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Web-Conferencing A Tool for Online Learning. What do We Know About Web Conferencing?

Date post:23-Dec-2015
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  • Slide 1
  • Web-Conferencing A Tool for Online Learning
  • Slide 2
  • What do We Know About Web Conferencing?
  • Slide 3
  • On 8-26-09, ERIC returned just 31 references with the term web-conferencing in any field.
  • Slide 4
  • Web Conferencing is Synchronous communication allowing people in different locations to interact via video and audio. In learning environments it can be used to: Reach learners in real time Escalate collaboration Meet the needs of virtual learners Increase motivation for distance learners Reduce isolation
  • Slide 5
  • Uses Beyond the Classroom Administrative Meetings Professional Development meetings Hosting guest presentors Interviews
  • Slide 6
  • Pragmatists, Positive Communicators, & Shy Enthusiastic: Three points of View on Web Conferencing in Health Science Education. The following research findings were found in a study conducted at McMaster University, Department f Health Science using Wimbas Live Classroom Web conferencing system. A total of 36 people participated in the study, including medical residents (14), nursing graduate students (11), health sciences faculty (9), and health sciences staff (2).
  • Slide 7
  • Research Findings Common view points held by 36 medical residents who participated in a web conference research study include: Web conferencing was superior to audio conferencing alone More training would be useful No concerns that Web conferencing would hamper interactivity with remote participants
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  • Strengths All participants felt positive about and enabled by web conferencing No strong negative views were expressed Audio features were more highly valued than video
  • Slide 9
  • Pragmatists Viewpoint (76%) Seventy-Six percent of participants strongly agreed with the following statements: 1.Web conferencing provides students with flexibility to participate when off-site. 1.Although face-to-face meetings are better than web conferencing, for those that cant be there, web conferencing is useful. 1.There is potential for technical difficulties during Web-conferencing, which can jeopardize its effectiveness. 2.There is potential for Web conferencing to support education.
  • Slide 10
  • Pragmatists Strongly Disagreed 1.I am much less shy communicating from home, than I would be on-site! 1. I would prefer to attend seminars online rather than face-to-face for cost savings.
  • Slide 11
  • Web Conferencing is Least Effective When Used with a large groups (more than 8-12) Participants havent been trained Structure of the conversation hasnt been defined Equipment hasnt been tested
  • Slide 12
  • Benefits to Web Conferencing
  • Slide 13
  • Student-Centered Web Conferencing is a tool that can be used to facilitate learner-centered activities and conversation (Bower, 2010).
  • Slide 14
  • Increased Contribution Student-centered learning designs in the web-conferencing increases contribution six fold in comparison to teacher-centered approaches (Bower, 2010).
  • Slide 15
  • Co-Constructed Meaning More student discussion related to the content and less student responses to teacher questions has been shown to result in greater understanding (Bower, 2010).
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  • Keys to Success
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  • 1. Anticipate Connectivity Issues Bandwidth limitations, firewall and security filters that block access, audio quality and screen sizing issues, and problems installing a client needed to run the Web conferencing software (Valaitis al et 2007).
  • Slide 18
  • 2. Check Resources Cameras, microphones, dedicated phone lines, or designated workstations with conferencing software loaded or ability to connect to remote site.
  • Slide 19
  • 3. Set Clear, Structured Expectations Moderators can create structure by posing a questions and creating an order for each person to respond. For example, Would everyone please take 2-3 minutes to introduce yourself and say a bit about your business. Lets start with John, then Jake, Jack, Jill, and well finish with Jim.
  • Slide 20
  • 4. Provide User Training Both facilitator and participants can learn to use more advanced tools such as using visuals, multi-media and interactive functions such as polling, application sharing, and chats as they become more experienced and as training is offered.
  • Slide 21
  • Conduct More Research Identify best practices through continued research.
  • Slide 22
  • References Bower, M. & Hedberg, J. (2010) A quantitative multimodal discourse analysis of teaching and learning in a web-conferencing environment The efficacy of student- centred learning. Computers & Education 54 (2010) 462 478. Ehman, L., Bonk, C., & Yamagata-Lynch, L. (2005). A model of teacher professional development to support technology integration. AACE Journal, 13(3), 251-270. Valaitis,R.() Pragmatists, positive communicators and shy enthusiasts: three views in web conferencing in health science education. J Med Internet Res. 2007 Oct-Dec; 9(5): e39.
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