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USE OF RECLAIMED ASPHALT PAVEMENTS (RAP) IN eng. OF RECLAIMED ASPHALT PAVEMENTS (RAP) IN AIRFIELDS...

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  • USE OF RECLAIMED ASPHALT PAVEMENTS (RAP) IN AIRFIELDS HMA PAVEMENTS AIRFIELD ASPHALT PAVEMENT TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM Auburn University, 277 Technology Parkway Auburn, AL, 36830 AAPTP Project No. 05-06 July, 2008 FINAL REPORT UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA RENO Pavements/Materials Program Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering College of Engineering University of Nevada Reno, Nevada 89557

  • ii

    ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF SPONSORSHIP

    This report has been prepared for Auburn University under the Airport Asphalt Pavement Technology Program (AAPTP). Funding is provided by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) under Cooperative Agreement Number 04-G-038. Dr. David Brill is the Technical Manager of the FAA Airport Technology R & D Branch and the Technical Manager of the Cooperative Agreement. Mr. Monte Symons served as the Project Director for this project. The AAPTP and the FAA thank the Project Technical Panel that willingly gave of their expertise and time for the development of this report. They were responsible for the oversight and the technical direction. The names of those individuals on the Project Technical Panel follow.

    1. Oscar Rodriguez 2. Robert Flynn 3. Jon Epps 4. Steve Seeds

    DISCLAIMER The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the data presented within. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official views and polices of the Federal Aviation Administration. The report does not constitute a standard, specification or regulation.

  • iii

    USE OF RECLAIMED ASPHALT PAVEMENTS (RAP)

    IN AIRFIELDS HMA PAVEMENTS

    Final Report

    for

    AAPTP Project 05-06

    Submitted to

    Airfield Asphalt Pavement Technology Program

    By

    Elie Y. Hajj, Ph.D. Research Assistant Professor (Co-Principal Investigator)

    University of Nevada Reno 1664 N. Virginia Street M.S. 257

    Reno, Nevada 89557

    Peter E. Sebaaly, P.E., Ph.D. Professor (Principal Investigator)

    University of Nevada Reno 1664 N. Virginia Street M.S. 257

    Reno, Nevada 89557

    Pratheepan Kandiah Graduate Research Assistant University of Nevada Reno

    1664 N. Virginia Street M.S. 257 Reno, Nevada 89557

    July 2008

  • iv

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................... ivLIST OF FIGURES ....................................................................................................................... viLIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ viiAKNOWLEDGEMENT .............................................................................................................. viiiABSTRACT ................................................................................................................................... ixCHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 1

    PROBLEM STATEMENT ......................................................................................................... 2RESEARCH OBJECTIVE ......................................................................................................... 3

    CHAPTER 2 BENEFITS OF RAP USAGE .................................................................................. 5BENEFITS OF RECYCLING .................................................................................................... 5

    Economic Aspects .................................................................................................................. 6Potential Energy Savings ...................................................................................................... 9

    CHAPTER 3 LITERATURE REVIEW ....................................................................................... 10REVIEW OF RESEARCH EFFORTS ..................................................................................... 10

    Minnesota Department of Transportation ....................................................................... 10National Cooperative Highway Research Program ......................................................... 12North Central Superpave Center ...................................................................................... 17Saskatchewan Highways and Transportation, Canada .................................................. 19Western Regional Superpave Center (WRSC) ................................................................ 19Other Research Studies ...................................................................................................... 24Summary of the Reviewed Research Studies ................................................................... 28

    PERFORMANCE OF RAP CONTAINING MIXES IN HIGHWAY PAVEMENTS ............ 32Performance of Pavements Containing RAP in California ............................................ 32Performance of Pavements Containing RAP in Louisiana ............................................. 34Performance of Pavements Containing RAP in Georgia ................................................ 35Performance of RAP Containing SPS-9A Sections in Connecticut................................ 37Summary of Performance of Pavements containing RAP in Highway ......................... 38

    PERFORMANCE OF RAP CONTAINING MIXES IN AIRFIELD PAVEMENTS ............. 40US Army Research and Development Center .................................................................. 40Massachusetts Port Authority ........................................................................................... 42National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management, Japan ........................... 44Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory, Port Hueneme, California .................................. 45Summary of Pavements Containing RAP Performance in Airfield Pavements ........... 46

    VARIABILITY OF RAP MATERIALS .................................................................................. 48RAP Processing and Storing (5) ........................................................................................ 66RAP Stockpiling (5) ............................................................................................................ 67RAP Fractionating (5) ........................................................................................................ 67

    HIGHWAY AGENCIES SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................................... 68CHAPTER 4 REVIEW OF IN-SERVICE AIRFIELD PAVEMENTS ....................................... 72

    BOSTON-LOGAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS .......... 72GRIFFIN-SPALDING COUNTY AIRPORT, GRIFFIN, GEORGIA..................................... 75PEKIN MUNICIPAL AIRPORT, PEKIN, ILLINOIS ............................................................. 78

  • v

    OCEANA NAVAL AIR STATION, VIRGINIA BEACH, VIRGINIA .................................. 81CHAPTER 5 OVERALL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AIRFIELD PAVEMENTS ............... 84

    OVERALL SUMMARY OF FINDINGS ................................................................................ 84Findings of the Literature Review ..................................................................................... 84Findings of the Field Performance Review ....................................................................... 85

    IMPACT OF RAP ON PERFORMANCE LIFE OF HMA PAVEMENTS ............................ 86GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AIRFIELD PAVEMENTS ................................. 92

    CHAPTER 6 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LABORATORY TESTS ...................................... 94RAP MATERIALS EVALUATION ........................................................................................ 94

    Determining RAP Binder Properties ................................................................................ 94Determining RAP Aggregate Properties .......................................................................... 95

    MIX DESIGN ......................................................................................................................... 102Mechanical Property Testing ........................................................................................... 104

    QUALITY CONTROL/ASSURANCE .................................................................................. 108RAP Material .................................................................................................................... 109Final Mix ............................................................................................................................ 110

    CHAPTER 7 EVALUATION OF FAA SPECIFICATION ON RAP ....................................... 111REVIEW OF FAA P-401-3.3/P-403-3.3 SPECIFICATIONS DATED 9/29/2007 ............... 111PROPOSED REVISION FOR THE FAA P-401-3.3/P-403-3.3 SPECIFICATIONS ........... 120

    CHAPTER 8 OUTLINE FOR THE TRAINING PRESENTATION ........................................ 124REFERENCES ........................................................................................................................... 125

  • vi

    LIST OF FIGURES Title Pages

    Figure 1 Mean deviations from job mix formula target gradation for sieve No. 10.... 53Figure 2 Mean deviations from target job mix formula asphalt content ..... Figure 3 Standard deviations for air voids as a function of RAP content in the mix... Figure 4 Standard deviations for stability values as a function of RAP content in the mix Figure 5 Sample daily penetrations.. Figure 6 Samp

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