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USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Date post: 20-May-2015
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Webinar that discusses the "Tenacity, Grit, and Perseverance" report released by the U.S. Dept of Education. Highlighted two SmarterMeasure clients schools and how they use the tool to improve their programs.
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An Overview of Promoting Grit, Tenacity, and Perseverance Dr. Mac Adkins, SmarterServices Dr. Yi Guan-Raczkowski, Middlesex Community College Wendy Wibbens, Colorado State University – Global Campus
Transcript
Page 1: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

An Overview of

Promoting Grit, Tenacity, and Perseverance

Dr. Mac Adkins, SmarterServicesDr. Yi Guan-Raczkowski, Middlesex Community College

Wendy Wibbens, Colorado State University – Global Campus

Page 2: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Get Connected• Twitter - @smarterservices

– webinar #noncognitive

• Facebook – SmarterServices• Slideshare

-http://www.slideshare.net/socialsmarterservices• Smarterservices.com/blog

Page 4: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Draft released Feb 14, 2013

Emphasizes the

importance of noncognitive attributes in

student success.

Page 5: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Call to Action

The test score accountability movement and conventional educational approaches tend to focus on intellectual aspects of success, such as content knowledge. However, this is not sufficient. If students are to achieve their full potential, they must have opportunities to engage and develop a much richer set of skills. There is a growing movement to explore the potential of the “noncognitive” factors—attributes, dispositions, social skills, attitudes, and intrapersonal resources, independent of intellectual ability—that high-achieving individuals draw upon to accomplish success.

Page 8: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

WEBINAR AGENDA

• Introduction to Noncognitive Attributes• What is Grit?• How is it Measured?• How Can Educators Foster It?• Examples

• Colorado State University - Global Campus

• Middlesex Community College

Page 9: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Four Research Questions

1. What are grit, tenacity and perseverance?2. How are these factors measured currently?3. How can formal and informal learning

environments be designed to promote these factors for a wide variety of students?

Page 10: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Noncognitive Attributes

Page 11: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Noncognitive Attributes

In 2011 the National Research Council released “Assessing 21st Century Skills.”

Page 12: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

21st Century Skills

“The routine jobs of yesterday are being replaced by technology and/or shipped off-shore. In their place, job categories that require knowledge management, abstract reasoning, and personal services seem to be growing. The modern workplace requires workers to have broad cognitive and affective skills. Often referred to as "21st century skills," these skills include being able to solve complex problems, to think critically about tasks, to effectively communicate with people from a variety of different cultures and using a variety of different techniques, to work in collaboration with others, to adapt to rapidly changing environments and conditions for performing tasks, to effectively manage one's work, and to acquire new skills and information on one's own.”

Page 13: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

21st Century Skills

COGNITIVE

Problem solving Critical thinking

Systems thinking

INTERPERSONAL

Communication Social skillsTeam-work

Cultural sensitivity Dealing with diversity

INTRAPERSONAL

Self-managementTime management Self-development

Self-regulation Adaptability

Page 14: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Noncognitive Attributes

“Years of schooling predicts labor market outcomes—cognitive skills account for only 20%; therefore 80% of the “years of schooling” benefit is due to noncognitive skills.” (Bowles, Gintis, & Osborne, 2001)

Page 15: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Percentage Employers Rating Skill as “Very Important”

Conference Board (2008)

Page 16: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Collegiate Uses of Noncognitive Data

ENROLLMENT

• The typical measures of academic achievement (GPA, standardized test scores) and demographic factors (i.e. first generation college student) can be augmented with noncognitve data for a more holistic/predictive model.

PERSONAL

DEVELOPME

NT

• Learners can be directed toward resources and experiences which can foster improvement in noncognitive skills.

PROGRAMMATIC

ASSESSMENT

• The affective domains of course/degree program objectives and student services programs can be assessed regarding improvement in noncognitive outcomes

Page 18: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

What are grit, tenacity and perseverance?

“Grit - Perseverance to accomplish long-term or higher-order goals in the face of challenges and setbacks, engaging the student’s psychological resources, such as their academic mindsets, effortful control, and strategies and tactics.”

Page 19: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Sociocultural Context

“It is well documented that students from high-poverty backgrounds are particularly likely to face great stress and limited social support for academic achievement. These are factors which can undermine perseverance toward a wide range of goals.”

