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Thirteen Colonies

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Thirteen Colonies. New England Colonies. 1. Massachusetts 1620 2. Connecticut 1635 3. Rhode Island 1636 4. New Hampshire 1638. Reasons settled. 1. Religious freedom 2. Trade. Climate. Bitter cold winters Short growing seasons. Soil. Hard, rocky soil - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Thirteen Colonies

Thirteen Colonies

New England Colonies1. Massachusetts 16202. Connecticut 16353. Rhode Island 16364. New Hampshire 1638

Reasons settled1. Religious freedom

2. Trade

ClimateBitter cold wintersShort growing seasons

SoilHard, rocky soil

Subsistence Farming: farmers can barely grow enough crops to feed their families.

Major Products to make $1.Industry2. Shipbuilding3. Fishing/Whaling

Famous People/EventsPilgrims William BradfordThanksgivingPuritans wanted to change from the Church of England

DetailsMayflower Compact 1620-signed by Pilgrims- promised to follow laws and rules for good of the colony. Basis for our government.Salem Witch Trials 1692

Middle Colonies1. New York 16202.Delaware 16283. New Jersey 16384. Pennsylvania 1682

Reasons settled1. Business profit & trade2. Religious reasons

ClimateCold wintersAverage growing seasons

SoilRocky coastline but some rolling green hills

Major productsSmall farmsGrain, cattle

Famous People/Events*William Penn (Pennsylvania) established the Quaker religion based on toleration and abolishing slavery

Details*William Penn established Pennsylvania as a Holy ExperimentHe sais any government is free to the people under it where the laws rule (and the people have decided on those laws!New York was originally a Dutch colony until the British took it away. 1st diverse colony in New World

Southern Colonies1. Virginia 1607 Jamestown2. Maryland 16343/4. North/South Carolina 1660-16705. Georgia 1753

Reasons settledMercantilism a countrys power depends on its wealth; profit from tradeGeorgia founded as a colony for debtorsClimatewarm, damp, humid weatherlong growing season

Soilmoist, rich soil

Major productsTobacco (1st cash crop)Lumber, riceAgricultural Society (farming)slaves

Famous PeopleJames Oglethorpe established Georgia as a place for debtors and prisoners

DetailsJamestown survived because of tobacco and the arrival of women. Originally all male colony searching for goldHouse of Burgesses 1st representative form of government in New World.Slaves 1st brought to America to work tobacco plantations in southern colonies.Triangular Trade Route

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