- 1.VIRTUE ETHICS ENGINEERING ETHICS
2. Virtue Ethics
- Emphasizes character more than rights and rules.
- Is the pattern of virtues (morally desirable) and vices
3. Virtues vs. Vices
- Desirable habits or tendencies in action, commitment, motive,
attitude, emotion, ways of reasoning, and ways of relating to
- Are morally undesirable habits or tendencies.
4. Relating to Engineering
- Competence, honesty, courage, fairness, loyalty and
- - incompetence, dishonesty, cowardice, unfairness, disloyalty,
5. Virtues in Engineering
- Most comprehensive virtue of engineers isresponsible
- These can be achieve through 4 umbrella virtues:
- - professional competence
6. Public-Spirited Virtues
- Focused on the good of clients and the wider public.
- The minimum virtue isnonmaleficence(tendency not to harm others
intentionally), preventing or removing harm to others and, more
positively promoting the public safety.
- Generosity , going beyond minimum requirements of helping
- Generosity can be implies by engineers who voluntarily give
their time, talent and money to their professional societies and
- Justice , within corporate government, and economic practices
is an essential virtue in theprofession of engineering.
8. Proficiency Virtues
- Virtue of mastery of ones profession, in particular mastery of
the technical skills that characterized good engineering
- Competence -be well prepared for jobs one undertakes.
- Diligence -alertness to dangers and careful attention to detail
in performing task, example avoiding the deficiency of laziness and
the excess of workaholic.
9. Teamwork Virtues
- Are those especially that are most important in enabling
professionals to work successfully with other people.
- Includes collegiality, cooperativeness, loyalty, respect for
- Also important is the leadership authority, the ability to
motivate others to meet valuable goals.
- Are those necessarily exercising moral responsibility.
- Centers onmoral understanding and perception . This includes
commitment and putting understanding into action (courage,
self-discipline, perseverance, fidelity to commitments,
self-respect and integrity).
11. Competence & Conscientiousness
- Conscientious engineers are competent .
- 98%of engineers failures are caused by incompetence.
- 2%greed, fraud, dishonesty, and other conventional
understandings of wrongdoings, often in addition to
- Performing with requisite skills and experience.
- Implies, exercising due care, persistence, and diligence, and
attention to details and avoiding sloppiness.
- In addition,competence, conscientiousengineering often requires
creative problem solving and innovative thinking.
- Conscientious engineers are loyal to their employers with
boundaries of laws and democratic institutions.
- Competition depends on engineers who are loyal to their
14. Community & The Golden Mean
- According to Aristot le, moral virtues as habits of reaching a
proper balance between extremes in conduct, emotion, desire and
- Virtues are the tendencies to find theGolden Meanbetween the
extremes oftoo much(excess) andtoo little(deficiency)
15. Golden Mean
- Truthfulnessis the appropriate middle ground (mean)
betweenrevealing all information in violation of tact and
confidentiality(excess) andbeing secretive of lacking in
16. Excess & Deficiency
- Courageis the mean between foolhardiness (excess of
- Cowardice(the deficiency of self control) in confronting
17. Golden Mean
- The most important virtue ispractical wisdom , that is morally
good judgment, which enables one to discern the mean for all the
- Virtue enable us to pursue public goods in the community. Taken
together , moral virtues also enable us to fulfill ourselves as
human beings, they enable us to attain happiness.
19. Social Practice
- Any coherent and complex form of socially established
cooperative human activity through which goods internal to that
form of activity are realized in the course of trying to achieve
those standards of excellence which are appropriate to, and
partially definitive, to that form of activity, with the result
that human powers achieve excellence, and human conceptions of the
end and goods involved, are systematically extended.
20. Internal Goods
- Standard of excellence , and human progress.
- It provides benefits to the community.
- In engineering, abstractly stated, are safe and useful
21. Personal Goods
- Goods that can be earned through engaging in a variety of
- Example: Money, Power, Prestige, Self-Esteem
22. Standard of Excellence
- Enable internal goods to be achieved.
- In Engineering, technical guidelines that specify state of the
- Made possible trough social practices.
24. Think about it
- Engineers have dramatically improved human life by developing
internal combustion engines, computers, the Internet, and a host of