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THE TAGUS BASIN; GROUNDWATER AND TRANSBOUNDARY AQUIFERS · the tagus basin; groundwater and...

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  • THE TAGUS BASIN; GROUNDWATER AND

    TRANSBOUNDARY AQUIFERS

    MARA CASADO SENZSPRINGS OF THE CUERVO RIVER (TAGUS BASIN)

  • GEOLOGY OF THE IBERIAN PENINSULA. AFTER IGME

    (2004)

    FRANCE

    PO

    RT

    UG

    AL

  • DISTRIBUTION OF MOST IMPORTANT

    AQUIFERN FORMATIONS IN

    SPAIN

  • TRANSBOUNDARY AQUIFERS

    DISTRIBUTION OF MOST IMPORTANT

    AQUIFERN FORMATIONS IN

    SPAIN

  • SPANISH TAGUS RIVER BASIN

    THE TAGUS RIVER BASIN

  • THE TAGUS RIVER BASIN IN SPAIN

  • SOURCE OF THE TAGUS RIVER IN LA MUELA DE SAN JUAN, MONTES UNIVERSALES

  • THE TAGUS RIVER BASINTHE TAGUS RIVER BASIN IN SPAIN

  • BOLARQUE RESERVOIR IN THE TAGUS

    Jurassic andCretaceous foldedlimestones

  • THE TAGUS RIVER BASINTHE TAGUS RIVER BASIN IN SPAIN

  • THE TAGUS AND THE VILLAGE OF TRILLO; NUCLEAR POWER PLANT OF TRILLO

    Trillo Pression Water Reactor 1100 MW

  • THE TAGUS RIVER BASINTHE TAGUS RIVER BASIN IN SPAIN

  • TAJUA RIVER, IRRIGATED AREA.

    TAJUA RIVER

    204.220 ha: Irrigated Surface in theSpanish Tagus basin

    Surface Water Demand: 1.551 Mm3/year

    Ground Water Demand: 135 Mm3/year

    PRAMO LIMESTONES FORMATION

    SILT AND CLAYS

  • THE TAGUS RIVER BASINTHE TAGUS RIVER BASIN IN SPAIN

  • TAGUS IN TOLEDO

    Mean Flow: Around 40 m3/s (1975-2006 Period)

  • THE TAGUS RIVER BASINTHE TAGUS RIVER BASIN IN SPAIN

  • Dam and RomanBridge of Alcntara,

    MEAN INFLOW IN ALCANTARA: 190 m3/s

    TAGUS IN ALCNTARA

  • FLOOD IN IN ALCNTARA

  • 180.0004.700Mm3Groundwater Storage in Aquifers

    20.8811.565Mm3Groundwater Runoff

    56.06312.000Mm3Storage Capacity

    0,2250,219Mm3/km2Specific runoff

    (1949-2000)

    113.81211.235Mm3Surface Runoff

    684655mm Mean rainfall for 1949-2000 period

    39.238.0006.994.774HabitantantsHabitant in 2004 (*)

    506.47055.870km2Surface

    SpainSpanish TagusUNITS

    Some basic data for the Spanish Tagus Basin.

    From:

    La cuenca del Tajo en Cifras (2002) and

    (*) Water Basin Organism (2006 and 2009)

  • TAJUA-MONTES UNIVERSALES UNIT

    MADRID

    GROUNDWATER BODIES IN THE TAGUS BASIN

    MORALEJA

    Hoz Seca

    WATER DISTRICTS IN SPAIN

    FRANCEP

    OR

    TU

    GA

    L

    MADRID TALAVERA

  • LIMESTONES

    MARLS

    VIEW OVER THE AQUIFER TAJUA-MONTES UNIVERSALES

    Hoz Seca RiverCanyon

    El Tornero, Karstic Spring

  • SPRING OF LAS AGUAS PEAS, (CHECA, GUADALAJARA)

    KEUPER FORMATION

    TRAVERTINE

    JURASIC LIMESTONE

  • EL TOBAR WETLAND IN THE GUADIELA RIVER, TAGUS AFFLUENT

    Jurasic Limestones

    Gypsum and Marls

  • VIEW FROM GAUGING STATION E-3005 IN TRILLO, TAGUS RIVER, UPSTREAM

    NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

    MEAN FLOW:

    22 m3/s (1935-1980)

    13 m3/s (1980-2005)

  • 0,00

    20,00

    40,00

    60,00

    80,00

    100,00

    120,00

    140,00160,00

    180,00

    200,00

    220,00

    240,00

    260,00

    280,00

    300,00

    320,00

    10/5

    5

    06/5

    7

    02/5

    9

    10/6

    0

    06/6

    2

    02/6

    4

    10/6

    5

    06/6

    7

    02/6

    9

    10/7

    0

    06/7

    2

    02/7

    4

    10/7

    5

    06/7

    7

    02/7

    9

    10/8

    0

    Str

    eam

    Dis

    char

    ge

    in M

    m3 /

    mo

    nth

    TAGUS RIVER DISCHARGE IN TRILLO GAUGING E-3005 (1955-1980)

