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TANZANIA IN FIGURES 2018 iii Preface Tanzania in Figures 2018 is the revision of a version that was...

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  • The United Republic of Tanzania

    TANZANIA IN FIGURES 2018

    National Bureau of Statistics

    Dodoma

    June 2019

  • H. E. Dr. John Pombe Joseph Magufuli

    President of the United Republic of Tanzania

    “Statistics are very vital in the development of any country particularly when they are of good quality since they enable government to understand the needs of its people, set goals and formulate development programmes and monitor their implementation” H.E. Dr. John Joseph Pombe Magufuli the President of the United Republic of Tanzania at the foundation stone-laying ceremony for the new NBS offices in Dodoma December, 2017.

  • i

    Contents

    Preface .................................................................................................................................................... iii

    WHAT IS NEW .......................................................................................................................................v

    Abbreviations, Acronyms, Symbols and Notes .............................................................................. xiv

    1.0 Background .............................................................................................................................. 1

    2.0 Geography ................................................................................................................................ 2

    3.0 Population .............................................................................................................................. 16

    4.0 Health ..................................................................................................................................... 21

    5.0 Education ................................................................................................................................ 26

    6.0 Disability ................................................................................................................................ 31

    7.0 Politics ..................................................................................................................................... 33

    8.0 Employment ........................................................................................................................... 39

    9.0 Investment .............................................................................................................................. 42

    10.0 Household Budget Survey Statistics .............................................................................. 43

    11 .0 Economic Indicators .............................................................................................................. 46

  • ii

    12 0: Foreign Trade ......................................................................................................................... 55

    13 0: Performance Indicators for Selected Economic Activities ................................................ 57

    13.1 Agriculture ............................................................................................................... 58

    13.2 Mining ....................................................................................................................... 60

    13.3 Manufacturing ......................................................................................................... 61

    13.4 Electricity .................................................................................................................. 62

    13.5 Transport .................................................................................................................. 63

    13.6 Information and Communication Technology .................................................... 68

    13.7 Public Finance .......................................................................................................... 70

    14.0 Crime Statistics in Tanzania ............................................................................................ 71

    15.0 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) Tanzania’s Roadmap ....................................... 77

    16.0 Tanzania Diplomatic Missions Abroad ........................................................................ 87

    18.0 Ordering, Information and Library .............................................................................. 94

  • iii

    Preface

    Tanzania in Figures 2018 is the revision of a version that was released in 2017 which

    summarises important socio-economic characteristics, as well as selected development

    indicators of the United Republic of Tanzania. Tanzania in Figures 2018 booklet

    presents the data series for the period from 2013 to 2018.

    This booklet provides aggregated data and contains information from various official

    statistical publications compiled by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), sector

    ministries, Government Departments and Agencies. The indicators presented are

    useful for policy makers for planning, monitoring and evaluation of various

    development programs at all levels. The booklet, therefore serves as a brief and

    comprehensive reference for such crucial statistical information.

    The National Bureau of Statistics, as a coordinator and producer of official statistics in

    the Country, appreciates the contributions made by various stakeholders in statistics

    for supplying inputs used in the compilation of this booklet. In order to effectively

    participate in strengthening the National Statistical System (NSS), we urge further co-

    operation in updating and compilation of the forthcoming editions of similar booklet

    and other statistical publications.

  • iv

    The latest figures (2018) presented in this booklet for some indicators are provisional

    and may be revised according to the NBS revision policies. Also, information in some

    tables is sourced from ad hoc and periodic surveys and therefore such information is

    not available for some years. The data gaps attributed to the surveys shall be filled

    immediately upon availability of the respective survey reports.

    Comments and suggestions that may help to enrich the next edition of Tanzania in

    Figures are welcome from all stakeholders.

    The soft copy is also available in the NBS website; www.nbs.go.tz. For more detailed

    information on the published statistics, please visit the NBS library.

    http://www.nbs.go.tz/

  • v

    WHAT IS NEW

    The Tanzania HIV Impact Survey 2016 - 2017 (THIS)

    The Tanzania HIV Impact Survey 2016 - 2017 (THIS) is the fourth in a series of

    household-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) surveys and it is the first

    national HIV survey that covered populations of all ages and other indicators

    (HIV incidence, viral load (VL) suppression (VLS) etc), in the country.

    A nationally representative survey of 36,087 adults aged 15 years and older and

    10,452 children aged 0 - 14 years (7,477 children aged 0 - 9 years and 2,975 early

    adolescents aged 10 - 14 years) were eligible to participate in the survey.

    HIV Incidence

    Annual incidence of HIV infection among adults aged 15 years and older is 0.24%

    overall (0.16% among males and 0.32% among females). This corresponds to

    approximately 72,000 new infections per year (about 24,000 among males and

    48,000 among females).

  • vi

    Annual HIV Incidence using Lag/VL/ARV testing algorithm, THIS 2016 - 2017

    LAG/VL/ARV: Limiting antigen/Viral load/Antiretrovirals

    HIV Prevalence

    Prevalence of HIV infection among adults aged 15 years and older in Tanzania was

    4.9% (6.3% among females, and 3.4% among males). This corresponds to

    approximately 1.4 million PLHIV aged 15 years and older in the country.

  • vii

    Prevalence of HIV Among Persons Aged 15+ years, by Sex and Selected Demographic Characteristics, Tanzania, THIS 2016 - 2017

    Characteristic

    Males Females Total

    % HIV positive

    Number % HIV

    positive Number

    % HIV positive

    Number

    Age

    15-19 0.4 2,533

    1.0 2,999

    0.7 5,532

    20-24 0.9 1,987

    3.4 2,845

    2.2 4,832

    25-29 2.3 1,670

    5.6 2,521

    4.0 4,191

    30-34 3.9 1,453

    8.6 2,062

    6.4 3,515

    35-39 5.6 1,307

    11.6 1,749

    8.6 3,056

    40-44 8.4 1,144

    11.0 1,405

    9.7 2,549

    45-49 6.8 877

    12 1,048

    9.4 1,925

    50-54 7.4 728

    9.4 872

    8.4 1,600

    55-59 8.0 572

    9.7 580

    8.9 1,152

    60-64 3.6 459

    6.5 558

    5.2 1,017

    65-69 2.3 344

    3.0 395

    2.7 739

    70-74 1.7 254

    4.4 322

    3.3 576

    75-79 2.0 193

    0.2 221

    1.0 414

    ≥80 0.3 229

    1.2 252

    0.8 481

    Total 15+ 3.4 13,750

    6.3 17,829

    4.9 31,579

    Residence

    Urban 3.4 4,106 8.3 6,034 6 10,140

    Rural 3.4 9,644 5 11,795 4.2 21,439

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