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Transfer of technology

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A. Choosing a TechnologyB. Acquiring TechnologyC. Imported of Domestic TechnologyD. Strategy Over TimeAcquiring Technology

Imported and Domestic Technology

Strategy Over Time

And also Technology:Things created by humansEasierSolve problems

What do you think of?

Is this technology?

Lets Investigate!Since we define technology as: Things created by humansWe can say that CHAIR and PAPER is a part of Technology.

Why do we need technology?

Developed & Advanced Easier Efficient Faster

Old TechnologyNew Technology

Military TechnologiesAstronomical TechnologyPractical TechnologiesAgricultureIndustrial TechnologyInformation Technology

Almost all industries have different considerations and requirements in choosing technology that will effectively applicable to their business and degree of understanding tothe employees.

When choosing new technology, you might want to consider some observations:

Dont overly-complicate simplicity Try to go with Commercial Off the Shelf (COTS) technologies first.

Develop custom softwareCustomize vendor technologies as little as possible.

Permit the actual requirements Have a clear processLean the process first.

Characteristics of Choosing Technology

Relative to the one who will use the new technologyCapital or Cost efficient to industryProduce output and inputLess laborSuitability for individual situationsHigh net benefit

Characteristics of Choosing Technology

Treat Technology as a contracted business inputCompatibility is criticalAvoid the first generation

Permit the actual requirements Have a clear processLean the process first.

Provided by foreigners who retain ownership. Purchased from foreigners

Acquired through indigenous efforts to translate foreign technological knowledge into specific methods.

Turnkey Projects is a type of project that is constructed so that it could be sold to any buyer as a completed product. Direct Foreign Investment Licensing

Steps includedEstablishing whether there is a need for technology Selecting cost-effective technological solutions Evaluating local infrastructure and any limitations it might impose Considering sustainability issuesAcquiring the chosen technology Following correct purchasing processes

Technology Transfer is the process by which technology is disseminated. It involves communication of relevant knowledge by the Transferor to the Recipient. It is in the form of technology transfer transaction which way or may not be a legally binding contract.Technology Transfer

Know-how Agreement

The word Know-how is used all over the world except for France where the French expression savoir faire is used. It can be divided into two types: the industrial type, more common, concerning information of a technical nature and the exploitation of technologies;

and the commercial type, concerning a patrimony of practical knowledge deriving from experience and experiments relating to services and organizational sales systems.

Know howis the most valuable factor and may have an indefinite enforceable life.

Know how may includetangiblematerial (such asblueprints, formulas, instructions, patterns,specifications, andtrade-secrets) orintangibles(such asmanufacturing practices,marketing concepts,quality control, andtestingtechniques) which are notcommon knowledge.

Production capability Ability to Produce

Production Capacity Limit to Produce

WORLDS MOST TECH READY COUNTRIES 2014Economy20142013Finland11Singapore22Sweden33Netherlands44Norway55Switzerland66United States79Hong Kong (SAR)814United Kingdom97Republic of Korea1011

Technologyin theAncient World

The BeginningsStone Age Technology3000 BCE

Neolithic Revolution 3000BCEStoneFlintPowerFireTools and WeaponsSpear, Bow and Arrow, Boomerang, Potter's wheel, Bow drill, Pole lathe, Wheel itself

Building TechniquesStonehengeManufacturingGrinding corn, baking clay, spinning and weaving, textiles, dugout canoe, and the birch bark canoe

Baking Clay

Grinding CornUrban Revolution 3000500BCE

Craftsman and ScientistSailing shipIrrigationShaduf or ShadoofUrban ManufacturingPotters wheelBuildingZiggurats

Shaduf

Potters Wheel

Technological achievements of Greece and Rome 500 BCE to 500 CE

Technological achievements of Greece and Rome Mastery of IronFurnaceMechanical contrivancesAeolipile WaterwheelAgriculturePlowshareMoldboardArchimedean screw and noriaBuildingDome, tunnels, lighthouses, bridges, walls and amphitheaters,

Furnace

Other fields of TechnologyPottery and glass making and leatherworkingTransportSailing shipMilitary TechnologyGreat siege catapultsIron helmetsBreastplateFrom the Middle Ages to 1750Medieval Advance 500 1500 CE

Medieval Advance 500-1500 CEInnovationGunpowderPower sourcesNorse MillWind MillOvershot WheelsPost MillTower MillAgriculture and CraftsSoapMilitary TechnologyCanonBlast FurnaceTransportCompassLateen sailSternpost rudderCommunicationsMechanical clockPrinting press

Canon

Gun Powder

Norse Mill

Breast plate

Printing Press

Compass

From the Middle Ages to 1750The emergence of Western Technology1500 - 1750

RenaissanceThe Steam EngineMetallurgy and miningNew CommoditiesLoom

The Industrial Revolution 1750 - 1900Power TechnologyWindmillsSteam EnginesElectricityInternal Combustion EnginePetroleumDevelopment of IndustriesMetallurgyMechanical EngineeringTextilesChemicalsAgricultureRefrigeration techniques

Steam Engine

Spinning Jenny

Power Loom

Water Frame

Steam Power Train

Steam Boat

Imported Technology

Bring (as merchandise) into place or country into another country

Imported Technology Suppliers ability to make the importing firm serves its interest

Bringing Goods or ServiceCountries Developing Technology

Import - Partners

Major Trading Partners of thePhilippines

Import Commodities

Electronic productsmineral fuelsmachinery and transport

Equipmentiron and steeltextile fabricsGrainsChemicalsplastic

Domestic Technology

Domestic Technology Indigenous to or produced or made within one's own country; not foreign; native: domestic goods

Differences of Imported and Domestic Technology

Imported TechnologyDomestic TechnologyExpensive CheaperHigh-techLow-techMore accurateNot that accurate Good qualityLow class

If technology is changing rapidly, it may be desirable to insure the capability to assimilate new advances quickly or even to innovate new products or processes.

Various situations in which it may be cost-effective to develop basic product and process knowledge.

There may be an instances when foreign technology is not appropriate or does not exist for the need at home:When it can be obtained only at excessively high costs.

When the size of its potential market is large enough to justify the cost of developing it locally because of the gains from successive applications

The objective of such policies including the choice of the socially most appropriate foreign techniques :Importing technology on the best possibleterms.

Ensuring adequate local participation designed to increase domestic technological capability. Promoting, where appropriate, the use of local rather than foreignsources.

Others can only be attained by positive steps, such as building up local physical and human technical infrastructure.

The central assure of strategy is how to build upon what can be obtained from abroad to stimulate the development of local capability in selected areas.

You will never win if you never lose.-Lerum

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