    Q90: Monthly discharge that wassurpassed the 90% of the studied

    months

    River Flow on monthly basis

  • 0.00

    20.00

    40.00

    60.00

    80.00

    100.00

    120.00

    140.00

    160.00

    180.00

    200.00

    220.00

    240.00

    260.00

    280.00

    300.00

    320.00

    10/8

    0

    06/8

    2

    02/8

    4

    10/8

    5

    06/8

    7

    02/8

    9

    10/9

    0

    06/9

    2

    02/9

    4

    10/9

    5

    06/9

    7

    02/9

    9

    10/0

    0

    06/0

    2

    02/0

    4

    10/0

    5

    Str

    eam

    dis

    char

    ge

    in M

    m3 /

    mo

    nth

    Q90: Monthly discharge that wassurpassed the 90% of the studied

    months

    River Flow on monthly basis

    TAGUS RIVER DISCHARGE IN TRILLO GAUGING E-3005 (1980-2005)

  • TAJUA-MONTES UNIVERSALES GW BODY

    MADRID

    GROUNDWATER BODIES IN THE TAGUS BASIN

    MORALEJA GW BODY

    WATER DISTRICTS IN SPAIN

    FRANCEP

    OR

    TU

    GA

    L

    MADRID TALAVERA AQUIFER: 4 GW BODIES

  • LEGEND

    Piezometer Code: 03.13.002 CillerosPiezometer Depth: 92 m

    Surface Datum: 290 mosl (meters over sea level)

    286,0

    286,4

    286,8

    287,2

    287,6

    288,0

    288,4

    288,8

    289,2

    289,6

    290,009

    /06

    01/0

    7

    05/0

    7

    09/0

    7

    01/0

    8

    05/0

    8

    09/0

    8

    01/0

    9

    05/0

    9

    09/0

    9

    01/1

    0

    05/1

    0

    09/1

    0

    Pie

    zom

    etri

    c Le

    vel (

    mo

    sl)

    0,00

    0,40

    0,80

    1,20

    1,60

    2,00

    2,40

    2,80

    3,20

    3,60

    4,00

    Wat

    er D

    epth

    (m

    )

    MORALEJA TRANSBOUNDARY UNIT:

    PIEZOMETRIC CONTOURS AND PIEZOMETRIC EVOLUTION

    PO

    RT

    UG

    AL

    GW WATERSHED

  • HYDROGEOLOGICAL CROSS SECTION OF THE MORALEJA AQUIFER IN THE SPANISH ZONE: CONCEPTUAL MODEL

  • 0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    01/0

    404

    /04

    08/0

    411

    /04

    02/0

    505

    /05

    09/0

    512

    /05

    03/0

    607

    /06

    10/0

    601

    /07

    04/0

    708

    /07

    11/0

    702

    /08

    06/0

    809

    /08

    12/0

    803

    /09

    07/0

    910

    /09

    01/1

    005

    /10

    08/1

    0

    mg/

    l N

    o 3-

    0

    100

    200

    300

    400

    500

    600

    700

    800

    900

    CO

    ND

    UC

    TIV

    ITY

    (mic

    roS

    /cm

    )

    NO3 Maximum permitedN. Gua Conductivity (Ms/cm)

    EVOLUTION IN NITRATE CONCENTRATION IN MORALEJA GROUNDWATER BODY

  • GENERAL VIEW OF THE TIPICAL TERTIARY SEDIMENTS OF THE TAGUS BASIN

    BASIN BORDER

    TERTIARYSEDIMENTS

  • Piezometer Code: 03.05.90 CazalegasPiezometer Depth: 305 m

    Surface Datum: 441

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    ene-

    09 jun

    -09

    no

    v-09 ab

    r-10 se

    p-

    10

    Wat

    er le

    vel o

    ver

    the

    gro

    un

    d (

    m)

    441

    446

    451

    456

    461

    466

    Pie

    zom

    tri

    c L

    evel

    (m

    )

    Piezometer Code: 03.05.67 Villaviciosa de Odn Piezometer Depth: 60 m

    Surface Datum (mosl): 618 m

    588

    598

    608

    618

    1985 1988 1995 2003 2005 2007 2010

    Pie

    zom

    eter

    Lev

    el

    (mo

    sl)

    0

    10

    20

    30

    Gro

    un

    dw

    ater

    Dep

    th

    (m)

    GROUNDWATER BODIES IN THE AQUIFER OF MADRID-TALAVERA:

    PIEZOMETRIC NETWORK

    TAGUS RIVER

    ALBE

    RCHE

    RIVE

    RG

    UA

    DA

    RR

    AM

    A R

    IVE

    R

    Piezometer Area of Groundwater protectionaround Madrid

  • DRILLING A NEW PIEZOMETER IN SEVILLA LA NUEVA (MADRID)

    1. LACK OF KNOWLEDGE: ENHANCE IT PROMOTING NEW STUDIES

    2. NITRATE PROBLEMS: REGULATIONS IN ORDER TO APPLY THE BEST AGRICULTURAL CODE PRACTICES AND SAFETY PERIMETERS

    3. NETWORKS: IMPLEMENTING THEM

    4. QUANTITATIVE PROBLEMS: STRONGER REGULATIONS AND USERS COMUNITIES

    GROUNDWATER RELATED PROBLEMS IN THE TAGUS BASIN AND

    AND

    SOME OF THE UNDERTAKEN

    MEASUREMENTS

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