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The Next 100 - SOM

Date post: 04-Apr-2018
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    The Next 100

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    Urban Growth Civic Response

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    Rail Lines/Bridges Public ParksCommissioners PlanRapid and disorganized

    densification of DowntownIncreased demand for the

    transportation of goods and people

    Increased

    population/density

    ZoningDesire to leverage privatedevelopment to shape the public realm

    Major Civic Responses to Urban Growth

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    Previous 100

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    1913 - Grand Central Terminal

    With the advent of electrified locomotives Grand Central Terminal went from being an open rail yard toa below grade rail terminus, transforming the space above it into a dynamic, multi-level public space.

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    1916 - Zoning Resolution

    The 1916 Zoning Resolution was a measure adopted primarily to stop massivebuildings from preventing light and air from reaching the streets below.

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    1961 - Zoning Resolution

    The 1961 Zoning Resolution introduced the concept of incentive zoning, tying theinterests of private developers to the well-being of the public realm.

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    Repurposing infrastructure to create public space

    RiverfrontReclamation Projects

    Highline Bike lanes &pedestrianized streets

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    Next 100

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    2013 - DCP East Midtown Rezoning

    DCP is proposing to increase FAR by an average of 50% for selected sites and insome cases for up to 100%, in exchange for improvements to public space.

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    2019 - East Side Access

    Projections indicate that the number of LIRR commuters cominginto Penn Station in 2020 is expected to increase by 25%.

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    ?

    Urban Growth

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    Urban Growth Public Space

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    Improvements to public spacemay be achieved through:

    1. Modifying Legislation2. Targeted Distribution of POPS3. Promotion of Tourism

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    Modifying LegislationBoth of the Zoning Resolutions to date were fostered in great part by a desire toimprove the quality of NewYorks public spaces.

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    POPS

    Landmarks

    Distribution of Privately owned Public Space (POPS)

    42nd St

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    Additional

    Existing

    Public Space

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    Additional

    Existing

    Public Space

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    Landmarks

    POPS

    PFPS

    Proposed PFPS

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    Targeted Distribution of POPSUnder the lenient definition of the zoning resolution, loading docks, drivewaysand garage entries qualified as bonusable plazas.

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    Landmarks

    Existing POPS

    PFPS

    Proposed through-block POPS

    Through-block POPS

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    With 50 million tourists each year and over $30 billion in spending,tourism ranks 5th in terms of its economic contribution to New York City.

    Promotion of tourism

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