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Spring Ecologic Volume 5

Date post: 29-Mar-2016
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E C O L O G I C Volume 5 Spring
  • E







    C Volume 5


  • Thank you to all that participated in this class assignment.

    This was our second attempt at an e-magazine that is written by citizens.

    We are not scientists or politicians. We are simply students trying to learn about our


    We are discovering the basics of our environment and looking at how it affects our life,


    economics, government and global community.

    The following group of essays is what we discovered about the importance of water,

    Companies and their products, and our thoughts of the environment.

    We encourage you to seek out this information for yourself.

    What is important to you? How can you help? Can you make a difference?

    Can you teach someone about our environment?

    We hope you look into the environment and find something to be passionate about.

    Thank you for reading our magazine.

    It was a pleasure to put together.

    My many thanks to my students for having an open heart and mind.

    Good luck to you all.

  • Working with Nature:

    A Guide to Holistic Gardening

    By: Christine Jones

    The article that I found discusses ways in which you can have a great looking yard and garden by working with nature without spending a ton of money to do so. The gardening technique is called the holistic approach or as the article refers to Green Scaping. With a Green Scape yard home owners can: 1) Save time and money and 2) Protect the environment by conserving water, using chemicals properly (and if only necessary), reduce yard waste by recycling and by letting nature do what it does naturally. There are five steps that you need to consider when green scaping. The first step is to make sure that the soil is healthy and you can do this by testing the soil to make sure it has the proper nutrients in it. This test allows homeowners to determine what types of nutrients are needed, if any, because without the proper nutrients your soil will not be able to properly feed your garden. You can feed the soil nutrients with compost you made yourself and by mulching. The second step is to consider a planting strategy. By knowing the space in which you plant and the right plants to use you can get them off to a good start. You can also provide a habitat for wildlife. Step three requires that you Practice Smart Watering and you can do this in a number of ways. You can choose low-water- use plants that require very little watering or use soaker hoses with a timer, and only water in the early morning. Another option is to create a rain garden to soak up rain water from storm runoff from the roof, and from the driveway. You can also collect and store runoff in a rain barrel. Step number four requires adopting a holistic approach to pest management. Pests can refer to any type of bug or weed that maybe lurking in your garden. The key is to make sure you identify the problem before trying to cure it and it is the best way to manage pests. The key is to start with prevention. Just as you can choose a low- water-use plant, you can also choose pest-resistant plants. You also want to clean out any diseased or sick plants to make sure that the disease does not spread and to catch the weeds before they go to seed. Use pesticides responsibly and only as a last resort. Make sure you only treat the problem. Step five requires homeowners to practice natural lawn care. By mowing higher and frequently during the growing season you can minimize the number of grass clippings. By leaving the grass clippings after each mow it make lawns healthier and soil organisms turn it into free fertilizer. If you must use a fertilizer it is recommended that a slow release or organic fertilizer be used to reduce nutrient runoff and leaching. Remember that Lawns only need an inch of water in summer, including rain, to stay green and let the soil dry between waterings to prevent disease and to conserve water. I hope that this guide as shown you a simple way in managing your lawn and garden needs. This holistic approach can save you money and help the environment by not contaminating it with unnecessary chemicals. Creating your own compost and mulching will provide food for your plants and buying drought and pest resistant plants can help the environment by conserving water. By letting nature do what it does naturally you should have a great lawn and garden without spending a ton of cash. http://www.epa.gov/wastes/conserve/rrr/greenscapes/owners.htm

    Reduce & Reuse

    By Damaris Maldonado

    I selected this articles because I understand right now how are

    important to reduce and reuse. After I reading the article you can see

  • something positive, the government with the agent National Association tried to help a communities, business,

    and consumers.

    Reducing and reusing consumers and industry can save natural resources and reduce management

    cost. (epa.gov)

    In the article mentioned in 1960 to 2010 the amount the waste each person creates increased to 4.4

    pound per day. These similar amounts are 250 million tons of waste generated in the United States. The

    National Association tried to helping to reduction and offer benefit to save natural resources, reduces toxicity ty

    of waste, and reduces costs.

    For example, in the business many manufactories tried to buy a product with less packaging and saved

    materials. Other benefit it consumer, consumer can share in the economic benefits of source to reduction in

    products and companies can saved money.

    For more information go to http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/rrr/reduce.htm

    Habitat Loss in Coral Reefs

    By Stephanie Becker

    Habitat loss in coral reefs is a terrible action caused by natural and human induced stress on them. Only

    if we did more research to have the knowledge, to know how we can protect the coral

    reefs because they are an important part of a large ecosystem. Coral reefs are very

    beautiful and there are actually a tiny animal which belong to the group cnidaria.

    Coral reefs are not just animals but are a habitat for a large variety of organisms and a

    nursery for many of them also. Therefore when it was found out that the coral reefs

    were endanger there were organizations made to help protect them such as the

    International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) and the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force. Plus the

    Florida Keys Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) was established to make a plan to protect

    the coral reefs and check on them to make sure that they were not being stressed.

    This was a big step to change how the coral reefs were being taken care of.

    They are an essential part of our world if they were to become extinct there would be

    many underwater organisms to become endanger without having coral reefs to protect

    them and benefit off of. We need to protect the biodiversity we have now before we

    do not have it much longer. There are ways to protecting them so lets find out how we can help because global warming puts them endanger because they have a range of


    You can learn more at http://water.epa.gov/type/oceb/habitat/coral_index.cfm.




    Carbon Monoxide (CO) can kill you before you are even aware that it

    is in your home. CO is an odorless, colorless, toxic gas. Mild

  • symptoms include headaches, dizziness, disorientation, nausea, and fatigue. The acute effects are due to the

    formation of carboxyhemoglobin in the blood, which inhibits oxygen intake. Some sources of CO are unvented

    kerosene and gas heaters, wood stoves and fireplaces, automobile exhaust, and tobacco smoke. The

    Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) first set air quality standards for CO in 1971, an 8 hour standard of 9

    parts per million (ppm). The average levels in homes without gas stoves vary from 0.5 to 5 parts ppm. Some

    steps to reduce exposer include:

    Properly adjust gas appliances

    Purchase only a vented space heater

    Use proper fuel in space heaters

    Install exhaust fan over stoves

    Open flues in fireplaces

    Choose proper size wood stoves that meet EPA emission standards

    Repair leaks

    Do not idle car inside garage

    Install CO detectors

    For additional information and resources visit http://www.epa.gov/iaq/co.html



    By Lori Roderick

    In this article the EPA found alleged hazardous waste violations at the

    Walter Reed Army Medical Center and was subject to a $201,600 penalty for

    violations going back to February 1998. Inspectors found hazardous waste

    containers were improperly labeled and sealed, and the facility did not have a

    permit to store hazardous waste. In this waste included mercury, chloroform,

    acetonitrile, trichloroacetic acid, phenol, methanol, xylene, acetone, ethyl

    acetate and photo fixer waste. All of these chemicals are a threat to the

    environment as well to the lives of the healthcare workers if its not properly

    disposed. Therefore, the Army was ordered by the EPA to immediately cease storing hazardous waste at Walter

    Reed except in conformance with requirements. The Army may request a hearing to contest the violations and

    the EPAs proposed penalty. More information about medical waste visit website: www.epa.gov/medicalwaste

    Hope for the Everglades by: Jennifer Firestone

    Who better to help the environment than the man that runs the nation? President Obama has announced that

    restoring the Everglades is a number one priority. It is not going to be cheap to restore the Everglades. $1.5

    billion has already been invested and another $246 million is being requested in the 2013 fiscal year to help

    restore the Everglades. Not only are the Everglades being restored, but also over 6,000 jobs were created in

    Florida. The Everglades are an important landmark to Florida. It promotes wildlife to stay in the area, and it

    helps with tourism, which boost the economy. I have not always been an Obama supporter, but I say bravo to

    him. I would rather see tax money going to fix things that we destroyed, than on something that does not

    matter. To learn more about restoring the Everglades please follow the link below.


