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SPECIFIC TREATMENT OF MIXED PLASTIC RESINS

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Unloading Storage 1 Grinding 5 Washing 6 Resin sorting 7 Regenerating: extrusion and granulation 8 2 Separation of metals and other unwanted waste 4 PP PS ABS Others PP PS ABS Others* Residual plastics Metals Unwanted materials Supplying the line 3 SPECIFIC TREATMENT OF MIXED PLASTIC RESINS * Other resins may also be regenerated to produce recycled plastic compounds with high technical characteristics. They can be an alternative to virgin resins (such as talc PP, PMMA, PC/ABS etc.). However, these other recycled resins are in the minority, as industrialisation of this process is still developing, or there are currently low volumes available. 1 Unloading Plastics are unloaded in dedicated areas. 2 Storage Plastics are stored pending treatment. 3 Supplying the line The line is supplied so that it is able to handle the necessary volumes. 4 Separation of metals and other unwanted waste To obtain a pure plastic fraction, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, and any other unwanted waste are extracted using different techniques (such as the Overband, Eddy current, and floating methods). 5 Grinding Plastics are then ground down into smaller fractions suitable for downstream sorting solutions. 6 Washing Plastics are then washed to remove any remaining residues (such as dust, labels and foams). 7 Resin sorting Plastics may be sorted into resin types by combining the following techniques: Optical sorting: various optical instruments (infra-red systems, x-rays etc.) are used to detect different types of plastic. Floating method: fractions are separated based on the difference between the density of the fractions, and that of the liquid into which they are submerged. The fractions which float, have a lower density than the liquid. Triboelectric sorting: this technique involves generating an electros- tatic charge on the fractions’ surface through friction, then combining this with a strong electric field. 8 Regenerating: extrusion and granulation Once the plastics have been washed and sorted, each resin type is treated separately. They are mixed, melted, and extruded in the form of wire, then cut into small granules or compounds, which will subsequent- ly be used in the plastic industry. At this stage, different additives can be included to give the recycled compounds some visual or technical characteristics required for their future use. 9 Recycling of mixed plastics These mixed resins will then be treated and separated by other stakeholders. Certain types of resins may sometimes be recycled together (in some cases, a compatibilising agent can be added) in order to produce recycled plastics, often with poor technical properties. 10 Incineration and energy recovery 11 Waste storage facility All extracted fractions are then treated separately in three different ways: • Recycling in order to produce new materials (preferred solution), • Energy or material recovery, • Disposal in compliance with the relevant regulations. Recycling of mixed plastics 9 Incineration and energy recovery 10 Waste storage facility 11 Plastics containing brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are incinerated in an incineration plant for hazardous waste. Plastics which do not contain any BFRs are treated as follows.
Transcript
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SPECIFIC TREATMENT OF MIXED PLASTIC RESINS
* Other resins may also be regenerated to produce recycled plastic compounds with high technical characteristics. They can be an alternative to virgin resins (such as talc PP, PMMA, PC/ABS etc.). However, these other recycled resins are in the minority, as industrialisation of this process is still developing, or there are currently low volumes available.
1 Unloading Plastics are unloaded in dedicated areas.
2 Storage Plastics are stored pending treatment.
3 Supplying the line The line is supplied so that it is able to handle the necessary volumes.
4 Separation of metals and other unwanted waste To obtain a pure plastic fraction, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, and any other unwanted waste are extracted using dierent techniques (such as the Overband, Eddy current, and floating methods).
5 Grinding Plastics are then ground down into smaller fractions suitable for downstream sorting solutions.
6 Washing Plastics are then washed to remove any remaining residues (such as dust, labels and foams).
7 Resin sorting Plastics may be sorted into resin types by combining the following techniques: • Optical sorting: various optical instruments (infra-red systems, x-rays
etc.) are used to detect dierent types of plastic. • Floating method: fractions are separated based on the dierence
between the density of the fractions, and that of the liquid into which they are submerged. The fractions which float, have a lower density than the liquid.
• Triboelectric sorting: this technique involves generating an electros- tatic charge on the fractions’ surface through friction, then combining this with a strong electric field.
8 Regenerating: extrusion and granulation Once the plastics have been washed and sorted, each resin type is treated separately. They are mixed, melted, and extruded in the form of wire, then cut into small granules or compounds, which will subsequent- ly be used in the plastic industry. At this stage, dierent additives can be included to give the recycled compounds some visual or technical characteristics required for their future use.
9 Recycling of mixed plastics These mixed resins will then be treated and separated by other stakeholders. Certain types of resins may sometimes be recycled together (in some cases, a compatibilising agent can be added) in order to produce recycled plastics, often with poor technical properties.
10 Incineration and energy recovery
11 Waste storage facility
All extracted fractions are then treated separately in three dierent ways: • Recycling in order to produce new materials (preferred solution), • Energy or material recovery, • Disposal in compliance with the relevant regulations.
Recycling of mixed plastics
11

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