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World History I Fill In Blanks Review 2-6

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  • 1. World History I SkillsStandards

2. WH I 2aPaleolithic Era to AgriculturalRevolution 3. Homo sapiens emerged in Africa between_____ & _____ years ago 100,000 & 400,000 Homo sapiens migrated from Africa to_____, _______, & the _________. Eurasia, Australia & Americas Early humans were ______ & _______whose survival depended on plants andanimals. Hunters & gatherers 4. WH I 2b 5. Hunter-Gatherer societies during thePaleolithic Era Nomadic Invented the first _____ tools Learned how to make ________ fire Lived in _______ Clans Developed ______ language oral Created ______ _____ Cave art 6. WH I 2c 7. Neolithic Era (New Stone Age)Societies Developed ___________ agriculture __________ animals Domesticated Used _________ tools advanced Made _________ pottery Developed ___________ skills weaving 8. WH I 2d 9. _________ study past cultures by analyzinghuman remains, _______, & ________. Archeologists, fossils & artifacts Archeologists use scientific test such as carbondating to analyze ________ & _______. Fossils & artifacts _________ is an example of an archaeologicalsite in England. Stonehenge 10. WH I 3aAncient civilizations 11. River Valley Civilizations ______ civilization- _____ river valley (Africa) Egyptian, Nile _______ civilization- ________ & _______Valleys (Southwest Asia) Mesopotamian, Tigris & Euphrates _______ civilization- ______ river valley (SouthAsia) Indian, Indus ________ civilization- _____ ___ valley (EastAsia) Chinese, Huang He 12. Other early civilizations ______ settled between the ______ sea &the _____ river valley. (Fertile Crescent)Hebrews, Mediterranean & Jordan ________ settled along the Mediterraneancoast (Fertile Crescent) Phoenicians _______ was located on the upper ____river (Africa) Kush, Nile 13. WH I 3b 14. Social patterns of early civilizations _______ rulers Hereditary Rigid _____ system, where slavery wasaccepted class 15. Political patterns of earlycivilizations Worlds first _______ States Centralized ________ government Written law codes _______ _______ &____ ___ __________ Ten Commandmens, Code of Hammurabi 16. Economic patterns of earlycivilizations _______ tools & weapons (bronze, iron) Metal Increasing ___________ surplus agricultural Increased ________ trade __________ of labor specialization 17. WH I 3c 18. Development of religious traditions ___________ was practiced by most earlycivilizations Polytheism _________ was practiced by the Hebrews Montheism 19. WH I 3d 20. Origins of Judaism A Abraham M Moses J Jerusalem 21. WH I 3e 22. Language and writing ___________ (earliest written symbols) Pictograms ____________ ( Egypt) Hieroglyphics ___________ (Sumer) Cuneiform _____________ (Phoenicians) Alphabet 23. WH I 4aPersia, India, & China 24. Persians as rulers _________ of conquered people Tolerance Development of imperial bureaucracy __________ as a religion Zoroastrianism _________ system Road 25. WH I 4b 26. India Physical barriers such as the _________,the _______ ______, and the IndianOcean made invasion more difficult. Himalays, Hindu Kush _______ & _______ were important rivers Indus & Ganges 27. Aryans _______ system influenced all socialinteractions Rigid caste system 28. Gupta Empire (dynasty) _______ Age of classical Indian culture Golden Contributions- __________, ________, &___________ Mathematics, new textiles & literature 29. WH I 4c 30. Hinduism ______ system in religious law based on occupations Caste Belief in many forms of one major ______ Diety ___________ - cycles of rebirth Reincarnation ___________ future reincarnation based on presentbehavior Karma _______ & _______ Sacred writings Vedas & Upanishads 31. WH I 4d 32. Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama _____________ Founder (Buddha) _______ Noble Truths Four __________ path to enlightenment Eightfold 33. WH I 4e 34. __________ was built for ChinasprotectionGreat Wall 35. Contributions of classical China ______ _____ system Civil Service P Paper P Porcelain S Silk 36. Confucianisms contributions toChina Belief that humans are ______, not _____ Good, bad Respect for elders Code of ___________, still used inChinese society today politeness Emphasis on ___________ education Ancestor worship 37. Taoisms contributions to China H Humility Simple life and inner peace __________ with nature Harmony 38. WH I 5aGreece 39. Location & place (Greece) A________ sea Aegean _________ peninsula Greek M__________ sea Mediterranean B_______ sea Black