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The Future of Work: Prepare Yourself Kimberly A. Smith, PhD, MT(ASCP) Susan H. Fenton, PhD, RHIA, FAHIMA University of Texas School of Biomedical Informatics
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Page 1: The Future of Work: Prepare Yourself › resource › resmgr › convention › 2019 › ... · 2019-06-24 · The Future of Work: Prepare Yourself Kimberly A. Smith, PhD, MT(ASCP)

The Future of Work: Prepare Yourself

Kimberly A. Smith, PhD, MT(ASCP)Susan H. Fenton, PhD, RHIA, FAHIMA

University of Texas School of Biomedical Informatics

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Objectives• Describe technical and societal forces

that will change the way we work and the work environment

• Discuss the knowledge and skills needed to be prepared for the future of work

• Identify resources to gain the needed knowledge and skills

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Did you ever wonder what happened to…

• Typewriters• Encyclopedia Britannica• Travel agents• Travelers checks• Personal digital assistants• Modems• Answering machines• Dictation devices

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What is anticipated to disappear in the future?

• Portable digital media (USB drive, DVD, Blu-ray)

• House keys• Home phones• Cash, and, possibly, credit cards• Cars requiring a driver• Many jobs

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What are the technical forces driving this change?

The Law of Accelerating Returns –information technology progresses exponentiallyRay Kurzweil

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Today’s Technical Forces• The Internet of Medical

Things (IoMT) – will reach $136.8 billion by 2021 (Allied Market Research)

• Big (healthcare) Data –2,314 exabytes by 2020

• Machine learning– ID of diseases and

diagnosing– Drug discovery– Image analysis

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Today’s Societal Forces• 2.1 billion of more than 9 billion will be

over the age of 60 by 2050 (United Nations, 2017)

• Projected decline in working-age population between 2030 and 2050 in all countries but Africa

• Millennials are the largest generation in the U.S. workforce (Pew, 2017)

• Multi-generational and other shared living arrangements are increasing

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Generations by the numbers

• Silent Generation: Before 1945 – 25.68 million• Baby Boomers: 1946 – 1964 - 73.47 million• Generation X: 1965 – 1976 - 65.71 million• Millennials or Gen Y: 1977 – 1995 - 71.86 million• Gen Z or Centenials: 1996 – now - 86.43 million

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What will this mean for the work environment?

• Job Types• Job Responsibilities• Working Conditions • Working Requirements• Cultural Changes

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Jobs – Impact of Automation

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Working Conditions• 43% of employed Americans will work

remotely or with a flexible schedule (remote coding anyone?) (Forbes, 2016)

• Workplace monitoring• More emphasis on work-life balance• Specialization, especially with technical

skills, has become more prominent • Specific job titles are less important

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Cultural Changes• Widening age gap in workers• Digital natives• More relaxed/less formality

• Globalization

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Advanced vs. Emerging Economies • What are the

drivers?• Working-age

population growth

• Investment in human capital• Education!

• Investment in physical capital

• Total productivityPew, The World in 2050 (February 2017)

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Projected Impact on HIM Careers

• Release of Information – likely to be automated–Blockchain–Rise of biometrics–Advanced document analysis

techniques–Continued compression of

timeframes

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Projected Impact on HIM Careers

• Coding – likely to be automated– Encoders and computer-assisted

coding already exist–Amazon Comprehend Medical and

Google Natural Language make NLP affordable for almost everyone–All it really lacks is the killer app

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Example:Amazon Comprehend Medical

• Can examine unstructured clinical text to detect textual references to medical information such as:– medical condition– treatment– tests and test results– medication (including dosage, frequency,

method of administration, and so on)– PHI data, and so on.

(https://docs.aws.amazon.com/comprehend/latest/dg/how-medical-works.html)

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Example:Amazon Comprehend Medical

• Can also detect PHI —Examines unstructured clinical text to detect textual references to protected health information (PHI) such as names and addresses.

