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Study Skills Strategies: Meeting the Needs of Students with Disabilities Presented by Frank A....

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Study Skills Strategies: Meeting the Needs of Students with Disabilities Presented by Frank A. Shaffer and Phyllis Seeba Slide 2 Why Study Skills? l Students learn best when they know their learning and personality style. l Students become proactive in their learning when they know how to learn. l Student confidence and self esteem increases with study skills interaction. Slide 3 Learning difficulties will affect a students ability to self design and independently apply study skills strategies. Slide 4 About Metacognition l Metacognition is used in education to describe the learning process. l Students learn how to learn! Slide 5 Grading Students earn points for participation, assignments, & materials. Students earn points for following school rules and attendance. Students earn points for independent & cooperative learning. Students earn points for being responsible for themselves. A = 90 - 100% B = 80 - 89% C = 70 - 79% D = 60 - 69% Slide 6 These learning difficulties affect study skills l Weak attention controls l Reduced remembering l Deficient output l Chronic misunderstanding l Delayed skills acquisition l Poor adaptation Slide 7 Why do students with learning difficulties benefit from study skills instruction? Slide 8 The Benefits... l Classroom strategies that minimize distractions and maximize information equal higher learning. l Study skills foster self esteem and promote social success which promotes scholastic success. Slide 9 The Benefits... l If kids know what they are to learn, and get specific feedback, they can increase learning by 37%. l Standards have to drive instruction. Slide 10 The Benefits... l A study skills class is valued by kids in high school and college settings alike. l Common expectations are reinforced. l Organize for multiple intelligence. Slide 11 The Goal l The primary goal is to equip students with the tools that enable them to become independent learners. l Course objectives meet the Alaska Content Standards. Slide 12 Students will demonstrate: l Knowledge of learning strategies and how people learn l Ability to set short term and long range goals l Techniques to build retention and comprehension Slide 13 Students will demonstrate: l Note taking for reading and listening l Comprehend a basic vocabulary and skills l Skills in following directions Slide 14 Students will demonstrate: l Identify information in library/media center l Communicate ideas using instructional technology l Knowledge of higher level thinking skills Slide 15 Students will demonstrate: l Ability to speak and write for a variety of purposes l Think logically and reflectively while taking a test Slide 16 Study Skills can be taught in a l Resource Room l Special Education class l General Education class l Collaborative Team l Self Contained class l Remedial class l Inclusion Model l Workshop l Tutorial Slide 17 Study skills can also be taught l By parents at home l Or in a summer program Slide 18 To ensure that students learn and apply study skills l Orientation l Activation l Maintenance l Study skills are most effective when taught as they are needed. Slide 19 Learning Style Inventory Students learn best when they know their learning and personality style. Slide 20 Listening Skills A students success in school depends directly on their ability to listen, as it is the main channel of classroom instruction. Slide 21 Time Management Show students the connection between their goals and their study efforts Slide 22 Writing skills The most important skill for writing papers may be the ability to form and follow a writing plan. Slide 23 Reading for a purpose Students need to make the transition from learning to read to reading to learn. Slide 24 Note Taking Skills Note taking encourages students to process information and put it in their own words. Slide 25 Self Advocacy Students taking charge of their education. Slide 26 Memory skills Memory strategies are building blocks to a firm foundation to support academic goals. Slide 27 Math skills Improvement in ones mathematical ability is in part due to collecting, organizing, analyzing, interpreting and formulating questions about data. Slide 28 Test Taking Test taking consists of two phases: preparing for the test and taking the test. Slide 29 Library/Research Students must be taught how to judge the importance of incoming information. Slide 30 Organization Helping students independently apply organization skills by explaining the rationale behind the skills. Slide 31 Why teach study skills? l I hear and I forget; l I see and I remember l I do and I understand Chinese Proverb Slide 32 Grading/Record Keeping Teaching students to organize their own supplies enable them to learn more complex organizational skills. Slide 33 Multiple Intelligences Linguistic (in words) Logical-Mathematical (by reasoning) Spatial (in images and pictures) Bodily-Kinesthetic (hands-on-learning) Musical (via rhythms and melodies) Interpersonal (social gathering) Intrapersonal (self-paced projects) Naturalist (access to nature) Slide 34 Learning Style Visual Learners (You have to see it to believe it) Auditory Learners ( If you hear it, you remember it) Tactual Learners (If you can touch it with your hands, you will remember it) Slide 35 Learning Style Evaluation l Use a document or checklist l Read each statement l Answer if it applies to you l Score it - find out about your study habits and attitudes l Apply the information in learning new material Slide 36 Record Keeping Maintain a three-ring binder with dividers Notebook checklist Daily/weekly progress reports Weekly planners Personal evaluation checklist Assignment completion Slide 37 Study Skills Log Learning Style Record Keeping Organization Time Management Library/Research Listening Note Taking Memory Skills Test Taking Oral Reports Reading For A Purpose Writing Math Self Advocacy Slide 38 Study Skills Strategies: Meeting the Needs of Students with Disabilities Presented by Frank A. Shaffer and Phyllis Seeba

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