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Status of the BRT Industry

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by Dario Hidalgo, EMBARQ's Director of Research & Practice
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  • 1. Status of the BRT Industry
    Dario Hidalgo
    Luis Gutierrez
    Luis A. Lindau
    EMBARQ, The WRI Center for Sustainable Transport
    BRT-ALC Center of Excellence Meeting
    Washington DC, January25, 2010

2. BRT in numbers 2010
120 cities with BRT Systems and Bus Corridors
280 corridors
4,335 km
6,683 stations
30,000 buses
26.8 million passengers per weekday
1% of the worlds urban population (2010)
1.4 times the combined population of New York and Newark (2010)
3. Rapid growth of BRT Systems and Bus Corridors in 2010, specially in developing cities
16 cities started operations in 2010 (13% growth)
China (4), Indonesia (4), Colombia (2), India, Thailand, Mexico, Per, UK, Canada
21 corridors; 396 km; 464 stations; 2,047 buses
1.4 million passengers per weekday (5% growth)
7 cities expanded corridors in 2010, 125 km
49 new cities with corridors under construction
16 cities expanding their corridors
31 new cities in planning stages
4. 5. Iteresting developments 2010
Government Agencies moving from corridors to integrated systems e.g. Santiago, Sao Paulo, Bogota, Len
Growing Public Private Partnerships PPP for systems operation
Increased support from the national level - programs in Mexico, Colombia, India, Indonesia, France, US
Interest of manufacturers in BRT, new buses from India, Indonesia and China - complement the high bus production of Brasil
Fare collection, control, user information systems technologies consolidated
6. Salient issues
Poor understanding on what is BRT
Institutional and financialrisks poorcontracting, institutional set ups andfareleveldefinitionmechanisms
The bus industry needs a wake-up call. The opportunities are extensive, but the industry is far too traditional (often complacent), often lacking lateral thinking and not pro-active enough. Hensher D. A bus-based transitway or light rail? Continuing the saga on choice versus blind commitment Road & Transport Research, Vol 8 No 3 September 1999.
Strongpreferencebydecisionmakersforrailalternativeswithoutadequatealternativesanalyses
Hot debates in Curitiba, Bogot, Quito, Lima, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Washington DC, Sydney
7. Whatis a Bus Rapid TransitSystem?
Is a flexible, rubber-tired form of rapid transit that combines stations, vehicles, services, running ways and ITS elements into an integrated system with strong identity
TCRP Report 90 Bus Rapid Transit Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines 2003
It is a high quality public transport system, oriented to the user that offers fast, comfortable and low cost urban mobility
BRT Planning Guide ITDP, 2007
Photo: Karl Fjelstrom - ITDP
8. Whatis a Bus Rapid TransitSystem?
Thisor (and) this?
9. Adapted fromTCRP Report 90 Bus Rapid Transit Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines 2003
10. 11. About 120 cities with BRT or busways26.8 million passengers per weekday
280 corridors
4,335 km
6,683 stations
30,000 buses
12. New Cities with BRT/Bus Corridors 2010
13. Guahazhou BRT, China

  • Opened February 10, 2010

14. 22.5 km dedicated busway 15. 26 stations (prepayment, level boarding some buses, passing lane, up to six platforms) 16. Peak supply: 340 buses/hr/direction 17. 40 routes (in and out the system, no transfers) 18. Peak demand: 26,900 passengers/hr/direction 19. Daily demand: 800,000 pax/per weekdayPhoto by Benjamin
Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/guangzhou.aspx#
20. Hefei BRT, China

  • Operationsstarted 18 Jan 2010

21. 2 Corridors 22. 12.7 km busway (15 km total) 23. 14 stations 24. Peaksupply: 60 buses/hr 25. CommericalSpeed 16 km/h 26. Fleet: 65 buses (estimated, conventional buses 12 m) 27. Ridership: 65,250 pax/day (estimated)Photo: Karl Fjlestrom, ITDP
Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/hefei.aspx#
28. Mexibs, Estado Mxico, Mxico

  • InitialoperationNov 30, 2010

29. 16 km exclusive busway (Ciudad Azteca-Tecamac) 30. 21 stations 31. 3 terminals 32. 130,000 pax/day (expected) 33. Proyectedexpansions 2011 34. 21 km (Lechera-Las Amricas) 35. 14 km (Chinalhucn-Pantitln)Photo: http://transeunte.org/tag/mexibus/
Source: http://transporteinformativo.com/pasaje/inicia-operaciones-mexibus-con-63-autobuses-articulados-volvo
36. Jaipur Bus, Jaipur, India

  • Operations started 31 July 2010

37. Route reorganization 38. 10 routes 39. 352 line-km 40. 497 bus stops 41. 200 buses 42. 150,000 pax/day 43. Busway 44. Length 7.1 km 45. 10 stations 46. 20 buses 47. 2,000 pax/day 48. Busways plan 42 kmPhotos: http://www.jaipurjda.org/page.aspx?pid=69
Info: EMBARQ India and http://www.jaipurbus.com/route_map.html
49. Yancheng BRT, China

