Volume One THE EAST PEDIMENT Its Profound And Simple Meaning
THE PARTHENON CODE PowerPoint Series INTRODUCTION Reclaiming What
Weve Lost of Our Greek Heritage 2006 Solving Light Books
Ancient Greecethe city of Athens in particular created the
living cultural basis of our modern world. Here we see Peter
Connollys painting of the ancient Akropolis, or high place of the
city. Athenas temple, the Parthenon, dominates the landscape, as
Greek culture still dominates our age.
Greece bequeathed to Europe her sciences, her philosophies, her
letters, and her arts as the living cultural basis of our modern
world. Will Durant, The Life of Greece Athens was the shining star
of the ancient world, dominating almost every field of human
endeavor. Peter Connolly, The Ancient City Athens is the original
home of Western civilization. John M. Camp, The Athenian Agora
Our universities and other academic institutions are based on
the Academy of Plato.
Socrates invented modern philosophy.
Our ideals of individual liberty and democracy originated in
The architecture of the United States Supreme Court is
Charles Freeman, author of The Greek Achievement, put it this
way: The Greeks provided the chromosomes of Western civilization.
We can thus relate to almost all aspects of the ancient Greek
Ancient Greek comedy means something to us...
Because as Abbott and Costello would tell us, its the basis of
our own comedy.
We can relate to Greek theater...
... Because our cinema, and most of our prime-time television
shows are based on the elements of ancient Greek drama.
We understand drinking wine and listening to music...
We relate very easily to music and dancing...
We understand beautifying and adorning ourselves...
We understand the need to be prepared for war...
Many who have served in the military have heard the buglers
call to formation...
We can relate to the ancient wrestling that the Greeks called
... Because the World Wrestling Federations Smackdowns are
nothing more than a modern update of Pankration.
We know that the NASCAR races in Indy and Dover and Daytona
find their roots in the chariot races in ancient Olympia. Its still
horsepower that matters.
Our athletes still participate in the Olympics, in events such
as the discus throw and the javelin toss.
We understand writing, and that our scientific terms are based
almost exclusively on Greek words. Yes, we can relate to almost
every thing in ancient Greek society, except for the one thing that
meant the most to them... their religion, what we erroneously refer
to as mythology.
The ancient Greeks religion found expression in their prayers,
their sacrifices, their temples, their sculpture, their paintings,
their stories, their coinage, their politics, their festivals, and
just about every other aspect of their society. But yet today, we
barely understand what their religion meant to them at all.
Many of their religious images seem bizarre and inexplicable.
Here we see a worshipper placing a statue of Hermes with an erect
phallus near an altar. Why was he doing this? What did it mean to
Who are these half-men, half horses, called Kentaurs? And who
is this man they are pounding into the ground with a boulder? Why
would Greek artists spend years of work sculpting such a
Who is this special child, and why is he being presented to
Athena by a woman arising from the earth? Who are the spectators to
The place to find these answers and many more is Athenas
ancient temple, the Parthenon. Scholars have called it the most
important building in the history of Western Civilization. It
boasted more sculpture than any other Greek temple, and those
sculptures explained exactly what the ancient Greeks believed and
Metopes Frieze Pediment Lets look at where the sculptures were
located on the Parthenon. Both of the pediments, one at the east
end and one at the west, were filled with sculpture. There were 14
metopesindividual, nearly-square sculpted scenes, under each
pediment. 32 metopes ran along the north side of the temple, and 32
more, along the south side, making a total of 92 metopes in all. A
continuous frieze, 160 meters long, ran along the outside of the
inner temple itself.
For more than 2,000 years, the true meaning of these sculptures
has remained hidden beneath baffling myths. The east pediment
depicts the birth of Athena where the lame god, Hephaistos, has
cracked open the head of Zeus, and out pops the goddess.
On the west pediment, Athena and Poseidon supposedly compete in
a contest for control of Athens and the surrounding region.
On the 14 metopes, or square sculpted scenes, on the east side,
the gods defeat the Giants. But who are these Giants?
On the 14 metopes on the west side, Greeks defeat Amazons. But
who are these Amazons?
On the south side, the theme of the 32 metopes, many of the
them well-preserved, is the Kentaurs defeating the Lapiths and
taking their women. But who are these Kentaurs, and who are these
The theme of the 32 metopes on the north side is the aftermath
of the Trojan war.
Frieze The theme of the 160-meter wrap-around frieze is a great
procession which presents Athena with an embroidered cloak. The
Greeks established the living basis of our culture, profoundly
influencing the things we do and think every day. And yet we havent
understood what these sculptural themes mean, or grasped what, if
anything, they have to do with us.
The Parthenon was the Greeks primary instrument of
communication to future ages. We should comprehend, intuitively
even, what the Parthenon sculptures mean. And yet, one of the great
scholars of the ancient Greek world, Sir John Boardman has written,
The Parthenon and is sculptures are the most fully known, if least
well understood, of all the monuments of classical antiquity. Where
is the missing key to understanding what our ancestors were trying
to tell us?
The Greek myths tell us much, but the key to their correct
interpretations lies elsewhere. Of all places, we find it in the
Scriptures, mainly in the early chapters of the Book of Genesis. As
we use this invaluable key to open the door of our Greek past, the
great Greek myths, at long last, will begin to make sense to
The simple secret is that the Book of Genesis and the Parthenon
sculptures tell the same story from opposite view points. The
so-called myth of Athena being born full- grown out of Zeus, for
example, is a picture of Eve being born full-grown out of
Thats right, the goddess the Greeks called Athena is the woman
the Book of Genesis calls Eve...
Greek myth is not subjective metaphor or nonsense; it is
historythe history of the human race carved in marble on the
The myths of the Greeks begin in Eden. Their basic beliefs were
that the serpent was the enlightener of mankind rather than our
deceiver, and that Athena, the deified Eve, brought that
enlightenment back to us after the Flood.
In this presentation, we are going to prove that this is true
by reconstructing the east pediment of the Parthenon, the most
sacred sculpted space in Greek antiquity. The east pediment told
the story of the serpents side of Eden in unmistakable terms. The
ancient Greeks understood it. And so should we.