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The art world’s Gordon Gekko

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F R I D AY- S U N D AY, F E B R U A R Y 5 - 7, 2 0 1 0
Wine: The best of Christmas drinking European Web habits revealedWine: The chilled pleasure of Eiswein Travel: Stockholm’s island landscape
The art world’s Gordon Gekko A former corporate raider shakes up the market
Above, Jean Willi’s ‘OP-ART-ertieverkalkig,” (Pfluderi Clique) (1967) at Museum Tinguely in Basel; bottom, Lady Gaga will start her U.K. tour in Manchester.
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Amsterdam photography “Hatra: City of the Sun God” show- cases photographic documentation of the ancient city in Iraq.
Allard Pierson Museum Until Feb. 28 % 31-20-5252-556 www.allardpiersonmuseum.nl
Antwerp art “Rubens Revealed—Fury of the Brush” presents findings of extensive re- search on paintings from the Rubens collection of the Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten.
Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Feb. 13-April 4 % 32-3238-7809 www.kmska.be
Basel art “Fasnacht & Art & Tinguely” displays art and props from 100 years of Basel Fasnacht, a carnaval celebrated to mark the end of winter.
Museum Tinguely Until May 16 % 41-61-6819-320 www.tinguely.ch
Berlin currency “Strong Women-in Miniature Form”
explores the portrayal of women on coins from Antiquity to the present day.
Pergamom Museum Until Dec. 31 % 49-30-2090-5577 www.smb.spk-berlin.de
Bilbao photography “Schommer Retrospective 1952-2009” shows 100 images by Spanish photog- rapher Alberto Schommer.
Museo de Belles Artes de Bilbao Feb. 8-May 16 % 34-94-4396-060 www.museobilbao.com
Copenhagen art “Colour in Art” examines color sys- tems used by 20th-century artists in more than 100 works of art, including eight paintings by Kandinsky.
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art Until June 13 % 45-4919-0719 www.louisiana.dk
Hamburg art “Genuine Illusions: Illusion and Reality in Art” showcases drawings, paint- ings and sculptures devoted to trick- ing the eye, including work by Lucas Cranach, Claes Oldenburg, Jasper Johns and Janet Cardiff.
Bucerius Kunst Forum
Feb. 13-May 24 % 49-40-3609-960 www.buceriuskunstforum.de
art “Pop Life: Warhol, Haring, Koons, Hirst, …” explores Andy Warhol’s statement that “good business is the best art” with work by Tracey Emin, Keith Har- ing, Damien Hirst, Takashi Murakami and others.
Hamburger Kunsthalle-Gallery of Contemporary Art Feb. 12-May 9 % 49-40-4281-3120-0 www.hamburger-kunsthalle.de
London theater “A Man of No Importance” is a musi- cal based on the book by Terrence Mc- Nally about a Dublin bus conductor with music by Stephen Flaherty. It is directed by Ben De Wynter.
The Arts Theatre Feb. 10-Feb. 27 % 44-845-0175-584 www.artstheatrewestend.com
photography “Deutsche Börse Photography Prize 2010” shows work by the four artists shortlisted for the prize.
The Photographers’ Gallery Feb. 12-April 18 % 44-845-2621-618 www.photonet.org.uk
music “ABBAWorld” is an interactive exhibition about the Swedish pop band ABBA presenting 25 rooms of memorabilia, mu- sic, footage and images.
Earls Court Exhibition Centre Until March 28 % 44-1159-1290-00 www.abbaworld.com
Luxembourg art “Everyday(s)” exhibits contem- porary art on the theme of everyday life, with work by Bruno Baltzer, David Bestué & Marc Vives and others.
Casino Luxembourg Forum d’Art Contemporain Until April 11 % 352-2250-45 www.casino-luxembourg.lu
Lisbon art “In the Presence of Things” displays 71 paintings from the 17th and 18th centuries, including work by Juan Sanchéz Cotán, Pieter Claesz, Rembrandt and Fran- cisco de Goya.
