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Thailand water management policy: Case of the Mekong River Basin Prasopsuk Sungboonmark Auditor...

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Thailand water management policy: Case of the Mekong River Basin Prasopsuk Sungboonmark Auditor Practitioner Level OAG Thailand Slide 2 Objective To extent that the Thai Government has the policies regarding the Mekong Basin Water Resources Management in compliance with the MRC policy framework. Slide 3 The Mekong River Commission (MRC) Slide 4 MRC Established from the Agreement on the cooperation for the sustainable development of the Mekong River Basin in 1995 by the Government of the four riparian countries Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam Slide 5 MRC MRC is the only inter-governmental agency that works directly with the government of the four riparian countries on their common specific interestsjoint management of shared water resources and sustainable development of the Mekong River. Slide 6 MRC To promote and coordinate sustainable management and development of water and related resources for the countries mutual benefit and the peoples well being Slide 7 Source: http://www.mrcmekong.org Slide 8 The Basin Development Plan :BDP The BDP is part of the MRCs commitment to regional cooperation under the 1995 Mekong Agreement, and in particular a response to Article 2 the formulation of a basin development plan to promote, support, co-operate and co-ordinate in the development of the full potential of sustainable benefits to all riparian States and the prevention of wasteful use of the Mekong River Basin waters The BDP would be used to identify, categorize and prioritize the projects and programmes to seek assistance for and to implement at the basin level Slide 9 The Basin Development Plan :BDP In early 2011 the MRC endorsed the Integrated Water and Related Resources Management (IWRM)-based Basin Development Strategy. The IWRM-based strategy provides regional and transboundary perspectives for basin development planning and creates a transboundary management framework to ensure that nationally planned developments are well coordinated. This is to make sure that the developments sustain and create mutual benefit to the riparian countries and their people. Therefore, The MRC members should make their water management policies to comply with the IWRM-based strategy. Slide 10 The Basin Development Plan :BDP The formulation of a basin plan is achieved through a seven-stage rolling basin development planning process. The key feature of the process is the inter-play between national and sub-national plans with basin-level opportunities made possible through effective transboundary cooperation. The BDP bring together the interconnection between national and basin planning, bringing together consideration of water and related resources at the sub- basin and national levels in an integrated assessment of commulative impacts of basin-wide development scenarios. Slide 11 Slide 12 4 BDP Sub areas Kok-Kong (2T) Kok-Kong (2T) Kong (3T) Kong (3T) Chi and Mun (5T) Chi and Mun (5T) Tonle Sap (9T) Tonle Sap (9T) Source: http://www.mrcmekong.org Slide 13 Audit Criteria Legal and Organization framework concerning the action plan implementation is specifically defined. There must be the planning process ensuring that the collaboration with the MRC is appropriately structured. There must be the planning process ensuring that participation from all stakeholders is involved. The action plan gets involved in the budgetary processes in every level of the Government. Slide 14 Audit Methodology Data Collection Document Reviews (Govt Policies, Laws, Regulations, Annual Budget Document, etc.) Document Reviews (Govt Policies, Laws, Regulations, Annual Budget Document, etc.) Interviews Interviews The Secretariat of National Water Resources Committee The Secretariat of National Water Resources Committee The Secretariat of Thai National Mekong Committee The Secretariat of Thai National Mekong Committee The head of the water resources regional office The head of the water resources regional office River Basin Committee (RBC) River Basin Committee (RBC) Questionnaires Questionnaires Data analysis Slide 15 Audit findings Researchable Questions Whether Thai government has the clear water resources management policies on the Mekong Basin or not? Whether the concerned organizations have the integrated water resources management in line with the BDPs process or not? Whether Thailands Mekong Basin water management plan conform with the BDP? Slide 16 Whether Thai government has the clear water resources management policies on the Mekong Basin or not? Thailand already has the national water management policies The National Economic and Social Development Plan (NESDP) The National Economic and Social Development Plan (NESDP) The office of Prime Ministers regulation on the National Water Resources Management, B.E. 2532 The office of Prime Ministers regulation on the National Water Resources Management, B.E. 2532 The National Water Resources Management Plan The National Water Resources Management Plan However, they do not have the specific plan or specific policy for the Mekong Basin However, they do not have the specific plan or specific policy for the Mekong Basin Slide 17 Whether the concerned organizations have the integrated water resources management in line with the BDPs process or not? Thailand have an organization structure on the water resources management The National Water Resources Committee (NWRC) The National Water Resources Committee (NWRC) River Basin Committee (RBC) River Basin Committee (RBC) Working groups under the RBC such as the Sub-basin Working groups Working groups under the RBC such as the Sub-basin Working groups The BDP coordination working group The BDP coordination working group Slide 18 BDP Organizations The Cabinet The National Water Resources Committee Thai National Mekong Committee Secretariat: TNMCs The River Basin Committee Consultative Groups DG of DWR (secretariat) Planning WG Sub-basin WG WG on Public Relations BDP WG WG 2Ts sub area WG 3Ts sub area WG 5Ts sub area The Joint Committee Developme nt Partners and Cooperatin g Institution s The MRC Secretariat Council MRC Source: http://www.dwr.go.th Slide 19 Whether the concerned organizations have the integrated water resources management in line with the BDPs process or not? Many RBC cannot create Sub-basin Working Group completely Many RBC cannot create Sub-basin Working Group completely the BDP coordination working group have never been work and 2 RBCs have not created this group the BDP coordination working group have never been work and 2 RBCs have not created this group Slide 20 Whether Thailands Mekong Basin water management plan conform with the BDP? The NWRC and the RBC hardly apply the MRC policy to make the water resources management plan on the basin level and the national level The projects proposed by the RBC have the less proportion of all approved projects Most of the approved projects are proposed by the central government Slide 21 Conclusions Although Thailand have clearly the water resources management policies and appropriately the water organization structure in line with the BDP. But they do not have the specific plan or the specific policy for the Mekong Basin The concerned organizations did not have the integrated water resources management in line with the BDPs process It means that Thai government cannot integrate the water resources management in the Mekong Basin in line with the BDP. Slide 22 Thank You Thank You

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