Page 20: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Learning Environments

1. Students need opportunities to take on “optimally challenging” goals that, to the student, are worthy of pursuit.

2. Students need a rigorous and supportive environment to accomplish these goals and/or develop critical psychological resources.

Page 21: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Psychological Resources

1. Academic mindsets – Beliefs, attitudes, dispositions, values, and ways of perceiving oneself. “My ability and competence grow with my effort.”

2. Effortful control - Students must be diligent when faced with tasks that are important for long-term goals but that in the short-term do not feel desirable or intrinsically motivating.

3. Strategies and tactics – Actionable skills for taking responsibility and initiative. Planning, monitoring, change course, overcoming obstacles.

Page 22: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Potential Risks of Grit

Persevering to accomplish goals that are extrinsically motivated, unimportant to the student, or in some way inappropriate for the student can potentially induce stress, anxiety, and distraction, and have detrimental impacts on a student’s long-term retention, conceptual learning, or psychological well-being.

Academic Advising is Important

Page 24: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Disposition or Process

Disposition measures indicate a general or enduring tendency to persevere.Process measures include sequences of behaviors, emotions, physiological reactions, and/or thoughts that unfold over time during learning.

Page 25: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Methods for Measuring Grit

1. Self Report – Learners respond to questions about their perceptions, attitudes, goals, etc.

2. Informant Report –Teachers, parents, and others

3. School Records – Attendance, discipline records.

4. Behavioral Task Performance – Engagement metrics from LMS

Page 27: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

College Readiness Programs

Students best develop attention regulation and self-control when they can practice skills in a supportive environment that addresses cognitive, social, and physical development together.

Orientation

FIRST YEAR EXPERIENCE

Page 30: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Alternative School Models

• Character Education - Explicit articulation of learning goals for targeted dispositions

• Project Based - Engagement in long-term, challenging, real-world problems that require planning, monitoring, feedback, and iteration.

• Targeted support – First in family to go to college, STEM professions, etc.

Page 31: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Online Resources

• Digital learning environments that provide optimal challenge through adaptivity;

• Digital tools to help educators promote a rigorous and supportive classroom climate

• Resources, information, materials, and tools to accomplish difficult goals

Page 32: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Report from two schools which use the SmarterMeasure Learning

Readiness Indicator as a measure of noncognitive readiness.

Page 33: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Using SmarterMeasure at Colorado State University-Global Campus– Pre-admission

• for applicants who do not meet admissions criteria• One of the evaluation criteria for admit decision

– Students not meeting Satisfactory Academic Progress• Help students self-assess• Provide insight into non-cognitive factors • Better informed strategic planning and goal setting for success

Page 34: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

• Academic Predictors– No consistent predictive value

• Non-cognitive factors– Motivation and commitment– Life factors– Locus of control– Help seeking

Non-cognitive Skills at CSU-GC

Page 35: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Student Stories

• Professional motivators• Linking professional and academic cross-over

skills• Parenthood – setting an example• Overcoming health & family tragedy

Page 36: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

A Case Study in SmarterMeasure

• Middlesex Community College used SmarterMeasure for advising and helping online/hybrid students since Spring 2009.

• A case study has been done on 3228 students in six online semesters. – Correlations between SmarterMeasure scores and final

grades.– For overall 3228 students and each of six semesters,

the score of personal attributes shows a significant correlation with student grades.

– The score of personal attributes in SmarterMeasure is a strong predictor to student success in online learning.

Page 37: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Implementation of SmarterMeasure

• Based on the finding, strategies are implemented– Academic advising

• Advise potential online students take SmarterMeasure to find out their strengths and weaknesses in online learning.

• Explain to students that the aspects of personal attributes, motivation, disciplines, time management, etc. contribute highly to their success.

• Seminars – Better Prepared for Online Learning

– Orientation (online and on-campus)• Taking SmarterMeasure• Learning course navigation and various tools in Blackboard• Success Tips

– During a semester• Student success seminars

Page 38: USDE Promoting Grit Webinar

Thank you for joining us

• Complete survey at close of webinar

• Contact info– Dr. Mac Adkins – [email protected]– Wendy Wibbens – [email protected]– Dr. Yi Guan-Raczkowski –

[email protected]


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