+ All Categories
Transcript
Page 1: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs

Beyond National Jurisdiction in the North-East Atlantic

Dr. Henning von Nordheim1 & Tim Packeiser²

1 German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)

² Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU)

IUCN-BfN Seminar on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biodiversity beyond National Jurisdiction

1-3 December 2011 – Bonn/Germany

Page 2: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

OSPAR Convention Area in the North-East Atlantic

Page 3: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

OSPAR Convention

Oslo-Paris Convention on the Protection of the Marine

Environment in the North-East Atlantic (1992)

15 Contracting Parties & European Union

5 Thematic Strategies:

Eutrophication Strategy

Hazardous Substances Strategy

Offshore Industry Strategy

Radioactive Substances Strategy

Biodiversity and Ecosystems Strategy

5 Committees & various Working/Correspondence Groups

Page 4: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

OSPAR Convention

Work to implement the OSPAR Convention and its

strategies is taken forward through the adoption of

decisions, which are legally binding on the

Contracting Parties, and through recommendations

and other agreements.

OSPAR Decisions and Recommendations set out

actions to be taken by the Contracting Parties.

Page 5: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

OSPAR Network of MPAs

OSPAR Ministerial Meeting in 2003 adopted Recommendation

2003/3:

to establish an ecologically coherent network of well-managed

MPAs in the North-East Atlantic by 2010

Toolbox:

Biogeographic classification of the OSPAR Maritime Area

OSPAR List of threatened and/or declining species and habitats

Guidelines for the identification and selection of Marine Protected Areas in the

OSPAR Maritime Area (including criteria)

Guidance on developing an ecologically coherent Network of OSPAR

Marine Protected Areas

Guidelines for the management of Marine Protected Areas in the OSPAR

Maritime Area

As facilitator functions the OSPAR-MPA group since 1999

Page 6: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Status of OSPAR Network of MPAs (before OSPAR Ministerial Meeting in September 2010)

Page 7: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Areas beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ) in the OSPAR Maritime Area

Page 8: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Designation of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (I)

Compilation of scientific information and data

Identification of potential MPAs in ABNJ

Preparation of proposals for MPAs in ABNJ (2006/2008)

Scientific evaluation of proposals by OSPAR working groups and

committees as well as by ICES (2008-2009)

Conservation objectives for proposed MPAs in ABNJ agreed by the

OSPAR Commission (2009)

Six potential MPAs in ABNJ agreed in principle by the OSPAR

Commission (2008/2009)

Legal advice on the establishment of MPAs in ABNJ by OSPAR

Group of Jurists (2009-2010)

Political negotiations and final agreement at OSPAR Ministerial

Meeting (2010)

2005

2010

Page 9: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Designation of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (II)

Source:

WWF Germany

2007

Page 10: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Designation of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (III)

Source:

BfN Germany

2008/2009

Page 11: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Designation of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (IV)

Page 12: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Designation of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (V)

OSPAR MPAs in

ABNJ

as established at

the OSPAR

Ministerial

Meeting 2010

(September 2010

in Bergen/Norway)

Area coverage:

~ 286.000 km²

Page 13: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Designation of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (VI)

OSPAR Ministerial Meeting in 2010 adopted:

OSPAR Decisions on the Establishment of six MPAs in ABNJ

OSPAR Recommendations on the Management of six MPAs in

ABNJ

! applicable to OSPAR Contracting Parties only

! Mindful of the competencies of the OSPAR Commission,

cooperation/collaboration is sought with other regional/global

Competent Authorities regarding the management of these MPAs in

ABNJ

Page 14: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Management of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (I)

Competent Authorities to regulate human activities

in accordance with UNCLOS and corresponding mandates in ABNJ:

OSPAR Commission (OSPAR) Protection of the Marine Environment: awareness raising, information building, marine

science, environmental impact assessments (EIAs), strategic environmental

assessments (SEAs)

North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC)

International Seabed Authority (ISA)

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

Page 15: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Management of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (II)

Moving from a sectoral to an integrated ecosystem-based

management approach amongst Competent Authorities:

Memoranda of Understanding OSPAR-NEAFC; OSPAR-IMO; OSPAR-ISA; NEAFC-IMO; IMO-ISA; etc.

Informal Consultative Meetings March 2010/Madeira; January 2012/Paris; to be continued

Collective Arrangement between Competent Authorities on the

management of selected areas in ABNJ in the North-East Atlantic * setting out principles for collaboration; signed by OSPAR 2011;

to be signed by other CAs

Joint preparation of management plans for MPAs in ABNJ to start in January 2012

Page 16: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Management of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (III)

Envisaged Collective Arrangement between Competent

Authorities on the management of selected areas in ABNJ in the

North-East Atlantic

§ 2. The Competent Authorities decide within the framework of their respective

mandate and competence, to cooperate in the development and implementation of

appropriate measures for the conservation and management of these areas, informed,

where appropriate, by conservation objectives established for these areas.

§ 3. To this end the Competent Authorities should:

a. inform each other of any updated scientific information and environmental assessment

and monitoring data;

b. Notify and consult each other of existing and proposed human uses;

c. cooperate on environmental impact assessments, strategic environmental assessments

and equivalent instruments;

d. consult annually to review their respective objectives in relation to the areas listed in

Annex1, the status of the areas concerned, and the appropriateness of existing

management measures and, where necessary, develop proposals for improvement of

either; and

e. cooperate to obtain a better knowledge of the areas concerned through, where

appropriate, developing exchange of data, sharing of databases and collecting data in

standardised formats.

Page 17: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Joint Management Plan

MoUs &

Collective Arrangement on the

management of selected areas in

ABNJ

Management of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (IV)

MPA beyond national jurisdiction in the

North-East Atlantic

OSPAR

ISA IMO

NEAFC

… …

Recommendations

on management measures for

awareness raising, information

building, marine research, EIAs,

SEAs (2010)

Temporary Area

Closures (2009)

Page 18: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Management of OSPAR MPAs beyond national jurisdiction (V)

NEAFC:

Temporary area

closures on the Mid-

Atlantic Ridge

prohibiting fishing

gear likely to contact

the seafloor during

normal course of

fishing operations

(2009-2015)

Applies to NEAFC

Contracting Parties

Page 19: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Concluding reflections on the regional approach in the North-East Atlantic

Without a global regulatory mechanism in place, action at the regional

level seems to be the only way forward

It is an evolving approach due to lack of precedent

Competencies are in general complementary; yet overlaps exist with

regards to the general mandate to protect the marine environment

Challenge to establish principles and practicalities of

cooperation/collaboration amongst Competent Authorities

Regional Authorities naturally with limited geographic scope;

applicability of measures restricted to Contracting Parties

Global Authorities’ involvement/support is necessary; yet it appears to

be a complicated and longwinded process

Page 20: Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National ... › fileadmin › ABS › Presentation2.pdf · Designation and Management of OSPAR MPAs Beyond National Jurisdiction in

Thank you very much for your attention!

Further information:

“The first network of marine protected areas (MPAs) in the high seas: The process, the challenges

and where next”

B.C. O’Leary, R.L. Brown, D.E. Johnson, H. von Nordheim, J. Ardron, T. Packeiser, C.M. Roberts

Marine Policy 36 (2012) 598–605


Top Related