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  • Detailed Needs Assessment – Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda, December 2013 Page 1

    Situation assessment

    Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda - Philippines

    7 th to 18

    th December 2013

  • Detailed Needs Assessment – Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda, December 2013 Page 2

    Summary

     14.1 million people affected; 6155 people dead, , 1785 missing, 4.1 million families displaced, 1.1 million houses damaged (OCHA SitRep, 3 January 2014)

     44 provinces of 9 Regions; the worst affected are Region VI – Eastern Visayas; Region VII – Central Visayas; Region VIII – Western Visayas

     Priority needs identified as:

     Temporary shelter

     Food till the next harvest in April or August in different Provinces

     Cash, in the hands of women, to meet immediate needs so that they make the choice on how it is spent whether it be hygiene kits, seeds, school supplies, etc.

     Psycho-social support in the coming months

     Seeds for rice, corn and vegetables to be given in December and January to assist early recovery

     Small livestock to revive their local economy and nutrition levels

     School supplies, uniforms and schools to be reopened

     Preventive health system to be revived

     Reassurance on personal safety

     Material that is coming in whether it is shelter material or food does not appear to meet the actual need in all areas visited. Relief appears to be quite slow in coming. OCHA Sit Rep No.23 dt 13/Dec/2013 says “Significant humanitarian needs remain despite signs of recovery in some areas”

     Improved information and people’s participation in the aid process

     Policy issues that have emerged so far: o Alternate economic activities till fishing and farming are revived o Ensure equitable access to land and ownership in women’s names for those who are relocated

    due to 40 m no build zone o Strengthening resilience and adapting to climate change in fragile areas

     Offer safe housing designs – practical to live in as well as using locally available material

    o Strengthening of capacity of local governance units as well as other collectives, co-operatives, groups or community based organisations in the area

    o Ensure information and awareness about government support and compensation packages o Ensure information and accountability in the response process

     There is a significant level of local variation in the needs of communities, support received to date and

    livelihood options. The team observed that important variations were evident at the sitio level (smallest administrative unit within a barangay), for example in the main sources of livelihoods and the prioritisation of the most urgent needs. This emphasises the need for strong community participation in decision making and programme planning at local level, and ensuring representative participation.

  • Detailed Needs Assessment – Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda, December 2013 Page 3

    Table of Contents

    Introduction Page 4

    Methodology Page 7

    Summary of Needs Page 9

    Women’s Rights Information Page 11

    Psychosocial Needs Page 13

    Food Security Page 14

    Livelihoods Page 16

    Education Page 19

    Housing / Shelter Page 19

    Non-Food Items Page 22

    Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Page 22

    Information Page 23

    Resilience Building Page 24

    Existing Policies and Schemes Page 25

    Capacity Building needs Page 26

    Gaps in Current Response Page 27

    Reference Page 28

    Attendance list at meetings Page 29

  • Detailed Needs Assessment – Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda, December 2013 Page 4

    Introduction

    A detailed needs assessment was carried out between 7th Dec and 18th Dec 2013 in the areas

    affected by Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda in Central Philippines.

    The purpose of the assessment was to:

     Feed into the strategic planning workshop with ActionAid partners from 17-19 Dec 2013  Initiate the process for the 3-year plans of ActionAid in the Philippines to be finalised in

    March 2014

    The assessment tried to understand the needs of the affected communities, especially women, over

    the next six months to three years, the existing capacities in the communities, the responses from

    the Government and other players as well as the gaps in the response so far. To complement the

    existing quantitative data available, we prioritised capturing qualitative data and developing a

    deeper understanding of people’s perceptions and priorities at the local level.

    The assessment was co-ordinated by Gouthami (Consultant) along with the ActionAid team in the

    Philippines – Amar Nayak, Holly Miller, Khaing Zar Lin, Philemon Jazi and Rosie Oglesby. The entire

    logistics was handled by Richie Alvarez while the detailed planning with partners was efficiently

    handled by Khaing Zar Lin. The field visits were done by Gouthami, Holly, Khaing and Rosie.