Museu Calouste Gulbenkian Feb. 12-May 2 % 351-21-7823-000 www.museu.gulbenkian.pt
Madrid photography “Saved Art” presents archive photos and video projections documenting the fate of fa- mous works of art during the Spanish Civil war.
Museo Nacional del Prado - Paseo del Prado Until March 21 % 34-91-3302-800 www.museodelprado.es
Manchester music “Lady Gaga - The Monster Ball Tour” starts the U.K. tour of the Grammy Award-winning pop singer.
Feb. 18 M.E.N. Arena, Manchester Feb. 20-21 The O2, Dublin Feb. 22 The Belfast Odyssey Arena Feb. 24 Liverpool Echo Arena Feb. 26-27 The O2, London (continues into March) www.livenation.co.uk
Munich art “Maharaja: The Splendour of India’s Royal Courts” explores the culture of maharajas through Indian and West- ern works.
Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung Feb. 12-May 23 % 49-89-2244-12 www.hypo-kunsthalle.de
art “Peter Loewy: Drawings” presents por- trait photography created from close- ups and distortions of drawings by the German photographer.
Pinakothek der Moderne Feb. 9-April 11 % 49-89-2380-5360 www.pinakothek.de
Paris photography “Lisette Model” showcases 120 im- ages of New York in the 1940s by the Austrian-born American photographer.
Jeu de Paume—Concorde Feb. 9-June 6 % 33-1-4703-1250 www.jeudepaume.org
art “C’est la Vie! Vanity, From Caravaggio to
Damien Hirst” displays 150 art pieces representing vanity objects, including early mosaics from Pompeii.
Musée Maillol Until June 28 % 33-1-4222-5958 www.museemaillol.com
art “The Image Factory” presents 160 orig- inal objects from different historical and ethnical backgrounds around the world, illustrating totemism, natural- ism, animism and analogy.
Musée du Quai Branly Feb. 16-July 15 % 33-1-5661-7000 www.quaibranly.fr
Rotterdam art “Inside out: Museum Boijmans Van Be- uningen on Show” showcases master- pieces by artists such as Frans Hals and Jacob van Ruisdael alongside mod- ern work by Giorgio Morandi and Frank Stella.
Kunsthal Feb. 6-May 24 % 31-10-4400-301 www.kunsthal.nl
Zurich design “Global Design” traces the effects of globalization on the world of design since the 1970s, following develop- ments in architecture, graphics, media, fashion, product and industrial design.
Museum of Design Feb. 12-May 30 % 41-43-4466-767 www.museum-gestaltung.ch
Source: ArtBase Global Arts News Ser- vice, WSJE research.
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W12 Friday - Sunday, February 5 - 7, 2010 | W E E K EN D JOU R NA L
Contents 3 | Fashion
4 | Food & Wine
Wine: A frosty night for Eiswein
5 | Travel
6-7 | Cover story Art
10 | Top Picks
Lundquist’s ambiguity
11 | Books
12 | Time Off
Questions or comments? Write to [email protected] Please include your full name and address.
Barbara Tina Fuhr Editor Elisabeth Limber Art director
Brian M. Carney Books page editor
COVER , A s h e r E d e l m a n i n f r o n t o f J a m e s N a r e s ’ ‘ R i d e t h e R i d e , ’ ( 2 0 0 0) .
P h o t o g r a p h b y E t h a n H i l l f o r T h e Wa l l S t r e e t J o u r n a l .
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Our arts and culture calendar
‘Gaddi’ (Thron) Maharaja: the Splen- dour of India’s Royal Courts, Munich.
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Asher Edelman with Edouard Manet’s ‘Berthe Morisot on a Divan’
Dance Number / by Todd McClary
THE JOURNAL CROSSWORD / Edited by Mike Shenk
Last Week’s Solution
version of The Wall Street Journal Crossword,
WSJ.com subscribers can go to
setting 5 Toy plane makeup 10 Mother’s mother,
informally 16 Shatner novel
23 Partner of 114-Across
26 Popcorn gift container
28 ___ Ration (bygone dog food brand)
29 Molasses-flavored pie
100-Across 37 Like some
a pen pal?
