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  • KeralaDistrict Factbook

    Thiruvananthapuram District

    (Key Socio-economic Data of Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala)January, 2017

  • Editor & DirectorDr. R.K. Thukral

    Research EditorDr. Shafeeq Rahman

    Compiled, Researched and Published byDatanet India Pvt. Ltd.D-100, 1st Floor,Okhla Industrial Area, Phase-I,New Delhi-110020.Ph.: 91-11-43580781, 26810964-65-66Email : [email protected] : http://www.datanetindia-ebooks.com

    Report No.: DFB/KL-601-0117

    ISBN :

    First Edition : January, 2017

    Price : Rs. 7500/- US$ 200

    2017 Datanet India Pvt. Ltd.All right reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrievalsystem or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, photocopying,recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher.

    Printed in India

  • Thiruvananthapuram District at a Glance

    District came into Existence 1st November, 1956

    District Headquarter Thiruvananthapuram

    Distance from State Capital -

    Geographical Area (In Square km.) 2,189 (Ranks 11th in State and 481st in India)Wastelands Area (In Square km.)(2008-2009)

    167.81

    Total Number of Households 8,28,774

    Population 33,01,427 (Persons), 15,81,678 (Males), 17,19,749 (Females) (Ranks 2nd in Stateand 103rd in India)

    Population Growth Rate (2001-2011)

    2.07 (Persons), 0.75 (Males), 3.32 (Females)

    Number of SubDistricts/Towns/Villages

    Sub-districts (04), Towns (31) and Villages (68)

    Forest Cover (2015) 60.05% of Total Geographical AreaPercentage of Urban/RuralPopulation

    53.66 (Urban), 46.34 (Rural)

    Administrative Language Malayalam

    Principal Languages (2001) Malayalam (97.92%), Tamil (1.58%), Telugu (0.11%), Hindi (0.09%), Tulu(0.05%), Konkani (0.03%) and Others (0.01%)

    Population Density 1,508 (Persons per Sq. km.)

    Sex Ratio 1087 (Females per 1000 Males)

    Child Ratio (Age Group 0-6 Year) 964 (Females per 1000 Males)

    Number of Live Births (2014) 50,974 (Persons), 26,431 (Males), 24,540 (Females)

    Number of Deaths (2014) 30,475 (Persons), 17,681 (Males), 12,790 (Females)

    Literacy Rate (In %age) 93.02 (Persons), 95.06 (Males), 91.17 (Females)

    Literates 27,85,408 (Persons), 13,54,857 (Males), 14,30,551 (Females)

    Illiterates 5,16,019 (Persons), 2,26,821 (Males), 2,89,198 (Females)

    Major Religions Hindu (66.46%), Christian (19.10%), Muslim (13.72%), Buddhist (0.01%), Sikh(0.01%) and Jain (0.00%)

    Schedule Caste Population 3,72,977 (Persons), 1,78,589 (Males), 1,94,388 (Females), Percentage of SC inTotal Population (12.27)

    Major Schedule Caste Population

    Pulayan, Cheramar, Pulaya, Pulayar, Cherama, Cheraman, Wayanad Pulayan,Wayanadan Pulayan, Matha, Matha Pulayan (39.98%); Kuravan, Sidhanar,Kuravar, Kurava, Sidhana (21.87%); Thandan (excluding Ezhuvas and Thiyyaswho are known as Thandan, in the erstwhile Cochin and Malabar areas), and(Carpenters who are known as Thachan, in the erstwhile Cochin and TravancoreState), (10.47%); Paraiyan, Parayan, Sambavar, Sambavan, Sambava, Paraya,Paraiya, Parayar (8.69%); Mannan, Pathiyan, Perumannan, Vannan, Velan(4.46%)

    Schedule Tribe Population 26,759 (Persons), 12,624 (Males), 14,135 (Females), Percentage of ST in TotalPopulation (5.52)

    Major Schedule Tribe PopulationKanikaran, Kanikkar (65.03%); Malai Arayan, Mala Arayan (2.91%); Malai Vedan,Malavedan (2.89%); Malai Pandaram (0.61%); Mannan (to be spelt in Malayalamscript in parenthesis) (0.36%)

    Number of Total Workers 12,31,669 (Persons), 8,64,101 (Males), 3,67,568 (Females)Labour Force Participation Rate(2011-2012)

    46.43% (Rural), 38.54% (Urban)

    Major Source of Income IndustryGross District Domestic Product(2014-15) (QE) (Rs. in Lakh)

    55,31,521 At Current Price / 45,21,768 At Constant (2011-2012) Prices

    Net District Domestic Product(2014-15) (QE) (Rs. in Lakh)

    49,54,241 At Current Price / 40,58,613 At Constant (2011-2012) Prices

    Per Capita Income (NDDP, At FactorCost) (2014-15) (Q) (In Rs.)

