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Visible Learning Visible Teaching Visible Leadership Visible Assessment

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Visible Learning Visible Teaching Visible Leadership Visible Assessment. John Hattie Visible Learning Laboratories University of Auckland. Influences on Achievement ?. 0. Decreased. Zero. Enhanced. Reducing Class Size on Achievement?. What is the effect of reducing class size - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
  • Visible LearningVisible TeachingVisible LeadershipVisible Assessment

    John HattieVisible Learning LaboratoriesUniversity of Auckland

  • Influences on Achievement ?0

  • Reducing Class Size on Achievement?0What is the effect of reducing class size

    Hundreds of evaluations of reducing class size .

  • Effect on Achievement over time?0.20ReducingClass Size1.0

    An effect-size of.201.0advancing achievement9 mths3 yrs% improving rate of learning10% 45%r variable & achievement.10.45% of students with treatment exceeding those not treated834

  • The typical influence on achievementSo what is the typical effect across 800+ meta-analysis50,000 studies, and 200+ million students

  • Effect on Achievement over time?0.20Typical Effect Size1.0.40

  • Distribution of effects

  • Influences on Achievement

  • Rank these 12 effects: Answers Acceleration Feedback Student-teacher relationships Teaching study skills Reading Recovery Cooperative learning Homework Individualized instruction Ability grouping Open vs. traditional classes Retention (hold back a year) Shifting schools

  • Rank these 12 effects: Answers Acceleration .88Feedback .73Student-teacher relationships .72Teaching study skills .59Reading Recovery .50Cooperative learning .41Homework .29Individualized instruction .22Ability grouping .12Open vs. traditional classes .01Retention (hold back a year) -.16Shifting schools -.34

  • The Disasters ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES130 College halls of residence1023.05131 Multi-grade/age classes9472.04132 Student control over learning6538.04133 Open vs. Traditional315333.01134 Summer vacation3962-.09135 On Welfare Policies88-.12136 Retention2072675-.16137 Television37540-.18138 Mobility181540-.34

  • The Disasters ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES120 Mentoring7474.15121 Teacher education85391.12122 Ability grouping5001369.12123 Gender29266051.12124 Diet23125.12125 Teacher subject matter knowledge92424.09126 Distance Education8391643.09127 Out of school curricula experiences5250.09128 Perceptual-Motor programs180637.08129 Whole language64197.06

  • The Disasters ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES110 Learning hierarchies2424.19111 Co- Team teaching13647.19112 Web based learning45.3136.18113 Family structure8451733.17114 Extra-curricula Programs10268.17115 Teacher Immediacy1616.16116 Within class grouping129181.16116 Home-school programs1414.16118 Problem based learning285546.15119 Sentence Combining programs3540.15

  • Not Worth it yet ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES100 Finances189681.23101 Illness1313.23101 Religious Schools7171.23103 Individualized instruction6381185.22104 Visual/Audio-visual methods359231.22105 Comprehensive Teaching Reforms2821818.22106 Class size96785.21107 Charter Schools1818.20108 Aptitude/treatment interactions61340.19109 Personality2341481.19

  • Typical average teacher territory ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES90 Exercise/Relaxation programs2271971.2891 Desegregation335723.2892 Mainstreaming150370.2893 Teaching test taking & coaching275372.2794 Use of calculators2221083.2795 Values/Moral Education Programs8497.2496 Competitive vs. individualistic learning831203.2496 Special College Programs108108.2498 Programmed instruction493391.2399 Summer school105600.23

  • Typical average teacher territory ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES80 Decreasing disruptive behavior165416.3481 Drugs4671839.3382 Simulations361482.3383 Inductive teaching97103.3384 Ethnicity99.3285 Teacher effects1818.3286 Inquiry based teaching205420.3187 Ability grouping for gifted students125202.3088 Homework161295.2989 Home visiting7152.29

  • Closer to Average

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES70 Time on Task100136.3871 Computer assisted instruction48998914.3772 Adjunct aids73258.3773 Bilingual Programs128727.3774 Principals/ School leaders4911257.3675 Attitude to Mathematics/Science288664.3676 Exposure to Reading114293.3677 Drama/Arts Programs715728.3578 Creativity21447.3579 Frequent/ Effects of testing5691749.34

  • Average

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES60 Mathematics programs7062404.4361 Behavioral organizers/Adjunct questions5771933.4163 Cooperative learning306829.4164 Science8842592.4065 Social skills programs5402278.4066 Reducing anxiety1211097.4067 Integrated Curricula Programs6180.3968 Enrichment214543.3969 Career Interventions143243.38

  • Average

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES51 Motivation327979.4852 Early Intervention 17049369.4753 Questioning211271.4654 Pre school programs3581822.4555 Quality of Teaching141195.4456 Writing Programs262341.4457 Expectations674784.4358 School size21120.4359 Self-concept3242113.43

  • Lets have them ....

