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using Integrand’s EMX

Date post: 17-Jan-2022
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EMX at TSMC RF Modeling and Characterization at TSMC using Integrand’s EMX Dr. Sharad Kapur, President Integrand Software, Inc.
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Page 1: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX at TSMC

RF Modeling and Characterization at TSMC

using Integrand’s EMX

Dr. Sharad Kapur, President

Integrand Software, Inc.

Page 2: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX

• EMX is a full-wave 3D EM simulation tool – Used by TSMC for generation of PDK models

– Uses TSMC’s new iRCX technology file

– Can be used from within PDK directly

– RF Reference Design Kit 2.0 for 65nm (VCO)

• Used by several TSMC customers for

RFIC and high-speed design

Page 3: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX 3D EM simulator

• All physical effects included

– R, L, C, substrate in a fully coupled manner (solving Maxwell’s equations)

• Inductance

– Distributed 3D volume currents

• Resistance

– Skin effect and volume loss

• Capacitance

– Accurate side-wall capacitance

– MIM and thin-film capacitors

• Substrate

Mesh and current for balun

Page 4: using Integrand’s EMX

Passive Components

• 3D EM simulation

of passive

components

• Used for

component

characterization

and scalable

model generation

for PDKs

Inductor Inductor with shield

MOM capacitor Transformer

Page 5: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX at TSMC

• TSMC uses EMX for– Scalable models for PDKs

– STD/SYM/Stacked inductors

– RTMOM capacitors

• Verified for 180nm-28nm

…Extensive verification…for a few generations of technologies, has

demonstrated the accuracy and won our confidence in their tools….

- Dr. Sally Liu, Spice Modeling Department

Mesh and current for inductor

Page 6: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX accuracy

• Very Accurate– 3D Conductors and Vias

– True volume currents

– Sidewall capacitance

– Substrate effects

• TSMC uses EMX for– Inductor modeling

– In PDK

Page 7: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX accuracy

• Very Accurate– 3D Conductors and Vias

– True volume currents

– Sidewall capacitance

– Substrate effects

• TSMC uses EMX for– RT MOM modeling

– In PDK

Page 8: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX for large circuits

• 3D Full-wave EM

simulation tool

• Applications– VCOs, LNAs

– Diplexers

Diplexer

VCO Full circuit

Page 9: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX distinguishing features

• Speed and capacity– 10-50X faster than other

EM tools

– 10X larger problems

2.0E9 4.0E9 6.0E9 8.0E9 1.0E100.0 1.2E10

-40

-30

-20

-10

-50

0

FREQUENCY (Hz)

INS

ER

TIO

N L

OS

S (

dB

)

2.0E9 4.0E9 6.0E9 8.0E9 1.0E100.0 1.2E10

-40

-30

-20

-10

-50

0

FREQUENCY (Hz)IN

SE

RT

ION

LO

SS

(d

B)

Dual Band WiMax Diplexer

Page 10: using Integrand’s EMX

90nm VCO using iRCX

Before EMX EMX+iRCX

VCO

Page 11: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX and TSMC’s iRCX

• TSMC iRCX– Technology properties

– Width/spacing dependence

– Sheet resistance variation

– Metal width and bias

variation

– Parser converts iRCX to

EMX process file

– Paper at RFIC 09

Page 12: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX and TSMC’s iRCX

• Drawing vs Fabrication– EMX mimics actual

fabrication

Drawn vs Fabricated Layout

…Several mutual customers that use EMX+iRCX and

have achieved first pass silicon success….

- Dr. Pike Chang, PDK Department

Page 13: using Integrand’s EMX

TSMC Customers using iRCX+EMX

The iRCX flow with EMX is very useful to us…it has enabled

us to achieve the best die size/performances of analog RF

circuit and achieve first pass success at 55nm and 65nm

nodes.– Dr. Cao Thong Tu, Design Manager, Marvell

Since we have started using EMX+iRCX, high frequency

design is no longer Russian Roulette– Dr. Carla Ghidini,

Newlogic, Wipro

Page 14: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX design flow for RDK 2.0System to RFIC Specification Sign-off

Top-Level Closed-Loop Integration

& Verification

Schematic Capture

Circuit Design and Pre-

Layout Simulation

Block Layout DRC/LVS

RCLk Parasitic Extraction

& Post-Layout Simulation

Blo

ck-L

evel D

esig

n

Spiral & interconnect

Model generation

modified

LVS deck

EMX models

Black-box

flow

&

PDK

integration

3D full-wave EM solver

tsmc iRCX support EMX

Page 15: using Integrand’s EMX

RF RDK 2.0 65nm VCO

• TSMC provides a RF

Reference Design Kit

(RF RDK 2.0) 65nm

• VCO design

• Pre and Post-layout

simulation

• Excellent agreement

with reference

65nm VCO

Phase Noise

Tuning

Page 16: using Integrand’s EMX

EMX in Cadence/TSMC RDK

iRCX process file

Simulation, modeling and plotting

From layout to model

in seconds


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