    1,48,958 At Current Price / 1,22,030 At Constant (2011-2012) Prices

    Number of Tourists (2014) 17,07,199 (Domestic Tourist) / 2,89,612 (Foreign Tourist)

    Major Tourist Places Kovalam Beach, Padmanabha Swamy Temple, Kuthiramalika Palace Museum,Napier Museum, Priyadarshini Planetarium.

    Note: A ll figures for 2011 Census, Otherwise year is mentioned.

  • No. Particulars Page No.

    1 Administrative Setup 1-10

    Location Map | District w ith Sub-Districts | Reference Map of District |About District | Administrative Unit | Villages | Towns | Wards |Panchayats

    2 Demographics 11-32

    Population l Sex Ratio | Density | Child Population | Child Sex Ratio |Decadal Growth | Age Group Population | Age Group Population ofCurrently Married | Economically Active Population | Ageing Population |Dependency Ratio | Single Year Age Population | Scheduled CastePopulation | Scheduled Tribe Population | Religious Population | CD BlockPopulation

    3 Economy 33-44

    GDP/NDP | Per Capita Income | Households by Income Groups |Disposable Income | Banking | District Central Co-operative Banks |Lead Banks | Investment and Debt | Revenue Collection from Minerals |Ration Cards Issued

    4 Market Size 45-56

    Monthly Per Capita Expenditure | Estimated Annual Expenditure /Average Per Capita Consumer Expenditure on Services and DurableGoods

    5 Life Style 57-61

    Households having Radio/Transistor, Television | Households havingComputer/Laptop/Internet | Households having Telephone/MobilePhone | Households having Bicycle, Scooter/Motor Cycle/Moped &Car/Jeep/Van | Circulation of Dailies

    6 Infrastructure 62-77

    Occupied Houses used as Shops/Offices | Amenities | Sanitation | Roadlength | Vehicle Registered | Telecommunication | Post Office & PIN Code| Tourism | LPG Distributors

    7 Industries 78-118

    Factories, Capital Invested and Persons Employed (2 & 3 digit levelIndustries) | Factories by Type of Organisation/Ownership |Consumption of Fuels | Manufacturing Industries Share of GDP |Outstanding Credit of SCBs according to Industrial Occupation | Micro,Small and Medium Enterprises | Ongoing Projects

    8 Labour and Workforce 119-125

    Total Workers | Main Workers | Marginal Workers | Non-Workers |Average Wages/Earning per Day Received by Usual Principal ActivityStatus | Daily Agricultural Wages | Employment Indicators

    9 Agriculture 126-144

    Land Utilistation | Production of Major Food Crops | Production ofCommercial Crops | Production of Fruit & Vegetable Crops | Productionof Spices | Consumption of Fertilisers | Milk, Egg and Meat Production |Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation | Fisheries | Animals Slaughtered| Livestock Population | Poultry Population | Irrigation | Land Holdings |Farmer

  • 10 Education 145-153

    Literacy Rate | Population by Educational Level | Census Houses Usedas School/College etc. | Enrollment | Enrollment by Medium of Instruction| Gross/Net Enrollment Ratio | Teachers | Gini Coefficient Education |Population by Mother Tongue

    11 Health 154-171

    Health Institutions | Medical Staff, Patients Treated and Beds | LiveBirths Registered | Still Births Registered | Deaths Registered | InfantDeaths Registered | Diseases | Allopathic Manufacturing Units & BloodBanks | Disabled Population by Type of Disability | Houses used forHospital/Dispensary | Households by Married Couples per Householdand Dwelling Rooms | Maternal and Child Health Indicators (HMIS) |District Level Household Health Indicators | Family Welfare Programmes

    12 Environment and Pollution 172-175

    Geographical Area | Wastelands | Forest Cover | Rainfall | Latitude,Longitude and Altitude | Water Quality

    13 Housing 176-187

    Households | Houseless Households | Houseless Population | Standardof Living Index | Housing Condition | House and Their Uses | SlumPopulation

    14 Crime & Law 188-195

    Incidence of IPC Crime | Prisoners | Family Courts | Kerala Women'sCommission | Road Accidents | Police Officer/Officials | Judicial Officers

    15 Social and Welfare Schemes 196-203

    Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme(MGNREGS) | Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) | District Rural DevelopmentAgencies (DRDA) | National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) |Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) | Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)-Gramin |Self-Help Groups (SHGs) | Aadhaar Card (UIDAI) Enrollments

    16 Electoral 204-208

    Vote Distribution of Major Parties (Parliamentary Election-2014 andAssembly Election 2016) | Name and Address of MPs/MLAs | Electors

    17 Annexure - I & II 209-230

    18 Useful Contacts 231

    19 Abbreviations & Sources 232

    20 Concepts and Definitions 233-236

    21 Disclaimer & Terms of Use 237

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

  • 1

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Administrative Setup

    Location Map

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    Administrative Setup

    2

  • 3

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Administrative Setup

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    4

  • 5

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    About Thiruvananthapuram District

