+ All Categories
Home > Education > Visual Dictionary Ballast

Visual Dictionary Ballast

Date post: 24-Jul-2015
Author: ballast
View: 217 times
Download: 0 times
Share this document with a friend
Embed Size (px)
Popular Tags:
of 44 /44

Air barrier paper

Bsci 2300visual DictionaryAir Barrier Paper

The housewrap goes over the sheathing and prevents infiltration.It is a polyolefin sheet material that keeps out liquid water and air.Attic Ventilation

Roof TurbineSoffit VentGable VentRidge VentThe purpose of attic ventilation is to allow water vapor to escape and to keep the house cooler in the summer time by preventing the buildup of solar heat.


A backhoe is a piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm.

Backhoes are used for excavation and the width of the bucket is 16Batter Boards

A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation.Brick Arches

Jack ArchRoman Arch

KeystoneBrick Bonds

Flemish BondRunning BondIt is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course. The next course is laid so that a header lies in the middle of the stretcher in the course below.It is created by butting bricks end to end with joints that fall in the middle of the brick on the next row.Brick Bonds

RowlockHeaderSoldierStretcher Rowlock

Sailor8Brick Sizes

Modular BrickW x L x H3 5/8 x 7 5/8 x 2

Utility BrickW x L x H3 5/8 x 11 x 3 5/8 Bulldozer

A bulldozer is a crawler equipped with a substantial metal plate used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, during construction work.Cladding

BrickEIFSStoneCoursed AshlarWood ShinglesWood BoardsA shake is a wooden shingle that is made from split logs. When these are used for covering the top of a house. A wooden shingle is a piece of wood that can be used on a roof or to clad a house, it comes in two forms sawn and split.Those are wood shakes.

Code Requirements

Width 32Height 29Sill Height AFF 10Area 6.45 sq ftTread 9.75Riser 7.25IBC Requirements:Tread 11 min.Riser 7.75 maxDoes not meet code because the tread doesnt meet the minimum.IBC Requirements:Width 20 minHeight 24 minArea 5.7 sq ft

The window meets code because the dimensions and areas exceed minimums. Concrete Joints

A control joint is an intentional cut into the concrete, normally th the total thickness. The control joints purpose is to prevent cracking beyond the intentional cut.Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements; the column is being isolated from the slab.Concrete Masonry Unit

3 Bricks = 1 CMU12 x 8 x 164 x 8 x 16A concrete masonry unit is a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone. Typical dimensions are 8 x 8 x 16.Decorative Concrete Masonry Units

Split Block

Ribbed Split-face BlockDoors

Flush Door6-Panel Door

SidelightTransomA transom is a small window directly above a door.A sidelight is a tall, narrow window alongside a door.Doors

PanelStileTop RailLock RailBottom RailElectrical Components

Transformer BoxMeterService PanelDuplex ReceptacleAn electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current.A device that reads the amount of electricity used.This device allows you to turn off/on power to certain places around the dwelling.This device allows electronic equipment to plug in and function.

Service HeadThis device brings the power transmission lines to the house.Framing Elements

#1 Anchor Bolt#3 Floor Joist

#4 Subflooring

#2 Sill PlateFraming Elements

#5 Sole Plate#6 Stud#7 Top Plate#8 Ceiling Joist

Framing Elements

#9 Rafter#10 Roof Decking#11 Sheathing

#12 Stringer

Front End LoaderA loader is an engineering vehicle that is primarily used to load material into or onto another type of machinery.A backhoe digs holes and a bulldozer pushes earth around.

Gypsum Board

Gypsum board is a common building material typically made of a layer of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper, then kiln dried.Heat Pump

Heat pump air handler units have a back-up source of heat inside them. Most heat pump air handler units utilize electric resistance heating for back-up heat but there are some that utilize gas for back-up heating.The compressor/condenser extracts heat from the outside air and runs it through refrigerant lines to either heat or cool the air. It can take in air as cold as 32 degrees.An advantage is that is has a rapid response time and a disadvantage is that its difficult to zone.Insulation

Batt/Blanket InsulationInsulation is a material with a low thermal conductivity that is included in a building assembly for the purpose of reducing heat flow through the assembly.Insulation

Foamed InsulationRigid Board Insulation

LintelA lintel is a beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.

Concrete LintelMortar

This is a raked joint. It has been tooled and the mortar type is S, also the joint thickness is 3/8 of an inch. The building the mortar is used on is Lowder Business Building.This is a concave joint. It also has been tooled and has an S mortar type. The joint is 3/8 of an inch and the building is the new Student Center.Oriented Strand Board (OSB)

Oriented Strand Board (OSB) is a building panel (non-veneered) composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.Plumbing

This is a lavatory, the size of the drainage pipe is 1 . This is a water closet, the size of the drainage pipe is 3. Plumbing

This is a vent though roof (VTR) this keeps gases from going back into the house.

This is an under mount sinkPlywood

Plywood is a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.A veneer is a thin covering over another surface.


This is rebar, it is 3/8 diameter and it called a #3. This is a grade 40.The deformations are rolled into the surface of a reinforcing bar to help it bond tightly to the concrete.Steep Roof Drainage

A gutter is a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.A downspout is a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level.A splash block is a small precast block or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.Steep Roof Materials

Underlayment is a layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing.Clay Tile RoofA shingle is a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight.

Metal Panel Roof

Wood ShinglesThe typical materials used are galvanized or aluminized steel.Steep Roof Shapes

Gable RoofHip RoofMansard Roof

Gambrel RoofSteep Roof Terms

A ridge is a level intersection of two roof planes.A valley is a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.An eave is the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.Steep Roof Terms

A rake is the sloping edge of a steep roof.The fascia is the exposed vertical face of an eave.The soffit is the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building.

A building without a fascia has no exposed vertical face.Stone

Random AshlarRandom RubbleCoursed Ashlar

Coursed RubbleVapor Retarder

A vapor retarder is a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. It is place on the warm-in-winter side of a building. In most U.S. climates it would be on the inside of a house.Waterproofing

Waterproofing is an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. The waterproofing here is loosely laid.Weep Hole

A weep hole is a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.Welded Wire Fabric

Welded wire fabric is a grid of steel rods that are welded together and used to reinforce a concrete slab. The grid here is a 6 by 6.Windows

The window above is a double-hung window, that is because it has two overlapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks.The window below is a sliding window, that is because it has one fixed sash and another that moves horizontally in tracks.The window above is a casement window, that is because it has a window that pivots on an axis at or near a vertical edge of the sash.