    We met with:

     Affected communities, mainly women in 10 barangays out of 74 barangays where partners will work

     Barangay Captains and Councillors (Kagawads)  Mayor of Santa Fe Municipality  Civil Defense Officer, Chief Operations Section, ODRREM, Cebu  Staff from partner organisations, Caritas Switzerland, PFI, FarDec, PKKK and Balay Mindanaw  Styn Aelbers, Internews helping to run the Community Radio at Guiuan

    ActionAid and partners will be regularly updating and adding to this needs assessment over the

    coming months to capture changing needs and emerging issues.

    Background and context:

    Typhoon Yolanda, known as Haiyan internationally, made landfall in the Philippines at 4:40 am on 8th

    November 2013, at Guiuan in Eastern Samar. It continued its destructive journey across the country

    till its sixth and last landfall at Busuanga, Palawan at 10.40 pm the same night. It is thought to be the

    strongest typhoon of the last 150 years.

  • Detailed Needs Assessment – Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda, December 2013 Page 5

    No. who have died 6057 (age and sex are still being worked out) 1

    No. injured 27,468

    No. missing 1779

    No. of families 3,424,593

    No. of persons 16,078,181

    Displaced families 841,581

    Persons in displaced families 3,904,075

    No. of evacuation centres 383

    No. of families outside evacuation centres 820,632

    No. of persons in these families 3,802,429

    No. of houses totally damaged 551,453

    No. of houses partially damaged 591,437

    Total cost of damage 35.6 billion pesos or £895 million

    Damage to infrastructure 18 billion pesos or £459 million

    Damage to agriculture 17 billion pesos or £436 million

    Cost of assistance provided so far 1.1 billion pesos or £28.6 million

    Including amount by NGOs/Other GOs 57 million pesos or £1.4 million

    Regions 9

    Provinces 44

    Municipalities 591

    Cities 57

    Barangays 12,139

    1. 1 The data in this table has been taken from Sitrep 63 – Effects of Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) dt

    15/Dec/2013 at 6:00 am by NDRRMC

  • Detailed Needs Assessment – Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda, December 2013 Page 6

    Data for the most affected regions where ActionAid will work with partners – Region VI, VII & VIII:

    Name Western Visayas Central Visayas Eastern Visayas

    No. of Barangays 3176 2136 4387

    No. of Families 840,557 1,299,436 1,006,718

    No. of persons 3,873,028 5,909,955 5,015,434

    No. of Evacuation Centres 48 3 324

    No. of families in Centres 599 47 20,280

    No. of persons 2596 240 98,694

    No. of families without a roof living outside 495,261 49,482 279,084

    No. of persons 2,240,628 205,803 1,354,132

    Total number of families without a roof 494,864 49,529 299,364

    No. of persons 2,243,224 206,043 1,452,826

  • Detailed Needs Assessment – Typhoon Haiyan / Yolanda, December 2013 Page 7

    Methodology

    Where we went:

    Region Province Municipality Barangay Sitio

    Region VII – Central

    Visayas Cebu

    Medellin Canhabagatun

    Nabara

    Mahayahay

    Curva Ylaya

    Bogo Polambato Curvada

    Madredijos

    Kampingganon

    Mangga

    Atis

    Abucado

    Kangkaod Main

    San Augustin Baybay

    Region VIII – Eastern

    Visayas

    Samar Bassey Palaypay

    Marabot Tinabanan

    Eastern Samar Guiuan

    Leyte Ormoc Liloan San Vincente

    Puerto Bello

    We used a variety of tools including group discussions, interviews with small groups (it was

    impossible to get a person alone), participatory tools such as daily activity schedule, seasonal

    diagram, mapping and discussions around identifying the most vulnerable.

    The majority of persons we spoke to were women. There were some men present (about 10%) and

    they were active participants. There were many children present but we did not elicit responses

    directly from them. Adolescent girls did speak up as part of the discussio

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