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tanDelta - Megger leverer kabelsøkere,kappetester ... · differences between DC, VLF sinus and VLF...

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Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing & Diagnostics Solutions for Medium Voltage Networks

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics

Basics of Testing

Basics of Diagnostics

?

Application Notes

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

DCtanDelta

Partial DischargeVLF

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Basics of Testing

Basics of Testing

Basics of Diagnostics

There are two main applications for cable testing:

Commissioning / after laying testing to check the installation quality of joints and terminations of newly installed cable circuits.

Condition assessment / after repair testing to test aged cables or to re-commission cable circuits with the purpose to break down local weak spots in a controlled environment. Local weak spots can be e.g. soaked joints, water treed cable sections, insulation damages caused by construction works.

Application Notes

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

1 2 3

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Basics of Testing

Basics of Testing

Basics of Diagnostics

VLF Sinus versus VLF CR

For withstand testing of medium voltage cables DC test sets and VLF test sets are the most commonly used technologies. VLF testing has the major advantage that it can also be used on polymer insulated cables.

The first VLF systems operated on the still existing and proven cosine-rectangular technology (CR). In the early nineties the VLF sinusoidal technology was introduced. The main difference between these two technologies is that VLF Sinus test sets are low power units and can only test short cables, whereas VLF CR based units can test long cables or several phases in parallel and via that save valuable testing time.

Application Notes

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

1 2 3

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Basics of Testing

Basics of Testing

Basics of Diagnostics

System selection

The table below allows to perform a system selection based on cable length and test voltage for commissioning testing as per IEC 60502-2 standard.

Application Notes

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

1 2 3

VLF Sinus 34 VLF Sinus 45 VLF Sinus 54 TDM 45 VLF CR-28 VLF CR-40-B/ P VLF CR-60-B/ P VLF CR-60-HP VLF CR-80-B/ P

10 kV XLPE cable with Utest = 18 kVrms 4 km 3,4 km 12 km 50km 40 km 30 / 55 km 20 / 30 km > 100 km 50 / 75 km

11 kV XLPE cable with Utest = 19 kVrms 3,75 km 3,2 km 10 km 50km 35 km 25 / 50 km 15 / 25 km > 100 km 45 / 70 km

15 kV XLPE cable with Utest = 27 kVrms x 3 km 7,5 km 35 km 25 km 20 / 40 km 11 / 20 km 75 km 35 / 55 km

20 kV XLPE cable with Utest = 36 kVrms x x 5,5 km 28 km x 15 / 30 km 8 / 13 km 55 km 25 / 40 km

36 kV XLPE cable with Utest = 60 kVrms x x x x x x 5 / 10 km 32,5 km 15 / 22,5 km

45 kV XLPE cable with Utest = 78 kVrms x x x x x x x x 11 / 13,5 km

Note: lenght is based on a single phase, not system lengthNote: The VLF Sinus test systems will have a higher test power at lower freqeuncies, however this is not as per Cenelec or IEC standard!!

VLF system versus maximum testable lenght with 3U0 test voltage (IEC 60502-2)

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of Testing Introduction

The importance of high reliability of distribution cables increases in times of higher competition between utilities and due to regulatory requirements. Customer minutes lost have to be monitored and the asset management departments are requesting clear indication about the condition of medium voltage (MV) cables and their accessories.

Failures in MV-cables can be divided into two categories: failures in the insulation and failures in accessories.

In most cases insulation failures are related to integral degradation of the insulation like water treeing in XLPE cables and degradation of cellulose for PILC cables e.g., whereas faults in accessories are local problems such as bad workmanship of a joint, accelerated ageing because of overload of the cable or a decreased oil-level in case of oil-filled joints.

To reduce the amount of failures by internal defects, on-site cable diagnostics can be applied.

Application Notes

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

1 2 3 4

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of Testing Overview of typical ageing phenomena

The picture below illustrates the typical type of faults in a cable which are either a local problem or a global problem. Global problems can only be identified by using integral/dielectrical diagnostic methods. For local problems a partial discharge diagnosis is needed. Application Notes

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

1 2 3 4

Joint local issue

Termination local issue

Insulation global issue

Weak Spot local issue

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of Testing Dielectrical diagnostics

Most common used technologies for the assessment of the condition of the insulation are dielectric loss measurements (also known under tanDelta), polarization/depolarization current measurements and return voltage measurements.

Dielectric loss measurements can mainly only detect water trees/ moisture content, they are not really suited to measure the thermal ageing of the cable. As the water trees/ moisture content are the most important ageing phenomenon this is not really a problem.

Polarization/depolarization current measurement and return voltage measurement can detect all types of ageing.

Application Notes

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

1 2 3 4

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of Testing Partial discharge diagnostics

Partial discharge diagnostics is nowadays a well pro-ven and accepted method for both quality control of newly installed cables as well as condition assessment of aged cable circuits. The main difference between the on the market available systems is mainly the ex-citation voltage. Most common onsite excitation vol-tages for the PD measurement are damped AC (DAC), VLF Sinusoidal and VLF Cosine Rectangular. The DAC and VLF CR excitation voltage have the main advan-tage of getting results which are directly comparable with normal operating conditions, this apart from the higher test power these power sources have.

Application Notes

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

1 2 3 4

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Application Notes

Basics of Diagnostics

Basics of TestingMore information about cable testing and the differences between DC, VLF sinus and VLF CR methods can be found in this paper:

Application Notes

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

More information about cable diagnosticsincluding some practical examples can be found in this paper:

Please contact us for the application notes!

http://www.megger.com/

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

DC Testing

HV Tester 25

datasheet

T99/1

Portable, battery-operated DC test set with up to 25 kVDC output voltage.

Portable DC test set with up to 40 kVDC output voltage.

