TEERTHANKER MAHAVEER COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE
M.P. TOUR (29th March- 6th April, 2015) – Report
Students: 1st Year
Faculty: Ar. Gaurav Agarwal & Ar. Kanika Agarwal
Aim: This report aims to provide an overview of the study
tour of Madhya Pradesh conducted from 29th March 2015 to
6th April 2015. It contains a brief description about the places
visited and the Measuring drawing assignment done as a
part of 1st year (2nd Semester) syllabus by the group of first
year students in the guidance of faculty.
The main aim of the tour was to complete the measuring
drawing of a building having iconic architectural features
and along with visiting the places having buildings which
are relevant to the students of architecture. For this
purpose Taj-ul-Masajid, Bhopal was chosen for the
measuring drawing assignment which is built in Islamic
architectural style. This kind of exposure helps students to develop their creative skills and broaden up their imagination
and also seeks to identify best practice in those areas which require additional analysis and attention.
The journey to Madhya Pradesh started on 29th March 2015 at noon from Moradabad
from where the students and faculty boarded a bus to Delhi. From Delhi, the group
boarded Bhopal express train for Bhopal.
Group reached Bhopal on 30th March at 8 a.m. in the morning. From Bhopal station the
groups moved to the hotel and after freshen up and breakfast the group headed towards
Taj-ul-Masajid for starting up the work, i.e. measuring drawing of the Masjid complex.
Taj-ul-Masajid is a Mosque situated in Bhopal, India.
"Masajid" means "Mosques” (Plural of "Masjid") and
"Taj-ul-Masajid" literally means "Crown among
Mosques". It is the largest Mosque in India. The
construction of the Mosque was initiated during the
reign of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar by
Nawab Shah Jahan n Begum (1844–1860 and 1868–
1901) of Bhopal and continued to be built by her
daughter Sultan Jahan Begum.
The Mosque has a pink facade topped by two 18-storey high
octagonal minarets with marble domes. The Mosque also has three
huge bulbous domes, an impressive main hallway with attractive
pillars and marble flooring resembling Mughal architecture the likes
of Jama Masjid in Delhi. It has a courtyard with a large tank in the
centre. It has a double-storied gateway with four recessed archways
and nine cusped multifold openings in the main prayer hall. The
Quibla wall in the prayer hall is carved with eleven recessed arches
and has fine screens of trellis work. The massive pillars in the hall
hold 27 ceilings through squinted arches of which 16 ceilings are decorated with ornate petal designs. Group finished
their work on the next day by noon i.e. 31st March 2015 taking all the measurements, photographs and sketching the
details and views from various angles of the building.
After completing work at Taj-ul-Masjid by 31st March, the group
had lunch in the market nearby the complex and headed
towards their next destination to Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav
Sangrahalaya (IGRMS) also known as National Museum of
Humankind. National Museum of Humankind is an anthropology
museum that represents an integrated story of the evolution of
man and culture with special reference to India. It spreads over
an area of about 200 acres on the Shyamla Hills in the city.
This museum depicts the story of mankind in time and
space. Located on Bhopal's upper lake, 'Rashtriya Manav
Sangrahalaya' can be accessed either from Lake View
Road or from another road near Demonstration School.
IGRMS has a few permanent exhibitions, broadly
b) Indoor galleries (Veethi-Sankul and Bhopal Gallery)
c) Periodical/ Temporary exhibitions.
Group spent rest of the day visiting the museum as it has many interesting structures. It was a great learning experience
for the students as they learnt about the habitats of various regions of human being and the techniques used in the past
for performing various daily activities.
The next day on 1st April group headed towards their next
destination to Sanchi- a Buddhist Monestary. The Buddhist
vihara at Sanchi is famous for its Great Stupa, located at
Sanchi Town in Raisen District of the state of Madhya
Pradesh. It is located 46 km north-east of Bhopal.
