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The Way - · PDF file The Heidelberg Catechism Ques.on # 1: What is your only comfort in life...

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  • The Way of Jesus

    Discipleship Series Session # 3

  • The Heidelberg Catechism Ques.on # 1: What is your only comfort in life and in death? Answer: That I am not my own,[1] but belong with body and soul, both in life and in death,[2] to my faithful Saviour Jesus Christ.[3] He has fully paid for all my sins with His precious blood, and has set me free from all the power of the devil.[5] He also preserves me in such a way[6] that without the will of my heavenly Father not a hair can fall from my head;[7] indeed, all things must work together for my salva.on.[8] Therefore, by His Holy Spirit He also assures me of eternal life[9] and makes me hear.ly willing and ready from now on to live for Him.[10]

    [1] I Cor. 6:19, 20 [2] Rom. 14:7-9. [3] I Cor. 3:23; Tit. 2:14. [4] I Pet. 1:18, 19; I John 1:7; 2:2. [5] John 8:34-36; Heb. 2:14, 15; I John 3:8. [6] John 6:39, 40; 10:27-30; II Thess. 3:3; I Pet. 1:5. [7] MaN. 10:29-31; Luke 21:16-18. [8] Rom. 8:28. [9] Rom. 8:15, 16; II Cor. 1:21, 22; 5:5; Eph. 1:13, 14. [10] Rom. 8:14

  • Heidelberg Catechism Ques.on # 2: What do you need to know in order to live and die in the joy of this comfort? Answer: First, how great my sins and misery are;

    Second, how I am delivered from all my sins and misery; Third, how I am to be thankful to God for such

    deliverance. [1] Rom. 3:9, 10; I John 1:10. [2] John 17:3; Acts 4:12; 10:43. [3] MaN. 5:16; Rom. 6:13; Eph. 5:8-10; I Pet. 2:9, 10. • 

  • Heidelberg Catechism # 3

    •  QuesUon. From where do you know your sins and misery?

    •  Answer . From the law of God.

    “For by works of the law no human being will be jus6fied in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.” Rom 3:20

  • Heidelberg Catechism # 4

    Q. What does God's law require of us? A. Christ teaches us this in a summary in MaNhew 22: You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.[1] This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it, You shall love your neighbour as yourself. On these two commandments depend all the law and the prophets.[2]

  • Heidelberg Catechism # 5

    Q. Can you keep all this perfectly? A. No, I am inclined by nature to hate God and my neighbour.

    [1] Rom. 3:10, 23; I John 1:8, 10. [2] Gen. 6:5; 8:21; Jer. 17:9; Rom. 7:23; 8:7; Eph. 2:3; Tit. 3:3.

  • The Key to New Life

    •  Abiding in Christ Abide (Greek meno): to remain, to stay put, to refrain from wandering, to maintain allegiance to – Abiding in his Word (vs 7)

    – Keeping his commandments (vs 10)

    – Abiding in His Love (vs 9)

  • The Word of God

    “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God”

    [email protected] 4:4

    •  Our Spiritual food •  EssenUal for life •  God calls us to “buy it”, yet is is free.

    – Isaiah 55

  • ME & the Text

    ME I Study


    WORD transforms


  • FormaUonal Reading of Scripture

    •  There is a difference in reading for informaUon and for formaUon.

    •  In Forma6ve reading, we read to be “formed” and “transformed” by the Word of God

    •  We should not read it like we read a newspaper (informaUonal reading)

    •  We digest small bits and let the WORD abide in us.

    •  This is meditaUng on the Word of God.

  • Holy Reading (LecUo Divina) •  Select a small piece of scripture (usually 5-10 verses) •  Scripture is read 3 Umes slowly.

    –  First: READ – Simply let the Word was over you. •  What word , phrase of idea sUcks in you mind?

    –  Second: RECEIVE – I ask God to reveal to me something He want me to know from this scripture. Why is this word, phrase or idea impacnul? RESPOND: I pray to God asking Him to reveal the Truth to me and I thank Him for touching me.

    –  Third: REFLECT – I bask in the glow of the Word and reflect upon the wonder of it all and I glory in Christ, the revealed word to me.

