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Visual Dictionary (2)

Date post: 10-Jun-2015
Author: shawn-mancill
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  • 1. EPDM

2. A sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier. Essentially the air barrier paper is keeping the cracks where the sheathing is joined sealed from liquid water and wind seeping through. This is permeable for water vapor. 3. Soffit VentAn opening under the eave of the roof used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing. 4. Roof TurbineProvides attic ventilation by the spinning motion produced by the turbine. Air is removed through the turbine 5. Ridge VentA long open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge. 6. Gable VentA screened louvered opening in a gable used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from an attic 7. An excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation. Typically used for excavating and digging shallow foundations. The width of the bucket is 23 inches. 8. A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement what will be built in the excavation. They help line up the placement of the foundation by tying strings that run parallel to the foundation edge. 9. JACK ARCH 10. TUDOR ARCH 11. Roman Arch with Keystone 12. CenteringThis is a temporary structure that is used to place masonry units or brick in a arch form. 13. This is known as a Flemish This is known as a commonbond. The brick are laid in bond. Typically there is a an alternating pattern course of headers every five between headers and courses of stretchersstretchers. 14. ROWLOCK Header 15. Stretcher Rowlock (Shiner)Soldier 16. Sailor 17. 3 x 3 x 11 3x2x7 Utility Brick Modular Brick 18. A bulldozer is a tracked vehicle with a large steel plate.It is used for pushing large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc. during construction work 19. Brick Clad Building 20. Wood Board 21. Wood ShinglesThese are strips of wood that are nailed in an overlapping pattern on the side of a building. 22. Stone CladdingThis is a coursed rubble home. 23. EIFS 24. DimensionsWidth:26 or 2-2 Height: 35 or 2-11 Sill Height:19 or 1-7 Area:6.33 sqftIBC RequirementsMin Width:20 or 18 Min Height:24 or 2-0 Max Sill Height:44 Area: 5.7 sqftThis window satisfies the code requirements because the area of the window is greater than the required minimum and the dimensions of the opening are greater than the required minimum. 25. Riser length 6 IBC Riser Min: 4 IBC Riser Max:7 Tread : 12 IBC Tread Min.11 IBC Tread Max:NoneThis stair meets code because the riser and tread dimensions are above the minimum IBC requirements and below the maximum requirements 26. Control Joints -Joint in a structure designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur so to eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structureIsolation Joint -Completely isolate the slab from something like a column or wall. The isolation joint is isolating a column from a slab. 27. A typical CMU is dimensioned at 8 x 8 x 16. They are made of concrete and do come in a variety of sizes. They have a multitude of uses and are generally made at a concrete plant. They tend to be brittle. 28. 8 x 12 x 168 x 4 x 16 29. Split Block 30. Ribbed FaceBlock 31. Exterior Flush Door 32. PanelStileTop RailLock RailBottom Rail 33. SidelightA tall narrow window along side a door. 34. TransomA small window directly above a door. 35. TransformerThis changes the voltage of an alternating current and step down the voltage for the service head. 36. Service Head MeterReceives the Measure the electrical wires amount of from a service electricity used drop.in the building.Measures inKilowatt hours. 37. Service Panel Duplex ReceptacleContains the breakers for This hold 110V of the house and facilitates current and runs basic the connection to the appliances and lights. duplex receptacles 38. #1 Anchor Bolt 39. #4 Subflooring #3 Floor Joist #2 Sill Plate 40. #5 Sole Plate 41. #7 Top Plate#6 Stud 42. #8 Ceiling Joist #9 Rafter 43. #10 Roof Decking #11 Sheathing 44. #12 Stringer 45. This piece of equipment is a large vehicle with an arm attached to the front that can have a multitude of attachments that can be used for many things.This is an engineering vehicle used to load materials into another type of machinery. 46. An interior facing panel consisting of gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces, also called drywall and plasterboard 47. Disadvantage Relatively NoisyAdvantage Rapid Response Time 48. Compressor UnitThe compressor unit takes in and extracts hot or cold air from the external air and sends it through to the air handling unit. It increases efficiency by using refrigerant in the compressor to further heat or cool the air before it reaches the air handling unit 49. Air Handling UnitThis device heats or cools the air that is sent through the home by means of the duct system 50. Batt InsulationThe purpose of insulation is to maintain a separated environment form the exterior of the house to the inside of the house. 51. Rigid Board InsulationThe purpose of insulation is to maintain a separated environment form the exterior of the house to the inside of the house. 52. Concrete LintelA lintel is a device usually steel or concrete that spans over an opening in a building and allows the brick cladding to be supported above the opening. 53. This mortar joint is 3/8 inches thick and is tooled. It is used on a brick clad building that just happens to be a construction company office. The mortar type is probably type S. 54. A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. It is a nonveneered panel.OSB is made from chipped up logs that are bonded together in mats with binder that is subjected to heat and pressure. The exterior mats are layered in the way of the chips being aligned in the long direction and the inner layers being aligned randomly. They are pressed and heated and form the OSB board. 55. Water Closet LavatoryThe typical Sizepiping used is 3 The typical Piping size used is 1 in. 56. Tub placed during framing 57. VTR stands for Vent through roof and provides the relief of sewer gases. 58. This kitchen sink is a drop- in sink. 59. A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.The logs are soaked in hot water and then they are unrolled like a roll of paper. The Strip of veneer is sliced and then chipped up and kiln dried. The veneers are then glued together in the pattern designated. They are then placed under pressure to form the plywood panels we see.Veneer-a thing layer, sheet, or facing 60. The diameter of the rebar is in and a number 6 rebar. The purpose of the deformation is to keep the rebar in place in the concrete after the concrete has been poured and set up around the rebar. 61. Gutter Downspout Gutters and Downspouts are used to collect rain water and snow melt from the roof and direct it to the ground without allowing the moisture to touch the sides of the building. They also limit the erosion of the ground.They are generally made of aluminum andare connected at the eave of the roof. 62. UnderlaymentA layer of waterproofing material such as building felt between the sheathing and the roofing. 63. Clay Tile Roof 64. Metal Shingles A shingle is a small light weight unit that is applied in overlapping layers with staggered vertical joints 65. Metal Panel RoofingThe typical materials used are galvanized Aluminum, Zinc, Chromium, Steel, Stainless steel, Cadmium, Nickel, Tin, Lead, Brass, Bronze, Copper or aluminized steel. 66. GableHip Mansard Gambrel 67. Ridge Valley Level intersection of A trough formed by the two roof planes in aintersection of two roof gable roofslopes 68. RakeEave The sloping edge of a The horizontal edge of steep roof. the low side of a sloping roof. 69. SoffitFascia The undersurface of a The exposed vertical face horizontal element of a of an eave. building 70. Building Without FasciaFascia is the exposed vertical face of an eave. 71. Uncoursed Ashlar 72. Coursed Ashlar 73. Random Rubble 74. The vapor retarder is a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly It is generally place on the warm in winter side of the building assembly. 75. A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly 76. The measurements of the grid are 6 inches by 6 inches. 77. Awning WindowThis is an awning window because it is hinged in the vertical direction on the top plane. The window opens outward and resembles an awning. 78. Double Hung WindowThis window has two moving sashes that slide up and down in tracks of a window. 79. Sliding WindowThis window has one sash that moves left and right in tracks on the top and bottom of the window frame.