  • How Second Hand Smoke can be harmful for Children and Asthmatics?

    By Katherine Gilbert

    Everyone knows the dangers of smoking 1 in

    10 deaths worldwide is from a smoking-related disease,

    according to the World Health Organization. But

    exposure to tobacco fumes kills 600,000 nonsmokers a

    year worldwide, including 165,000 children, Children

    lungs are still developing and they are not physically

    able to control how the air that they breath and what is

    put into the air that they do breath.

    When you breathe in smoke that comes from the

    end of a lit cigarette, cigar, or pipe (side stream smoke)

    or that is exhaled by a smoker (mainstream smoke),

    you're inhaling almost the same amount of chemicals as the smoker breathes in. Tobacco smoke contains more

    than 4,000 different chemical compounds, more than 50 of which are known to cause cancer.

    Second hand smoke causes many illnesses in children like asthma, middle ear infections, Sudden Infant

    Death (SID), and bronchitis and pneumonia. These illnesses can cause death in children as well as an adult.

    The best way to lower your risk of all these conditions is to avoid smoking, and to convince those

    around you who smoke to quit. Anyone who does smoke should do so outside, as far away from nonsmokers as


    The home is probably the most important place to keep smoke-free, especially when children live there.

    An estimated 21 million children live in homes where a resident or visitor regularly smokes, and more than half

    of all American kids have detectable levels of cotinine (the breakdown product of nicotine) in their blood.

    Keeping kids (and adults) far away from smoke can help reduce their risks of developing respiratory infections,

    severe asthma, cancer, and many other dangerous health conditions.


    Superfund: Cleaning up Americas Hazardous Waste Sites

    By Patrice Miller

    Superfund is the environmental program established to address abandoned hazardous waste sites. It is

    also the name of the fund established by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and

    Liability Act of 1980. This law was enacted due to the discovery of toxic waste dumps such as Love Canal and

    Times Beach in the 1970s. The Environmental Protections Agency's (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and

    Emergency Response in Washington, D.C. oversee the Superfund program. The EPA's 10 Regional offices

    around the nation are responsible for implementing Superfund. The Superfund makes responsible parties clean

    up their hazardous waste and/or reimburse the government for Environmental Protections Agency-lead

    cleanups. Over the past twenty years the EPA located and analyzed tens of thousands of hazardous waste sites,

    protected people and the environment from contamination, and involved others in cleanup. For more

    information visit http://www.epa.gov/

  • The real problem with hospital waste

    By: Megan Gogol

    Hospitals are a place we want to consider safe and clean, which is why the invention of

    one time use disposable materials seemed like such a great idea. They come with a lower risk of

    contamination which reduces the risk of infection that can be a major cause of death to most

    patients after an operation. However with this comes a high cost to our environment and our

    earth. Hospitals generate an enormous amount of waste product by using disposable materials.

    Some of these disposable materials are one time used are not being used at all but still being thrown away in

    their unopened packages. This becomes a huge problem when hospitals are paying for these materials that are

    being wasted, and the waste is running out of room to go.

    A study done by Dr. Yoan Kagoma showed that operating rooms alone, only doing knee operations

    generate over 400 garbage truck loads of waste per year. The London health sciences center located in London,

    Ontario reported such facilities as having an ecological footprint 384 times bigger than the property it sits on.

    While it is important to keep operation room clean to ensure the patients safety it is as equally important to keep

    our Earth clean to keep the worlds population safe. Is there anything we can do to ensure the safety of both?

    Recharging Your Car's Air Conditioner with Refrigerant

    By Jonathan Medina

    Would you love to get better gas mileage in the hotter summer days while enjoying you A/C, then pay

    close attention to this article? The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has set rules and regulations

    controlling harmful based chemicals from entering into the environment. But did you know that there are no

    regulations regarding your automobile, except for the prior refrigerant known as CFC-12. As per the Montreal

    Protocol, it set strict standards on the use of CFCs because the chemicals were ripping holes into the atmosphere. However there the EPA has only set one rule towards automobile technicians regarding the

    maintain of your air conditioning system, and that is that they only sit through a class that is 3 hours long, thats in order to become a certified A/C technician.

    When you take your vehicle into a repair facility because your air conditioner is not working, you are

    given two choices on what to do based on what is found to be wrong with the system. The first is to top of your

    system, many auto facilities are not equipped with the proper equipment to replace your A/C components. In

    order to replace any A/C part you must have an EPA approved evacuator/recharger. So for the shop to make

    quick money they recommend topping the system

    off, but this might not fix the leak and refrigerant

    may still be leaking out into the atmosphere. In

    order to correctly fix your A/C system the shops

    that are properly equipped will recommend a

    procedure known as an evacuation/recharge.

    What this allows is the total evacuation of you

    system, a pressure check to ensure the system can

    hold refrigerant, and will also inject a die into

    you system to look for leaks if the system

    becomes weak.

    What many people dont understand is that if you correctly fix your system, you will

    have a cooler A/C that will not use as much as

    gas as many people think. If your system is low

    due to improper maintenance then you A/C

  • cultch (this is what spins along with the engine to produce cool air) will work against the engine causing the

    engine to lag, reducing the engines power will cause you push the gas down harder thinking it will correct the

    issue, but this is incorrect. Along with causing engine lag, it will also create reduction in the engine ability to

    cool off the car, without this the engine requires more gas to speed up you RPMs (revolutions per minute) in order to circulate coolant. Not to mention the cost of repair from constantly adding refrigerant, or engine

    maintenance due to improper care, and especially the amount of chemicals released into the atmosphere due to a

    leaking system. Spend some money today and do the work correctly and save money in the future.

    Save Money, the Planet, and Promote a Healthier Lifestyle

    By Natasha Castro

    Are you looking for a way to stay cool this summer, save money, and help the environment? Well the

    EPA has got you covered. They have provided a list of tips that are sure to keep you cool, save you some

    money, and protect your health. The climate change affects everyone and their wallets, here are some tips that

    you can follow for a more fun, cooler, and cheaper summer! The average home spends almost 20% of its utility

    bill on cooling. Lower your bills by using Energy Star qualified lights; they use less energy and produce less

    heat. Using a ceiling fan can lower cooling costs too. A large percentage of water is use at home on the outdoors

    and is wasted because of the heat, Water less and in the morning when the temperature is cool. If you're going

    to wash the car, deck, or grille be sure to choose cleaning products that are safer for families and also help

    protect the environment. Most people spent about 90 percent of their time indoors, find something productive to

    do like composting! It can be a fun and educational summer project that saves landfill space, helps feed the soil

    and prevents methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Try your best to waste less and remember to reduce, reuse, and

    recycle. Americans generate millions of tons of waste in homes and communities each year. Recycled glass can

    be used for roadways and plastic for park benched! Summer is a great time to prepare firewood for the winter.

    This is a great way to recycle you dead trees and use less gas. Have fun and stay cool! To learn more tips visit




    Obama will not let Gulf recovery

    process wait for Congress

    By Keri Kronz

    Despite congresses lack of urgency

    regarding the recovery process for the

    Gulf coast oil spill, president Obama

    aggressively pursues to establish a Gulf

    Coast Ecosystem Restoration Task Force.

    The president also wants congress to

    dedicate a large amount of civil penalties

    collected from all parties responsible for

    the spill into a Gulf Coast Recovery Fund.

