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UNESCO´s work in Groundwater and Transboundary Aquifers Challenges and Long Term Solutions

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Dr. Alice Aureli UNESCO IHP Groundwater Resources. UNESCO´s work in Groundwater and Transboundary Aquifers Challenges and Long Term Solutions. Side event- THE ROLE OF THE GROUNDWATER SILENT REVOLUTION: “MORE CASH AND NATURE PER DROP : Re-thinking global water scarcity and security. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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  • Dr. Alice AureliUNESCO IHPGroundwater Resources UNESCOs work in Groundwater and Transboundary Aquifers Challenges and Long Term SolutionsSide event- THE ROLE OF THE GROUNDWATER SILENT REVOLUTION: MORE CASH AND NATURE PER DROP : Re-thinking global water scarcity and security

  • J.MARGAT,UNESCO-BRGM,2008 as in the 3rd UNWWDRGlobal Changes brought on by climate change, urbanization, ozone depletion, population growth, expansion of infrastructure, migration, land conversion, pollution are altering the Earth and the way it functionsWATER FOOTPRINTNo institution or country can face the challenges they pose alone MORE CASH AND NATURE PER DROP :Re-thinking global water scarcity and securityGROUNDWATER EXTRACTIONCHALLENGES

  • GROUNDWATER ?ClimateEnergyFood SHARING WATER TRANSBOUNDARY AQUIFERSGOVERNANCE, PARTICIPATION COOPERATION+GLOBAL CHANGES

  • UNESCO IHP INVENTORY OF TRANSBOUNDARY AQUIFERS

  • More than 273 transboundary aquifer >15% of the land surface of the planet >40% of population

    Country 2Country 1 FINANCE+DATA+MONITORING+EDUCATION+AWARENESS+COOPERATION+CHANGING ATTITUDEWhat is missing?

  • UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION on TRANSBOUNDARY AQUIFERS

    UNILC-UNESCO IHP2002-2008 NEEDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF TRANSBOUNDARY AQUIFERSPROPER REGULATIONS, INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY, DEMOCRATIC PROCESSES, PEACE, STABILITY, HYDROPOLITICS AND HYDROECONOMICS OF SHARED GROUNDWATER RESOURCES: EXPERIENCE IN ARID AND SEMIARID REGIONS MANUEL RAMN LLAMAS,Paper at the NATO Advanced Studies, Varna,2006

  • MORE CASH AND NATURE PER DROP :Re-thinking global water scarcity and security. Are Groundwater Resources and Human Security intimately linked? YES

    Dependent Economies Dependent Ecosystems

    INTERDEPENDENCIES

  • INTERDEPENDENCIES

    SOCIETALRESPONSES

    STRESS

    HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE

  • T. Shah 2002Groundwater use for irrigation:India: 240 km3 China: 80 km3 (IAH 2003)What willhappen to ASIA ? GRONDWATER DEPENDENCYJ.Margat, UNESCO-BRGM 2008

  • What to conclude? YES The challenge we all haveHow to put groundwater and water resources in the mind of people?

    political acknowledgement of the value and importance of groundwater and

    significant national and regional financial investment to establish the physical and social frameworks for groundwater management.

    THANK YOU

    *****Sources:World map: modified from Buddemeier RW, Smith SV, Swaney DP and Crossland CJ (eds.) 2002. The role of the coastal ocean in the disturbed nutrient and carbon cycles. LOICZ Reports & Studies No. 24, ii + 83 pp., LOICZ, Texel, The Netherlands. (Figure 2.1, p.14.)

    Notes:The map shows the distribution of major river basins and their discharge points across climatic regions. [Pink, light blue and medium blue shades represent tropical, temperate and polar regions defined by sea surface temperature. The green regions are major and medium sized land drainage basins with associated biogeochemical budget sites shown in yellow.]

    *

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