    The Thiruvananthapuram district is a district of coastal state Kerala and situated in thesouthernmost area of the state. The administrative headquarters of the district islocated at Thiruvananthapuram city. The district is named after the name of the cityThiruvananthapuram. The name of the city is derived from the term "Thiru-anantha-puram" which means the "Abode of Lord Anantha". The city also got its name from thedeity of a Hindu temple situated at the heart of the city . Till the year 1991 the districtwas officially known as Trivandrum. Later, the government of India renamed the city asThiruvananthapuram. In 1684 the British East India Company occupied a region atAnchuthengu, a place located at a distance of 32 km from Thiruvananthapuram city, inorder to spread their trade and commerce. Prior to British, the Portuguese and the Dutchalso tried to rule the South India. Before India got its independence, theThiruvananthapuram city was the capital of Travancore state. NeyyattinkaraVasudevan, a prominentcarnatic music vocalist was born in the year 1940 atNeyyattinkara in the district. He was the disciple of most admired carnatic music master, Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyerand Ramnad Krishan. He was honoured by manynotable awards such as Padma Shri in 2004 and Swati Puraskaram in 2006. SenapathyGopalakrishnan, popularly known as Kris Gopalakrishnan is the executive vice chairmanand former co-chairman of Infosys, a global consulting and IT services company. He wasborn on 5 April 1955 at Trivandrum in the district. The Government of India honoured himthe most prestigious Padma Bhushan award in 2011.

    Geographically, the district lies at 849' N latitudes , 7695' E longitudes and 5 mAltitude. The district encompasses an area of 2,189 sq km and it is surrounded by theArabian Sea on the west,Kollam district on the north,Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu onthe east and Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu on the south. The climate of the districtis characterised as the hot tropical climate. Most of its rainfall occurs during themonsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 2248.4 mm in the year of 2015-16.

    Administration wise, the district is divided 4 sub-districts, 31 towns and 68 villages.There are 2 parliamentary constituencies (Attingaland Thiruvananthpuram) and 14Assembly constituencies in the district .

    According to 2011 census the district has a population of 33,01,427 (persons) including15,81,678 (males) and 17,19,749 (females). The district has a sex ratio of 1135 femalesfor every 1000 males. In the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the districtwas 2.07 % (persons) out of which 0.75 % (males) and 3.32 % (females). The majorreligions in the district are Hindu and Christian with 66.46% and 13.72% of the totalpopulation respectively .

    More than half of the population of the district earns their livelihood from agriculture.Some of its chief agricultural products are rice, pepper, ginger, cashew nut, tapioca,coconut, areca nut, tea, rubber, etc. The economy of the district is mainly dependenton the tertiary sector. Slowly and gradually the district is transforming into an IT hub.Some foremost industries in the district are Oracle Corporation ,Infosys, ITC Infotech,TCS, Capgemini, Visual Graphics Computing Services, Ernst & Young Global SharedService Centre Allianz Cornhill, RR Donnelley, UST Global, IBS Software Services, SunTecBusiness Solutions etc . Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from theseindustries. In the year 2014-2015 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs55,31,521 lakh at current price.

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    The Kerala University and the regional headquarters of Indira Gandhi National OpenUniversity are located in the city . Some of its reputed higher educational institutes areThiruvananthapuram College of Engineering, Government Engineering College, Sree ChitraThirunal College of Engineering, Trivandrum College of Architecture, Indian Institute ofSpace Science and Technology, Centre for Development Studies ,Centre forDevelopment of Imaging Technology, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in thedistrict is 93.02% (persons), 95.06% (males) and 91.17% (females).

    Pattom A. Thanu Pillai, a distinguished Indian politician popularly known as the'Bhishmacharya' of Kerala politics and an active participant in the independencemovement was born on 15 July 1885 at Thiruvananthapuram city. He was served as theChief Minister of Kerala from 22 February 1960 to 25 September 1962. VakkomPurushothaman, an illustrious Indian politician and the governorof Mizoram from 2011 to2014 was born on 12 April, 1928 at Vakkom in the district. He was a member of IndianNational Congress.

    The district is a perfect tourist location and its large variety of tourist places alluresmany travellers from across the world. Agastyakoodam, one of the highest peaks in theWestern Ghats is situated in the eastern side of the district. Native of the districtbelieve that the great sage Agasthya lived on the peak. Moreover, the peak is rich inmany useful ayurvedic herbs. Akkulam in the city is full of mesmerising beautiful naturalsceneries. It is an ideal place for picnic and recreation. Aruvippuram, a place located 7km away from Neyyattiankara has an ancient temple of Lord Shiva which wasconstructed by Sree Narayana Guru . Meenmutti and Kombaikani waterfalls are the twomagnificent waterfalls in the district. Some other renowned centres of attraction in thedistrict are Shanghumugham Beach, Azhimala Beach, Kovalam Beach, Sarkara, Varkala,Peppara, Neyyar Dam , etc.