    President Obama has asked Navy

    Secretary Ray Mabus to put together a

  • sustainable restoration plan for the gulf coast region, and that all families and businesses that were affected from

    the spill be very involved in the process and that they will not be influenced by Washington D.C. in their

    decision making. This plan will focus on creating more healthy gulf coast ecosystems, while support for

    economic recovery and long-term health issues.


    The following 9 strategies for stopping short of reaching a human population of 9 billion by 2050.

    By Alvoya Johnson

    Population experts have been saying for many years that we can anticipate nine

    billion humans on Earth by the year 2050.

    This morning (July 10, 2012), the World watch Institute in Washington D. C.

    released the following nine strategies for stopping short of that number.

    These ideas agree with what nearly every other population expert has told Earth

    Sky over the past decade: that is, women are the key to reducing the rate of

    population growth.

    For example, says World watch Institute and other experts, in every culture surveyed to date, women who

    have completed at least some secondary school have fewer children on average, and have children later in

    life, than do women who have less education.

    Women who can own, inherit, and manage property, divorce, obtain credit, and participate in civic and

    political affairs on equal terms with men are more likely to postpone childbearing and to have fewer

    children compared to women who are deprived of these rights. And so on. Here are the nine population

    strategies, from World watch.

    Provide universal access to safe and effective contraceptive options for both sexes.

    Guarantee education through secondary school for all, especially girls.

    Eradicate gender bias from law, economic opportunity, health, and culture.

    Offer age-appropriate sexuality education for all students.

    End all policies that reward parents financially based on the number of children they have.

    Integrate lessons on population, environment, and development into school curricula at multiple levels.

    Put prices on environmental costs and impacts.

    Adjust to an aging population instead of boosting childbearing through government incentives and


    Convince leaders to commit to stabilizing population growth through the exercise of human rights and

    human development.

    Educating and empowering women is key to these strategies.

    Other strategies include educating children about population growth, and providing incentives to adjust to

    an aging population.



    By Carmen Feliciano

    Many of us think of ants, bees and even birds as pest; however we

    forget the importance of what they do for the environment. These

    pests are pollinators and many plants depend on them even grass and trees. It is important for us to help protect them and what they


    The EPAs Pesticide Program is working with national and international partners to protect pollinators through regulatory,

    voluntary, and research programs, according to the EPA website.

    After the threat to bees, Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) that happened in 2006, they are looking to see how to

    reduce the potential pesticide risks to pollinators. Addressing the issue of CCD, the EPA and others are

    concerned with the declining health of the honey bees. Not only do the honey bees encounter stressors such as

    not enough food, habitat loss, and diseases, but also pesticides.

    Pollinator Protection Team formed by the EPA is leading efforts to ensure that the federal pesticide laws are

    reflecting the importance of pollinators to human health and the environment.

    The EPA Provides Opportunities for Unemployed Individuals to Gain Work

    Reviewed by Cyndi Leonard

    On June 21, 2012 Mathy Stansilaus from the Sewage and Water Board of New Orleans U.S.

    Environmental Protection Agency announced awarding $3millionn to 15 grantees through the Environmental

    Workforce Development and Job Training (EWDJT).

    The grants will be used for unemployed individuals to be recruited, trained, and placed in jobs that

    address environmental challenges in their communities (Yosemite.epa.gov). To date the EWDJT has trained

    10,300 individuals and 7,300 of those are employed in the environmental field. For further information go to


    Why Wolves are important to the Ecosystem of Yellowstone National Park

    By Linda Reed

    In the spring of 1995 the gray wolves was reintroduced to Yellowstone

    National Park, after a 70 year absence. At that time only 31 gray wolves

    were released, after 6 years the population has grown to more than 100

    individuals. Since then the wolves have exploited the abundant elk

    population, which is a very good thing. Since there was no one predator of

    the elk, the population of elk exploded, they then ended up dying of

    starvation during the winter. When a wolf kills an elk its carcass is

    partially consumed by the wolves and then it is scavenged extensively by

    the eight other carnivore species (coyote, bald eagle, grizzle bear, and so on) and less intensely by twenty other

    species, not only has the wolves help control the elk population, but also has created an abundant and

    dependable food source for these other carnivores.

    In my opinion bringing the gray wolf back to Yellowstone National Park, has been good for the ecosystem. Not

    only by controlling the population of the elk, and providing food for other animals, but the plant life has

    flourished. This also provides food and shelter for the other different species in the Yellowstone National Park.

  • For more information on the wolves in Yellowstone National Park,


    Keywords: wolves, Yellowstone National Park.

    Invasive Species: Ecosystem Killers

    Teresa Ruhl

    One of the largest threats to our coastal and freshwater ecosystems is the dangers of invasive species.

    According to the EPA article, Invasive Species, the introduction of these alien species to the ecosystem is not only harmful to human health but also can cause economic and environmental harm. The aquatic ecosystems

    are endanger of modified water tables, decreased native populations, changes in run-off dynamics, and not

    limited to just these factors. The losses of biodiversity in aquatic environments are caused by invasive species.

    Actually, invasive species are the second leading cause of aquatic species extinctions. Common sources of these

    invasive species are introduction of ballast water, hull fouling, aquaculture escapes, accidental and or

    intentional introduction, among others as stated in the article.

    The EPA has recognized this issue and along with other organizations they are working on some solutions.

    The Coast Guard along with the EPA has noted the problems of vessels in the waters are carriers of many

    invasive species. Together these two groups will be using their authority to find ways to protect and prevent

    these species from causing any more harm and destruction.


    Do You Know The Health Effects of Breathing Our Air?

    By: Serena D Chapin

    Are you and your family at risk from particle pollution? Particle

    pollution is a complex mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets.

    Particle pollution is made up of a number of components, including acids (such as

    nitrates and sulfates), organic chemicals, metals, and soil or dust particles.

    According to The United States Environmental Protection Agency Particle pollution - especially fine particles - contains microscopic solids or liquid droplets

    that are so small that they can get deep into the lungs and cause serious health problems. (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012) Numerous scientific studies have linked particle pollution exposure to a variety of problems, including: premature death in people with heart or lung disease, nonfatal heart attacks, irregular heartbeat, aggravated asthma, decreased lung function, and increased respiratory symptoms, such as

    irritation of the airways, coughing or difficulty breathing. (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012)

    As a single mother of a child with asthma, this article really grabbed my attention. There is no family

    history of asthma on either my side or his side, so how is it that our daughter has asthma? After reading this

    article about particle pollution, and how it affects not only our health, but also our environment, things started to

    make sense. According to the EPA, The size of particles is directly linked to their potential for causing health problems. (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012) Small particles less than10 micrometers in diameter pose the greatest problems, because they can get deep into your lungs, and some may even get into

    your bloodstream. (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012) So, who is at risk from particle pollution? People with heart or lung disease, older people and children are especially at risk. Since most

    children are very active outside, they are very high risk. When children become active and play outside, they

    breathe harder, letting more particles in their lungs. Another factor in children is that their lungs are still


  • What are the symptoms to look for and what can be done? Even healthy people can have symptoms from

    particle pollution, itchy watery eyes, irritated nose and throat, coughing and tightness in the chest. You can

    avoid unhealthy exposure to particle pollution by planning outdoor activities when particle levels are low. You

    can check particle pollution levels at: http://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=pubs.aqguidepart

    If you would like more information about particle pollution, please visit the EPA website at:



    By Carmen Feliciano

    After receiving and offer of $100,000 for his property in the Delaware River Basin for the drilling of natural gas, Josh Fox went on a journey into investigating the environmental risk this could be. During his documentary Gasland he discovered natural gas was being extracted by hydraulic fracturing or fracking. Fracking is done by drilling 8 to 10 thousands of feet, causing an earthquake so bubbles of natural gas can come out of the shell, then pumping unknown chemicals into the earth to force gas to the surface.

