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Volume I: Pressure Piping Systems Design - · PDF fileVolume I: Pressure Piping Systems Design...

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  • Volume I:Pressure PipingSystems Design

    Municipal TechnicalManual Series

    Blue Brute Piping Systems

    Bionax Piping Systems

    IPEX Centurion Piping Systems

    IPEX FusibleTM Pipe

    TerraBrute CR Piping Systems

    CycleTough Piping Systems

    Blue904 Water Service Tubing

    Q-Line Water Service Tubing

    We Bui ld Tough Products for Tough Envi ronments

    M U N I C I P A L P R E S S U R E P I P I N G S Y S T E M S

  • 2017 by IPEX. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without priorwritten permission. For information contact: IPEX Management Inc.,1425 North Service Road East, Unit 3, Oakville, OntarioCanada, L6H 1A7.

    The information contained here within is based on currentinformation and product design at the time of publication and issubject to change without notification. IPEX does not guarantee orwarranty the accuracy, suitability for particular applications, orresults to be obtained therefrom.

    IPEX Pressure Piping Systems Design

    Municipal Technical Manual Series, Vol. 1

  • ABOUT IPEX

    At IPEX, we have been manufacturing non-metallic pipe and fittings since 1951. We formulate our owncompounds and maintain strict quality control during production. Our products are made available for customersthanks to a network of regional stocking locations throughout North America. We offer a wide variety of systemsincluding complete lines of piping, fittings, valves and custom-fabricated items.

    More importantly, we are committed to meeting our customers needs. As a leader in the plastic piping industry,IPEX continually develops new products, modernizes manufacturing facilities and acquires innovative processtechnology. In addition, our staff take pride in their work, making available to customers their extensivethermoplastic knowledge and field experience. IPEX personnel are committed to improving the safety, reliabilityand performance of thermoplastic materials. We are involved in several standards committees and are members ofand/or comply with the organizations listed on this page.

    For specific details about any IPEX product, contact our customer service department (contact information islisted on the back cover).

  • Pressure Piping Systems Design ManualOverview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

    Section One: Product Information

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

    Summary of Pressure Pipe and Fittings Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

    Blue Brute Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

    Bionax Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

    IPEX Centurion Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

    IPEX FusibleTM PVC Pipe for Trenchless Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

    TerraBruteCR Restrained Joint Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

    CycleTough Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

    Blue904 PEX Water Service Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

    Q-Line Water Service Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

    Standards for PVC Pressure Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

    Section Two: Properties of PVC Pressure Pipe and Pressure System Design

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

    Material Properties of PVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

    Design Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

    Design Strength . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

    Chemical Permeation and Installation of PVC Pipe in Contaminated Soils . . . . . .40

    UV Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

    Thermal Effects - Pressure Derating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

    Thermal Effects - Expansion and Contraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

    Design Calculations

    Calculating a Pressure/Class Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42

    Calculating Friction Headloss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42

    Calculating Surge Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43

    Calculating Wave Velocity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44

    Air Entrapment in Pipelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44

    Cyclic Design for PVC Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46

    Thrust Restraint in Gasketed Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47

    Assembly, Installation and Testing of PVC Pressure Pipe Systems . . . . . . . . . . . .49

    Section Three: Design Examples

    #1: Sewage Forcemain AWWA C905 PVC Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51

    #2: Sewage Forcemain ASTM F1483 PVCO Bionax Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55

    #3: Transmission Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58

    Section Four: Appendices

    Appendix A: References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65

    Appendix B: Reference Tables and Conversion Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66

    Appendix C: Useful Formulas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71

    Appendix D: Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74

    Appendix E: Tables and Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75

    i

    CONTENTS

    Pressure Piping Systems Design

  • ii Pressure Piping Systems Design

    NOTES

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  • 1IPEX Pressure Piping Systems Design

    OVERVIEW

    IPEX is one of the largest manufacturers of plastic piping systems in North America. IPEX manufactures piping systems formany different applications, including:

    Sewer collection and transmission Water supply Electrical and communications systems Plumbing systems Industrial piping systems.

    This design manual covers the technical aspects of designing pressure pipe systems with PVC pipe. More specifically,municipal potable water systems, as well as irrigation and sewer force main systems are described.

    The manual is organized into three sections:

    Section 1 deals with specific products and includes detailed information on applications, dimensions and applicablestandards for each system.

    Section 2 deals with general design issues associated with PVC systems such as hydraulics, cyclic design and other topicsthat are applicable to all the products described in the manual.

    Section 3 consists of design examples that apply the concepts from the first two sections.

    This manual is designed for Engineers, Technologists and other municipal infrastructure professionals who require a deeper

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