(https://docs.aws.amazon.com/comprehend/latest/dg/how-medical-works.html)

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Yes, but what about Clinical Documentation Improvement?• Likely to be automated• Real-time CDI guidance and feedback• Companies currently employing artificial

or augmented intelligence for CDI– M*Modal– Optum– Nuance

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The Future for Traditional HIM

https://www.earth.com/news/meteoroid-burn-earth/

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What’s left?!?• The data• Do you know how to:– manage the data from a variety of

perspectives?– access all of the data and turn it into

information?– incorporate information into the daily flows

for everyone (patients, providers, managers)?

– try to build organizational knowledge?

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OK – How do I prepare for the future?

• Get over the fear!

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OK – How do I prepare for the future?

• Get over the fear!

• Get ready to learn!

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OK – How do I prepare for the future?

• Get over the fear!

• Get ready to learn!

This is homework for your life!

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What do I need to learn?• Novel and adaptive thinking – think through

problems even in the face of unknowns• Sensemaking – negotiation and creation of

meaning• Computational thinking – requires

decomposition, pattern recognition, abstraction, and algorithms

• Virtual collaboration – working effectively in shared spaces and video conferences

• Cross-cultural competency – working effectively with lots of people who do not necessarily look or think like you

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Statistical Skills

• Basic statistics– From community college or online

courses• Coursework in using R and R-Studio– Free self-learning courses available

online from Google, Coursera, eDx, Udacity, Datacamp, etc.

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Programming Skills

• MySQL - codecademy• Python Programming–Materials available for high-school

children to learn Python programming– Self-paced learning courses available

online from Google, Coursera, edX, Udacity, Datacamp, etc.

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Information Skills

• How to search using keywords in Google, Bing

• Search for job descriptions in job websites like Glassdoor, Indeed

• Familiarize yourself with tools, programming language and topics in informatics

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Formal Coursework

• Massive Online Open Courses–Coursera–edX–Datacamp.com

• University-based certificate programs• Undergraduate and Graduate Degrees

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ExampleJohns Hopkins Data Science courses in Coursera (58 courses)

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Conclusions• The world continues to change at faster

and faster rates.• The forces at play are substantial and

HIM is NOT going to stop them• Formerly essential HIM jobs are likely to

disappear in the future.• Preparing now is essential.• Lots of resources are available.

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Resources List• Codecademy: https://www.codecademy.com/• Coursera: https://www.coursera.org/• Datacamp: https://www.datacamp.com/• edX: https://www.edx.org/• Lynda.com: https://www.lynda.com/• SQLCourse: http://www.sqlcourse.com/intro.html• SQLZoo: https://sqlzoo.net/• Udacity: https://www.udacity.com/• Udemy: https://www.udemy.com/• W3Schools: https://www.w3schools.com/

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QUESTIONS

Susan H. Fenton, PhD, RHIA, FAHIMA

[email protected]

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References• “Ageing.” 2016. January 7, 2016. https://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/ageing/.• Alton, Larry. n.d. “Workplace Changes Are Accelerating: Why And What Millennials Should Do

About It.” Forbes. Accessed May 21, 2019. https://www.forbes.com/sites/larryalton/2018/02/01/workplace-changes-are-accelerating-why-and-what-millennials-should-do-about-it/.

• Pew Research Center,. n.d. “Key Findings about America’s Workforce and Changing Job Market.” Pew Research Center (blog). Accessed March 11, 2019a. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/10/06/key-findings-about-the-american-workforce-and-the-changing-job-market/.

• ———. n.d. “Millennials Are Largest Generation in the U.S. Labor Force.” Pew Research Center(blog). Accessed May 21, 2019b. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/04/11/millennials-largest-generation-us-labor-force/.

• Pethokoukis, James. 2012. “The Great Decoupling | U.S. Productivity, GDP, Employment, and Income: 1953-2011.” AEI. December 21, 2012. http://www.aei.org/publication/the-great-decoupling-u-s-productivity-gdp-employment-and-income-1953-2011/.

• “This Is What Work Will Look like by 2030.” n.d. World Economic Forum. Accessed March 12, 2019. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/01/this-is-what-work-could-look-like-in-2030/.

• Tunkel, Anna. n.d. “Three Trends On The Future Of Work.” Forbes. Accessed November 15, 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesbusinessdevelopmentcouncil/2018/08/13/three-trends-on-the-future-of-work/.


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