    Fox soon discovers the disadvantages of fracking, these chemicals used seep into the earth and water supply, and land left destroyed from previous drilling sites. Along the way he meets many families who wish they never sold their property because of their contaminated water sores and some even with now illnesses. Fox also discovers how fracking is also exempt from laws such as Drinking Water Act and the Clean Air Act.

    In my opinion I think more people need to be aware of what the government is doing to our environment and to us. Yes it looks good for the United States to have their own natural gas and not be so dependent on other countries for gas and oil. However, we need to look into more efficient ways to get them without destroying our land and our water. We as citizens need to demand why these companies will not disclosed what chemicals are being used and how will they affect our health and our food source.

    Gasland: Who needs to pay the Health bills?

    By Katherine GIlbert

    Gasland reveals how the organizations supposed to be protecting many thousands of people arent, and

    how one of Dick Cheneys final acts when in government was to change the legislation so that the companies

    carrying out fracking are exempt from the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act and a raft of other environmental

    legislation. Mr. Cheney should live on these properties for a year to see how all the citizens are living like.

    The industrial systems model of find a resource, trash the place trying to get it out and to maximize the

    economic return, then get out doing the least possible to remedy the impacts of what you have done, is thrown

    into stark relief in this film. The polluted water, once stripped of its gas content, is left to sit in holding ponds

    where it often leaks out. In theory it should be sent to landfill, but in one of the scenes that stayed with me the

    longest, some places now have machines that evaporate the water, turning it into mist which blows away,

    taking its poisonous contents away to wherever the wind carries it.

    There is a huge boom in natural gas production going on in the US at the moment. Gas which is locked

    up in shale and has proven very hard to extract in the past is now being made available through a process called

    hydraulic fracturing or fracking. Here, wells are drilled deep into the shale, initially vertically, then

    horizontally, explosive charges then fracture the rocks, and then a highly toxic mixture of over 500 chemicals,

  • many of them known carcinogens, is pumped under pressure into the rocks, followed by huge volumes of water

    into which the natural gas then dissolves, rather like the bubbles in lemonade. Think of it as a huge

    Sodastream. About half of this water is then pumped out again, the gas removed, and the highly toxic water is

    then, in theory at least, safely disposed of.

    This movie made me very angry on how the government just allows this fracking to keep going without

    the concern for the citizens. These companies who give the American person big dollar amounts; I believe they

    should be responsible for what health issues are effecting these people and pay fines which should be put into a

    special fund for any other health issue.


    Author: Patrice Miller

    Filmaker Josh Fox made a documentary called Gas Land in response to the $100,000

    the natural gas companies offered him to gain drilling rights to his property in

    Delaware River Basin. Skeptical about their motives, he declined the gas companies

    offer and packed some of his things and decided to embark on a documentary in

    hopes of finding out what environmental risks he would be taking on if he agreed to

    the deal. He visited peoples homes across the country and found out that the

    drilling process that the gas company wanted to pay him for was called hydraulic

    fracturing which is a means of natural gas extraction employed in deep natural gas

    well drilling. Once a well is drilled, millions of gallons of water, sand and proprietary

    chemicals are injected, under high pressure, into a well. The pressure fractures the

    shale and props open fissures that enable natural gas to flow more freely out of the well. Unfortunately hydraulic

    fracturing (fracking) was exempted by the Cheney Energy Policy of 2005 from the United States Safe Drinking Water and

    Clean Air Act. In my opinion, the natural gas companies took advantage of this exemption. They quickly started offering

    people $100,000 to drill on their land because they knew people would see that as a great opportunity to make a fast

    profit, but what they werent telling the land owners Is that their air and ground water would become contaminated

    with chemicals, waste water, evaporated water, and natural gas. Landowners who allowed the gas companies to drill on

    their land quickly found out that the money wasnt worth the risk when their water become contaminated, they became

    ill, their crops and animals began to die. I distinctly remember seeing scenes in the documentary where landowners

    could light a match, place it under their faucet with the water running, and their water literally caught on fire due to the

    excess methane and natural gas in their water. In conclusion, I had no previous knowledge about hydraulic fracturing

    before viewing Josh Foxs documentary Gas Land. After watching it, I believe that the government and gas companies

    are at fault for not disclosing the chemicals and the damage that fracking can cause and it is up to us (Americans) to stop

    allowing this process to happen by denying the gas companies access to our land and contacting elected officials, and

    passing this message on to others.

    Are You Fracking Kidding Me! By: Jennifer Firestone

    When most of us experiment with something new and we get bad results, we usually stop. We will find a new

    approach, something that works, and causes no harm to others. This is not what is going on with fracking. In

    the documentary Gas Land, produced by Josh Fox, he finds horrific evidence that fracking is causing harm to

    humans, animals, the water supply, and the environment around the drill site.

  • Fracking is a drilling technique where

    they inject toxic chemicals (596 to be

    exact), sand, and millions of gallons of

    water into the ground. This causes a

    high pressure and it releases natural gas

    from the ground. Sounds great, right?

    Well, when the mixture of the chemicals

    and natural gas leaks into the drinking

    water, it is not so great.

    This is what is happening. Josh Fox

    travels across the country to prove that

    fracking is dangerous. People all

    around the country are facing the same problems. Their water is no longer usable. They cannot drink it, or

    even take a shower in it. If that is not bad enough, they cannot even turn the water on because it is flammable.

    In addition, there have been cases of respiratory and neurological damage to people living around the drilling


    When the companies were questioned about the damage that drilling is causing the people in the area, they deny

    it. They say there is not enough proof that the drilling is causing the problems. How much proof do they want?

    When thousands of people all over the country that are living by these drilling sites are all saying the same

    thing, how is this not enough proof? Thanks to the government the gas companies do not have to follow the

    clean air act, or the clean water act. Thanks to this loophole in the rulebook, they can continue drilling, and are

    not breaking any laws.

    Unless someone can find a safer way, fracking must be stopped. We can all do our parts by protesting to our

    local officials. If someone shows up at your door with a $100,000 dollar check to drill on your land, just

    remember that money will not buy back your health.

    What They Dont Want You to Know About Fracking


    Linda Reed

    I recently watched a documentary called Gasland, by a filmmaker Josh Fox. He received an offer of 100,000 for the natural gas drilling rights to his property in the Delaware River Basin, which is on the border of New York and Pennsylvania and sits on Marcellus shale. He resisted the offer and decided to investigate the environmental risk of agreeing to the deal.

    It starts off with Josh Fox driving cross country interviewing everyone who agreed to let natural gas companies drill on their properties. What these companies do is called Fracking this is where they use high pressure drilling with a fracking fluid. With water and sand and 596 different chemicals that no-one knows what they are. Josh showed how one home owners water caught on fire, how people who live near these sites have gotten extremely ill. How fracking destroys the environment, some animals that drank the water began to lose their hair, and vomiting. These home owners or their children cant even bath, because some of the water is brown and radioactive. Some of this land is farm land; the cows are drinking the water and eating hay or grass that has been contaminated, which is getting into our food supply.

    None of these companies have to disclose what the chemicals are, due to loop holes in the law that Dick Cheney in the Halliburton law. No one is watching what these companies are doing; the employees dont even know what the chemicals they are exposed too. In my opinion these loopholes need to be closed. Our Government should be stopping fracking until we know more about the chemicals that are used, and what kind of damage that is being done to

  • the water and environment. We all need to write to our Senators, Congress, and the President and yes even the Governor. For more information please watch the movie Gasland .

    Gas land Summary by Caira Lane

    In May 2008, Josh Fox received a letter from a natural gas company

    offering to lease his familys land in Milan Ville, Pennsylvania for

    $100,000 to drill for gas.