The 'Great Stupa' at Sanchi is the oldest stone structure in
India and was originally commissioned by the emperor
Ashoka the Great in the 3rd century BCE. Its nucleus was a
simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of
the Buddha. It was crowned by the chatra, a parasol-like
structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to
honour and shelter the relics. The group returned to Bhopal
around 3 p.m. after visiting the Sanchi stupa. Students learnt the basics elements of Buddhist architecture and the
construction technique in brick.
After returning from Sanchi group had lunch and then
they headed to Bharat Bhavan. It is an autonomous
multi-arts complex and museum in the state of capital
Bhopal, established and funded by the Government of
Madhya Pradesh. Opened in 1982, facing the Upper
Lake, Bhopal, it houses an art gallery, fine art
workshops, an open-air amphitheatre, a studio
theatre, an auditorium, a museum tribal and folk art,
libraries of Indian poetry, classical music as well as
folk music. It is designed by famous architect Charles
Correa. Here he found the possibilities of a series of
terraced gardens, which would be seen cascading
down to the lake.
The visitors enter at the highest level and walk down a pedestrian
spine, flanked by a pattern of courtyards, to reach the various parts
of the complex. Each curve and space defines itself.
Each of the part of the building is distinct yet flows easily into one
another, linked by meandering paths. The total effect is one of the
surprise and pleasure. There is always a moment when the eye can
rest and the mind contemplates. The visit to Bharat Bhavan
concluded the day and students had an experience of interlinking &
inter-relating various spaces together and also came to know the use
of levels in a complex. The use of landscaping elements on terraces and the amphitheatre facing the sea provided a
great learning experience to them.
On 2nd April group left for the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka in early morning. Rock Shelters are located about 45 km
south east of Bhopal on the road to Hoshangabad. The Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archaeological site of the
Paleolithic age, exhibiting the earliest traces of human life on the Indian subcontinent, and thus the beginning of the
South Asian Stone Age. It is located in the Raisen District of Madhya Pradesh, in the Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary.
At least some of the shelters were inhabited by Homo erectus more than 100,000 years ago. Some of the Stone Age rock paintings found among the Bhimbetka rock shelters is approx. 30,000 years old. The caves also
deliver early evidence of dance. They were declared a World Heritage Site in 2003. The name Bhimbetka
(भीमबठैका) is associated with Bhima, a hero-deity of the epic Mahabharata.
The word Bhimbetka is said to derive from Bhimbaithka, meaning "sitting place of Bhima".
Returnig to Bhopal after visiting Rock shelters on the way group visited
the town Bhojpur which is situated on the Betwā River, 28 km from
Bhopal. The site is located on sandstone ridges typical of central India,
next to a deep gorge through which the Betwā River flows.
Bhojpur is famous for the
temple dedicated to Shiva.
The temple houses one of
the largest liṅga-s in India, 5.5 m (18 ft) tall and 2.3 m (7.5 ft) in
circumference. It is crafted out of a single rock. The building is under the
protection of the Archaeological Survey of India. The style of the sculpture
on the building confirms an early to mid-eleventh-century date for the
The building as it stands consists of the
inner cella or garbhagṛha, supported by
massive pillars, surmounted with an
elegant corbelled dome. The outer walls
and superstructure of the temple were
never built. The group returned to hotel
and after taking some rest they left for
shopping in the local market nearby hotel.
The group left for Gwalior by bus around midnight. The bus
reached Gwalior on 3rd April at 12:30 p.m. and the group
moved to the hotel for freshening up and lunch. In the
afternoon group left for Gwalior Fort.
Fort is an 8th-century hill fort which consists of a defensive
structure and two main palaces, Gurjari Mahal and Man
Mandir, built by Man Singh Tomar. The fort has been
controlled by a number of different rulers in its history. The
Gurjari Mahal palace was built for Queen Mrignayani. It is
now an archaeological museum. The fort and its premises are
well maintained and house many historic monuments
including palaces, temples and water tanks. There are eleven
temples to Gautama Buddha and tirthankaras of Jains.
Students saw light and sound show in the evening which
depicts the whole story the fort from starting till end by the
technique of light and sound.
