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Westminster Larger Catechism, part 1 - Five Q · PDF fileTHE LARGER CATECHISM Q. 1. What is...

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  • THE

    LARGER CATECHISM

    Q. 1. What is the chief and highest end of man?A. Mans chief and highest end is to glorify God,a and fully to

    enjoy him forever.b

    a. Rom. 11:36. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: towhom be glory for ever. Amen. 1 Cor. 6:20. For ye are bought with a price: thereforeglorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are Gods. 1 Cor. 10:31. Whethertherefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God. Ps. 86:9,12. All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord;and shall glorify thy name. I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with all my heart: andI will glorify thy name for evermore.

    b. Ps. 73:2428. Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receiveme to glory. Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that Idesire beside thee. My flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of my heart,and my portion for ever. For, lo, they that are far from thee shall perish: thou hastdestroyed all them that go a whoring from thee. But it is good for me to draw near toGod: I have put my trust in the Lord GOD, that I may declare all thy works. John17:2123. that they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, thatthey also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. And theglory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we areone: I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that theworld may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me.Ps. 16:511. The LORD is the portion of mine inheritance and of my cup: thoumaintainest my lot. The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant places; yea, I have agoodly heritage. I will bless the LORD, who hath given me counsel: my reins also in-struct me in the night seasons. I have set the LORD always before me: because he is atmy right hand, I shall not be moved. Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth:my flesh also shall rest in hope. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thousuffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thypresence is fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore. Rev.21:34. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle ofGod is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God

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    Q. 2. How doth it appear that there is a God?A. The very light of nature in man, and the works of God, de-

    clare plainly that there is a God;c but his Word and Spirit only dosufficiently and effectually reveal him unto men for their salvation.d

    Q. 3. What is the Word of God?A. The Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the

    Word of God,e the only rule of faith and obedience.f

    himself shall be with them, and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears fromtheir eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shallthere be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.

    c. Rom. 1:1920. Because that which may be known of God is manifest inthem; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from thecreation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made,even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. Acts 17:28.For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poetshave said, For we are also his offspring. See Ps. 19:13.

    d. 1 Cor. 2:910. But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neitherhave entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them thatlove him. But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth allthings, yea, the deep things of God. 1 Cor. 1:2021. Where is the wise? where is thescribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom ofthis world? For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, itpleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe. 2 Tim. 3:1517. and that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able tomake thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All scripture isgiven by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction,for instruction in righteousness: that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly fur-nished unto all good works. See Isa. 59:21.

    e. 2 Tim. 3:16. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable fordoctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness. 2 Pet. 1:1921.We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed,as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise inyour hearts: knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any privateinterpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holymen of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. 2 Pet. 3:2, 1516. thatye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, andof the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour. And account thatthe longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also ac-cording to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; as also in all his epistles,speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood,which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures,unto their own destruction. Matt. 19:45. And he answered and said unto them,Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male andfemale, and said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave tohis wife: and they twain shall be one flesh? With Gen. 2:24. Therefore shall a man

    Q. 2

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    Q. 4. How doth it appear that the Scriptures are the Word of God?A. The Scriptures manifest themselves to be the Word of God,

    by their majestyg and purity;h by the consent of all the parts,i and thescope of the whole, which is to give all glory to God;k by their light

    leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be oneflesh.

    f. Deut. 4:2. Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shallye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD yourGod which I command you. Eph. 2:20. and are built upon the foundation of theapostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone. Rev. 22:1819. For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book,If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that arewritten in this book: and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of thisprophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city,and from the things which are written in this book. Isa. 8:20. To the law and to thetestimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light inthem. Luke 16:29, 31. Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the proph-ets; let them hear them. And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and theprophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead. Gal. 1:89.But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than thatwhich we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. As we said before, so say I nowagain, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, lethim be accursed. 2 Tim. 3:1516. and that from a child thou hast known theholy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which isin Christ Jesus. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doc-trine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.

    g. Hos. 8:12. I have written to him the great things of my law, but they werecounted as a strange thing. 1 Cor. 2:67, 13. Howbeit we speak wisdom amongthem that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of thisworld, that come to nought: but we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even thehidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory. Which thingsalso we speak, not in the words which mans wisdom teacheth, but which the HolyGhost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. Ps. 119:18, 129. Openthou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law. Thy testimoniesare wonderful: therefore doth my soul keep them.

    h. Ps. 12:6. The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace ofearth, purified seven times. Ps. 119:140. Thy word is very pure: therefore thy ser-vant loveth it.

    i. Luke 24:27. And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded untothem in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. Acts 10:43. To him give allthe prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receiveremission of sins. Acts 26:22. Having therefore obtained help of God, I continueunto this day, witnessing both to small and great, saying none other things than thosewhich the prophets and Moses did say should come.

    k. Rom. 3:19, 27. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith tothem who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may

    Q. 4

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    and power to convince and convert sinners, to comfort and build upbelievers unto salvation:l but the Spirit of God bearing witness byand with the Scriptures in the heart of man, is alone able fully topersuade it that they are the ver

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