    Following the lease offer, he looked for information about natural gas

    drilling in the Marcellus Shale under large parts of Pennsylvania, New

    York, Ohio and West Virginia. He visited Dimock, Pennsylvania where

    natural gas drilling was already taking place. In Dimock, he met families

    who demonstrated on camera how they were able to light their running tap

    water on fire. They also claimed to be suffering from numerous health

    issues related to contamination of their well water.

    Fox then set out to see how communities are being affected in the west where a natural gas drilling has been

    underway for the last decade. He spent time with citizens in their homes and on their land as they relayed their

    stories of natural gas drilling in Colorado, Wyoming, Utah and Texas, and others. He spoke with residents who

    have experienced a variety of chronic health problems directly traceable to contamination of their air, of their

    water wells or of surface water. In some instances, the residents are reporting that they obtained a court

    injunction or settlement monies from gas companies to replace the affected water supplies with potable water or

    water purification kits.

    Through the documentary, Fox reached out to scientists, politicians and gas industry executives and ultimately

    found himself in the halls of Congress as a subcommittee was discussing the Fracturing Responsibility and

    Awareness of Chemicals Act, "a bill to amend the Safe Drinking Water Act to repeal a certain exemption for

    hydraulic fracturing." Hydraulic fracturing was exempted from the Safe Drinking Water Act in the Energy

    Policy Act of 2005.

    In my opinion frackening is another way to contaminate our fresh water system and to ruin the land for

    agricultural purposes. We rely too much on natural gases when we have plenty of other resources available such

    as wind turbines, solar power and biomass. They would do just as well as the natural gasses. We dig ourselves

    into a deeper whole with one selfish act after another and make it harder to recover from such things. But still

    no one ever listens until the damage could possible affect them.

    Fracking Problems?

    By: Natasha Castro

    Gasland is an informative documentary directed by Josh Fox. It showing the peoples side of what really happens and the

    aftermath they must face from fracking. Fracking is already widespread in Wyoming, Colorado, Texas and Pennsylvania.

    What is fracking you may ask, Fracking is a dangerous way of getting gas and oil out of the ground. It pumps hundreds of

    chemicals down and they dont all come back up. It's poisoning our air and water and on its way to jeopardizing the

    health of millions of Americans. Residents have been offered $100,000 for the use of their land and whether you

    accepted the offer of not your water is affected. Under President Bush and Vice President Cheney, fracking was

    exempted from significant EPA regulation. The Safe Drinking Water Act excludes Fracking. This is disturbing on so many

    levels because this allows the gas companies to walk away scot-free without any responsibility. After watching this film I

  • thought to myself are they really still continuing to do this after what has happened especially the effects on potable

    water and did ethics cross there mind in the slightest? Everyone involved with fracking should be responsible to fixing

    any damage caused and supply clean water to the affected areas. The Halliburton loophole should no longer exist and

    they should have to pay taxes and fines for the pass decade. Solar energy is the best possible alternative. Renewable

    resources are the future.

    Natural Gas Drilling

    Alvoya Johnson

    The documentary Gas land is about American communities that have been impacted by the increase in

    natural gas drilling specifically hydraulic fracturing across the country. This has become a big problem. Its

    caused people property lose, Health issues, loss of income. And no one is doing anything about it. This

    documentary was writer and director, by a man name Josh Fox.

    The purpose of the documentary is to inform America about natural gas drilling methods and the impacts

    on the environment, and the health of the people in areas were the drilling is taking place locally. Johns

    visited family around the State that was worried about their water supply being contaminated. He was

    surprise to notice that the people water could catch on fire due to all the chemicals in the water. He all so

    found similar concerns in citizens of other states that were host to the drilling, such as Colorado, Utah,

    Wyoming, and Texas.

    Fracturing is used to fine or gain access to natural gas, using various techniques such a hydraulic

    fracturing, which is used to create an effective connection between the well and the hydrocarbon containing formation,

    which leads a path way to produced gas.

    Hydraulic fracturing is affecting our water source. Millions of gallons of water mixed with toxic chemicals that people

    use every day for drinking, food, bathing. This is causing people to have health problems, Hair loss. Their children are

    becoming ill even death.

    According to the Clearwater org. Fracking is exempt from key federal environmental regulations. The federal Energy

    Policy Act of 2005 contained a provision that has come to be known as the "Halliburton Loophole," an exemption for gas

    drilling and extraction from requirements in the underground injection control (UIC) program of the Safe Drinking Water

    Act (SDWA). Other exemptions are also present in the clean Water Act.

    After watching the movie it shows that people with money can just about do anything they want, and get away with it. I

    feel what they are doing is wrong, especially when its causing people to die off. Im sure these people drilling is well

    aware that if it not done correctly what damages it caused. But its all about .making .money and thats sad. But they

    will have to answer to a high power when its all over with. These people should be fined, and the money should go to

    the families, they should be made to take a class on the proper way to drill for gas, they need to have a degree in this

    class in order to go out and drill. This way they cant say they did not have the knowledge of what harm they were



  • Gasland the Movie

    By: Stephanie Becker

    The movie Gasland shows what fracking does to our world and the damages that occur when fracking takes

    place. The film maker Josh Fox touches all parts about fracking we need to know as humans to protect our self, and to

    have knowledge about this terrible action happening. Plus the movie is letting people know just what fracking is and

    how it can affect our water, health and how it can be explosive in a house that people live in. That is putting peoples life

    in danger for what? For natural gas when there are many other options we can use to provide energy.

    Pennsylvania had a gas company called Cabot drill over 40 wells in just under a few months. After that happened

    people were getting sick and found out it was their water that was causing their sickness. The water would bubble and

    fizz because of the natural gas but nothing was done about it. In Colorado Josh made a stop to a few houses and their

    water supply was so contaminated that the water caught on fire. Plus many more places even out of Colorado he went

    their water caught on fire also. That puts the people living in the house in immediate danger. Even thought the people

    did send the water off to get tested the gas company said there was nothing wrong with their water. In Wyoming there

    was a house were their water was so contaminated the man could make plastic with a torch and his water. Hydraulic

    Fracturing (fracking) is when a gas company drills into the ground. It blasts a mix of water and 596 plus more chemicals

    8,000 ft into the ground. It is like an earthquake the intense pressure breaks apart the rock and freezes up the gas.

    The destruction that occurs when fracking takes place is very sad. One house Josh visited had no grass or trees

    they were all tore down by the gas companies so they can drill. Another house all there grass and trees were dead and

    brown from the contamination of the area. It is a terrible site to see because they had children looking for Easter eggs

    but had no were to hide them really but in plan site. Then there are flow back pits which contain fracking chemicals

    called produced water before they dispose the water it has to be dumped into a pit were the water can seep back into

    the ground or evaporate in to our atmosphere which they have methods to make the water evaporate into the air. Plus

    it ruins our land. This controversy has a lot of issues with the law but the companys are not breaking the laws because

    the companys do not have to follow the laws. Such as the clean water act and the clean air act.

    My thoughts on fracking are not so good. I feel that this action

    will be the cause of the world ending. Fracking also ruins the beauty of

    our world. Then it is putting people in danger and making people ill that

    is a major problem that should not be occurring at all. Fracking is no good

    and should be stopped for the health of people. Money is not more

    important than a persons life being at danger. I feel fracking should be

    illegal because of all the damages that come with it. Plus there should

    only be renewable energy being used in the world. Lets stop fracking


    Movie Review: Gasland by Jonathon Medina

    Filmmaker Josh Fox sent off on a cross country journey after

    being offered money for the rights to drill on his property, refusing

    and upset he set out to investigate the environmental impacts of

    natural gas drilling. Fox was offered an unexpected offer of

    $100,000 for the right to drill on his property which was located on

    the Delaware River Basin, located on the border of New York and

  • Pennsylvania. During Foxs journey he discovered that it was happening in all parts of the United States, mostly in the rural areas. He discovered that landowners would randomly wake up to offers from natural gas

    companies, offering large amounts of money to lease their property with the intentions to retrieve gas from a

    process called fracking.