  • Homework

    •  PracUce HOLY READING every day this week. – Read, Receive, Respond, Reflect

    •  Set aside 20 minutes for this. Begin with prayer: ACTS (AdoraUon, Confession, Thanksgiving, SupplicaUon)

    •  Suggested scriptures: Psalm 27:1-6, Luke 9:23-27, Luke 10:38-42, Joshua 4:1-7, Malachi 3:16-18, Psalm 75, 1 Cor 1:26-31

  • Exegesis - interpreaUon

    •  CONTEXT –  Historical –  Covenant (Heb. 8:13)

    •  LANGUAGE –  Hebrew (OT) - Eastern –  Greek (NT) – Western –  Literary Form

  • Hebrew - greek thinking


  • Greek Abstract expressions

    •  If the mother cannot control her emo6onal feelings in the context of the marriage rela6onship and the father is unable to express the nuances of tenderness, then it is likely that the child will develop feelings which are difficult to reconcile, extremely complex and a frustra6on to his own emo6onal development.


    •  If the father chews garlic and the mother eats onions, you can’t expect the child to smell like a rose.

  • Covenant •  OLD COVENANT

    –  Given at Sinai - Exodus 24 – Made with Israel – required animal sacrifices –  Law to be obeyed through faith in YWHW –  Fulfilled in Jesus Christ (MaN 5:17) –  Now obsolete & passing away (Heb 8:13, Rom. 7:6)

    •  NEW COVENANT –  Inaugurated at the Cross – Made with Israel – Jesus is the once for all “Lamb of God”

    –  GenUles grased in –  Believers live in God through faith & toward their neighbor in love

    – Where true faith exists there is obedience to the law of the Christ. (the gospel)

  • The InterpreUve JOURNEY

    Duvall & Hayes – Grasping God’s Word p.24

  • The interpreUve Journey •  UNDERSTAND THE TEXT IN THEIR TOWN

    –  What did it mean to the biblical audience

    •  DETERMINE THE WIDTH OF THE RIVER BETWEEN US –  What are the differences between the Biblical Audience and us?

    •  FIND THE PRINCIPLE THAT SUPERCEDES THE CONTEXT –  What is God’s heart in this text?

    •  APPLY THAT PRINCIPLE TO OUR CONTEXT –  How should we apply this to our lives today and seek God’s will?

    Duvall & Hayes – Grasping God’s Word

  • Example

    “Whoever curses his father or mother shall be put to death” (Ex. 21:17).

    •  What did this mean to the original audience? •  What are the differences between them and us? •  What is the Theological Principle behind the text? •  What does this mean to us today and how do we apply it?

  • Abiding in His Word

    •  A disciple of Jesus must conUnue to feed daily on the Word of God

    •  A discipline of scripture reading and meditaUon is essenUal to Life in Christ

    •  You need a PLAN – 3 bookmark plan – one in OT, one in NT, one is Psalms/Proverbs… then read in chapter in each a day.... One sub passage meditaUvely

    •  Memorize scriptures important to you.

  • Abiding in Prayer and Worship

    •  Our Spiritual Life breath •  All who breathe created on the sixth day

    •  Humans are the only creature to whom God speaks

    •  We are recipients of God’s address.

  • Prayer – a human expression

    •  People have always seen the world a hosUle place •  Forces beyond their control - fear •  So called “gods” need to be placated •  Prayer is a universal expression – “religion” an aNempt to saUsfy these “gods”, who are really demons (1 Cor. 10:20)

    •  Such prayer is not heard by the FATHER, nor the SON, nor the HOLY SPIRIT.

  • Prayer in Israel •  Called to be a “kingdom of priests and a holy naUon” (Ex.

    19:6) •  Tabernacle & temple places towards which they could pray •  Daniel prayed towards Jerusalem (Dan 6:10) •  The prayer of the prophets was powerful (James 5:16-17) •  Ordinary people could pray – (Hannah – 1 Samuel 1) •  God would only regard prayer if offered in humility and

    blamelessness (Is. 59:2, 66:2b) •  Unrepentant sin stops prayer. (Joshua 7:10)

  • Jesus – Man of Prayer •  At home growing up •  Synagogue & temple •  40 days in wilderness •  Early in morning (Luke 5:16)

    •  Before major decisions (Luke 6:12)

    •  On mountains (Luke 9:28)

    •  Before healings (Mark 9:29)

    •  “Teach us to pray” – Our Father

    •  Thy Kingdom Come – EvangelisUc

    •  For his disciples (John 17)

    •  Gethsemane (Luke 22:44)

  • ChrisUan Prayer •  Disciples conUnued in prayer aser ascension & Pentecost •  Prayer is the “secret mark” of a ChrisUan •  We have not because we ask not or ask for wrong things

    (James 4:2)

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