French and Indian WarAka: Seven Year WarGreat Britain vs. France
Fought over control of land and fur trading
Colonists fought for the British > felt united against a common enemy
ResultsFrance lost Canada & land East of Mississippi River
Colonists develop landPopulation increasesWomen outnumber men why?
King George III of EnglandRefused to listen to colonists demandsIssued Proclamation Line of 1763Lands West of Appalachian Mtn. reserved for Native AmericansResponse by Natives? By colonists?
Proclamation of 1763
TaxationColonists forced to pay taxes to ease British war debt Paid taxes without representationSugar Act: tax on sugar, coffee, textiles, wine > effect on prices?Stamp Act: All official documents were taxed & money used to pay British soldiers in AmericaNavigation Act: restrict colonial trade with British
Boston MassacreBased on the title & visual, how would you describe this event?
Colonial ResentmentSons of LibertySamuel Adams led group of those opposed to BritishLed attacks on British & urged boycotting British goods (i.e. Boston Tea Party after Tea Tax)Boston MassacreBritish troop presence increasedMar. 1770 a mob taunted British troops by throwing rocks & snow > troops fired shoots & 3 colonists died
American LeadersThomas JeffersonAuthor of Declaration of IndependenceBenjamin FranklinWent to Europe to gain support (& money) for colonistsThomas Paine (Common Sense)
The Course of the War
British AdvantagesBetter army and navy (best in the world)Financially secureLocal support from loyalists
American AdvantagesHome-field advantageMotivation to win IndependenceMany European nations supported colonistsGeorge Washington brilliant strategist & military leader who tried to draw out the war to make it expensive for Britain
Treaty of ParisTreaty signed that recognized independence of the United StatesWestern border set at the Mississippi RiverNative American issues with borders
Effects for the BritishLose colonies in New WorldForced to search for new markets
Effects for the United States25% of the population either dead or left the colonies
No established government in place
Westward expansion began
Other IssuesDisputes over territory between the United States & Great Britain; United States & SpainFrance nearly bankrupt from helping the USDutch navy destroyed
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