    What is fracking; its a hydraulic process that uses fluids containing water, sand and fracking chemicals that are injected into the ground under very high pressure in the hopes of producing a formation of natural gas.

    This process creates fissures that allow those resources to move freely from those rock formations that were

    previously trapped. The Environmental Protection agency has reported to finding methane and butoexythanol

    phosphate leaking from the wells at a majority of drilling sites across the United States. These chemicals leak

    into the fresh water supplies that many use for daily activities such as drinking, showering, water plants and

    providing water to cattle. These chemicals have also been linked to causing kidney failure, liver cancer, spleens

    to become toxic, and infertility issues. Another chemical found has been traces of benzene; this is a cancer

    causing agent that has been found in many of the victims that have passed away after becoming exposed to the

    harmful chemicals. The Halliburton Law gave drilling companies special exceptions for drilling in areas that

    didnt follow E.P.A. guideline, due to this law they are allowed to drill on property and not be held liable for those issues created by the chemicals being used. The only reason this has become an issue is due to Josh Foxs controversial film which shows the many families affected, how the drinking water in homes can be lit on fire,

    and how many are suffering health related issue linked to the harmful chemicals.

    My thoughts on fracking are it should become illegal; its causing many health issues and forcing people far away from their homes in search of a healthier environment. Being that the presidential election is coming

    up soon I think this would be a great issue to fight for, someone should discuss with all the parties the effects of

    these drilling operations and how they should become illegal and charge the companies with restoring these

    areas and paying for medical issues to the people affected. I think that person who shows the most interest and

    shows the desire to change these laws would win the election.

    Fracking how good is it?

    Written by Cyndi Leonard

    The documentary of Gasland which shows the effects of

    how fracking for natural gas is done and the effects it has on the

    communities the fracking takes place in was created by Josh

    Fox.Fracking is when natural gas is retrieved from the ground

    using water pressured drilling to push the natural gas up through

    the shale to be used. In order for the gas companies to acquire the

    gas, they have been asking property owners to sell their land rights

    to the company in exchange for $100,000. Josh Fox was one

    property owner approached. He decided to further investigate the

    affects of fracking by traveling across the country to see what the

    side effects of fracking cause. Through his travels, he discovered

    many different things. One major concern was that people's

    drinking water had become flammable. The tap water could be

    ignited with a cigarette lighter and would burn with the water running from the faucet till turned off. Another

    side affect that was noticed is lack of vegetation. The drilling areas are completely baron and look like mini

    deserts. Another concern that Josh learned through his travels is the lack of regulations used for fracking. In

    2005, the Bush-Cheney administration passed the Energy Policy Act which allows fracking to be exempted

    from most of the standard environmental regulations which is required for other corporations to follow.

    Fracking is a real concern that is affecting many cities throughout the United States. It is completely ridiculous

  • how the government pushes laws through without completely reading all the parts included. It is difficult to

    understand how President Bush could allow gas companies to be exempt from following the EPA standards;

    that should have been Congress's first clue to take a much closer look at how fracking is done and what is

    involved in the process. Josh focused on Pennsylvania and states that are being fractured west of the

    Mississippi. Our concern needs to focus on the drills that are beginning to be placed throughout our own state

    here in Ohio. North Eastern Ohio is known for the Emerald Necklace of Metroparks. If the drills continue to be

    developed, we run the risk of losing our metroparks due to the damage that results from the drilling. There is

    also leaking that occurs from failed wells. The leakage of chemicals is seeping into the ground water aquifers

    which gets into our drinking water and causes contamination.

    Gasland the movie

    By Julianne Diamond

    In class we watched the documentary Gasland. This movie was about Fracking and how it is affect the people in the

    world. Hydraulic fracturing or fracking is a means of natural gas extraction employed in deep natural gas well drilling.

    Once a well is drilled, millions of gallons of water, sand and proprietary chemicals are injected, under high pressure, into

    a well. The pressure fractures the shale and props open fissures that enable natural gas to flow more freely out of the


    In the documentary Josh Fox who is the creator of the film was offered money to allow drilling on his property.

    He didnt know too much about what fracking was so he conducted research on it. After doing his research he went

    around to previous families who have had fracking done on their property and found that the results were not good. The

    families experienced horrible side effects from the drilling. The families had the water contaminated with the natural gas

    to the point where you can light their water on fire. The familys water was discolored and smelled of natural gas. Some

    farmers animals were getting sick from drinking the water as well as losing their hair

    among other things.

    There is no law against fracking. There is a thing called Halliburton Loophole. It

    exempts companies from disclosing the chemicals used during hydraulic fracturing. It took

    the EPA off the market. The do have a law called the Safe drinking water act that ensures

    you have clean drinking water safe from any contaminates whether it be natural or man-

    made. Another act that is in place is The FRAC Act (Fracturing Responsibility and

    Awareness to Chemical Act) its a House bill intended to repeal the Halliburton Loophole

    and to require the natural gas industry to disclose the chemicals they use.

    After watching this documentary and doing my position paper on fracking I am absolutely against it and think

    something needs to be done to ban this. No one is safe. Our food is contaminated because we get our meat from areas

    that are being fracked and the animals drink the contaminated water. People are getting sick from this and I am sure

    that there will be long term affects from drinking and eating contaminated food. I have signed a petition against fracking

    and I hope we can spread the word on how bad this is to America. I hope one day they will ban this and figure out a

    better way to get the natural gas out from under the earth surface.

  • GasLand

    By: Keri Kronz

    When Josh fox was surprisingly offered $100,000 for the government to install a natural

    gas drilling site on his property in the Delaware River basin, on the border of New York and

    Pennsylvania, he refused. Instead, he decided to investigate why they wanted the rights to drill

    and why they were offering such a large sum of money. Josh decided to travel across the

    country to see if other home and land owners across the country were receiving the same offer

    and if they were accepting it, to what expense was it to their familys health.

    In the beginning of this documentary we were given facts about these rigs and the

    process of making them and drilling. This process is called Hydraulic Fracture or Fracking. They drill into the Earth and pour fracking fluid which contains 596 chemicals into the earth; these chemicals

    are obviously getting into the water sources. I thought it was interesting to see, as the narrator was driving past

    a drilling rig, there were warning signs and one stated no open flames. Was this because of the chemicals being used and are now in the air and water system?

    This issue has been on the national news and these companies are still saying that everything is safe and

    that people are not being harmed from what they are doing and putting into the ground. There are whole cities

    in America that are contaminated and are almost unable to be lived in. This is also because these companies are

    pouring out the water that they use to create these rigs, and have contaminated, into these towns or near them

    and their water sources. The Safe Drinking Water Act brings to attention the chemicals that are being used and

    they have, in the past refused to disclose which chemicals they are using in their fracking. After residents

    started testing their water and finding out which chemicals were present, only then were the companies forced

    to disclose the information. At the end of the movie it was said that now other countries are branching out to

    create these rigs as well. I think that something needs to be done and that this documentary really helps open

    eyes to what is happening because it is almost like a hidden issue if it is not happening in your own back yard.

    While watching Gas Land, I learned about the effects of the damage these gas rigs are having on humans

    and animals living around them. The water is being contaminated by over 500 chemicals and can even be set

    on fire. Most of the water looked muddy and had a rotten smell to it, and no one wanted to drink it, not even the

    government. When a resident offered the government to sample the water that they themselves were saying was

    safe to drink, the government refused. When residents turn on their faucets they hear fizzling and it bubbles

    out, it also tastes metallic.