93-Across 46 Common
Heart” singer Taylor
50 Unfailingly
52 Blogger’s revenue source 53 Continental Congress VIP 56 Pastel shade 58 Fabergé egg recipients 59 Asian celebration 60 Story with cliffhangers 62 Sweet substitute 64 Noticed 66 Maxim demonstrated
by the partnered answers in this puzzle
71 Entr’___ 72 Tabloid twins surname 73 Maker of small engines 76 Network that debuted
with “Star Trek: Voyager” 79 Stilettos, e.g. 82 Schoolwork stickers 84 “Zorba the Greek” setting 85 Ipanema locale 86 Christopher of
“Law & Order: SVU” 88 City name on the
Wizard of Oz’s balloon 90 Presidential address part 91 Book of Judges strongman 93 Partner of 43-Across 97 Indigo plant 98 Way to order shots? 99 Charade 100 Partner of 33-Across 105 Put ___ appearance 106 Largest of the Galápagos 107 Folded fast food 109 Seat belt sounds 113 Hardly 114 Partner of 23-Across 119 Arena cry 120 Ducks 121 1966 role for Michael Caine 122 Someone to root for 123 Casting need 124 Bank, e.g. 125 Amendment votes 126 Without a date
Down 1 Lettuce variety 2 Height: Prefix 3 Couple 4 Like NRA foes 5 “Know this ___” 6 Latin lover’s word 7 Pleasant diversion 8 Site of a hit song’s
instrumental version, maybe
9 Without a date 10 Come by 11 Fan’s cheer 12 Simile center 13 Big name in burlesque 14 Phifer of “ER” and
“Lie to Me” 15 Crime that may cause
an alarm 16 Retaliation 17 Expressionist painter of
“Grosse Sonnenblumen” 18 2009 awards
show disrupter 24 Shrek creator William 25 Lab vessel 30 Gamblers’ haunts, briefly 32 Olympics award 34 Senseless situation? 35 Raise 36 Sides in a
long-running battle 37 Cineplex quaffs 38 Crumble away 39 Saudi’s neighbor 40 Fog machine material
44 “Fear and Loathing ___ Vegas”
45 Around 46 Honeycomb, e.g. 47 Element of many
murder mysteries? 51 Colossal 54 2000 Kyocera
acquisition 55 Armstrong moniker 57 Abbey attire 61 Triangular sail 63 Common place? 65 Haing S. ___
(Oscar winner for “The Killing Fields”)
67 Hull feature 68 Office pool picks 69 Expressway entrance 70 Pushkin’s “Eugene ___” 74 Boys’ school jackets 75 Protective bank 76 Polaris’s place 77 “Für Elise,” for one 78 Put up 80 Mundane
81 Patronizing types 83 Harry Belafonte’s
daughter 87 Grumpy comment
to an alarm clock 89 Model employers 92 Hardly a neatnik 94 ___ 300 (short-lived
Apple laptop) 95 “Thereby hangs ___” 96 High points 98 Group founded
by Bill W.’s wife 101 Gas, for one 102 Branch of the U.N.? 103 Caress alternative 104 Diplôme issuer 108 Does in 110 CBS-owned tech
review site 111 Colleague of Ellen,
Randy and Simon 112 Factory overhead? 115 Went underground 116 Creator of NASA 117 Leb. neighbor 118 Contend
W2 Friday - Sunday, February 5 - 7, 2010 | W E E K EN D JOU R NA L
1 The Hamilton Case By Michelle de Kretser 2003 Conflicted, painfully snob- bish Sam Obeysekere would
rather be “under an imperialistic yoke than put trust in a fellow who went about in sandals.” Sam, an Oxford-educated Ceylonese law- yer, lives in colonial duality: a privi- leged member of the local aristoc- racy in 1930s Sri Lanka who plays cricket and attended a school “founded in 1862 by an Anglican bishop on the pattern of Eton and Rugby” and yet can be called a “nig- ger” on the streets outside his club. He makes a name for himself with a local murder case involving a Brit- ish (read: white) tea-plantation owner. All this against a compli- cated, almost gothic backdrop of family dysfunction: not one but two smothered babies, glamorous mothers and sisters slowly going mad in evening gowns, the deep jun- gle always just outside. “The Hamil- ton Case” is an extraordinary, dizzy- ingly evocative portrait of Sri Lan- ka’s colonial past, where “the Brit- ish had entered the country’s blood- stream like a malady which proves so resistant that the host organism adapts itself to accommodate it.”
