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Vegetarian vs. Meat-Eating Diets

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. Vegetarian vs. Meat-Eating Diets. Kelsey Slough and Krysti Maronski. Vegetarian Diet. Why do people choose a vegetarian lifestyle? Health and nutrition benefits Moral objections It’s “trendy” or “cool” Cover up. Different types of vegetarianism. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
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  • Vegetarian vs. Meat-Eating DietsKelsey Slough and Krysti Maronski

  • Vegetarian DietWhy do people choose a vegetarian lifestyle?Health and nutrition benefitsMoral objectionsIts trendy or cool Cover up

  • *Different types of vegetarianism Fruitarian- raw or dried fruits, seeds, and nuts in the diet. Lacto-ovo vegetarian- includes dairy, eggs, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. Excludes flesh and seafood. Lacto-vegetarian- includes dairy, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. Excludes flesh, seafood, and eggs. Macrobiotic Diet- a vegan diet composed mostly of whole grains, beans, and certain vegetables. Often taken to extremes, this diet can compromise nutrient intake. Ovo-vegetarian- includes eggs, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits and nuts. Excludes flesh, seafood, and milk. Partial vegetarian- a term used to mean an eating style that includes seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy, vegetables, grains, legumes, fruits, and nuts. Excludes red meat. Vegan- includes only food from plant sources.Vegetarian- includes plant-based foods and eliminates some animal derived foods.

  • *Nutrients: Omega-3 Fatty AcidsVegetarian diets provide enough flaxseed, walnuts, and oils to supply essential fatty acids. Many vegetarians continue to eat fish which provides the essential fatty acids. Unless a meat eaters diet includes these essential foods containing Omega-3 Fatty Acids they will be severely lacking.

    Children and pregnant or lactating women have a critical need for fatty acids.Benefits of Omega-3s: cancer prevention, slow down blood clotting, and artery hardening, reduce blood pressure, and aid in growth and development in infants.

  • *Omega-3 Fatty Acids

  • *NutrientsProper vegetarian diets include the necessary amount of protein, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin B12, Vitamin D, and Omega-3 Fatty Acids.

  • *Health BenefitsBecoming a vegetarian can aid or help prevent the following:CancerObesityHeart diseaseHigh blood pressureCataracts DiabetesDiverticular diseaseGallstonesOsteoporosis

  • *Survey KelseySix people ages 21-73All are meat eaters.Taste and familiarity were the most popular reasons to eat meat. All but one believed meat was crucial to the diet. Only one person believed people who dont eat meat tend to be healthier. Two people believed meat eaters do not have more heart issues.

  • Meat-Eaters DietWhy do people eat meat?ConvenienceNutrientsTasteFamiliarityWeight-control efforts

  • What is included?Lean meatPoultrySeafoodEggsMilk

  • Nutrients Vitamin B12Requirement small but critical.Found naturally only in animal-derived foods.Very important in pregnant women, infants, children, adolescents, and elderly.Infants may have deficiency-related disorders if lacking.Adults with low B12 may experience fatigue, indigestion, numbness of hands, and frequent infections.Some adolescents lacking B12 could have nerve damage

  • B12

  • NutrientsMeat also contains and abundance of iron, zinc, and Vitamin D.More well absorbed then when obtained through plant foods.

  • Survey - Krysti5 people ages 20-21All meat eatersTaste was the number 1 reason for choosing to eat meatAll believe meat is crucial to the dietOnly 2/5 believed people who do not eat meat tend to be healthierOnly one person thought people who eat meat tend to have more heart issues

  • ModerationMeat can be good for the diet.Moderation is key.American Cancer Society suggests no more than 18 ounces per week.Choose lean cuts.Correct plate proportions.

  • * http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U659pvWjevg

  • ConclusionIn conclusion, we find both vegetarian and meat containing diets are healthy if nutritious foods are consumed. However, we find the best diet is a good balance between both. Nutrients are easier absorbed and obtained with a meat containing diet. While some diseases and health issues are slowed or prevented with a vegetarian diet. To find a happy medium with each diet, maybe eating meat twice a week rather than each night would create the perfect diet.

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