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES40 Keller's PIS263162.5341 Peer influences12122.5342 Classroom management1005.5243 Outdoor/ Adventure Programs187429.5244 Interactive video methods4413930.5245 Parental Involvement7161783.5146 Play Programs7070.5047 Second/Third chance programs521395.5048 Small group learning78155.4949 Concentration/Persistence/ Engagement146587.48

  • Exciting .

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES30 Worked examples62151.5731 Home environment35109.5732 Socioeconomic status499957.5733 Concept mapping287332.5734 Challenging Goals604820.5635 Visual-Perception programs6835035.5536 Peer tutoring7671200.5537 Cooperative vs. competitive learning1024933.5438 Pre-term birth weight 46136.5439 Classroom cohesion88841.53

  • Among the Winners ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES20 Problem solving teaching221719.6121 Not labeling students7979.6122 Teaching strategies566713572.6023 Cooperative vs. individualistic learning774284.5924 Study skills6682217.5925 Direct Instruction304597.5926 Tactile stimulation programs19103.5827 Phonics instruction4475990.5828 Comprehension programs4152653.5829 Mastery learning377296.58

  • The Winners ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES11 Teacher-Student relationships2291450.7212 Spaced vs. Mass Practice63112.7113 Meta-cognitive strategies63143.6914 Prior achievement36079209.6715 Vocabulary programs301800.6716 Repeated Reading programs54156.6717 Creativity Programs685837.6518 Self-verbalization & Self-questioning1131150.6419 Professional development5371884.62

  • The Winners ...

    RankInfluenceStudiesEffectsES1 Self-reported grades2093051.442 Piagetian programs51651.283 Providing formative evaluation3078.904 Micro teaching402439.885 Acceleration3724.886 Classroom behavioral160942.807 Comprehensive interventions for learning disabled students3432654.778 Teacher claritynana.759 Reciprocal teaching3853.7410 Feedback12872050.73

  • Identifying what matters

  • Visible Teaching Visible Learning

  • MINDSETS Teachers as EvaluatorsTeachers being responsible; dont blame the kidsTeachers as Change Agents more than facilitators Teachers gaining feedback about their effectiveness & progressTeachers need to challenge, more than do your bestTeachers who welcome error, and build trust among peersin classroomsTeachers who see assessment as informing them more than kids

    Teachers as Evaluators (of themselves more than of students)

  • Dont blame the kidsSocial class/ prior achievement is surmountableAll students can be challengedStrategies not stylesDevelop high student expectationsEnhance help seekingDevelop assessment capable studentsThe power of developing peer interactionsThe power of critique/error/feedbackSelf-regulations and seeing students as teachers

    Its about the teachers mindset, not the kids!

  • Achievement is changeable and enhanceable vs. immutable and fixed

    Teaching as an enabler not a barrier

    Engage in the total learning and not break into steps and chunks

    The Power of learning intentions

    The Power of success criteria

    Teachers as change agents

  • The ContrastsAn active teacher, passionate for their subject and for learning, a change agent


    A facilitative, inquiry or discovery based provider of engaging activities

  • Activator or Facilitator ?

  • Activator or Facilitator ?

  • Teachers gaining feedback ...Where am I going?How am I going?Where to next?

  • Assessment as feedback to teachersWho did you teach well, who not so wellWhat did you teach well, not so wellWhere are the gaps, strengths, achieved, to be achievedDeveloping a common conception of progress

  • Challenge or Do your bestMaintain the challenge not break it downPower of learning intentionsPower of success criteria

  • The importance of error and not knowing Build trust and rapport Student more than teacher questioningTeacher clarity, support, and Whats nextPeer teaching, assessment, learningIts more about the learning than the teachingRelationships in classrooms

  • Teachers/ Leaders as Evaluators

    A disposition to asking How do I know this is working?How can I compare this with that?What is the merit and worth of this influence on learning?What is the magnitude of the effect?What evidence would convince you that you are wrong?Where is the evidence that shows this is superior to other programs?Where have you seen this practice installed so that it produces effective results?Do I share a common conception of progress?

  • Visible teaching & Visible learningWhat some teachers do!

    In active, calculated and meaningful waysProviding multiple opportunities & alternativesTeaching learning strategies Around surface and deep learningThat leads to students constructing learning

  • What some teachers do!Clear learning intentionsCha

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