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Voluntary Environmental Management for SMEs: Alternatives Models for ISO 14001 Adoption Lisa...

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  • Slide 1
  • Voluntary Environmental Management for SMEs: Alternatives Models for ISO 14001 Adoption Lisa Greenwood Environmental Management Leadership Symposium VII May 2, 2011
  • Slide 2
  • Outline Background SMEs ISO 14001 what and why? Conformity assessment options Alternative Models Future Research Questions
  • Slide 3
  • Background SMEs: smaller footprints BUT comprise > 95% of employer firms Significant aggregate impact Large share of industrial pollution, water and energy consumption Present an opportunity to reduce global environmental burden
  • Slide 4
  • Background Voluntary Environmental Programs Globalization + public pressure voluntary environmental programs, EMS Environmental Management Systems Better management better environmental performance ISO 14001: most prevalent Can ISO 14001 be useful for SMEs?
  • Slide 5
  • ISO 14001 What and Why? International environmental management system standard EMS specification standard voluntary or integrated in policy Systematic approach to managing environmental impacts Focused on continual improvement Deming model Typically involves certification of conformity by an independent third party Functional purpose: - Systematic control of adverse environmental impact - Achievement of objectives and targets Source: EPA/Glover-Stapleton Applied purpose: - signal to external stakeholders that a firm is Green
  • Slide 6
  • ISO 14001 Effective? Not always conclusive, no clear consensus Performance varies considerably among adopters Variables include motivations/drivers; commitment, available resources, EMS maturity, etc. U.S. based research suggests at least modest improvements for adopters Reduced pollutant releases Reduced Energy use Increased recycling
  • Slide 7
  • ISO 14001 Effective for SMEs? ISO is very conscious of low uptake by SMEs Strategic SME task force Alternative standard ISO 14005 Guidance materials aimed at SMEs Intended for use by any type/size organization.. Presents specific challenges and potential barriers for SMEs
  • Slide 8
  • SMEs Costs Do costs outweigh benefits? additional staff /manpower needs internal education and training external consulting internal auditing environmental control measures third party certification reviews and audits
  • Slide 9
  • SMEs - Resources Technical, human resource constraints limited environmental management capabilities Weak resource and management capacity Lack of EMS expertise, technical skills, knowledge base
  • Slide 10
  • Conformity Assessment Depends on: Customer and regulator requirements Consumer expectations Resources and cost Needs of the organization Self-Declaration Internal verification Third-Party Certification Independent verification Second-Party Verification Verification by interested party Verification by external party Independence LOWHIGH
  • Slide 11
  • Conformity Assessment Depends on: Customer and regulator requirements Consumer expectations Resources and cost Needs of the organization Self-Declaration Internal verification Third-Party Certification Independent verification Second-Party Verification Verification by interested party Verification by external party Independence LOWHIGH
  • Slide 12
  • AMEMs? Alternative Models for Environmental Management Primary Types: EMS lite Phased EMS Joint EMS/Group Certification Mentor approach
  • Slide 13
  • AMEMs? - EMS lite Phased EMS Joint EMS/Group Certification Mentor approach
  • Slide 14
  • AMEMs? - EMS lite Phased EMS Joint EMS/Group Certification Mentor approach
  • Slide 15
  • AMEMs? - EMS lite Phased EMS Joint EMS/Group Certification Mentor approach
  • Slide 16
  • AMEMs Alternative Models Cost?EM Capability? Option to Certify? EMS light approach YES*NONO** Phased EMS approach NO YES Joint/Group approach YES Mentor Approach YES Key Point: - Effectiveness is not dependent on Certification
  • Slide 17
  • Conclusions ISO 14001 certification may not be appropriate for most SMEs AMEMs Potentially more flexible, cost-effective Credible, 2 nd party process utilization Can be applied with certification if desired Focus for SMEs should be on Joint EMS and Mentoring options
  • Slide 18
  • Future Research Environmental Policy Framework ISO 14001 as policy tool (for organizational policy) ISO 14001 as alternative policy paradigm ecological modernization Position on Bakers Ladder of SD Pollution control weak sustainability
  • Slide 19
  • Questions?
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Voluntary Environmental Management for SMEs: Alternatives Models for ISO 14001 Adoption Lisa Greenwood Environmental Management Leadership Symposium VII May 2, 2011
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