A_____ Athens S_____ Sparta T_____ Troy Macedonia 40. WH I 5b 41. Greek Mythology Based on _____________ religion Polytheistic Explanations of natural p_________,human qualities, & life events Phenomena 42. Greek Gods & Goddesses Z______ Zeus H_____ Hera Ap_______ Apollo Ar_________ Artemis Athena Aphrodite 43. WH I 5c 44. Social structure & citizenship in theGreek polis Free adult males were ________ Citizens _______ & ______ had no political rights Women & Foreigners Slaves had no _________ rights Political 45. Stages of Athenian democracy M_________ Monarchy A_________ Aristocracy T__________ Tyranny D__________ Democracy 46. Athens ________ & _______ were tyrants whoworked for reform Draco & Solon Origin of democratic principles: directdemocracy, public debate, & duties of acitizen 47. Sparta ___________ rule by a small group Oligarchy Rigid ________ structure Social M_________ & aggressive society Militaristic 48. WH I 5d 49. Persian Wars 499-449 B.C. United __________ & __________against the Persian Empire Athens & Sparta Athenian victories at M_________ &S_________ Marathon & Salamis 50. Peloponnesian War 431-404 B.C. Caused by competition for the Greekworld Athens/_______ ______ v. Delian League Sparta/________ _________ Peloponnesian League 51. WH I 5e/f 52. Golden Age of Pericles Occurred between the Persian andPeloponnesian War _________ extended democracy Pericles _________ had Athens rebuilt Pericles ___________ is an example of thisrebuilding Parthenon 53. Greek contribution handout 54. WH I 5g 55. Phillip II King of Macedon Conquered most of __________ Greece 56. Alexander the Great Established an empire from _______ to______ and the margins of India Greece, Egypt 57. Hellenistic Age Blend of ________ & ________ elements Greek & Oriental Culture was spread through trade 58. WH I 6aRome 59. Location & place Rome _________ peninsula Italian Alps- protection ____________ sea Mediterranean 60. WH I 6b 61. Roman Mythology Based on Greek ___________ religion polytheistic Explanation of natural phenomena, humanqualities, & life events 62. Roman Gods & Goddesses J__________ Jupiter J__________ Juno A__________ Apollo D__________ Diana Minerva V__________ Venus 63. WH I 6c 64. Social structure in the RomanRepublic _________ powerful nobility (few in #) Patricians _________ majority of the population Plebians Slaves- not based on race 65. Citizenship __________ & _______ men Patrician & Plebian Selected foreigners Responsibilities- taxes and military service 66. Features of Democracy __________ democracy Representative Assemblies The S________ Senate Consuls Laws of Rome codified as ___________________ Twelve Tables 67. WH I 6d 68. Punic Wars 264-146 B.C. R____ v. C_______ Rome v. Carthage Over competition for ________ Trade _________ invaded the Italian peninsula Hannibal 3 Wars = _________ victory Roman 69. WH I 6e/f 70. Causes for decline of Rome Spread of ________ in the agricultural system slavery Migration of small farmers into ______ &unemployment cities ______ War over the power of Julius Caesar Civil Inflation __________ of Roman currency Devaluation 71. WH I 6g 72. Pax Romana Two centuries of p________ &p___________ Peace & Prosperity 73. Economic impact of Pax Romana Uniform system of _________ Money Safe t_________ & t_________ onRoman roads Travel & Trade 74. Social Impact of Pax Romana Stable social classes Increased emphasis on _________ family 75. Political impact of Pax Romana Created a C________ S________ Civil Service Developed a uniform rule of law 76. WH I 6h 77. Origins of Christianity Rooted in _________ Judaism Led by _________ of Nazareth Jesus Conflicted with the polytheistic beliefs ofthe Roman empire 78. Beliefs of Christianity M_________ Monotheism Jesus is son of God Life after ________ Death New Testament 79. Spread of Christianity Carried by Apostles (_________) Paul Slowed by persecution from Romans Legalized by Emperor ___________ Constantine 80. Impact of the Church of Rome inthe late Roman Empire Church became an example of ______authority moral Church loyalty became more importantthan loyalty to the ___________ Emperor Church became the unifying force inWestern Europe 81. Roman Contributions handout 82. Causes for decline of the WesternRoman Empire Economy Military Moral Decay Political Problems Invasions 83. Division of Roman Empire Emperor _________ moves the capital(Rome) to Byzantium renaming it__________________ Constantine, Constantinople Western Roman empire falls in 476 A.D. Eastern Roman Empire (ByzantineEmpire)

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