    6

  • 7

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Administrative Setup Administrative UnitAdministrative Division:- South Kerala

    Sub-districts:

    1. Chirayinkeezhu

    2. Nedumangad

    3. Neyyattinkara

    4. Thiruvananthapuram

    Towns: 1. Alamcode (CT) 22. Thiruvananthapuram (M Corp.)

    2. Athiyannur (CT) 23. Uliyazhathura (CT)

    3. Attingal (M) 24. Vakkom (CT)

    4. Azhoor (CT) 25. Varkala (M)

    5. Edakkode (CT) 26. Vattappara (CT)

    6. Iroopara (CT) 27. Vattiyoorkavu (CT)

    7. Kalliyoor (CT) 28. Veiloor (CT)

    8. Kanjiramkulam (CT) 29. Venganoor (CT)

    9. Karakulam (CT) 30. Vilappil (CT)

    10. Keezhattingal (CT) 31. Vilavoorkkal (CT)

    11. Kizhuvalam-Koonthalloor (CT)

    12. Kudappanakkunnu (CT)

    13. Kulathummal (CT)

    14. Malayinkeezhu (CT)

    15. Nedumangad (M)

    16. Neyyattinkara (M)

    17. Pallichal (CT)

    18. Pallippuram (CT)

    19. Parassala (CT)

    20. Parasuvaikkal (CT)

    21. Sreekaryam (CT)

    Sub-districts, Towns, CD Blocks and Villages(2011)

    District Sub-districts Towns CD Blocks VillagesThiruvananthapuram 4 31 12 68Kerala 63 520 162 1018

    India 5924 7933 6596 640930

    Rank of District in State 10 7 8 7Rank of District in India 463 43 177 601

  • 11

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Demographics

    Population(2011)

    Residence District Persons Male Female

    Total Thiruvananthapuram 3301427 1581678 1719749

    Kerala 33406061 16027412 17378649

    India 1210569573 623121843 587447730

    Rank of District in State 2 3 2

    Rank of District in India 103 115 84

    Rural Thiruvananthapuram 1529831 724864 804967

    Kerala 17471135 8408054 9063081

    India 833463448 427632643 405830805

    Rank of District in State 3 3 3

    Rank of District in India 201 230 173

    Urban Thiruvananthapuram 1771596 856814 914782

    Kerala 15934926 7619358 8315568

    India 377106125 195489200 181616925

    Rank of District in State 5 5 5

    Rank of District in India 46 48 45

  • 37

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Economy

    Offices, Deposits, Credit and C-D Ratio of Scheduled Commercial Banks (SCBs)Rs. in Million (September, 2016)

    District Thiruvananthapuram Kerala IndiaRank ofDistrictin State

    Rank ofDistrictin India

    Number of Offices 718 6259 135263 3 25

    Deposits 583681 3856137 100965397 2 23

    Credit 381892 2405964 75178857 2 20

    Credit-Deposit Ratio (C-D Ratio) 65.43 62.39 74.46 6 216

    By Bank GroupRs. in Million (September, 2016)

    Bank Group Thiruvananthapuram Kerala IndiaRank ofDistrictin State

    Rank ofDistrictin India

    State Bank of India and Its AssociatesNumber of Offices 189 1388 24493 2 12

    Deposits 238648 1281026 22988903 1 13

    Credit 120496 667576 15874037 2 17

    Credit-Deposit Ratio (C-D Ratio) 50.49 52.11 69.05 6 226

    Nationalised BanksNumber of Offices 297 2202 66577 2 40

    Deposits 155675 969612 47342652 2 56

    Credit 162708 822587 34201792 2 25

    Credit-Deposit Ratio (C-D Ratio) 104.52 84.84 72.24 5 84

    Regional Rural BanksNumber of Offices 45 602 20858 5 152

    Deposits 12737 109129 3215425 4 63

    Credit 10860 128966 2187606 5 38

    Credit-Deposit Ratio (C-D Ratio) 85.27 118.18 68.03 12 191

    Private Sector BanksNumber of Offices 185 2059 23020 3 18

    Deposits 172502 1463980 22460896 3 18

    Credit 87710 778710 19231413 3 20

    Credit-Deposit Ratio (C-D Ratio) 50.85 53.19 85.62 10 381

    Foreign BanksNumber of Offices 2 8 315 2 23

    Deposits 4120 32390 4957521 2 21

    Credit 119 8124 3684010 2 37

    Credit-Deposit Ratio (C-D Ratio) 2.88 25.08 74.31 2 46

    All Scheduled Commercial BanksNumber of Offices 718 6259 135263 3 25

    Deposits 583681 3856137 100965397 2 23

    Credit 381892 2405964 75178857 2 20

    Credit-Deposit Ratio (C-D Ratio) 65.43 62.39 74.46 6 216

  • 45

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Market Size

    Broad Category-wise Monthly Per Capita Expenditure - Total In Rs. (2011-2012)