2 China to Me By Emily Hahn 1944
The people in Emily Hahn’s frank and unapolo-
getic memoir, “China to Me,” seem like characters in a Noël Coward play, making an entrance, uttering their bon mots, then sweeping off stage. The palmy world of 1940s prewar Shanghai and British-governed Hong Kong is rendered in swish dinner par- ties and horse races attended by dashing expatriates knocking back champagne. Hahn, an American writer who cared not a whit for public opinion, kept gibbons for
pets and had a baby out of wed- lock with a married British intelli- gence officer. (“I don’t know why I have always had so little con- science about married men,” she writes languidly.) Cut to the war and the horror; she describes it all with appropriate solemnity but never loses the tone of a su- premely acerbic society gadabout confiding in you at a cocktail party.
3 The Necklace of Kali By Robert Towers 1960
For a refreshing, re- fracted perspective on co-
lonial India—that of a U.S. State Department officer in the days “when the weird old body of the British Raj was at last thrashing like some foundering dinosaur to- wards extinction”—read Robert Towers’s “The Necklace of Kali.” Consulate Visa Officer John Wick- ham is part of what is called the “Jungly Wallah” set: “a shifting population of rich Indians, Per- sians, Armenians, poor but inge- nious White Russians . . . and as- sorted American and Britons,” who take their name from the club they all frequent. Wickham is a complicated, principled man, whose dealings with people from all strata of society mirror the un- easiness of a country on the cusp of a bloody independence.
4 Sea of Poppies By Amitay Ghosh 2008
Amitay Ghosh uses a vast and vibrant canvas
for “Sea of Poppies,” the first in a trilogy that is still being written. Set in the years before the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century, when Britain was making a for- tune from poppy crops in India, the story opens in the port city of Calcutta and brings together char-
acters that include a low-caste gi- ant who runs away with a widow; a mulatto sailor with “skin the color of old ivory”; and Paulette, a French orphan. These people will meet as they gradually make their way to the Ibis, a triple-masted schooner that is being prepped to take indentured workers to Mauri- tius, off the African coast. Ghosh revels in the joy of language—“as chuckmuck a rascal as ever you’ll see: eyes as bright as muggerbees, smile like a xeraphim”—but he is also a splendid storyteller. In the last pages, the Ibis is being tossed by a mighty storm, the characters growing desperate. I was desper- ate, too, for the next book.
5 A Many-Splendored Thing By Han Suyin 1952
“You can’t be both east and west at the same
time,” says British foreign corre- spondent Mark Elliott to the beau- tiful Eurasian doctor Han Suyin. But of course she can, in roiling, postwar colonial Hong Kong, where people “circulate among the bridge and mahjong tables.” In Han’s semiautobiographical novel “A Many-Splendored Thing,” the widowed doctor embarks on a doomed, short-lived affair with the dashing—and married—jour- nalist. The starry-eyed quality of their infatuation leads to occa- sional sentimentality: “Mark and I had many friends, and one of them was the moon.” But the book is an invaluable—and startlingly mod- ern—record of a certain time and place, thanks to Han’s razor-sharp eye for the hypocrisies of the colo- nial order, as when a society ma- tron remarks that “Hong Kong would be a wonderful place if there were not so many Chinese.”
