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The American Revolution The Buildup of Resentment.

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The American Revolution The Buildup of Resentment Slide 2 Conditions after the French Indian War (1763) u England strong, but large debts u England puts standing army in colonies to protect from enemies & indians u Colonists were cheating, trading with French and others Slide 3 Problems between the English and their Colonies u Writs of Assistance u Stamp Act (1765) Slide 4 Reactions to the Stamp Act * Stamp Act Resolves (Virginia) * Philosophical Argument * Sons of Liberty * Stamp Act Repealed (1766) Slide 5 Problems between the English and their Colonies u Writs of Assistance u Stamp Act (1765) u Townshend Acts (1767) Slide 6 Reactions to Townshend Acts u Boston Boycott... Samuel Adams u Liberty Incident (1769)... John Hancock u Quartering Act u Boston Massacre (March, 1770) u Boycott Works... Acts Repealed except for TEA Slide 7 Problems between the English and their Colonies u Writs of Assistance u Stamp Act (1765) u Townshend Acts (1767) u Boston Tea Party (1773) Slide 8 Problems between the English and their Colonies u Writs of Assistance u Stamp Act (1765) u Townshend Acts (1767) u Boston Tea Party (1773) u Intolerable (or Coercive) Acts (1774) Slide 9 Intolerable (or Coercive) Acts (1774) u Closed the port of Boston u Shut down the representative government in Massachusetts u Martial law Slide 10 The Result of these Problems: The First Continental Congress (Sept. 1774) Recommended: u All Colonies Boycott all British goods u Prepare militia Slide 11 The American Revolution The War Begins Slide 12 Lexington and Concord, Mass. (April 18, 1775) Paul Revere Slide 13 Tories/Loyalists u 1/3 of Americans were against the war u Stayed Loyal to England Slide 14 Patriots u 1/3 were actively for the war (Patriotic) u 1/3 of Americans simply didn't care Slide 15 Second Continental Congress (May, 1775) u George Washington Commander u Patrick Henry... "Give me liberty, or give me death." Slide 16 Battle of Bunker Hill (June, 75) Breeds Hill Slide 17 Movement toward Independence u German mercenaries u Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" u Declaration of Independence Slide 18 Declaration of Independence Committee including: u John Adams u Ben Franklin u Thomas Jefferson Slide 19 Key Concepts of the Declaration of Independence u Right of the people to control government u Complaints against the King u All men are created equal u Right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness Adopted on July 4, 1776 Slide 20 Slide 21 Military Advantages American Patriots England Defensive Strategy Land Motivation Training Navy Slide 22 Original British Strategy The Northern Campaign u Cut off New England u Control NY City and Philly Slide 23 u Battle of Trenton, NJ (Dec 76) u Saratoga, NY (Oct, 1777) u Foreign Assistance u Valley Forge, Pa. u Northern Campaign Failed Slide 24 The Southern Strategy (1778-81) Port Cities v. Inland Fighting Long Supply Lines Not enough Loyalist Support Slide 25 The War Ends u Yorktown, Va (Sept-Oct, 1781)... a peninsula u British General Cornwallis and French General Lafayette u Treaty of Paris (1783) Slide 26 The End of the War... the Beginning of a Nation!

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