  • OperationsstartedMay 1, 2010

50. 1 corridor 51. 8 km dedicatedbusway (15 km total) 52. 21 stations 53. 20 BRT buses (12 m) 54. 30 feeder buses 55. Estimatedridership 20,000 pax/dayPhotos and Source: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/yancheng.aspx#
56. Zaozhuang BRT, China

  • StartedOperationsAugust 1, 2010 (CommercialoperationSeptember 1, 2010)

57. 1 Corridor, 33 km 58. 24 stations 59. 2 terminals 60. 20 buses (estimated) 61. 27 buses/hour 62. 700 pax/hour/direction 63. 20,000 pax/day 64. 30 km/h commercialspeedSource: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/zaozhuang.aspx#
65. Bangkok BRT, Thailand

  • Free operationsstartedMay 15, 2010

66. CommercialoperationsstartedSeptember 1, 2010 67. 15.9 km median busway (Sathorn-Ratchaphruek) 68. 12 stations 69. 20 buses, conventionalhighfloor, 1 widedoor 70. Peakridership 1,000 pax/hr 71. Peak buses 14/hour 72. Dailyridership 10,000 pax/day 73. Fare 10 baht (USD 0.33)Photo and information source: http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/bangkok-brt.html
Additionalsource: http://www.chinabrt.org/en/cities/bangkok.aspx#
74. East London Transit, UK
February 2010. Two Routes (EL1, EL2)
12 buses per hour
47 min trip time
Approximate 20 Km, 40 stops, About 18 buses, 9,000 pax/day
http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/projectsandschemes/2123.aspx
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_London_Transit
http://www.flickr.com/photos/wirewiping/4382063978/sizes/m/in/photostream/
75. Corredor de nibus de Joo Pessoa, Brasil

  • Startedoperations in 2010

76. 1corridor 77. 2.5 km 78. 5 stations 79. 111buses 80. 100,000passengers per weekdayhttp://www.afonteenoticia.com.br/pagina.php?pg=3&id_noticia=1278
81. Transmetro, Barranquilla, Colombia

  • Opened 10 July 2010

82. 13.4 km dedicated busway 83. 15 Stations (prepayment, level boarding) 84. 1 intermediate station, 85. 1 terminal 32.7 km auxiliary corridors (62 km planned) 86. Buses: 87. 92 articulated (18m) 88. 85 large conventional (15m) 89. 107 conventional feeder (12m) 90. Daily demand 91. 32,000 pax (305,000 expected when fully implemented)Photo via transmetro.gov.co
Sources: http://transmetro.gov.co/web2010/
Ministry of Transport, Mass Transit Group, Oct 2010
92. Metrolnea, Bucaramanga, Colombia

  • Opened 21 December 2009

93. Commercialoperation 22 January 2010 94. 8.9 km trunkcorridor 95. 7.7 auxiliarycorridors (25.2 km plan.) 96. 24 stations (levelboarding, prepayment) 97. 80.1 km feederlines 98. Buses 99. 15 Articulated 100. 47Large Conventional 15m(203 plan.) 101. 69 Conventional feeder (150 plan.) 102. Ridership: 75,000 pax/dayPhoto: http://www.metrolinea.gov.co/
Source: Ministry of Transport, Mass Transit Group, Oct 2010
103. Metropolitano, Lima, Peru

  • Initial Operation, May 2010

104. 27 km busways, 80% with overtaking at stations 105. 35 stations, one large central underground station, two terminals 106. 308 articulated buses 107. 319 feeder buses 108. 82,000 pax/day south section (854,000 pax/day expected) 109. 21 km/hour commercial speed Photo: Protransporte, Lima, May 2010
Source: Menckhoff, G., Ochoa, C., Ardila, A. El Metropolitano de Lima:Implementacin y Primeros Resultados de un Nuevo Sistema BRT CLATPU, Octubre 2010
110. Zm, Brampton, Ontario, Canada

  • OperationsStartedSeptember 20, 2010

111. 28.5 km busway 112. 17 stations 113. 25 buses, lowfloor, 25 m 114. Twoadditionalcorridorsplannedfor 2011-2012Photo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Brampton_Zum_1074b.JPG
Sources: http://www.brampton.ca/en/residents/transit/zum/Pages/welcome.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z%C3%BCm
115. Systemsexpansions 2010
125 km 3% increase over existing km in 2009
116. 117. 118. 119. Latin American Association Agencies in control of BRT and Integrated Bus Systems ALASIBRT
120. http://www.embarq.org/en/modernizing-public-transportation
121. Filename/RPS Number
What Went Wrong
Common problems

  • Rushed implementation several components incomplete

122. Very tight financial planning non technical user fares, some systems at risk 123. Very high occupancy levels (160 pax/bus standard for articulated buses is not accepted by the users) 124. Early deterioriation of infrastructure (lack of road surface reinforcement or problems in design/construction) 125. Implementation of fare collection systems requires longer time tables and very tight supervision 126. Insufficient user education

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