    Broad Categories of Goods andServices Thiruvananthapuram Kerala India

    Rank ofDistrictin State

    Rank ofDistrictin India

    Cereals 148.96 145.24 159.53 7 332

    Cereal Substitute 15.42 7.50 0.99 3 3

    Pulses & Products 45.43 43.18 45.48 4 253

    Milk & Milk Products 137.60 97.23 136.22 2 215

    Sugar & Salt 24.13 27.42 27.34 11 299

    Edible Oil 39.06 45.48 52.62 13 472

    Egg, Fish & Meat 254.37 183.02 51.71 1 5

    Vegetables 76.99 61.61 67.46 2 167

    Fruits (Fresh) 127.98 84.58 25.70 1 1

    Fruits (Dry) 12.29 6.27 7.95 1 78

    Spices 56.14 49.12 31.13 5 19

    Beverages etc. 61.23 43.04 27.25 2 23

    Served Processed Food 128.57 99.42 51.40 3 23

    Packaged Processed Food 35.54 33.95 23.17 5 81

    Pan 7.64 3.01 4.43 1 139

    Tobacco 21.73 18.81 15.35 5 142

    Intoxicants 41.53 25.37 11.31 4 35

    Fuel and Light 143.31 134.66 136.63 5 203

    C lothing 114.25 137.72 87.26 7 126

    Bedding etc. 4.36 6.17 6.54 7 329

    Footwear 17.84 23.68 20.33 10 323

    Education 198.46 114.28 67.24 2 24

    Medical (Institutional) 60.40 87.84 26.00 7 65

    Medical (Non-institutional) 210.38 151.87 74.33 2 6

    Entertainment 34.28 39.89 22.67 9 99

    Minor Durable Type Goods 12.15 7.12 5.50 3 62

    Toilet Articles 51.86 45.45 38.16 4 90

    Other Household Consumables 59.45 42.66 34.10 1 25

    Consumer Services excl. Conveyance 187.82 143.63 85.63 3 22

    Conveyance 267.88 186.49 95.22 2 18

    Rent 66.04 48.43 52.20 2 80

    Consumer Taxes & Cesses 12.36 11.16 8.91 5 89

    Durable Goods 883.45 500.71 99.27 3 7

    Monthly Per Capita Expenditure(MPCE) 3558.89 2655.99 1599.04 2 8

  • 61

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Life Style

    Circulation of Dailies (January - June 2016)

    Publication Edition Language AverageCirculationMalayala Manorama Thiruvananthapuram edition Malayalam 247144

    Mathrubhumi Thiruvananthapuram edition Malayalam 177212

    The Hindu Chennai edition English 38821

    The Times of India Thiruvananthapuram edition English 21921

    Deshabhimani Thiruvananthapuram edition Malayalam 20068

    Madhyamam Thiruvananthapuram edition Malayalam 13248

    The New Indian Express Thiruvananthapuram edition English 7901

    Hindu Business Line Chennai edition English 1811

    Daily Thanthi Nagercoil edition Tamil 1667

    Dinakaran Nagercoil edition Tamil 1317

    The Economic Times Kochi edition English 1233

    Dinamalar Nagercoil edition Tamil 1104

    Business Standard Kochi edition English 524

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    Infrastructure

    Households by Main Source of Drinking Water - Total(2011)

    Particulars Thiruvananthapuram Kerala IndiaRank ofDistrictin State

    Rank ofDistrictin India

    Total Number of Households 828774 7716370 246692667 1 45Tap water from TreatedSource (%)

    264552 (31.92) 1802341(23.36)

    78873488(31.97)

    8 366

    Tap water from UntreatedSource (%)

    51841 (6.26) 461372(5.98)

    28533688(11.57)

    3 190

    Total Tap (%) 316393 (38.18) 2263713(29.34)

    107407176(43.54)

    7 312

    Covered Well (%) 103574 (12.50) 1129397(14.64)

    3895409(1.58)

    12 627

    Un-covered Well (%) 367952 (44.40) 3657463(47.40)

    23289867(9.44)

    5 309

    Total Well (%) 471526 (56.89) 4786860(62.04)

    27185276(11.02)

    3 206

    Handpump (%) 1128 (0.14) 38402 (0.50) 82599531(33.48)

    14 595

    Tubewell/Borehole (%) 16450 (1.98) 285394(3.70)

    20916074(8.48)

    11 506

    Spring (%) 2791 (0.34) 108527(1.41)

    1314556(0.53)

    9 380

    River/Canal (%) 536 (0.06) 15215 (0.20) 1550549(0.63)

    4 172

    Tank/Pond/Lake (%) 3827 (0.46) 55793 (0.72) 2075181(0.84)

    3 260

    Other Sources (%) 16123 (1.95) 162466(2.11)

    3644324(1.48)

    10 528

    64

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    Industries

    Main Workers(2011)

