here Monument and heritage site

    Uncharismatic space of the everyday life in the here and now of established regimes

    Futuristic place

    Away Place of pilgrimage

    Health spa Site of special education

    Promised land

  • Nationalism and backward and forward looking charismatic places: From ideal type to

    reality

    21

  • Nationalism and transformation of the charisma of places: from backward to forward

    22

    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38/Bburger_Tor_1832.jpg

  • Changing charismatic meaning of a place Zeche Zollverein, Essen, Ruhr, Germany

    23

  • Old image of Ruhr area

  • Changing image of Ruhr area: 1 Green

    25

  • Changing image of Ruhr area: 2 Exiting culture

  • Zeche Zollvereins changing charisma

    Old charisma of winding tower

    Coal basis industrialisation

    Centre of local community: identification

    Zeche Zollverein: size matters

    Futuristic place of 1920s (modernity)

    Connects now two types of spatial charisma

    Heritage site industrial past (UNESCO, museum)

    Futuristic place of new Ruhr area (Design)

    28

  • Industrial charisma: winding tower

    29

  • 30

    http://thomasmayerarchive.de/details.php?image_id=93645&sessionid=aa79a9535ed138dfb74d6d4fdfb11f83&l=deutsch

  • Two types of spatial charisma as regional policy

    State project Hundredths of mio. Euro Concentration of regional development Icon for new identity:

    Internal External

    Link local and regional Local charisma of industrial past Regional charisma of a new and better future

    Based on culture and creative economy New design cluster: businesses , exhibitions, school For whole Ruhr area

    Symbol for new Ruhr area 31

  • Charisma and Space Space important in creation charisma Charisma of space used for legitimation other regimes Charismatic place outside daily life in regime Heritage site

    Good past Morality Backward looking traditional legitimation

    Futuristic place Better future Efficiency Forward looking rational legitimation

    Combination of these ideal types help us understand symbolic places and their politics

    32

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