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Visual Dictionary April 29, 2010 Materials, Methods, and Equipment I
  • 1. Visual Dictionary
    April 29, 2010
    Materials, Methods, and Equipment I

2. Air Barrier Paper
Air Barrier paper is usaully referred to as housewrap, which is applied before the siding and allows the passage of water vapor, while blocking the passage of water and air.
3. Attic Ventilation Materials
Attic ventilation is essential to keeping the attic dry and free from moisture.In the photos to the right in sequential order, a roof turbine, soffit vent, ridge vent, and gable vent are pictured and all aid in the ventilation of attics.
4. Backhoe
Backhoes are essential in the constructing of houses, as they are used to excavate ditches for items such as piping, conduit, etc. the backhoe pictured to the right has a bucket width of 2 feet.
5. Batter Boards
Batter board is a temporary frame built just outside the corner of the excavated area that will be used for a slab.
6. Brick Arches
Roman Arch
Gothic Arch
7. Brick bonds
Running Bond- Stretchers cover around half of each other
Flemish Bond- Composed of alternating headers and stretchers.
8. Brick Sizes
The brick featured below measured closest to a modular brick, which had face dimensions of 7 by 3 .
The brick featured below measured closest to a Standard brick, with face dimensions of 8 by 3 .
9. Bulldozer
A bulldozer is a very handy piece of equipment which is used for different activities such as clearing, pushing debris away, and sometimes grading of soil.
10. Cladding
Wood Boards
Wood Shakes are shingles split from a block of wood, usually an uneven texture, as pictured below.
Wood shingles are usually more clean cut.
Stone (Random Rubble)
Wood Shakes
11. Code Requirements
This window meets all code requirements because it is less then 44 from the floor to bottom of the sill
12. Concrete Joints
Below is a control joint, which is an intentional linear discontinuity in concrete to create a point of weakness so that cracking does not occur from stress. Below, a crack still occurred insinuating that the control joint did not fully serve its purpose.
Below is an isolation joint which is used to isolate the load of this column to one specific place instead of distributing it throughout the slab.
13. Concrete Masonry Units
Below a concrete masonry unit (CMU) wall is pictured next to modular brick, representing that 3 courses of modular brick equal one CMU.
The picture below illustrates that CMU blocks can come in a variety of sizes, depending on what they are being used for.
14. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
The CMU below is referred to as split faced block, because of the texture that is created, making it look as if the block was split in half.
This CMU pictured below is referred to as a ribbed face CMU because of the many ribs that are created to add more decorative style.
15. Doors
Transom- A small window directly above a door
Sidelight-A tall, narrow window alongside a door
Stile, Panel, Lock Rail, Top Rail, Bottom Rail
Solid Flush Door
16. Electrical Components
Transformer Box
Duplex Receptacle
Service Meter
Service Head
Service panel
17. Electrical Components
Transformer Box- Receives power from the power plant
Service Head- Feeds power to the meter
Meter- Reads the amount of power used and feeds power to the service panel
Service panel- Relays power to different aspects in house
Duplex Receptacle- Allows availability of power to household items
18. Framing Elements
1. Anchor bolt
4. Subflooring
7. Top Plate
2. Sill Plate (Not Pictured)
5. Sole Plate
3. Floor Joist
8. Stringer
6. Stud
19. Framing Elements Contd.
9. Ceiling joist
11. Roof Decking
10. Rafter
12. Sheathing
20. Front End Loader
This piece of equipment is used on job sites to transport soil and other materials to and from places, which differs from a backhoe or bulldozer because it is not used for excavation or demolition.
21. Gypsum Board
An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces, also called drywall and plasterboard.
22. Insulation
Batt/Blanket Insulation
Loose Fill Insulation
Rigid Insulation
Foam Insulation
23. Lintel
Pictured below is a steel lintel, which carries the load of a wall across a window or opening.
24. Mortar
Both of these mortar joints are 3/8 and were used on a residential home.
Below is a picture of a flush mortar joint(which is tough to see). This joint was most likely troweled and is probably type N mortar.
This picture illustrates a concave mortar joint, which was tooled and is probably type N mortar.
25. Oriented Strand Board
This photo shows a sheet of OSB which is a non veneered panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.
26. Plumbing
Lavatory which typically uses 1 drain pipe
Water Closet which typically uses 3 piping for draining
Vent through the roof pipe which is keeping sewer gasses from entering into the house
Drop in kitchen sink
27. Plywood
Below is a photo of plywood, which is a wood panel consisting of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.
28. Radiant Barrier
A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
29. Rebar
This rebar that is pictured is #4, which is in diameter and the uses of the deformations on this rebarare to insure the bonding of the concrete that it will be set in.
30. Steep Roof Drainage
These photos illustrate a gutter(1), downspout(2), and splash block(3).
A gutter collects rainwater and snow from the eave of a roof, transfers it to the downspout, which is then transferred to the splashblock which lies underneath th exit of the downspout and deterrs water away from house.
31. Steep Roof Materials
This photograph represents the underlayment on a steep roof, which in this instance is roofing felt and the purpose of this material is to keep moisture from entering the roof.
32. Steep Roof Materials
Clay tile roof
33. Steep Roof Materials
Shingles are small units ofwater-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. This photo represents a roof that was covered with wood shake shingles.
34. Steep Roof Materials
This roof represents Metal Panel Roofing, which usually consists of tin, and is fastened with galvanized screws.
35. Steep Roof Terms
36. Steep Roof Terms
Valley A trough created by the intersection of 2 roof slopes
Ridge- The level intersection of 2 planes of a gable roof
Eave-The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof
Soffit- The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building
Rake- The sloping edge of a steep roof
Fascia- The exposed vertical face of an eave
37. Steep Roof Shapes
38. Stone
Coursed Rubble
Coursed Ashlar
Random Rubble
Random Ashlar
39. Vapor Retarder
Below is a photo of vapor retarder which is placed on the warm in winter side of the interior wall. Its purpose is to deter water vapor from entering through the insulation
40. Water Proofing
This is a photo taken of loosely laid waterproofing being installed below grade to help the cause of preventing water to penetrate the walls once they are covered with soil.
41. Weep Hole
This is a photograph of a weep hole, whose purpose is to permit the drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or wall assembly.
42. Welded Wire Fabric
43. Windows
Double-Hung Window
OutswingingCasemnent Window due to its placement of hinges along its side
Awning Window