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Volume One THE EAST PEDIMENT Its Profound And Simple Meaning THE PARTHENON CODE PowerPoint Series...

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  • Slide 1
  • Volume One THE EAST PEDIMENT Its Profound And Simple Meaning THE PARTHENON CODE PowerPoint Series INTRODUCTION Reclaiming What Weve Lost of Our Greek Heritage 2006 Solving Light Books SolvingLight.com
  • Slide 2
  • Ancient Greecethe city of Athens in particular created the living cultural basis of our modern world. Here we see Peter Connollys painting of the ancient Akropolis, or high place of the city. Athenas temple, the Parthenon, dominates the landscape, as Greek culture still dominates our age.
  • Slide 3
  • Greece bequeathed to Europe her sciences, her philosophies, her letters, and her arts as the living cultural basis of our modern world. Will Durant, The Life of Greece Athens was the shining star of the ancient world, dominating almost every field of human endeavor. Peter Connolly, The Ancient City Athens is the original home of Western civilization. John M. Camp, The Athenian Agora
  • Slide 4
  • Our universities and other academic institutions are based on the Academy of Plato.
  • Slide 5
  • Socrates invented modern philosophy.
  • Slide 6
  • Our ideals of individual liberty and democracy originated in ancient Athens.
  • Slide 7
  • The architecture of the United States Supreme Court is Greek.
  • Slide 8
  • Charles Freeman, author of The Greek Achievement, put it this way: The Greeks provided the chromosomes of Western civilization. We can thus relate to almost all aspects of the ancient Greek world.
  • Slide 9
  • Ancient Greek comedy means something to us...
  • Slide 10
  • Because as Abbott and Costello would tell us, its the basis of our own comedy.
  • Slide 11
  • We can relate to Greek theater...
  • Slide 12
  • ... Because our cinema, and most of our prime-time television shows are based on the elements of ancient Greek drama.
  • Slide 13
  • We understand drinking wine and listening to music...
  • Slide 14
  • We relate very easily to music and dancing...
  • Slide 15
  • We understand beautifying and adorning ourselves...
  • Slide 16
  • We understand the need to be prepared for war...
  • Slide 17
  • Many who have served in the military have heard the buglers call to formation...
  • Slide 18
  • We can relate to the ancient wrestling that the Greeks called Pankration...
  • Slide 19
  • ... Because the World Wrestling Federations Smackdowns are nothing more than a modern update of Pankration.
  • Slide 20
  • We know that the NASCAR races in Indy and Dover and Daytona find their roots in the chariot races in ancient Olympia. Its still horsepower that matters.
  • Slide 21
  • Our athletes still participate in the Olympics, in events such as the discus throw and the javelin toss.
  • Slide 22
  • We understand writing, and that our scientific terms are based almost exclusively on Greek words. Yes, we can relate to almost every thing in ancient Greek society, except for the one thing that meant the most to them... their religion, what we erroneously refer to as mythology.
  • Slide 23
  • The ancient Greeks religion found expression in their prayers, their sacrifices, their temples, their sculpture, their paintings, their stories, their coinage, their politics, their festivals, and just about every other aspect of their society. But yet today, we barely understand what their religion meant to them at all.
  • Slide 24
  • Many of their religious images seem bizarre and inexplicable. Here we see a worshipper placing a statue of Hermes with an erect phallus near an altar. Why was he doing this? What did it mean to him?
  • Slide 25
  • Who are these half-men, half horses, called Kentaurs? And who is this man they are pounding into the ground with a boulder? Why would Greek artists spend years of work sculpting such a scene?
  • Slide 26
  • Who is this special child, and why is he being presented to Athena by a woman arising from the earth? Who are the spectators to this event?
  • Slide 27
  • The place to find these answers and many more is Athenas ancient temple, the Parthenon. Scholars have called it the most important building in the history of Western Civilization. It boasted more sculpture than any other Greek temple, and those sculptures explained exactly what the ancient Greeks believed and why.
  • Slide 28
  • Metopes Frieze Pediment Lets look at where the sculptures were located on the Parthenon. Both of the pediments, one at the east end and one at the west, were filled with sculpture. There were 14 metopesindividual, nearly-square sculpted scenes, under each pediment. 32 metopes ran along the north side of the temple, and 32 more, along the south side, making a total of 92 metopes in all. A continuous frieze, 160 meters long, ran along the outside of the inner temple itself.
  • Slide 29
  • For more than 2,000 years, the true meaning of these sculptures has remained hidden beneath baffling myths. The east pediment depicts the birth of Athena where the lame god, Hephaistos, has cracked open the head of Zeus, and out pops the goddess.
  • Slide 30
  • On the west pediment, Athena and Poseidon supposedly compete in a contest for control of Athens and the surrounding region.
  • Slide 31
  • On the 14 metopes, or square sculpted scenes, on the east side, the gods defeat the Giants. But who are these Giants?
  • Slide 32
  • On the 14 metopes on the west side, Greeks defeat Amazons. But who are these Amazons?
  • Slide 33
  • On the south side, the theme of the 32 metopes, many of the them well-preserved, is the Kentaurs defeating the Lapiths and taking their women. But who are these Kentaurs, and who are these Lapiths?
  • Slide 34
  • The theme of the 32 metopes on the north side is the aftermath of the Trojan war.
  • Slide 35
  • Frieze The theme of the 160-meter wrap-around frieze is a great procession which presents Athena with an embroidered cloak. The Greeks established the living basis of our culture, profoundly influencing the things we do and think every day. And yet we havent understood what these sculptural themes mean, or grasped what, if anything, they have to do with us.
  • Slide 36
  • The Parthenon was the Greeks primary instrument of communication to future ages. We should comprehend, intuitively even, what the Parthenon sculptures mean. And yet, one of the great scholars of the ancient Greek world, Sir John Boardman has written, The Parthenon and is sculptures are the most fully known, if least well understood, of all the monuments of classical antiquity. Where is the missing key to understanding what our ancestors were trying to tell us?
  • Slide 37
  • The Greek myths tell us much, but the key to their correct interpretations lies elsewhere. Of all places, we find it in the Scriptures, mainly in the early chapters of the Book of Genesis. As we use this invaluable key to open the door of our Greek past, the great Greek myths, at long last, will begin to make sense to us.
  • Slide 38
  • The simple secret is that the Book of Genesis and the Parthenon sculptures tell the same story from opposite view points. The so-called myth of Athena being born full- grown out of Zeus, for example, is a picture of Eve being born full-grown out of Adam.
  • Slide 39
  • Thats right, the goddess the Greeks called Athena is the woman the Book of Genesis calls Eve...
  • Slide 40
  • Greek myth is not subjective metaphor or nonsense; it is historythe history of the human race carved in marble on the Parthenon.
  • Slide 41
  • The myths of the Greeks begin in Eden. Their basic beliefs were that the serpent was the enlightener of mankind rather than our deceiver, and that Athena, the deified Eve, brought that enlightenment back to us after the Flood.
  • Slide 42
  • In this presentation, we are going to prove that this is true by reconstructing the east pediment of the Parthenon, the most sacred sculpted space in Greek antiquity. The east pediment told the story of the serpents side of Eden in unmistakable terms. The ancient Greeks understood it. And so should we.
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