2. Air Barrier Paper A sheet material used as both a vapor
retarder and an air barrier.
3. Attic Ventilation Insulated roof assemblies can have both a
higher temperature differential and is subject to moisture.
4. Backhoe Piece of excavating equipment consisting of a
digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm.
5. Batter Boards A temporary frame built outside the corner of
an excavation to carry edges of a foundation.
6. Brick Arches Both are roman arches, one is a Roman arch with
three courses rowlock-soldier-rowlock (to the right). The other
arch is a roman arch with two alternating courses, rowlock-solider
(to the left).
7. Brick Bonds The photo to the left is an example of a running
bond-courses of alternating stretchers.
8. Brick Bonds Rowlock
9. Brick Bonds Soldier
10. Brick Bonds Stretcher
11. Brick Bonds Header
12. Brick Bonds Sailor
13. Brick Sizes The brick on the right is a Standard brick with
dimensions 3 x 2 x 8. The brick on the left is a Modular brick with
dimensions at 3 x 2 x 7 .
14. Bulldozer A piece of excavation equipment used to push
large amounts of dirt around a site.
15. Cladding Brick
16. Cladding EIFS
17. Cladding Stone-Coursed Asher
18. Cladding Wood Boards
19. Cladding Wood Shingles are a form of cladding where
shingles, usually cedar or redwood, are overlapped to form a drip
20. Code Requirement Bedroom Window
Code for Double Hung Window
Height: Min 24 in.
Width: Min 34 in.
Max height of sill AFF: 44 in.
My Room Window
Height: 25 in.
Width: 34 in.
Height of Sill AFF: 21 in.
21. Code Requirements Wood Frame Interior Stairs
Tread Min: 10 in.
Riser Max: 7 in.
Tread: 10 in.
Riser: 7 in.
22. Concrete Joints A control joint is an intentional, linear
discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane
of weakness where a crack can occur.
23. Concrete Joints An isolated joint completely isolates the
slab from a column, wall, or pipe.
24. Concrete Masonry Unit A CMU is a concrete block used in
residential foundations and retaining walls. They are usually
covered up by brick or other forms of exterior finish.
25. Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit Split Block
26. Decorative Concrete Block Ribbed Block
27. Doors Flush Door
28. Doors Six Panel Door Panel Stile Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom
29. Doors The Transom is the glazing over the top of the door
and the Sidelights are the fixed glazed panels on the outside.
30. Electrical Components The transformer box is what steps
down the electricity from the power plant before it enters the
31. Electrical Components The service head is what transfers
the electricity from the transformer to the house.
32. Electrical Components The meter keeps track of the amount
of electricity entering the building.
33. Electrical Components The service panel is what distributes
electricity over a series of circuits that power the duplex
34. Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt 2. Sill Plate
35. Framing Elements 3. Floor Joist
36. Framing Elements 4. Subflooring
37. Framing Elements 5. Sole Plate 6. Stud 7. Top Plate
38. Framing Elements 8. Ceiling Joist 9. Rafter
39. Framing Elements 10. Roof Decking 11. Roof Sheathing
40. Framing Elements 12. Stringer
41. Front End Loader A piece a machinery thats purpose is to
load material (gravel, asphalt, dirt ,etc.) into another piece of
machinery. It has a bucket specifically for scooping loose
42. Gypsum Board Panels made of the mineral gypsum used in
construction of interior walls and ceilings.
43. Heat Pump This is a picture of the compressor which is used
to evaporate and condense refrigerant to form heat and air
44. Heat Pump This is a picture of the air handling unit used
to force the cooled or heated air throughout the building.
45. Insulation A material added to a building to slow thermal
heat transfer. Batt / Blanket Ridged Board Loose Fill
46. Insulation Foamed
47. Lintel A beam that carries the load of a wall across a
window or door.
48. Mortar This is a 3/8 tooled, concave mortar joint used on a
building. This is a 3/8 tooled, raked mortar joint used on a
49. Oriented Strand Board OSB A nonveneered panel composed of
long shreds of wood fiber oriented in a specific direction and
bonded together under pressure.
50. Plumbing Lavatory (1 in Drain) Water Closet (3 in
51. Pluming Shower and Tub Insert
52. Plumbing Vent Through Roof
53. Plumbing Drop in Sink
54. Plywood A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of
wood veneer bonded together under pressure. Veneer is a thin layer,
sheet or facing.
55. Radiant Barrier A reflective material that inhibits heat
transfer by radiation.
56. Rebar This rebar is 1 in diameter. It would be referred to
as #8 bar. The purpose of the deformations in on the surface of the
rebar are to help it bond tightly to the concrete.
57. Steep Roof Drainage The Gutter collects all the rainwater
from the roof and directs it to the downspout. The Downspout is the
vertical pipe that carries rain water away from the gutter. The
Splashblock is the component that directs water from the downspout
away from the house.
58. Steep Roof Materials Clay Tile
59. Steep Roof Materials A shingle is a thin material, in this
case wood, laid in overlapping rows to cover a roof of a
60. Steep Roof Materials Metal Panel roof is usually made out
of tin or aluminum.
61. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Roof Hip Roof
62. Steep Roof Shapes Gambrel Roof Mansard Roof
63. Steep Roof Terms
Ridge- The point of the roof.
Rake- The inclined edge of a sloped roof.
Eave- The horizontal edge of a sloped roof.
Ridge Rake Eave
64. Steep Roof Terms
Valley- The internal angle formed by the intersection of two
sloping roof panels.
Soffit- The finished underside of the eaves.
(House without fascia)
65. Steep Roof Terms
Fascia- The vertical wood surface under the eaves.
66. Stone Random Rubble
67. Stone Coursed Rubble
68. Stone Random Ashlar
69. Stone Coursed Ashlar
70. Vapor Retarder A layer of material intended t obstruct the
passage of water vapor into a building. Vapor retarder is located
on the side of insulation facing the exterior walls.
72. Weep Hole A small opening whose purpose is to permit
drainage of accumulated water in a building.
73. Welded Wire Fabric
74. Windows This is a double hung window because it slides up
and down on tracks.
75. Windows This is a casement window because it is hinged on
the side and swings out.
76. Windows This is an awning window because it is hinged along
the top of the window swings out.