    Sex District Total Rural UrbanPersons Thiruvananthapuram 921282 402426 518856

    Kerala 9329747 4930191 4399556

    India 362446420 245749270 116697150

    Rank of District in State 3 4 4

    Rank of District in India 107 247 50

    Male Thiruvananthapuram 695778 307552 388226

    Kerala 7179828 3743078 3436750

    India 273149359 178034713 95114646

    Rank of District in State 4 4 4

    Rank of District in India 112 233 53

    Female Thiruvananthapuram 225504 94874 130630

    Kerala 2149919 1187113 962806

    India 89297061 67714557 21582504

    Rank of District in State 2 5 3

    Rank of District in India 112 254 37

    Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Rs. in Lakh (31.03.2014)

    District

    No.of SSI/MSME unitsPromoted by TotalInvest-

    ment

    Value ofGoods and

    ServicesProduced

    EmploymentProvided(In Nos)SC ST General Total Women

    Thiruvananthapuram 1172 228 29965 31365 7742 144232.00 314680.00 154025

    Kerala 9006 1752 223863 234251 58774 1435301.01 5084827.39 1190944Rank of District inState

    3 1 2 1 1 3 6 2

    Entrepreneurs Memorandum (Part-II) Filed by Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME)In Nos. (2014-2015)

    District Micro Small Medium TotalThiruvananthapuram 2005 109 1 2115

    Kerala 14060 827 19 14906

    India 346206 70933 8219 425358

    Rank of District in State 2 2 10 2

    Rank of District in India 24 66 180 29

    108

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    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Labour and Workforce

    Total Workers(2011)

    Residence District Persons Male Female

    Total Thiruvananthapuram 1231669 864101 367568

    Kerala 11619063 8451569 3167494

    India 481743311 331865930 149877381

    Rank of District in State 2 3 1

    Rank of District in India 107 103 122

    Rural Thiruvananthapuram 583332 401155 182177

    Kerala 6341957 4507501 1834456

    India 348597535 226763068 121834467

    Rank of District in State 3 3 2

    Rank of District in India 243 222 276

    Urban Thiruvananthapuram 648337 462946 185391

    Kerala 5277106 3944068 1333038

    India 133145776 105102862 28042914

    Rank of District in State 3 4 3

    Rank of District in India 45 50 29

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    Agriculture

    Land UtilisationIn Hectares (2014-15)

    Particulars Thiruvananthapuram Kerala Rank ofDistrictin State

    i) Reporting Area For Land Utilisation Statistics 218781 3886287 11

    - Forests 49861 1081509 9

    ii) Not Available for Cultivation

    -Area under Non Agricultural Uses 31887 419128 6

    -Barren and Un Culturable Land 206 12952 9

    -Total 32093 432080 6

    iii) Other Uncultivated Land Excluding Fallow Land

    -Permanent Pastures and Other Grazing Lands 0 5 0

    -Land under Misc Tree Crops and Groves Not Includedin Net Area

    16 2653 14

    -Culturable Waste Land 412 100676 14

    -Total 428 103334 14

    iv) Fallow Land

    -Fallow Lands Other than Current Fallows 744 54741 13

    -Current Fallow 2869 65329 10

    -Total 3613 120070 10

    v) Net Area Sown 128290 2042881 10

    vi) Total C ropped Area 162748 2624624 10

    vii) Area Sown More than Once 34458 581743 8

    126

  • 145

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Education

    Literacy Rate (2011)

    Residence District Persons Male Female

    Total Thiruvananthapuram 93.02 95.06 91.17

    Kerala 94 96.11 92.07

    India 72.99 80.89 64.64

    Rank of District in State 10 10 10

    Rank of District in India 15 15 15

    Rural Thiruvananthapuram 91.72 94.04 89.66

    Kerala 92.98 95.35 90.81

    India 67.77 77.15 57.93

    Rank of District in State 11 11 10

    Rank of District in India 15 17 15

    Urban Thiruvananthapuram 94.14 95.91 92.49

    Kerala 95.11 96.95 93.44

    India 84.11 88.76 79.11

    Rank of District in State 10 11 9

    Rank of District in India 24 24 23

    Population by Educational Level(2011)

    Educational Level Thiruvananthapuram Kerala IndiaRank ofDistrictin State

    Rank ofDistrictin India

    Illiterate 516019 5270237 447216165 3 351

    Literate 2785408 28135824 763638812 3 41

    Literate without Educational Level 132373 1313536 35153231 2 53

    Below Primary 357071 4401497 146897597 6 113

    Primary 430649 5065710 184170833 7 138

    Middle 505988 5059809 133903266 2 37

    Matric/Secondary 371622 3852389 105939743 4 60

    Higher Secondary/Intermediate Pre-University/Senior Secondary

    514590 4885082 77942593 2 10

    Non-technical Diploma or Certificatenot Equal to Degree

    6636 73857 1072289 4 32

    Technical Diploma or Certificate notEqual to Degree

    99371 895188 7238719 2 5

    Graduate and Above 360456 2531321 68288971 2 32

    Unclassified 6652 57435 3031570 2 152

  • 155

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Health

    Live Births Registered(2014)

