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Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research A. Kadokura 1 , Y. Ogawa 1 , Y. Tanaka 1 , N. Nishitani 2 * 1: National Institute of Polar Research 2: Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University
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Page 1: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

A. Kadokura1, Y. Ogawa1, Y. Tanaka1, N. Nishitani2*

1: National Institute of Polar Research

2: Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University

Page 2: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Aurora zone

Stations in Geomagnetic conjugate Map

Iceland

Syowa

Geomagnetic coordinates

Tromsø

Longyearbyen

Page 3: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

aurora

field-aligned acceleration

auroral particle

Iceland

Syowa

aurora

field-aligned acceleration

auroral particle

Syowa-Iceland Auroral Conjugate Observation

Page 4: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Stations & Conjugate point of Syowa in Iceland

Tjornes

Husafell

Page 5: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa – Iceland conjugate Stations Husafell Tjornes

Syowa

Page 6: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Instrument SYO HUS TJO Fluxgate magnetometer ○ ○ ○

Induction magnetometer ○ ○ ○

VLF receiver ○

Riometer ○ ○ ○

Imaging Riometer ○ ○

All-sky TV camera (ATV) (Night viewer) ○ ○ ○

All-sky TV camera (Watec) ○ ○ ○

Wide field-of-view TV camera (WTV) ○* ○*

All-sky Color Digital Camera (CDC) ○ ○* ○*

All-sky monochromatic Imager (CAI) ○ 2005-2013 2014 -

Meridian Scanning Photometer (SPM) ○ ○

GPS TEC & Scintillation ○ ○

MF Auroral emission (Tohoku Univ.) ○

Instruments at conjugate stations

*:Operated only during campaign period

Page 7: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Instrument SYO HUS TJO SuperDARN radar ○

Ionosonde (NiCT) ○

FM/CW radar (NiCT) ○

Atmospheric Electric Field detector ○

1-100Hz ELF wave observation ○

All-sky Airglow Imager ○

OH Airglow Spectrometer ○

MF-radar ○

PANSY Atmospheric Radar ○

Rayleigh Lidar ○

Millimetre-wave Spectrometer ○

DMSP satellite data receiving observation ○

Instruments at conjugate stations

Page 8: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

SuperDARN radars at Syowa Station

South

East

Syowa

Syowa

Aurora zone

Page 9: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Tromsø VHF radar EISCAT Svalbard Radar

Kiruna VHF radar

Sodankyla VHF radar

EISCAT Scientific Association Associates Time buyer

Tromsø UHF radar

Page 10: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Tromsø

Optical observations at EISCAT sites

Longyearbyen

Page 11: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Aug 27-30, 2014

(no Tromso imager data)

11

Page 12: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa- Iceland conjugate

observation data

August 27-30, 2014

fluxgate

magnetometer, Induction

magnetometer, Riometer

Page 13: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa All-sky camera

data Keogram

August

27-30, 2014

cloudy

cloudy

cloudy

cloudy

Page 14: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa All-sky camera

data

August 27, 2014

Poleward expansion

Page 15: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Iceland (Husafell)

All-sky camera

data Keogram

August

27-30, 2014

cloudy

cloudy

cloudy

Page 16: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Iceland (Husafell)

All-sky camera

data

August 29, 2014

Omega band &

pulsating aurora

Page 17: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Sep 11-13, 2014

(no Tromso imager data)

17

Page 18: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa- Iceland conjugate

observation data

September 11-13, 2014

fluxgate

magnetometer, Induction

magnetometer, Riometer

Page 19: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa All-sky camera

data Keogram

September 11-13, 2014

quiet

Page 20: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa All-sky camera

data Keogram

September 12, 2014

Poleward expansion

& pulsating

aurora

Page 21: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa All-sky camera

data Keogram

September

12, 2014

Poleward expansion

Page 22: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Iceland (Husafell)

All-sky camera

data Keogram

September 11-13, 2014

cloudy

cloudy

cloudy

Page 23: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Ne Te Ti Vi

Results of EISCAT Svalbard radar data

between 06 and 22 UT on September 12

- The radar pointed to the vertical - High ion temperature due to strong

electric fields seen between 10-11 UT - Enhanced precipitation seen 16 UT

Page 24: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Oct 22-25, 2014

(no Syowa imager data)

24

Page 25: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa- Iceland conjugate

observation data

October 22-25, 2014

fluxgate

magnetometer, Induction

magnetometer, Riometer

Page 26: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Iceland (Tjornes)

All-sky camera

data Keogram

October

22-24, 2014

cloudy

cloudy

Page 27: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Tromso Color All-sky digital camera data October 22, 2014, Pulsating aurora

Page 28: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Iceland (Tjornes)

All-sky camera

data Keogram

October

24-25, 2014

Poleward expansion, NS-aurora, pulsating

aurora

Page 29: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Tromso Multi-color auroral imager system data October 22, 2014, Pulsating aurora

Page 30: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Nov 3-5, 2014

(no Syowa imager data)

30

Page 31: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Syowa- Iceland conjugate

observation data

November 3-5, 2014

fluxgate

magnetometer, Induction

magnetometer, Riometer

Page 32: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Iceland (Tjornes)

All-sky camera

data Keogram

November 3-5, 2014

cloudy

cloudy

cloudy

Page 33: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Iceland (Husafell)

All-sky camera

data Keogram

November 3-5, 2014

cloudy

cloudy

quiet

Page 34: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Tromso Multi-color auroral imager system data November 4, 2014, Poleward expansion

Page 35: Upper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar ...aoswa.nict.go.jp/workshop_3/program/pdf/E3/07.pdfUpper Atmosphere Observations of National Institute of Polar Research

Tromso Multi-color auroral imager system data November 5, 2014, Pulsating aurora


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