The Riches of His Glorious Inheritance in the Saints Week 5 Westminster Larger Catechism Q57-89
QuestionTopicWeek 57, 58 The benefits of redemption & how applied110/13/2013 59, 60 Who are the recipients?210/20/2013 Justification and Sanctification: Whats the difference? Dr. David Van Drunen 10/27/2013 61-63 The visible church311/3/2013 64-65 The Invisible Church411/10/2013 66-68Union with Christ &Effectual Call511/17/2013 69-71Communion in Grace with Christ Justification611/24/2013 72-73Justifying Faith712/1/2013 74-76 Communion in Grace with Christ Adoption & Sanctification 812/8/2013 77-78The Difference Between Justification and Sanctification912/15/2013 79-81Perseverance and Assurance of Believers1012/22/2013 82-83Communion in Glory with Christ in this life1112/29/2013 84-87Communion in Glory with Christ after death121/5/2014 88-89The Final Judgment131/12/2013 Where are we going?
For this reason, because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love toward all the saints, I do not cease to give thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers, that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him, having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints, and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe, (Eph 1:15-19) Our theme for the next several weeks:
More background The WLC (and the WSC) is an OUTLINE of doctrine extracted from the Bible. Answers many (most) of the questions that we might ask regarding the Christian life and experience. We will look at the Benefits of Redemption or as Paul stated, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints,. (Eph 1:18) First the context in our outline of doctrine to establish the FOUNDATION:
The WLC Begins with the End Mans Chief End: Glorify & Enjoy God [Q1] An Apology for Gods Being [Q2] Gods Revelation of Himself [Q3] An Apology for Gods Word [Q4]A Summary of Gods Word [Q5] What to Believe (Gods & His Works) [Q6-90] What to Do (Mans Duty) [Q91-196]
A Biblical Pattern: Believe => Do This pattern is not arbitrary why did they outline it this way? Because it has its roots in Scripture: Belief begets practice. What you believe WILL dictate how you behave. Examples: Pauls letters Romans 1-11 explain the work of God then at 12:1 I beseech you therefore brethren by the mercies of God to present your bodies a living sacrifice Ephesians 1- 3 declares the work of God in salvation then at 4:1 I therefore, a prisoner for the Lord, urge you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling to which you have been called, Even in the giving of the 10 commandments we see this pattern: I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me. [God: This is Who I am and who you are therefore DO this]
What to Believe (God & His Works) [Q6-90] A Summary of what to believe about God [Q6]Who God is [Q7-11]What God is [Q7] The Persons of the Godhead [Q8-11] What God does[Q12 90]
mediation /md SHn/ noun: mediation; plural noun: mediations 1. intervention in a dispute in order to resolve it; arbitration. "the parties have sought mediation and it has failed" intervention in a process or relationship; intercession. "they are offering sacrifice and mediation between God and man" Q. 57. What benefits hath Christ procured by his mediation? A. Christ, by his mediation, hath procured redemption, with all other benefits of the covenant of grace. redemption /ri dempSHn/ noun: redemption; plural noun: redemptions 1. the action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil. "God's plans for the redemption of his world" 2. the action of regaining or gaining possession of something in exchange for payment, or clearing a debt.
What did Christs work accomplish? But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come, then through the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation) he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. (Heb 9:11-12 ESV) For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many. (Mark 10:45 ESV)
Q. 58. How do we come to be made partakers of the benefits which Christ hath procured? A. We are made partakers of the benefits which Christ hath procured, by the application of them unto us, which is the work especially of God the Holy Ghost. are made partakers by the application of them Who is doing the work here? What is the difference between the work of the Holy Spirit and that of Christ? Remember where we are in the catechism outline? What to believe about God > His works > His decrees > His works of providence Christ: redemption accomplished (Q 36 56) Holy Spirit: redemption applied (Q 57 90)
The Holy Spirit Applies the Benefits of Redemption Jesus answered him, Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus said to him, How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born? Jesus answered, Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, You must be born again. The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit. (John 3:3-5) But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life. (Titus 3:4-7, ESV)
Q. 59. Who are made partakers of redemption through Christ? A. Redemption is certainly applied, and effectually communicated, to all those for whom Christ hath purchased it; who are in time by the Holy Ghost enabled to believe in Christ according to the gospel. Jesus said to them, I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst. But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe. All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who sent me. And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. (John 6:35-40, ESV)
Q. 59. Who are made partakers of redemption through Christ? A. Redemption is certainly applied, and effectually communicated, to all those for whom Christ hath purchased it; who are in time by the Holy Ghost enabled to believe in Christ according to the gospel. What is that group of people called for whom Christ died? His people His sheep His church His body The elect (Eph 1) Those whom He foreknew (Rom 8:29-30) For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified. (Romans 8:29-30, ESV)
Underlying question: For whom did Christ die? Didnt Christ die for the whole world? (John 3:16, etc.) Doesnt the Bible teach that Christ died for all? Does ALL mean everyone without exception? In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. (Luke 2:1, ESV) That evening at sundown they brought to him all who were sick or oppressed by demons. (Mark 1:32, ESV) And when they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding no way to punish them, because of the people, for all were praising God for what had happened. (Acts 4:21, ESV) Isnt it correct to say that God gives everybody a chance to be saved, and we can take it or leave it? Another way to look at it Did Christ die to provide salvation or did He die to provide the possibility of salvation?
who are in time by the Holy Ghost enabled to believe The ETERNAL perspective [ABOVE THE LINE]: even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. (Ephesians 1:4 ESV) The TEMPORAL perspective [BELOW THE LINE: And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us, even when we were dead i