    I feel that the government really needs to take this issue seriously and set higher regulations or even ban

    this, if possible. Why is the government allowing this intrusion to happen, and allowing this process to ruin the

    health of so many Americans and animals?


    Megan Gogol

    The documentary Gasland is written by Josh Fox. He lives in Pennsylvania and was offered 100,000 dollars to let

    the energy companies drill for natural gas on his property. He denied, due to the fact that drilling for natural gas or

    fracking puts chemicals into the ground which leaks into water well and contaminates the water the community

    drinks. When companies frack for natural gas they shoot water into the ground that is mixed with chemicals to break up

    the ground rock to release the natural gas, however they use 596 toxic chemicals to frack. All of these chemicals are

    leaking into drinking water for the people surrounded by the fracking. Not only is the fracking affecting the drinking

    water but it takes 1-7 million gallons of water per frack. With all the states where fracking takes place one frack for every

    well adds up to about 40 trillion gallons per frack, all of that water contaminated and wasted.

  • When water becomes toxic the people cannot use it to drink, wash cloths, shower or do dishes, instead they

    have to spend money to have waster shipped in from different areas. According to Weston Wilson of the EPA the

    companies are saying yes the water is toxic but not harmful. When the people have their water tested to see the

    chemicals in it they file law suits against the gas companies and the companies have to ship clean water to the homes of

    those effected, which brings up the question of if the water is not harmful why do they need to ship it in from other


    The gas companies are able to get away with fracking because a law was passed saying it is okay to out

    chemicals in the ground for the fracking of natural gas, its a loop hole that allows them to pollute the water and make

    the communities people seriously sick. The people who were drinking the water started having headaches and dizziness,

    loss of smell and taste, and permanent brain damage. Breathing in the chemicals also cause major health problems by

    causing respiratory diseases, and chemicals showing up in their blood. The water is so contaminated that the tap water

    catches on fire if held against fire, this chemical filled water is said to be okay to drink by gas companies, yet they wont

    drink the water themselves.

    I believe fracking causes a huge problem to public health and the environment and it needs to be stopped or

    people and animals will die. Even with the permanent side effects if fracking stops right now so many peoples lives have

    already changed and their health is already damaged, the gas companies cannot fix that no matter what they do. The

    gas companies can however stop further damage if they stop fracking, and help clean the water. I believe this movies

    really puts how damaged the environment is into perspective and that this is only one issue of many dealing with

    pollution of our earth due to companies trying to make money.

    The Land of Gas

    By: Serena Chapin

    Filmmaker Josh Fox received a letter in the mail one day from a gas

    company stating that they wanted to offer him $100,000 for the natural gas

    drilling rights to his property in the Delaware River Basin on the border of

    New York and Pennsylvania. His parents along with some of their friends

    built their home in the woods on a river with their hands. Josh decided to

    research exactly what would happen if he signed away the rights to his

    property. He decided to grab his camera, jump in his car, and go across the

    country and interview different families in different parts of the country to

    find out if it is worth the $100,000. His findings were horrifying.

    Oil and Gas companies are legally exempt from the clear water/clear air

    act. Hydraulic Fracturing, better known as fracking, causes mini earthquakes in the ground. Fracking also puts

    approximately 596 chemicals into the ground! Each time they frack a well, it uses between 1 and 7 million

    gallons of water. A well can be fracked 18 times .Glycol-Ethers are used in fracking for the entire life of a well.

    According to Dick Cheney, who is the CEO of The Haliburton Loophole, Unknown hazardous materials being injected into the ground is allowed by oil and gas companies. Who the hell is Dick Cheney to say that is ok? Lets go over some of Josh Foxs interviews and find out how ok it is to inject almost 600 hazardous materials into our water source.

    One family reported that after a gas well was placed on their property, their tap water started to bubble; it

    was natural gas in their water. Another family had a well explode in their front yard after drilling took place.

    Another familys water turned color, and then turned to mud straight out of the tap. The oil company tested the water, and informed the family that they could not drink the water, wash their dishes in the water, takes showers

    or baths in the water, and basically do not use the water at all. The familys pets started losing all of their hair, losing weight and getting ill. One of the family members put the water from the tap in a jug, and they lit it on

  • fire. Lighting water on fire is normal, right? There are many more stories about how many people can run water

    out of their tap and take a lighter to it as its running out of the tap and it almost explodes and sets on fire. Many

    people called the oil companies just to talk to someone about the things that were happening with their water,

    and everyone in the family getting sick, asthma issues etc. Unfortunately for most of these families, they have to

    live in fear of their front yards and homes exploding because no one at the oil companies would call them back

    let alone be of any kind of help and answer any questions. As horrible as it is, they are not breaking any laws.

    In conclusion, I must say that before seeing this movie, I never knew what fracking was. I have been seeing

    signs that say stop fracking or frack on but didnt know what that meant until now. I recently had to go to Kentucky where my family has land because someone has placed a for sale sign on our property. Guess what

    we found when we went to our property? A huge well that sits where my Grandfathers house used to sit. No one gave this company any rights to the property, but since no one has been there in well over ten years, they

    just took it upon themselves to drill away without any permission. My father has called the company a million

    times, and shocker, they wont even return a phone call. There isnt even an option to speak to a customer service representative. There is an e mail address and a voicemail. That is it. We have tried both methods and

    have yet to hear back from them. I feel it should most definitely be against the law to frack. And that anyone

    who gets caught doing it must pay out the wazoo toward preserving our natural resources that are so limited. It

    is hard to believe how many people lose their souls to greed.

    Opinion for Final by Jonathon Medina

    Out of this class I have learned many issues regarding our environment and how

    much of an impact we as humans have on the environment. The most important thing

    I have taken from this class is the knowledge on fracking, and how much natural

    resources are used just to produce natural gas, and how much on an environmental

    and health impact it has done to surrounding areas where drilling is taking place. The

    Environmental Protection agency has reported to finding methane, butoexythanol

    phosphate and benzene leaking from the wells at a majority of drilling sites across the

    United States. Its horrible how the government has passed law allowing these gas companies to drill and not follow E.P.A. regulations, this has caused many people to

    flee from their homes in search of new habitable areas where drilling has not yet

    happened. Results from these chemicals being used are serious and include methane

    leaking into the air very closely to homes, many chemicals to leak into fresh water

    supplies leaving the water unusable and very flammable. The chemicals have a direct

    link to causing many illnesses but most important they have also been linked to cancer causing resulting in

    many deaths.

    Another important thing I have also taken from this class is the knowledge that we as people have the right to

    fight and submit our issues to the government. We have the power to change things but we must know what the

    issues are prior to voting, many politicians use environmental related issues to help in their elections, but a

    majority of them are using votes to pass regulations that help gas companies in the long run. Knowledge is

    power and the more we research things the more we help protect our environment.

  • My Opinion by Linda Reed

    What impacted me the most in Ecology?

    The topic that impacted me the most was fracking. All that fracking does to the environment, the impact fracking does

    to fresh water is very upsetting. We dont know what will happen in years to come, what the effects fracking will have

    on the environment. The fact that most politicians are not doing a thing about it, they dont even answer emails about it.

    Everything I have read about fracking does not sound good, all the fresh water that is being used to drill, let alone all the

    chemicals that are being used too. And since we dont know what the chemicals are, what side effects they have, what

    will happen to plant and animal life near these sites. Our food chain, water, our health and the health of the

    men/women who are actually working these sites, we just dont know enough on fracking. I will keep trying to educate

    my friends and anyone else who will listen to me about fracking. I will also keep writing to Congressmen, Senators,

    Governor, and the President and the EPA to get someone to listen and do something to stop fracking.

