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The Catechism - The Commandments

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Adult Bible class going through Martin Luther's Catechism. This is week two, a study of the the commandments of God
Transcript:
  • 1. The Catechism

2. Introductions
Who am I and who are these people sharing the table with you
3. Who are we?
Turn to someone you dont know and tell them
Your Name
Ask them their name and one of the following questions:
What is the greatest thing you accomplished in the last year
What is the biggest thing you are looking forward to in the next year
What city were you born in
What does your first and last name mean?
Where did you get your education and what did you focus on or what was your favorite subject
What is your favorite time of year and why
4. Objective
Why am I here today
5. Objective: For The Course
To gain a greater understanding of the Creator of the Universe
To Gain a greater understanding of the Lutheran understanding of the Christian Faith
6. Discussion
The Essence of the Thing
7. Prayer Prior to Studying the Bible
Almighty God, heavenly Father, you give all the gifts of life and living, and you bid us to love you with our heart, soul, mind, and strength. During this time of study and learning and writing, grant to us the protection of your Holy Spirit, that we become neither weary nor proud, and that in all things we might, with our words, bring honor and glory to your Word, Jesus Christ your Son, our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.Amen.
8. Schedule
*Feast or Festival
Commemorations
9. Objective: Week Two
To gain a greater understanding on what God Demands of us
To gain a greater understanding of what God as Done for us
To gain a greater understanding of the Ten commandments
To gain a greater understanding of Laws
10. What Makes a Law a Law?
True. By definition, there have never been repeatable contradicting observations.
Universal. They appear to apply everywhere in the universe.
Simple. They are typically expressed in terms of a single mathematical equation.
Absolute. Nothing in the universe appears to affect them.
Stable. Unchanged since first discovered (although they may have been shown to be approximations of more accurate laws)
Omnipotent. Everything in the universe apparently must comply with them (according to observations).
11. What are some laws?
12. Examples of moral laws
13. The Code of Lipit-Ishtar(circa 1868 B.C.)
If a man entered the orchard of another man and was seized there for stealing, he shall pay ten shekels of silver.
If a man cut down a tree in the garden of another man, he shall pay one-half mina of silver.
If a man married his wife and she bore him children and those children are living, and a slave also bore children for her master but the father granted freedom to the slave and her children, the children of the slave shall not divide the estate with the children of their former master.
If a man's wife has not borne him children but a harlot from the public square has borne him children, he shall provide grain, oil and clothing for that harlot. The children which the harlot has borne him shall be his heirs, and as long as his wife lives the harlot shall not live in the house with the wife.
If adjacent to the house of a man the bare ground of another man has been neglected and the owner of the house has said to the owner of the bare ground, "Because your ground has been neglected someone may break into my house: strengthen your house," and this agreement has been confirmed by him, the owner of the bare ground shall restore to the owner of the house any of his property that is lost.
If a man rented an ox and damaged its eye, he shall pay one-half its price.
If a man rented an ox and injured the flesh at the nose ring, he shall pay one-third of its price.
If a man rented an ox and broke its horn, he shall pay one-fourth its price.
If a man rented an ox and damaged its tail, he shall pay one-fouth its price.
14. If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off.
If any one is committing a robbery and is caught, then he shall be put to death.
If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.
The Code of Hammurabi
15. The Bible & the Law
The Bible refers to laws established by covenants between God and his creation
Adamic Covenant
Noahic covenant
Abrahamic covenant
Mosaic covenant
Davidic covenant
16. Types of Biblical Covenants
Parity Covenant -Both parties are equal and bound under the covenant
Covenant Between David & Jonathan
Suzerainty Covenant - One party is more powerful than the other and demands things of the weaker
Mosaic Covenant
Promissory / Patron Covenant - The more powerful party gives something to the lesser
Abrahamic Covenant
17. Content of a Covenant
Preamble: identifying the Lordship of the Great King & stressing his greatness, dominance & immanence
HistoricalPrologue:recounting the Great King's previous relationship to his vassal (with special emphasis on the benefits or blessing of that relationship).
Ethical Stipulations: enumerating the vassal's obligations to the Great King (his guide to maintaining the relationship)
Sanctions: a list of the blessings for obedience and the curses that will fall on the vassal if he breaks the covenant.
Succession: Arrangements and provisions for the continuity of the covenant relationship over future generations.
18. 19. Where Is this Moral Law?
For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus.
20. Three Uses of the Law
The law has been given to men for three reasons:
(1) to maintain external discipline against unruly and disobedient men,
(2) to lead men to a knowledge of their sin,
(3) after they are reborn to give them a definite rule according to which they should pattern and regulate their entire life.
The question is whether or not the law is to be urged upon reborn Christians.
21. Preaching the Law to the Believer
The preaching of the Law is to be urged with diligence, not only upon the unbelieving and impenitent, but also upon true believers, who are truly converted, regenerate, and justified by faith.
Believers are regenerate and renewed in the spirit of their mind, however this regeneration and renewal is not complete, but only begun.(Sanctification)
In order that they may not from human devotion institute wanton and self-elected cults
The old Adam also may not employ his own will, but may be subdued against his will, not only by the admonition and threatening of the Law, but also by punishments and blows, so that he may follow and surrender himself captive to the Spirit
22. The Law & the Fruits of the Spirit
The distinction between the works of the Law and the fruits of the Spirit
The works which are done according to the Law are called works of the Law as long as they are only extorted from man by urging the punishment and threatening of God's wrath.
Fruits of the Spirit are the works which the Holy Spirit who dwells in believers works through them
23. The Law & the Believer
Thus the Law is the immutable will of God for both the regenerate and unregenerate man;
The man who is not yet regenerate complies with the Law out of constraint and unwillingness
The believer, so far as he is regenerate, does without constraint and with a willing spirit that which no threatening, however severe, of the Law could ever extort from him.
24. 1
God:The 1st Commandment
Thou shalt have no other gods.
We should fear, love, and trust in God above all things.
25. 1
How do we break this commandment?
What do you rely on to solve problems?
Money
Possessions
Skill
Prudence
Power
Favor
Friendships
Honor
Do any of these things make you feel more:
Presumptuous
Secure
Proud
Are you despondent when they are:
Withdrawn
Destroyed
Harmed
26. 1
What does it mean to have a God?
See to it that you let Me alone be your God, and never seek another," Whatever you lack of good things, expect it of Me, and look to Me for it, and whenever you suffer misfortune and distress, creep and cling to Me. I, yes, I, will give you enough and help you out of every need; only let not your heart cleave to or rest in any other. Martin Luther

27. 2
Gods Name: The 2ndCommandment
Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord, thy God, in vain.
We should fear and love God that we may not curse, swear, use witchcraft, lie, or deceive by His name, but call upon it in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks.
28. 2
How do we misuse Gods Name?
Overtly
False Oaths
In Business
In Court
In the Market
In Matters Concerning
Money
Possessions
Honor
In Marriage
False Teaching
Covertly
When we associate ourselves with any of the activities that are listed in the second table and ruin Gods Name by our association with it as believers.
29.
2
How are we to swear and take oaths?
For it is a truly good work, by which God is praised, truth and right are established, falsehood is refuted, peace is made among men, obedience is rendered, and quar

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