Ms. Lee’s novel, “The Piano Teacher,” was recently published in paperback.
Daniel Pink is one of the more energetic members of the growing tribe of business writers-speakers- bloggers who, like the ubiquitous Malcolm Gladwell, plunder the work of economists, scientists and psychologists to attack well-estab- lished business assumptions. Mr. Pink is known for public presenta- tions in which he delivers a consis- tently upbeat mes- sage: that the mis- erable age of 20th- century manage- ment is over, that the tyranny of organizational charts and spread- sheets is behind us, and that we are now entering more sun- splashed climes, where creativity flourishes and businesses treat em- ployees as human beings, not ma- chine parts.
It is a message we would all love to believe. With “Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Moti- vates Us,” Mr. Pink tries to jolly us all along toward accepting it. He sets up the following history. First came Motivation 1.0, during which we were stirred by nothing but our urges—grunting, hunting and
procreating in caves. Next came Motivation 2.0, during which we made calculations based on re- ward or punishment. Economic de- velopment depended on manipulat- ing our desires and fears to ex- tract performance.
And now we are reaching Moti- vation 3.0, a higher plane where people write Wikipedia en- tries for the fun of it, go on “vocation vacations” to try out professions dif- ferent from their
own, and spend a lot of time think- ing about the purpose of their work. Science, Mr. Pink says, has shown that we are motivated as much intrinsically, by the sheer joy and purpose of certain activi- ties, as extrinsically, by rewards like pay raises and promotions.
The science that Mr. Pink is re- ferring to rests largely on the work of Edward Deci and Richard Ryan at the University of Roches- ter and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi at Claremont Graduate University. These three researchers have found that we do our best work when motivated from within,
when we have control over our time and decisions and when we feel a deep sense of purpose. Un- der such conditions, we can achieve real mastery over what- ever it is that we do.
The modern workplace, Mr. Pink laments, is too often set up to deny us this opportunity. Firms that hope to optimize effi- ciency by mak- ing their employ- ees clock in and out, attend com- pulsory meet- ings, and receive pay for perform- ance are de-moti- vating through excessive con- trol. What they should be doing, he argues, is giving workers the chance to do their best work by granting them more autonomy and helping them to achieve the mas- tery that may come with it.
Mr. Pink cites an Australian software firm, Atlassian, that al-
lows its programmers 20% of their time to work on any software prob- lem they like, provided it is not part of their regular job. The pro- grammers turn out to be much more efficient with that 20% of
their time than they are with their regular work hours. At- lassian credits the 20% with many of its in- novations and its high staff re- tention. Compa- nies as large as Google and 3M have similar programs that have produced everything from Google News to the Post-It note.
Relatedly, Best Buy has implemented a “re- sults oriented work environment” at its corporate headquarters in Richfield, Minn., to improve mo- rale and lower turnover. This means that salaried employees put in as much time as it takes to do their jobs, on their own schedule. If they need to duck out to take a child to the doctor, they don’t have to ask. It is assumed that they will do their work in their own time. The hope is that, in such an environment, workers will feel more inclined to contribute to the company’s well-being than they would if they were simply grinding out hours for a paycheck.
From these and other scattered data points, Mr. Pink rustles up his trend. Is it plausible? It is easy to find fault with some of his claims. Mr. Pink cites research showing that artists do better work for themselves than on commission. So much for the Sistine Chapel. He writes in favor of companies that allow employees more say in their firms’ charitable giving. But why don’t these firms drop the pater- nalism altogether and simply give the money to their employees as pay, trusting them to do their best with it? And one has to wonder whether Mr. Pink’s flexible, mean- ingful-work model is widely appli- cable or something that only se- lected companies will be able to adopt.
What is more, the truths that Mr. Pink cites are not nearly as “surprising” as he claims. They are to be found in centuries of philoso- phy, in the Pre-Socratics, in Plato, in “Walden.” Yes, indeed: Beyond serving our basic needs, money doesn’t buy happiness. We need a greater purpose in our lives.…

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