    Residence District Person Male Female

    Total Thiruvananthapuram 50974 26431 24540

    Kerala 534458 274361 260070

    India 23001523 12183175 10804541

    Rank of District in State 4 4 4

    Rank of District in India 135 138 130

    Rural Thiruvananthapuram 9268 5043 4225

    Kerala 195896 101417 94468

    India 10763908 5709934 5044361

    Rank of District in State 9 8 10

    Rank of District in India 365 358 368

    Urban Thiruvananthapuram 41706 21388 20315

    Kerala 338562 172944 165602

    India 12237615 6473241 5760180

    Rank of District in State 3 3 3

    Rank of District in India 60 65 58

    Still Births Registered(2014)

    Residence District Person Male Female

    Total Thiruvananthapuram 371 180 182

    Kerala 2538 1308 1201

    India 124130 56442 47832

    Rank of District in State 2 2 2

    Rank of District in India 111 103 87

    Rural Thiruvananthapuram 7 4 3

    Kerala 880 439 431

    India 41620 21359 17953

    Rank of District in State 13 13 14

    Rank of District in India 359 305 324

    Urban Thiruvananthapuram 364 176 179

    Kerala 1658 869 770

    India 82494 35075 29871

    Rank of District in State 2 2 2

    Rank of District in India 62 58 45

  • 161

    Thiruvananthapuram DistrictKerala

    District FactbookDistrict Factbook

    Health

    Houses used for Hospital/Dispensary(2011)

    Residence District Total Number ofCensus HousesHospital/

    Dispensary etc.Total Thiruvananthapuram 1169117 2837

    Kerala 11217853 31589

    India 330407375 682584

    Rank of District in State 2 4

    Rank of District in India 43 38

    Rural Thiruvananthapuram 559293 1359

    Kerala 5857785 14505

    India 220633493 360065

    Rank of District in State 3 4

    Rank of District in India 116 43

    Urban Thiruvananthapuram 609824 1478

    Kerala 5360068 17084

    India 109773882 322519

    Rank of District in State 4 6

    Rank of District in India 36 48

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    Environment and Pollution

    Geographical Area

    Area in Km2 (2011)

    District Total Rural Urban

    Thiruvananthapuram 2189 1611.54 577.46

    Kerala 38852 31253.20 7598.80

    India 3287469 3101505.00 102221.00

    Rank of District in State 11 12 6

    Rank of District in India 496 531 26

    Wastelands by Category

    Area in Km2 (2008-2009)

    Category Thiruvananthapuram Kerala IndiaRank ofDistrictin State

    Rank ofDistrictin India

    Gullied/Ravenous Land (Medium) - - 6145.96 0 0

    Gullied/Ravenous Land (Deep) - - 1266.06 0 0

    Land with Dense Scrub 8.31 609.50 86979.91 12 411

    Land with Open Scrub 3.18 718.32 93033.00 12 519

    Waterlogged and Marshy Land(Permanent)

    - 2.05 1757.07 0 0

    Waterlogged and Marshy Land(Seasonal)

    - 6.18 6946.31 0 0

    Land Affected by Salinity/Alkalinity(Medium)

    - - 5414.53 0 0

    Land Affected by Salinity/Alkalinity(Strong)

    - - 1391.09 0 0

    Shifting Cultivation - Current Jhum - - 4814.68 0 0

    Shifting Cultivation - AbandonedJhum

    - - 4210.46 0 0

    Under-Utilised/Degraded Forest(Scrub Domin)

    145.63 560.05 83699.71 2 161

    Under-Utilised/Degraded Forest(Agriculture)

    - - 15680.26 0 0

    Degraded Pastures/Grazing Land 0.30 208.10 6832.17 10 127

    Degraded Land under PlantationCrop

    0.03 0.18 278.53 2 82

    Sands-Riverine - 16.14 2111.96 0 0

    Sands-Coastal 1.81 25.99 654.47 7 44

    Sands-Desertic - - 3934.80 0 0

    Sands-Semi Stab.-Stab>40m - - 9279.75 0 0

    Sands-Semi Stab.-Stab 15-40m - - 14273.03 0 0

    Mining Wastelands 0.43 12.91 593.65 4 135

    Industrial wastelands - - 58.00 0 0

    Barren Rocky/Stony Waste 8.12 286.20 59482.29 6 206

    Snow covered /Glacial Area - - 58183.44 0 0

    Total 167.81 2445.62 467021.16 6 398

    172

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    Housing

    Total Households(2011)

    District Total Rural Urban

    Thiruvananthapuram 837877 390963 446914

    Kerala 7853754 4149641 3704113

    India 249454252 168565486 80888766

    Rank of District in State 1 3 4

    Rank of District in India 58 133 40

    Houseless Households(2011)

    District Total Rural Urban

    Thiruvananthapuram 359 99 260

    Kerala 5759 1767 3992

    India 449761 192865 256896

    Rank of District in State 9 11 7

    Rank of District in India 328 441 183

    176

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    Incidence of IPC Crime

    (2014)