The night view of the Gwalior city is picturesque from the fort as it
is located on a hill. This fort is built in Rajputana style of
architecture having chatris, arches and its facade is painted in
various colors of which only remains are left. After visit to the fort,
group headed to the famous local market of Gwalior for shopping
and eating street food. This concluded the day for them.
On 4th April group left for Mitawali and Padavali Temples which are situated near the suburbs of the Gwalior city.
Mitawali Temple: It is located in
the north of Naresar, situated
on the hundred feet high
mountain and also known as
sixty four Yogini temple. It is a
wonderful circular construction
of 170 feet radius on the style of
Delhi's parliament house.
Attached to circular verandah there are sixty four rooms and a big courtyard in the temple. In the centre of the temple
there is the circular temple of Lord Shiva and Lord Anuranjan.
Padavali Temple: This temple was built in the Gupta Empire.
'Gharon' village was inhabited near modern Padawali and around
Gharon there are the ruins of several temples, houses and
colonies. This new area of population is known as Padawali
because it is surrounded by several hills. Here was a magnificent
ancient Vishnu Temple which was later converted into a big
The terrace, the
courtyard and the
assembly hall of this
temple are the
'epitome' of ancient culture. The standing statue of a Lion on the ruined
gate seems to say that there was a time when he used to watch the
temple with his companion at its gate. More than fifty monuments of
different kinds can be seen at Padawali up to the valley of Bhuteshwar.
Visit to these temples was of great architectural importance for the students as it highlighted the basic fundamentals of
Hindu temple architecture that was followed in India. Minute carvings on the walls and ceiling showcased the
architectural marvelous of the craftsmen of that era. This visit concluded the day as these were around 30-35 kms from
the main city. The group returned to the city in the evening and then headed for the hotel.
On the next day i.e. 5th April the group left for Datia, which is
an ancient town, mentioned in the Mahabharata as
The town is 69 km from Gwalior and is surrounded by a stone
wall, enclosing beautiful palaces and gardens. The 17th-
century palace of Vir Singh Deo is a notable example of the
Hindu domestic architecture of North India.
The palace is a seven floor building and mainly has four
quadrangular parts with a "Mandap" or the main center
on the central point of the Palace. It is totally made using
stones and neither wood nor iron is used in this whole
palace. The eastern part of the palace is most beautiful
and the tombs contain beautiful pictorial drawings and
windows are beautifully carved out of stones.
The central tomb and the other two tombs form an
incredible view. The central tomb has a Lord Ganesha's
Temple inside and there is Lord Durga’s temple on both
the entrances of the palace. On the first part on the main
entrance there is a temple of the main house deity of
Bundels and one the second part there's a Dargah. A
1985 cyclone destroyed some parts of the palace but still this palace is a beautiful place to visit as it represents the
amalgamation of Mughal and Rajputana architecture and its beauty.
Datia was the last place visited by the group on the M.P. tour. The group left to Delhi by bus on 5th April night and
reached Delhi in the morning from here they took a bus to Moradabad and reached University campus around 11 a.m.
Conclusion: Madhya Pradesh is called the Heart
of India because of its location in the centre of the country. It
has been home to the cultural heritage
of Hinduism, Islam, and Buddhism etc. Innumerable
monuments, exquisitely carved temples, stupas, forts and
palaces on hilltops, create in the visitors mind visions of
empires and kingdoms, of the great warriors and builders,
poets and musicians, saints and philosophers; of Hinduism,
Buddhism, Jainism and Islam.
Students learnt various details, basic fundamentals,
construction techniques of different architectural styles
i.e. Hindu, Buddhist and Islamic style by visiting the
various monuments on the tour.
The cities visited during the tour are famous for the
shopping destinations of M.P. Shopping attractions
include bamboo work, metal & iron craft, tribal
accessories and many more.
Students had a different shopping experience altogether
on the tour. Though it was an educational trip, at the
same time the students learnt a lot of things about the
architecture style followed in the past. Apart from
students it was also a great learning experience for the faculty accompanying the group of students.