    My Ecological Opinion

    By Teresa Ruhl

    The most important issue I have learned from all the pressing issues in our environment is the damage we afflict

    as human beings onto our planet. The way many of us choose to live our lives is so harmful to our environment

    and the resources we use from it. The over use of fossil fuels, the waste of materials, the over use of water and

    etc. are just some of the factors harming our planet caused by us and limited government laws put in place. As

    an individual I can be more aware of the resources and lives around me. Its time for everyone to break that self-centered view of its all about me. The truth of the matter is more education; more marketing and advertising, and new laws could be what the public needs to help save our planet before its too late. I would like to see the environment thrive for all future generations and therefore I will be more active in the world around me.

    Water By: Natasha Castro

    Water, water, everywhere, nor any drop to drink. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. The most important

    thing I have learned in Ecology is about water. I have learned so much about something so simple. I thought I

    knew everything about water, I was wrong. I have learned that water has so many different things in it from

    pharmaceuticals to waste. Out of all the water in the world very little of it is safe to drink. This is important

    because we need water every day. We need drinking water to survive, for animals, watering plants, washing

    dishes, doing laundry, etc. We as a country should be more courteous by simply using less and actually

    thinking about what we are doing. Conservation is key for everyone everywhere. We can start by limiting the

    amount used in our homes, switch to ultra-high efficiency toilets and other fixtures.

    Thoughts By Serena Chapin

    The most important thing that I learned in this class, is about fracking. Until this class I never knew what

    fracking was. I have been seeing signs all over the place that say stop fracking, and frack on, but I never knew

    what that meant. I feel it it so important to tell people about fracking and what fracking is because people need

    to know. There are so many hazardous chemicals being injected into the ground that it is affecting our water and

    our food. We need to do make fracking illegal.

  • Effects of Ecology Class

    Written by Cyndi Leonard

    Having taken Ecology this semester has opened my eyes to many things

    that I was not aware of and the effects that are occurring locally, nationally, and

    globally. I am going to try and pay a little closer attention to what is going on

    politically as well.

    One thing I learned was from the research paper I wrote which focused on

    finding ways for the restaurant Applebees, I work in to be more eco-friendly especially in reference to the cleaning methods used. I feel this is important

    because not only will the reduction of chemicals used be healthier to the staff and

    guests; it will cut down the cost of money spent for cleaning. As a result of the

    research, my manager was very supportive and said go ahead and try it out. I have

    found microfiber towels that use no chemicals to clean. These towels work on glass, countertops, tile walls,

    toilets, and other such surfaces.

    I just started to use two of these towels, and feel much better. I am not coughing while I clean. The time

    it takes has been cut down, and I am not using a large amount of paper towels to complete the cleaning. To

    calculate the cost saved will take a couple of months, but I feel sure that the manager will see a change in

    money spent and saved. We are using this in the bathrooms and if it goes well, we shall look to expand it to

    other parts of the restaurant as well.

    Ecology by Patrice Miller

    After completing this ecology class, I couldnt pin point an issue that was the most important because I found

    importance in the entire class. The overall message that I took from this class is that the environment, organisms, and

    ecosystems are of equal importance. I became more conscious of the world around me, and I make an effort every day

    to change my habits in order to preserve the environment. If everyone changes at least one thing that theyre doing that

    is negatively effecting the environment and makes an effort to preserve the world that we live in, we may be able to

    sustain life. I am very appreciative of this class and the instructor and I recommend that every college student takes this

    course to raise awareness of the issues that we face today in hopes of positively changing the future.

    Human Destruction by Stephanie Becker

    I feel that the most important thing I learned in ecology is the

    destruction humans do to our earth. Human pollute our world, over populate

    it and over do a lot of actions that should not be done. We rather use

    nonrenewable resources than renewable resources. Nonrenewable

    resources destroy or world and cause global warming plus more issues, such

    as health problems. I feel other people should know about it because we

    need to have sustainability. Which means we need to save our resources for

    the next generation or there will not be enough resources for the future. Also

    destruction to our earth is going to cause the world to end. Also people need

    to do more actions in the world that are safe to humans health and the earth for animals and organisms.



    I learned to be curious about the world around me. I learned that we can shape our surroundings, and our

    surroundings can shape us. I learned that I have a responsibility to our environment, and that my actions can

    change that environment. I now know about so many important issues with the soil, water, air, and energy

    sources that I know I need to minimize my actions, and help to educate others to do the same, for example,

    prevent global warming, habitat destruction, or loss of biodiversity. This world has been here way longer than

    myself, and has solved its own problems over and over. We need to look to the earth as a ecological teacher for

    sustainability with food and land to live on. The most important thing is to help the earth to help us continue to


    Impact by Carmen Feliciano

    Learning about fracking and the Keystone pipelines have made a

    big impact on me. I am now aware of how important natural gas and oil is

    to us as Americans and how we miss use so much of our resources. It

    saddens me how quick we are to destroy our land and environment in

    order to retrieve them. I also think many companies and politicians are in

    it for the money and not looking at our long term problems as well as our

    own health and well being as humans. It amazes me how many Presidents

    in all these years have been promising us they would look into other

    options so that we did not have to depend on overseas oil and gas for

    energy and have come up empty handed, and yet my Ecology professor told about wonderful ways to achieve

    energy and easy ways to even conserve it. There is not a time I drive the highways and explain to whoever is in

    my care about solar panels replacing sound barrier walls and little wind mills lined up in the median or look out

    of my window parking lot and would like to see solar panels light up the night when I walk to my car. I know

    for me I am more aware of what politicians are doing and where their position is on the matter of energy. I also

    talk to everyone who listens about what is going on with the Keystone pipeline and fracking which is so close to

    home for me. Dont get me wrong I think it is important to find solutions for recovering our resources and using them, I understand the importance of it. But we also need to really and truly weigh both pros and cons.

    Class by Alvoya Johnson

    My favorite part about this ecology class was all of it. The class was fun, and I learned a lot about the water the earth. I

    was surprise about how we have bug in are eyelashes. I learned to not cook in the microwave and that I need to recycle,

    I learned that we need to watch what we eat. I learn about the tap water how it has medication in it and I had no ideal. I

    would recommend that everyone should take this class. Thank you so much.

  • Global Warming is Real

    By: Jennifer Firestone

    I have learned many interesting things

    in our Ecology class. Some things that

    have truly frightened me and some

    things that make me say, What are these people thinking? The most important thing I am taking from this

    class is that Global Warming is real. It

    is not just a way to boost the Go Green

    sales. Ice caps are melting and at a

    faster rate, that anyone predicted. With

    the Ice Caps melting the ocean will

    rise. When that happens, places such

    as Greenland will disappear. If the

    Earths temperature rises just a degree, this is enough to cause change. Many people just do not get this. We have to do our parts. We have to clean up the mess we have created.

    Biohazard Waste by Megan Gogol

    In Ecology this semester I have learned a lot about the environment, things that help it and things that harm it.

    What has stood out to me most is waste, specifically biohazard waste because my major is Medical Assisting. When I did

    further research on biohazard I found that hospitals produce about 4 garbage truck loads of garbage per day doing only

    one type or surgery. Most of the reason for the waste is carelessness of the healthcare workers. I believe that is they

    truly knew the amount of waste they produce and how much damage it does to the environment they would better

    watch how they use and what they dispose. I also believe that laws should be made for the hospitals to have regulations

    on how much supplies they buy and how well items are inspected before thrown out. Passing a law like this could help

    reduce the waste that is damaging to the environment and in turn help the people living on the earth. If we do not take

    care of our earth the only place we have to live what will happen to human life? What if the earth gets so damaged it

    cannot sustain human life and we die off, all because we could not take the time to reuse recycle and renew. It only

    takes a few minutes to look at items to see if they are new or used, and that minuet can make a huge difference to our

    environment, our home.