    Crime Heads Thiruvananthapuram Kerala IndiaRank ofDistrictin State

    Rank ofDistrictin India

    Murder 58 367 34134 1 206

    Attempt to Commit Murder 101 676 41898 1 102

    Culpable Homicide Not Amounting toMurder 10 84 3349 2 90

    Attempt to Commit CulpableHomicide 299 1433 4371 2 2

    Rape 178 1347 38678 1 31

    Attempt to Commit Rape 10 36 4310 1 105

    Kidnapping & Abduction 33 222 78412 1 468

    Dacoity 12 71 4399 2 93

    Making Preparation and AssemblyFor Committing Dacoity 33 84 2835 1 15

    Robbery 142 869 38090 1 36

    Criminal Trespass/Burglary 619 3452 114667 1 24

    Theft 663 4700 442464 2 133

    Unlawful Assembly 17 558 9878 5 80

    Riots 642 5820 66206 3 7

    Criminal Breach of Trust 27 366 20089 4 186

    Cheating 655 6091 109737 3 25

    Forgery 36 156 11268 2 62

    Counterfeiting 16 66 1979 1 19

    Arson 39 453 9299 5 50

    Grievous Hurt 257 1827 105560 1 96

    Dowry Deaths 8 28 8458 1 300

    Assault on Women with Intent toOutrage her Modesty 835 4367 82411 1 2

    Insult to the Modesty of Women 37 257 9738 2 44

    Cruelty by Husband or his Relatives 521 4919 123163 4 54

    Importation of Girls From ForeignCountry 0 0 14 0 0

    Causing Death by Negligence 375 3381 128837 2 84

    Offences Against State 0 7 177 0 0

    Offences Promoting Enmity BetweenDifferent Groups 21 65 337 1 2

    Extortion 20 37 8210 1 121

    Disclosure of Identity of Victims 0 0 135 0 0

    Incidence of Rash Driving 14087 108962 409857 3 3

    Human Trafficking 0 11 726 0 0

    Unnatural Offence 11 122 1148 4 17

    Other IPC Crimes 4766 55955 944105 4 25

    Total Cognizable IPC Crimes 24528 206789 2858939 3 11

    188

    Crime & Law

  • KeralaDistrict FactbookDistrict Factbook Thiruvananthapuram District

    Social and Welfare Scheme

    Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

    Financial Performance under MGNREGSRs. in Lakh (2015-2016)

    Particulars Thiruvananthapuram Kerala India

    Rankof

    Districtin

    State

    Rankof

    Districtin

    IndiaA. Opening Balance (OB)C losing Blance (CB) as OpeningBalance (OB)

    286.44 2767.85 187890.93 3 159

    Entered Opening Balance (OB) 285.03 2398.16 206168.02 3 169

    Release of Last Financial Year but Received during the Current Financial Year

    Centre 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0

    State 0.00 0.00 3206.67 0 0Release from State Fund toDistrictsCentral Share - - 1294.39 0 0

    State Share 0.00 51.00 411894.31 0 0

    Authorisation of EFMS 19972.61 147797.54 3313284.01 1 26

    Miscellaneous Reciept 4.04 12.67 39265.75 1 115

    B. Borrowed Fund From Other District or RevolvingFund

    0.00 0.00 247.93 0 0

    Refunded to District/State 88.96 723.55 79011.76 2 96

    Inter-District Fund TransferFund Transfer to Other District 0.00 0.00 247.93 0 0

    Fund Received from Other Districts 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0

    Availabilty 20172.71 149535.83 3896101.39 1 31Cumulative Labour Budget (LB)Estimation of Expenditure

    0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0

    C. Cumulative Expenditure C. (I) Actual ExpenditureUnskilled Wage 19097.36 140187.71 3033565.51 1 30

    Semi-skilled and Skilled Wage 200.30 1059.75 68276.52 2 87

    Material 189.29 2207.19 923707.02 4 509

    Tax 5.92 21.09 6412.06 1 157

    C. (II) Administrative Expenditure I. Receipts Expenditure 477.28 4703.85 194050.46 2 94

    II. Non-Receipts Expenditure 0.37 12.05 1442.79 7 247

    Total (I+II) 477.66 4715.90 195493.25 2 96Cumulative Expenditure (C. (I)+ C. (II)) 19970.52 148191.63 4227454.30 1 45

    %age Utilization 99.00 99.10 108.50 11 171

    Balance 202.19 1344.20 -331353.00 2 240

    D. Payment DueI. On Unskilled Wage 80.23 2234.55 659585.02 10 480II. On Semi-skilled and SkilledWage

    129.36 1123.41 32387.42 5 53

    III. On Material 253.57 4281.89 395314.25 7 316

    IV. Tax 8.10 26.38 3830.43 1 116

    Total (I+II+III+IV) 471.26 7666.23 1091117.12 8 399

    196

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