HV Test Set 50/80/110

Portable, two piece design, DC test set with up to 50, 80 or 110 kVDC output voltage.

datasheetdatasheet

HPG 70-K

Portable, two piece design, fully insulated DC test set with up to 70 kVDC output voltage.

datasheet

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

http://www.megger.com/http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/d-c-overvoltage-or-withstand-testing/t-99/high-potential-tester-(hipot)-t-99/1-2http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/d-c-overvoltage-or-withstand-testing/hv-tester-50/80/portable-high-voltage-test-set-for-d-c-testing-of-cable-hv-test-set-50-kv,-hv-test-set-80-kv-and-hv-test-set-110-kv-2http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/d-c-overvoltage-or-withstand-testing/portable-high-voltage-generator-hv-tester-25-kv-2http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/d-c-overvoltage-or-withstand-testing/70-kv-d-c-portable-hv-test-system-hpg70-k-2

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

VLF Testing

VLF Sinus 34

datasheet

VLF Sinus 45

Portable and compact VLF test set with up to 34 kVpeak output voltage.

Portable VLF test set with internal tanDelta measure-ment with up to 45 kVpeak output voltage.

VLF Sinus 54

Van mounted VLF test set with up to 54 kVpeak output voltage.

datasheetdatasheet

SinusSinusSinus

nextCR

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

Sinus

TDM 45 series

All-in-one solution for testing and diagnostics of MV cables.

CR

http://www.megger.com/http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/vlf-insulation-testing/45-kv-sine-waveform-vlf-cable-test-system-vlf-sinus-45-kv-2http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/vlf-insulation-testing/-54-kv-sine-waveform-vlf-cable-test-system-vlf-sinus-wave-54-kv-2http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/vlf-insulation-testing/34-kv-sine-waveform-vlf-cable-test-system-vlf-sinus-34-kv-2

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

VLF Testing

VLF CR 28...60

datasheet

VLF CR-60HP

Portable, high power VLF test set with up to 28, 40 or 60 kVrms output voltage.

Van or container mounted high power VLF test set up to 60 kVrms suited to test long cables such as 36 kV submarine cables.

VLF CR-80

Van or container mounted high power VLF test set up to 80 kVrms suited to test 66 kV rated cables up to 2 Uo.

datasheetdatasheet

CRCRCR

back

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

Sinus

http://www.megger.com/http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/vlf-insulation-testing/45-kv-sine-waveform-vlf-cable-test-system-vlf-sinus-45-kv-2http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/vlf-insulation-testing/-54-kv-sine-waveform-vlf-cable-test-system-vlf-sinus-wave-54-kv-2http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/vlf-insulation-testing/vlf-cr-28/40/cosine-rectangular-waveform-vlf-cable-test-system-vlf-cr-28,-vlf-cr-40-and-vlf-cr-2

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Dielectrical Diagnostics

Tan Delta VLF Sinus 45 TD

Integral cable diagnostics system.

VLF Sinus 45 kVpeak power source with internal tanDelta for condition assesment of polymer and paper isolated cables.

CDS

Compact, absolutely non-destructive test system for condition assesment of polymer and paper isolated cables.

datasheetdatasheet

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

datasheet

http://www.megger.com/http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/cable-testing-and-fault-locating-equipment/cable-test/cable-diagnostic-tester-cds-3http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/vlf-insulation-testing/vlf-system-accessory-tan-delta-2http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/insulation-resistance-testers-gt-1-kv/vlf-insulation-testing/45-kv-sine-waveform-vlf-cable-test-system-vlf-sinus-45-kv-2

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Partial Discharge Diagnostics

TDS NT

Unique combination system for cable test- ing and PD diagnostics. PD measurement using either VLF cosine rectangular test or damped AC voltage up to 40 or 60 kVrms

datasheet

PD LOC

Partial discharge pinpointing system to precisely locate PD faults.

datasheet

CRSinus

TDM 45 series

All-in-one solution for cable testing and diagnostics. PD measurement using either VLF sinusoidal, VLF cosine rectangular or damped AC voltage up to 40 kVrms

CR DAC DAC

VLF ProductsDC Products

Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics ?

Local / Partial Discharge DiagnosticsIntegral / Dielectrical Diagnostics

MV DAC-30

Fully insulated damped AC based PD measurement system up to 30 kVpeak

DAC

http://www.megger.com/http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/cable-testing-and-fault-locating-equipment/partial-discharge-detection-and-mapping/tds-nt-3http://uk.megger.com/products/hv-testing-gt-1-kv-systems/cable-testing-and-fault-locating-equipment/partial-discharge-detection-and-mapping/partial-discharge-pin-pointing-system-pd-loc

Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments

From Power Generation to Power Outlet

Contact

Germany

Seba DynatronicMess- und Ortungstechnik GmbHDr.-Herbert-Iann-Str. 6D-96148 Baunach

T. 00 49 95 44 - 68 0E. [email protected]

www.megger.com

Looking for another solution?Dont hesitate to contact us! Cable fault location in a medium voltage network

More information:

USA

Megger4271 Bronze WayDallas, TX 75237United States of Ameria

T. 00 1 214 330 32 93E. [email protected]

UK

Megger LimitedArchcliffe RoadDover CT17 9ENUnited Kingdom

T. 00 44 13 04 50 21 01E. [email protected]

http://www.megger.com/http://www.megger.com

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Manufacturer of Electrical Test Instruments From Power Generation to Power Outlet VLF Products DC Products Cable Testing & Diagnostics – Solutions for Medium Voltage Networks Cable Testing Cable Diagnostics Basics of Testing Basics of Diagnostics ? Application Notes Local / Partial Discharge Diagnostics Integral / Dielectrical Diagnostics DC tanDelta Partial Discharge VLF
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